Today, Xiaobian brings you Buddha extermination. Readers who are interested in it can have a look with Xiaobian.
历史上有一位一心想着灭佛。想着称霸世界。这到底是怎么回事呢?这位就是当时的唐武宗，唐武宗是当时的一位 ，唐武宗大肆的推行，却对佛家进行打压，据相关文献记载，当时唐武宗在位期间，是摧毁了大大小小的寺庙达到了上千所，为什么唐武宗会这么记恨 呢?到底唐武宗对 有着怎样的深处大恨?具体的一起来看看吧!
In history, there was a man who thought of exterminating Buddhism. Want to dominate the world. What's the matter? This emperor was the Tang Wuzong at that time. Tang Wuzong was one of the emperors at that time. Tang Wuzong vigorously promoted it, but he suppressed Buddhism. According to relevant documents, during his reign, Tang Wuzong destroyed thousands of temples, big and small. Why does Tang Wuzong hate Buddhism so much? What does Tang Wuzong have about Buddhism Deep hate? Let's have a look!
Buddhism has been developing vigorously since it was introduced into China in the Eastern Han Dynasty. However, there have been four major Buddha extermination events, namely, Emperor Taiwu of the Northern Wei Dynasty exterminated Buddha, Emperor Wudi exterminated Buddha, and then exterminated Buddha. Among the four events, Wuzong of Tang Dynasty had the greatest impact on the extinction of Buddhism, which was widely concerned by later generations. What are the reasons for the extinction of Buddhism by Emperor Wuzong of Tang Dynasty?
In July of 845, Emperor Wuzong of Tang Dynasty ordered the extermination of Buddhism and the sifting of monks and nuns. First, the temples in the mountains were demolished, and then the two streets of Chang'an and Luoyang were ordered to keep two temples, each with 30 monks. There are one temple in Tonghua, Shangzhou, Ruzhou, Tonghua, Shangzhou and other towns under the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state of the state. In the temple of Shati, the imperial prehistory was sent to order the temple to be demolished within a time limit. The temple products were owned by the government. The demolished wood was used to build the government office, and the bronze statue zhongpan was used to cast money. In August of that year, Emperor Wuzong announced that 4600 monasteries and 260000 monks and nuns had been demolished, more than 40000 small temples in the mountains had been demolished, thousands of hectares of good farmland had been collected, and 150000 slaves and maids had been employed in the temples.
Wuzong of Tang Dynasty originally liked Buddhism, but he had a deep hatred for Buddhism several years after his accession to the throne. Why?
Some people think that the reason why Wuzong ordered the extermination of Buddhism was mainly related to the religious struggle at that time. "Said:" Wuzong wants to learn the magic skills of immortals. He is a teacher of Zhao Guizhen, a Taoist. After returning to the real world and being favored, every time I talk with Wuzong, I always speak ill of Buddhism, saying that Buddhism is not a religion in China, but only consumes living creatures, and should be completely eradicated. After hearing this, Wuzong thought it was very reasonable. " After Buddhism was introduced into China, on the one hand, it often had conflicts with Taoism on the other hand. In order to win the favor of the supreme ruler, the Buddhism and Taoism often have a heated debate, and the status of the two religions often changes. According to this statement, there is a serious contradiction between Taoism and Buddhism. Taoists attack Buddhism in front of Wuzong, which leads to the extinction of Wuzong.
Judging from some materials, this statement is indeed reasonable. Because the doctrines of Buddhism are far deeper than Taoism in theory, karma, reincarnation and other contents can gain people's trust, so Taoism can't compete with Buddhism in doctrines, so Taoism uses its political advantages to exclude Buddhism. After Zhao's return to the real world, the emperor's officials repeatedly admonished him. The emperor said, "I have nothing to do in the palace. I often talk with him about Xuanhua to relieve the boredom in my heart." It seems that Zhao Guizhen's words have more and more influence on Wuzong. It's because Zhao Guizhen and other Taoists began to be used in Wuzong's extermination of Buddhism. When he was the emperor, he called 81 people including Zhao Guizhen into the ban, and at the same time, he carried out the activities of worshiping Taoism. On the one hand, Zhao Guizhen provoked Wuzong's desire for longevity, on the other hand, he constantly rejected Buddhism, which made Wuzong's thought of upholding Taoism constantly strengthened. Wu Zong also appointed Zhao Guizhen as a professor at the daomen of the right street, which made Zhao Laodao become a man of the moment. Even the prime minister couldn't look down on him. He said to Wu Zong, "I heard that recently Zhao Guizhen's house has been built up. I hope your majesty will give him a good warning." Therefore, those who hold this view believe that Taoism's political advantage in rejecting Buddhism is the direct reason for the extinction of Buddhism by Wuzong.
Another view is that the occurrence of the event is caused by the economic contradiction between the court and Buddhism. Wuzong listed a series of crimes of Buddhism in the "system of demolishing temples" released by the whole country, among which the most important ones were "stupid consumption of the country's wind, tempting people", "hard work in civil engineering, seizing people for the jewelry". He thought that "when the words of the temple are mentioned, no one knows the Ji Ji Ji, all of them are decorated with clouds, arrogating to the palace", which makes "the material resources wither, and the custom pours fraud". The main purpose of destroying Buddhism is to "punish the stupid source of the ages" and "benefit people and the public". As early as before he ascended the throne, Emperor Wuzong once said, "poor world, Buddha also." As a result of the extermination of Buddhism, there was a relatively obvious economic effect. A large number of monks and nuns returned to the common customs. The slaves and maidservants of the temple were incorporated into the tax households, and the money and things of the temple were returned to the government. The bronze and iron Buddha statues were made into coins and agricultural implements.
Li Deyu, the prime minister, was the main participant in the extermination of Buddhism. As early as when he was observing the envoy in Western Zhejiang, he proposed to restrict the development of Buddhism. Many people in the south of the Yangtze river went north and became monks. Li Deyu proposed to ban this practice. He proposed that if not prohibited, Jiangnan would lose 600000 Dingzhuang's rent. At that time, even the fatuous emperor, Jingzong, saw the economic losses caused by Buddhism to the government. "Today, he ordered Xuzhou to stop.". After Wuzong exterminated Buddhism, Li Deyu praised the practice of Wuzong and thought that "Wuzong" made a decisive decision alone, and the number of people who broke through and fled were all listed in the same group; the land with high soil was collected and all was subject to the king's tax. It is the confusion of the group of students, and the wind of six harmonies. It is the law of the later King to be a sage. It's magnificent, it's brilliant. " The development of Buddhist forces will inevitably affect the financial source of the government. The extinction of Buddhism by Wuzong is the inevitable result of the growing Buddhist forces. The reason why the emperor before Wuzong didn't destroy Buddhism was that the development of contradiction was not to the most acute degree.
However, some people have put forward different views on this view. They think that the contradiction between Buddhism and the court always exists in the Tang Dynasty, and there are many anti Buddhists in the past dynasties. Their attacks on Buddhism are very fierce, but they have never been taken seriously by the emperor. Apart from Wuzong, there is no emperor to abolish Buddhism. On the contrary, the monarchs who worship Buddhism are one after another. After Tang Wuzong exterminated Buddhism, he had a great faith in Taoism. He held a Taoism field for more than one hundred days, built a magnificent Sendai for five consecutive months, and bestowed great gifts to Taoists. From an economic point of view, Tang Wuzong had a clear attitude towards Buddhism, so why did he immediately indulge in Taoism?
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