东汉末年外戚大臣,董承是三国隐藏最深的奸臣-看世界

东汉末年外戚大臣,董承是三国隐藏最深的奸臣

  《三国演义》无论思想性还是艺术性,都达到了很高水准,基本情节结构也大体符合事实,作为历史小说这一点是难能可贵的,比今天流行的“戏说历史”现象要严谨的多、高明的多。但作者罗贯中毕竟是小说家而不是历史学家,在对个别历史人物的刻画描写上,还是不可避免地出现了偏差。

  大家好,这里是小编,今天给大家说说董承的故事,欢迎关注哦。

Hello everyone, this is Xiaobian. Today, I'd like to tell you the story of Dong Cheng. Welcome to pay attention.

  《演义》无论思想性还是艺术性,都达到了很高水准,基本情节结构也大体符合事实,作为历史小说这一点是难能可贵的,比今天流行的“戏说历史”现象要严谨的多、高明的多。但作者罗贯中毕竟是小说家而不是历史学家,在对个别历史人物的刻画描写上,还是不可避免地出现了偏差。

No matter ideological or artistic, romance has reached a very high level, and its basic plot structure is generally in line with the facts. As a historical novel, it is rare and valuable. It is much more rigorous and wise than the popular phenomenon of "joking about history". But the author Luo Guanzhong, after all, is a novelist rather than a historian, who inevitably deviates from the description of individual historical figures.

  公元192年,西凉军阀凭借强大的军事实力,浩浩荡荡杀入京城,拉开“董卓之乱”的大幕。骄横凶悍的董卓,任意废立天子,杀戮大臣,纵容军队大肆烧杀劫掠,惹得,最终成为众矢之的,遭到各路诸侯的联合讨伐,自取灭亡。

In A.D. 192, Xiliang warlords, relying on their strong military strength, entered the capital in a mighty way and opened the curtain of "the chaos of Dong Zhuo". The arrogant and fierce Dong Zhuo, who arbitrarily abolished the establishment of the emperor, killed the ministers, connived the army to burn, kill and plunder wantonly, provoked, and finally became the target of the public. He was attacked jointly by all the princes and killed himself.

  董卓死后,他的部队和部下将领也四分五裂,各奔前程。董卓部下将领董承,就在这个时代背景下登场了。在《三国演义》中,董承被描写成一个、碧血丹心的大忠臣,誓死效忠,与的犯上作乱之举进行了针锋相对的斗争,简直被吹成了一朵花。实际上,他堪称三国隐藏最深的奸臣。

After Dong Zhuo's death, his army and subordinate generals were also divided and went their separate ways. Dong Cheng, the leader of Dong Zhuo's subordinates, appeared in this era. In the romance of the Three Kingdoms, Dong Cheng is described as a big loyal official with a clear heart, who vows to be loyal to the death, and has a tit for tat struggle with the act of insurrection, which is almost blown into a flower. In fact, he can be called the most profound traitor in the Three Kingdoms.

  《三国演义》中,董承充当汉献帝的心腹,冒着天大风险把汉献帝的衣带诏携带出宫,并不顾个人安危,串联组织反曹势力,动员、王子服等人,准备发动一次针对曹操的秘密行动,以攘除奸凶,复兴汉室,最终被曹操发现后处死,至今仍被人当成英雄人物。

In the romance of the Three Kingdoms, Dong Cheng acted as the confidant of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty, risked great risks to take the Emperor Xian's dress and imperial edict out of the palace, and regardless of personal safety, organized anti Cao forces in series, mobilized, Prince Fu and others, and prepared to launch a secret action against Cao Cao, in order to eliminate the traitors, revive the Han Dynasty, and finally was found and executed by Cao Cao Cao, who is still regarded as a hero.

  而真实历史中,董承的形象却并非如此。董承是个非常有“眼力价儿”的角色,非常善于,投机钻营。董卓兴盛之时,董承就与董卓的女婿牛辅关系密切,是董卓集团的中坚力量之一。董卓死后,董承立即改弦易辙,成为汉献帝的“粉丝”,准备借汉献帝这杆大旗博取一场大富贵。

But in the real history, Dong Cheng's image is not so. Dong Cheng is a very "eye value" role, very good at speculation. When Dong Zhuo prospered, Dong Cheng had a close relationship with Niu Fu, Dong Zhuo's son-in-law, and was one of the backbone forces of Dong Zhuo group. After Dong Zhuo's death, Dong Chengli changed course and became a "fan" of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty. He was ready to win a big fortune with the banner of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty.

  在三国军阀中,董承最先看出“挟天子以令诸侯”是一步好棋,于是亦步亦趋紧跟汉献帝,想把汉献帝当成棋子捏在手中。董承先后联合军阀张杨、韩暹等人,拥兵自重,试图结成一个武装团伙进取天下,但他的能力实在平庸,缺乏统帅之才,始终未能培植出一支强大的个人武装,与张杨、韩暹等人的合作也是,各怀鬼胎。

Among the warlords of the Three Kingdoms, Dong Cheng was the first to see that "holding the emperor in order to make the princes" was a good move, so he also followed Han Xiandi closely and wanted to hold him as a chess piece. Dong Chengxian then United warlords Zhang Yang, Han Siam and others to support his troops and self-respect, and tried to form an armed group to forge ahead in the world. However, his ability was really mediocre and he lacked the commander-in-chief's talent, and he failed to cultivate a strong personal armed force. His cooperation with Zhang Yang, Han Siam and others was also haunting.

  董承自始至终只是想利用汉献帝,内心深处对汉献帝根本无忠诚度可言。《》记载,兴平二年,汉献帝从长安西逃洛阳,途中一片混乱,狼狈不堪。董承看见的侍者抱着几匹上好绸缎,起了贪心,命令部下武士持刀抢夺,当场斩杀了伏皇后的侍者,血都溅到伏皇后衣服上,凶恶之态触目惊心。

Dong Cheng just wanted to make use of Han Xian emperor from beginning to end. He had no loyalty to Han Xian emperor in his heart. According to the book, in the second year of Xingping, Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty fled from Chang'an to Luoyang, and was in a mess. Dong Cheng saw the waiter holding some good silks and satins and was greedy. He ordered his subordinates to seize them with swords. He killed empress Fu's waiter on the spot. The blood splashed on empress Fu's clothes. His ferocity was startling.

  所谓的“衣带诏”事件也大有猫腻。《后汉书》和《》的记载证实,汉献帝是否真的把衣带诏交给董承,大可存疑。事情的真相是董承为了和曹操争夺对汉献帝控制权,假传圣旨,号令天下,。事实上曹操的实力当时已经无人可敌,汉献帝又完全被曹操掌控,董承此举简直是拿汉献帝的生命开玩笑。

The so-called "dress belt edict" incident is also very tiresome. According to the records of the later Han Dynasty and the Han Dynasty, it can be doubted whether the Emperor Xian really handed over the imperial edict to Dong Cheng. The truth of the matter is that Dong Cheng, in order to fight with Cao Cao for the control of Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty, falsely preached the imperial edict and ordered the world,. In fact, Cao Cao's strength was invincible at that time, and Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty was completely controlled by Cao Cao. Dong Cheng's action was a joke on the life of Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty.

  一心复兴汉室的刘备见到了“衣带诏”,却不肯参与,正因为意识到“衣带诏”是董承伪造,此举不但不能救汉献帝,很可能给汉献帝惹来不测之祸,所以刘备才拒绝了趟这个浑水。纵观董承一生,并未给汉献帝带来任何实质性帮助,反而几度让汉献帝身临绝境,如果让他得手,不过又是另一个曹操而已。可惜罗贯中却未能认清此人真面目,还把他当成忠臣。

Liu Bei, who was dedicated to reviving the Han Dynasty, saw the "imperial edict of dress belt" but refused to participate in it. He realized that the "imperial edict of dress belt" was forged by Dong Cheng, which could not save the Han Dynasty from sacrificing the emperor, and would probably cause an unexpected disaster to the Han Dynasty. Therefore, Liu Bei refused to go into this muddy water. Throughout Dong Cheng's life, he didn't bring any substantial help to Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty. Instead, he put him in a desperate situation several times. If he got it, it would be just another Cao Cao. It's a pity that Luo Guanzhong failed to recognize the true face of this man and regarded him as a loyal minister.

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