霍光作为西汉时期的一代名臣 霍光死后为什么家人要选择谋反-看世界

霍光作为西汉时期的一代名臣 霍光死后为什么家人要选择谋反

  霍光作为西汉一代明臣,死后还一直被汉朝皇帝尊奉祭祀,但他的家族却因为谋反失败,遭到满门抄斩。霍光的妻子、儿子、侄子、女婿等人无一幸免,很多人不理解为什么霍光的家人要选择谋反,实际上这跟霍光当时权倾朝野有关。汉宣帝虽然很信任霍光,但也对他有着十足的忌惮,毕竟大臣功高盖主,对于皇帝来说自然就产生了不安全感。霍家的灭亡,其实早就被埋下种子了。

  很多人都不了解霍家谋反的事情,接下来跟着小编一起欣赏。

Many people don't understand the story of Huo's conspiracy. Next, I will enjoy it with Xiaobian.

  作为西汉一代明臣,死后还一直被皇帝尊奉祭祀,但他的家族却因为谋反失败,遭到满门抄斩。霍光的妻子、儿子、侄子、女婿等人无一幸免,很多人不理解为什么霍光的家人要选择谋反,实际上这跟霍光当时权倾朝野有关。虽然很信任霍光,但也对他有着十足的忌惮,毕竟大臣功高盖主,对于皇帝来说自然就产生了不安全感。霍家的灭亡,其实早就被埋下种子了。

As a Ming Minister of the Western Han Dynasty, he was worshiped and sacrificed by the emperor all the time after his death, but his family was cut off by the whole family because of the failure of the conspiracy. Huo Guang's wife, son, nephew, son-in-law and so on all survived. Many people don't understand why Huo Guang's family chose to revolt. In fact, it was related to Huo Guang's power inclination at that time. Although he trusted Huo Guang, he was also full of fear for him. After all, the minister was so powerful that he naturally felt insecure for the emperor. In fact, the death of the Huo family has long been seeded.

  一、霍光平步青云

I. Huo Guangping

  霍光,字子孟,原本随父亲霍仲孺在小县城平阳生活。那时,他不过是一个出身于小吏家庭的普通少年。

Huo Guang, the son of Meng, originally lived in Pingyang with his father Huo Zhongru. At that time, he was just an ordinary young man from the family of petty officials.

  只因为一个人,彻底改变了霍光的人生轨迹。

Only because of one person, completely changed Huo Guang's life path.

  那个人就是霍光同父异母的哥哥,时任的。

The man was Huo Guang's half brother, then.

  因霍光长得很帅,颜值高,为人又,忠诚勤恳,少年将军霍去病去平阳看望父亲时,对这个年仅十来岁的弟弟欣赏有加,便请示霍父同意后,带回长安用心栽培。

Because Huo Guang is very handsome, has a high face value, is a man, and is loyal and diligent. When young general Huo Qubing went to Pingyang to visit his father, he appreciated his younger brother, who was only in his teens. He asked Huo's father for permission, and then brought him back to Chang'an for cultivation.

  为人低调也很能干的霍光很快就在长安站稳了脚跟,兼之偏爱霍去病的,对霍光自然格外关照,最先安排他当普通的郎官,见他行事稳重,对工作又兢兢业业,不久迁任为侍中。

Huo Guang, a low-key and capable man, soon got a foothold in Chang'an. He also preferred Huo Qubing. He took special care of Huo Guang naturally. He was first arranged to be an ordinary Langguan. Seeing that he acted steadily and worked hard, he soon moved to serve.

  哥哥霍去病的英年而去,使霍光更懂得小心翼翼的为人处世,他明白,自己没有了靠山,必须稳扎稳打才有自己的出头之日,才能不负哥哥霍去病的关爱和提携。

His elder brother Huo Qubing's long life made Huoguang know how to behave carefully. He understood that he had no support, and he had to be steady to make his own debut, so that he could live up to his elder brother Huoqubing's care and support.

  自此,霍光更加努力地处理好手中这份来之不易的差事。汉武帝见霍光依旧爱岗敬业,行事又沉稳谨慎,很是欣赏,便擢升霍光为奉车都尉,在他身边干侍卫工作。

Since then, Huo Guang has worked harder to deal with this hard-earned task. Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty saw that Huo Guang was still devoted to his post, and he acted calmly and cautiously. He was very appreciative of Huo Guang, so he promoted him to be the captain of the Ministry of vehicle service and worked as a bodyguard beside him.

  就这样,霍光转岗到汉武帝那里,一直侍奉了汉武帝二十多年。在这二十多年里,懂得自律自重的霍光凭着自己的机敏与才干,始终勤于职守,圆满完成侍卫工作及交办的各项任务,未曾出过一次差错。这样用心获得的业绩,汉武帝自然是看在眼里,认为霍光是靠谱的国之栋梁,可堪大用,便逐渐器重霍光,对他格外信任。

In this way, Huo Guang transferred to serve Emperor Hanwu for more than 20 years. In the past 20 years, Huo Guang, who knows self-discipline and self-respect, has been diligent in his duties and successfully completed all tasks assigned by the bodyguard with his own ingenuity and ability. In this way, Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty naturally saw Huo Guang as a reliable pillar of the country, which was worthy of great use. He gradually valued Huoguang and trusted him more.

  二、霍光辅佐汉昭帝

II. Huo Guang assisted emperor Zhao of Han Dynasty

  晚年的汉武帝性格多疑,受奸佞谗言,偏听偏信,在处理绣衣使者鼓动的"巫蛊案"中失察,一怒之下,把皇后、太子为首的太子党悉数诛杀后,愤而立8岁的皇子为储君,又令画师画了一幅画《辅成王朝诸侯图》赐给霍光。

In his later years, Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty was suspicious, slandered by craftsmen, and partial to listen. He lost sight of the case of witches and demagogues, which was instigated by the emissary of embroidering clothes. In a rage, he killed all the crown prince parties headed by the empress and crown prince, and angrily set up the 8-year-old crown prince as the emperor's reserve. The painter drew a picture of the princes of the auxiliary Dynasty and gave it to Huo Guang.

  心领神会的霍光懂得了汉武帝托孤的意思,便韬光养晦,一心一意开始辅佐刘弗陵。

Understanding Huo Guang's meaning of Tuo Gu, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, he kept a low profile and began to help Liu Fuling wholeheartedly.

  公元前87年,汉武帝驾崩后,刘弗陵继位,称汉昭帝,霍光受命为大司马、大将军,与光禄大夫、左将军上官、御史大夫同为顾命大臣,共同辅政。

In 87 BC, after the death of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, Liu Fuling succeeded as emperor Zhao of Han Dynasty. Huo Guang was appointed as the chief minister and general of Han Dynasty. He was appointed as the Minister of duty together with doctor Guanglu, general Zuo Shangguan and the official of imperial history to assist the government.

  霍光担任首辅后,依旧行事沉稳,注重沿袭汉武帝时期的亲民政策:轻徭薄赋,鼓励农耕,与民休息,还"禁苛暴",减税平冤等一系列惠民措施。没过几年,汉昭帝时期的社会经济有了恢复和发展,霍光的威望也与日俱增。

After Huo Guang was appointed as the first assistant, he still acted calmly, and paid attention to following the pro people policy of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty: light corvee and light taxes, encouraging farming, resting with the people, prohibiting cruelty, reducing taxes and equalizing grievances, etc. Within a few years, the socio-economic recovery and development during the reign of emperor Zhao of the Han Dynasty, Huo Guang's prestige is also growing day by day.

  这,引起了同为顾命大臣的、桑弘羊等人的担心和不满。

This has aroused the concern and dissatisfaction of the ministers who are also devoted to their lives, sang Hongyang and others.

  上官桀原本与霍光是,上官桀的儿子上官安的妻子是霍光的长女。上官桀为了巩固自己在朝中的地位,意欲成为"第一人",便打算将儿子上官安所生的女儿年仅6岁的立为皇后。此举遭到霍光的反对,因事涉自己的外孙女,便隐瞒了此事,也没多想。

Shangguan Jie and Huoguang were originally the eldest daughters of Huoguang, Shangguan Jie's son shangguan'an's wife. In order to consolidate his position in the court, Shangguan Jie intended to become the "first person", so he planned to make his son shangguan'an's daughter, who was only 6 years old, the queen. This was opposed by Huo Guang. Because it involved his granddaughter, he concealed it and didn't think much about it.

  后来上官桀转而托盖长公主帮忙,此事得以玉成。上官桀为回报盖长公主,便打算拥护盖长公主的心上人丁外人为侯,又被霍光严词拒绝。

Later, Shangguan Jie turned to support Princess Gai to help, which made it a success. In order to repay Princess Gai Chang, Shangguan Jie planned to support her sweetheart Ding wairen as a marquis, but he was rejected by Huo Guangyan.

  因为这两次拒绝,上官桀对霍光怀恨在心,便联合同样不满霍光的桑弘羊等重臣,准备里应外合,发动政变,一举擒杀霍光,改立燕王刘旦为帝。

Because of these two refusals, Shangguan Jie held a grudge against Huoguang, so he joined forces with sanghongyang, who was also dissatisfied with Huoguang, and other important officials to prepare for a coup, to capture and kill Huoguang at one stroke, and to change Liu Dan, king of Yan, to Emperor.

  汉昭帝刘弗陵这时只有14岁,但很机敏,他识破了上官桀等人的狼子野心,便令霍光相机行事,可全权处理即将爆发的政变危机。

Liu Fuling, Emperor Zhao of Han Dynasty, was only 14 years old at that time, but he was very astute. He saw through the ambitions of Shangguan Jie and others, and then made Huo Guang take the opportunity to deal with the impending coup crisis.

  不负厚望的霍光当机立断,趁上官桀等人犯上作乱的计划外泄时,一举擒杀上官桀父子和桑弘羊等人,在铁证面前,燕王刘旦和盖长公主自杀。

Huo Guang, who has no high hopes, decided to take advantage of Shangguan Jie and other people's plans to make trouble, and killed Shangguan Jie's father and son and sang Hongyang and other people at one stroke. In front of the iron evidence, Liu Dan, the king of Yan, and princess gaichang committed suicide.

  一场危机妥善消除。自此,大司马霍光得到汉昭帝的全面信任,便独揽朝政,成为昭帝时期的实际决策者。

A crisis has been properly eliminated. Since then, Ma Huoguang, the chief minister, gained the full trust of emperor Zhao of the Han Dynasty and became the actual decision-maker in the period of emperor Zhao.

  所幸的是,大智若愚的霍光是一位忠臣、能臣,他对内鼓励农桑、与民休息;对外与匈奴恢复和亲政策以缓和敌对关系,弥补汉武帝后期穷兵黩武所消耗的国力。

Fortunately, Huo Guang was a loyal and capable minister who encouraged farming and rest with the people at home; he restored the policy of reconciliation with the Xiongnu to ease the hostile relationship and make up for the national strength consumed by the late Warring States of the Han Dynasty.

  这段时期,加上后来汉宣帝时期社会经济的进一步发展,成为西汉继""后的又一个盛世,史称""。

This period, together with the further development of social economy in the later period of Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty, became another flourishing period after the Western Han Dynasty.

  三、霍光创下一代权臣废除皇帝的历史记录

III. Huo Guang set a historical record of the abolition of the emperor by a generation of powerful officials

  霍光灭了上官桀、桑弘羊后,便成了昭帝时代最大的权臣,兼之上官皇后其实是他的外孙女,霍光一时权倾天下。

After killing Shangguan Jie and sanghongyang, Huo Guang became the most powerful official in the reign of emperor Zhao. In fact, the empress of Shangguan was his granddaughter, and Huo Guang was in power for a while.

  由于汉昭帝身体不好,又无子嗣,没几年病死后,汉昭帝的养子在霍光与朝臣的商定下继位。

Due to the poor health and no offspring of emperor hanzhao, his adopted son took the throne after he died a few years ago.

  谁知这刘贺当上皇帝后,根本无心打理朝政,只管寻欢作乐,时时在后宫宴饮歌舞,把朝堂弄得乌烟瘴气,还意欲夺走霍光的朝政大权。

Who knows that when Liu he became emperor, he didn't care about the government at all. He just wanted to have fun. He often had a feast in the back palace, singing and dancing. He made the court a mess and wanted to take Huo Guang's power.

  霍光眼见形势堪危,便与大司马田延年、车骑将军等重臣秘密商定,趁刘贺羽翼未丰满,由丞相领众臣迅速向上官上表皇帝刘贺不堪继位的奏书,由太后直接下诏废去刘贺的帝位。

Seeing that the situation was in danger, Huo Guang had a secret agreement with some important officials, such as Da Si Ma Tian Yan Nian and general Cheqi. When Liu He's wings were not full, the prime minister led all the officials to express to the superior officer the letter to the emperor Liu He that Liu he could not succeed. The Empress Dowager directly sent an imperial edict to abolish Liu He's throne.

  刘贺仅仅登上皇帝宝座27天,就因胡闹而"下课"。这就是历史上第一次由权臣废去皇帝的经典传奇。

Liu He only ascended the throne of emperor 27 days, because of mischief and "class. This is the classic legend of the first time in history that the emperor was abolished by a powerful minister.

  四、霍光拥立汉宣帝

IV. Huo Guang established emperor Xuandi of Han Dynasty

  刘贺被废后,在霍光的授意下,已故太子刘据之孙(后改名为)被拥立为新帝,这就是汉宣帝。

After Liu he was abolished, under the guidance of Huo Guang, the grandson of the late Prince Liu Xun (later renamed) was elected as the new emperor, which was the emperor Xuandi of Han Dynasty.

  在汉宣帝执政初期,霍光依旧是第一重臣,全权处理朝廷事务。小心翼翼的霍光深知"功高震主"带来的隐患,于是向汉宣帝表示要"归政于帝"。

In the early days of emperor Xuandi's reign, Huo Guang was still the most important official, and he had full power to deal with the Court Affairs. Careful Huo Guang knew the hidden danger brought by "great achievements", so he told emperor Xuandi of Han Dynasty that he wanted to "return to the government".

  心机很深、善于隐忍的汉宣帝尽管很想亲政,内心也很忌惮霍光,但慑于此时的霍光依旧权势遮天,便使起了障眼法,说,"博陆侯您不用归政,国务还得全权拜托您处理,只是我的元配妻子,在乡下时随我一道吃了很多苦,是否可以拥立她为皇后?我只希望与她白头到老。"

Although the Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty, who had a deep mind and was good at forbearance, wanted to be in charge of politics and was very afraid of Huo Guang, he was still in power at that time, which made him blind. He said, "you don't have to return to politics, but the state affairs have to be completely handled by you. Only my Yuanpei wife, who suffered a lot with me in the countryside, can you hold her as the queen? I just hope to work with you She's old and white. "

  霍光一时起了恻隐之心,便同意了汉宣帝的请求。但霍光的妻子对女儿未能当上皇后还是心生不满,就买通御医淳于衍趁许皇后生孩子时,下毒毒死了许皇后。

Huo Guang took pity for a while and agreed to the request of Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty. However, Huo Guang's wife was dissatisfied with his daughter's failure to become the queen, so she bribed chunyuyan, the royal doctor, to poison Xu when she gave birth to a child.

  汉宣帝无可奈何,只得强忍悲痛,草草处置淳于衍了事,没有在霍光面前表露一丝恨意,还立霍光之女为皇后。

Emperor Xuandi had no choice but to endure the grief. He dealt with the matter in a simple way, but he didn't show any hatred in front of Huo Guang. He also made Huo Guang's daughter the queen.

  权倾天下的霍光对汉宣帝也就放松了警惕,但霍光对家人疏于管教也埋下了被灭族的隐患。此后,家族愈加任性,更加的作风让汉宣帝坚定了必除之而后快的决心和工于心计的长远计划。

Huo Guang, a powerful man, relaxed his vigilance to Emperor Xuandi of Han Dynasty. However, Huo Guang's neglect of his family also buried the hidden danger of being killed. Since then, the family has become more willful and more style of work, which makes Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty firm his determination and long-term plan.

  五、霍光死后极享哀荣

V. after his death, Huo Guang enjoys great sorrow and honor

  公元前68年4月,位高权重的霍光病逝。汉宣帝为之举行国葬,恩赐玉衣、便房等皇家葬品,以皇帝级别的葬仪隆重安葬了霍光,将其陪葬于茂陵,赐"宣成"。

In April of 68 BC, Huo Guang, a powerful man, died of illness. Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty held a state funeral for it. He bestowed such royal burial objects as jade clothes and bedchamber. He buried Huo Guang with emperor level funeral ceremoniously, buried him in Maoling, and gave him Xuancheng.

  请上官太后一到出席霍光的葬礼,将霍光比之为汉初的丞相一样功勋卓著,理当持国礼下葬,朝中俸禄在两千石以上的官员都要到来祭拜,又安置三百家民户侍奉霍光陵墓。可以说,霍光的身后事,也是极享哀荣。

As soon as the Empress Dowager comes to attend the funeral of Huo Guang, she will compare Huo Guang with the Prime Minister of the early Han Dynasty. She is supposed to be buried in the state ceremony. Officials with salaries of more than 2000 stones in the court will come to worship, and 300 households will be placed to serve Huo Guang's tomb. It can be said that after Huo Guang's death, he also enjoyed great sorrow and honor.

  同时,汉宣帝还准其遗奏,将其封邑三千户过继给侄孙霍山。

At the same time, Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty allowed his legacy to play, and transferred 3000 of his fiefdoms to his nephew Huoshan.

  后来,汉宣帝还令画师画了十一位功臣的图像,挂于麒麟阁以彰其功,霍光名列第一。

Later, Emperor Xuandi of the Han Dynasty also made painters draw images of 11 meritorious officials, and hang them in Qilin pavilion to show their merits. Huo Guang ranked first.

  六、霍家被满门抄斩

VI. The Huo family has been beheaded by the whole family

  沉稳行事的一代权臣霍光终因一生操劳而病逝,汉宣帝采取的一系列隐忍的障眼法终于迷惑住了霍氏家族。

Huo Guang, a calm and steady power minister, died of hard work all his life. The Huo family was finally bewildered by a series of concealing methods adopted by Emperor Xuandi of Han Dynasty.

  就在霍光的安葬上,霍光的妻子还赚不够气派,又将其坟墓规格再次扩大。汉宣帝仍声色不露,默认许可,强忍了过去。

On the burial of Huo Guang, Huo Guang's wife didn't make enough money, and her tomb was expanded again. Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty remained silent, acquiesced and forbeared.

  霍氏家族没有因为"主心骨"霍光的死而收敛,反而因没有霍光的劝阻更加放纵,兼之汉宣帝对霍光无比风光的大葬,对霍家的无限恩赏,让霍氏家族,宠极生骄,以为汉室可欺,不过如此,没有他霍家的支撑便无法理政,就处处跋扈,骄极生乱起来。

The Huo family did not converge because of the death of Huo Guang, the "backbone". Instead, it was more indulgent because of the absence of Huo Guang's dissuasion. In addition, the Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty buried Huo Guang's incomparable scenery and gave the Huo family unlimited rewards, which made the Huo family extremely proud and thought that the Han Dynasty could be deceived. However, without the support of his Huo family, they would not be able to deal with politics, so they would be domineering and arrogant everywhere.

  公元前66年,霍光死后的第四年,霍氏家族被蓄势待发的汉宣帝以"意欲谋反"的罪名逼上梁山。不过,此时的霍家已是"",哪里还是皇室的对手?霍家匆促中铤而走险发动的政变不过是被坐实谋反的罪名罢了。旋及霍氏家族全部被抓,满门抄斩,霍光的妻子及儿子、侄子、女婿等全部被杀,霍山、霍云自杀,皇后霍成君被废。

In 66 BC, the fourth year after Huo Guang's death, the Huo family was forced to go to Liangshan by the emperor Xuandi of Han Dynasty who was ready to go. However, at this time, the Huo family is already "" where is the Royal rival? The coup launched by the Huo family in a hurry is just a crime of conspiracy. Xuanhe and Huo's family were all arrested, the whole family was transcribed, Huoguang's wife and son, nephew and son-in-law were all killed, Huoshan and huoyun committed suicide, and Huo Chengjun, the queen, was abandoned.

  一生沉稳行事的霍光在自己死后依旧没有躲过命运的无情安排,被家人拖入谋反的大罪中,成为洗之不去的历史污点。

After his death, Huo Guang, who acted calmly all his life, still did not escape the merciless arrangement of fate, and was dragged into the crime of conspiracy by his family, which became a historical stain that could not be washed away.

  这是他万万没有想到的。所幸,汉宣帝、、都对霍光尊奉,念其辅佐之功,增一百户为其守墓。

This is something he never thought of. Fortunately, Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty, Emperor Xuan and Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty all worshiped Huo Guang, read his assistant's contribution, and increased 100 households to guard his tomb.

  史实说明,尽管霍光自己能严于律己,但对家人疏于管教,同样需要警醒。可见:良好的家风家教同样重要,不可或缺!

Historical facts show that although Huo Guang can be strict with himself, he also needs to be alert to his family's neglect of discipline. It can be seen that a good family style is equally important and indispensable!

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