How did the poor people who could not afford salt live in ancient times? Next, Xiaobian will bring the historical truth. Let's have a look!
As the saying goes, "firewood, rice, oil, salt, soy sauce and vinegar tea". In our daily life, the other six things can be replaced by other things, but there is only one thing we can't do without -- salt. Salt, as an essential item in our life, has a great influence on our daily life. Without salt, the food we eat is not only boring but also stale. If we don't have enough salt for a long time, it will cause many diseases and madness, swelling and dizziness. The famous white haired woman is a typical example of salt deficiency.
Salt, as a seasoning, is our common daily necessities now. But in ancient times, this was by no means the case. In the past, if you could afford salt and buy it in bags, your family was either a powerful or a landlord. Unlike now, when you go to visit a family in the Spring Festival, you carry a second elder martial brother's elbow. It's far better to carry a bag of salt with a row of noodles! How expensive is salt in ancient times? Why is it so expensive? What alternatives can poor people who can't afford salt use? Let's talk about it in the following small part!
According to the record of "king of the sea", the implementation of the policy of "guanshanhai" during the Warring States period made the wealth of the whole country quickly gather in the hands of the monarch, which laid a solid financial foundation for hegemonism. For the item of salt tax, we have calculated an account: in a big country with a population of 10 million, even if there are one million young and strong workers who have to pay taxes, each of them pays 30 yuan every year, which is less than 30 million yuan every year; and every litre of salt increases 2 yuan tax, because the sale of salt is strictly in accordance with the household registration method of "calculating, exporting and selling salt", which can increase 60 million yuan every year, far exceeding the income of individual tax.
Readers who have a better understanding of history should know that there was a system in ancient times - salt and iron official camp. The system stipulates that only the government can sell salt and iron. The government set a high price for salt. Salt is not a very difficult product to produce. Some people secretly sold salt to make money. In ancient times, this was a felony. Some rich businessmen are different. They saw the value of heavy salt and applied to the government for the monopoly right to sell salt. After applying, they need to pay a large amount of money to the government, which is "salt lesson silver". In this way, the government can still get a lot of income, but salt is still very expensive for the bottom people.
So many people can't afford official salt at all. They can only buy private salt secretly. In history, many people with great achievements have done private salt business. Qian Liu, the king of Wu, was once a smuggler of salt. Some people were even poorer. They couldn't afford to wear pants, but they always needed salt for cooking. What should we do? They have other ways
In South China, there is a kind of tree called pandanus. "Compendium of Materia Medica" says that its roots can cure colds, fever and eye pain; its leaves and buds can cure beriberi; its fruits can nourish the spleen and stomach, enhance vitality and relieve alcohol. It is mainly used to treat liver heat, deficiency of liver fire and cirrhosis. In ancient times, it was found that burning the bark of this loudou tree to ashes and putting it into vegetables could also produce salty taste. So the poor people who have this kind of tree near their home like to use this method.
There's another way to make people sick and sick. Maybe some people were too poor in ancient times. We know that in ancient times, toilets were basically dry toilets (there was a cesspool under the squatting pit, which was buried in the ground to store feces and urine). Now there are many rural toilets or this kind of toilets, usually one tank. People at that time found that they were cleaning their excrement in the toilet, and then waited quietly for a few days. There will be some white crystals on the surface of the stone inside, which are similar to the salt on the surface and taste salty. However, there is a slight bitter taste inside. But the poor people peel it off. When salt comes to eat, in fact, what they see is toxic nitrate. It may not be a problem to eat less. But if they eat it every day, the old nitrate will cause great harm to the body. After reading this, don't you think it's very appetizing?
In ancient times, the official control over salt made the commodity attribute of salt more tax attribute. Fortunately, now we live in a new era, we can buy a bag of salt with two or three yuan. However, it is said that there are also counterfeit famous brand salt in the countryside. The salt used to fake sea salt is all salt from inland salt mines. In 2016, the Ministry of industry and information technology announced the salt monopoly system and opened the prices of all salt products. After abolishing the system of salt monopoly license, we will implement a strict regulatory system, improve the salt reserve system, and ensure the safe supply of salt. In addition, speed up the adjustment of salt industry system, enhance the competitiveness of the industry, improve laws and regulations, and implement the rule of law salt industry.
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