《连山》和《归藏》是什么?用《周易》能推断出这两本书的内容吗?-看世界

《连山》和《归藏》是什么?用《周易》能推断出这两本书的内容吗?

  说到《连山》和《归藏》就不得不提这个《周易》,他们之间的联系非常的大,但是这个《连山》和《归藏》其实早已经失传了,但是《周易》就还在,那么有的人问了,是否可以通过现在的这个《周易》来推断出失传很久的《连山》和《归藏》的内容呢?下面就着这个问题我们一起分析揭秘看看!

  今天小编为大家带来用《周易》推断出《连山》和《归藏》的内容,希望对你们能有所帮助。

Today's editor brings you the contents of "Lianshan" and "Guizang" inferred from "Zhouyi", hoping to help you.

  说到《连山》和《归藏》就不得不提这个《周易》,他们之间的联系非常的大,但是这个《连山》和《归藏》其实早已经失传了,但是《周易》就还在,那么有的人问了,是否可以通过现在的这个《周易》来推断出失传很久的《连山》和《归藏》的内容呢?下面就着这个问题我们一起分析揭秘看看!

When it comes to "Lianshan" and "Guizang", we have to mention this "Zhouyi". There is a great connection between them. But this "Lianshan" and "Guizang" have been lost for a long time, but the "Zhouyi" is still there. So some people ask if we can infer the contents of "Lianshan" and "Guizang" that have been lost for a long time through the current "Zhouyi". Next Let's analyze and uncover the secrets together on this issue!

  到底有这两本书吗?请看《周礼》:

Do you have these two books? Please read Zhou Li:

  据载,太卜之官掌管三易:

According to reports, the official of Taibu is in charge of the three changes:

  一曰《连山》,二曰《归藏》,三曰《周易》,其经卦皆八,其别皆六十有四。

One is Lianshan, two is Guizang, and three is Zhouyi. All the Scriptures and Hexagrams are eight, and all the other sixty have four.

  也就是说,《周礼》做为儒家经典,十三经之一,记载了历史上的这两本奇书。再跟大家说下《周礼》,相传为旦所著,但实际上成书于两汉之间

That is to say, as one of the thirteen classics of Confucianism, Zhouli records these two wonderful books in history. Let's talk about Zhou Li again. It's said that it was written by Dan, but actually it was written between the Han Dynasty and the Han Dynasty

。《周礼》与《仪礼》和《礼记》合称"三礼",是古代礼乐文化的理论形态,对礼法、礼义作了最权威的记载和解释,对历代礼制的影响最为深远。

。 Zhouli, Yili and Liji are called "three rites", which are the theoretical form of ancient ritual culture. They have the most authoritative record and explanation of ritual law and ritual meaning, and have the most profound influence on the ritual system of previous dynasties.

  而我们看《尚书》《左传》《国语》等书,确实有三易的运用。这说明什么呢?

However, we can see that Shangshu, Zuozhuan, Guoyu and other books really have the use of three changes. What does this mean?

  先跟大家说下刚才说的三本书,首先《尚书》,尚者,上也。上古之书,是我国上古历史文献和部分追述古代事迹著作的汇编,是我国最早的一部历史文献汇编。它保存了商周特别是西周初期的一些重要史料。《尚书》约成书于公元前五世纪,也就是战国之前。相传由编撰而成,但有些篇目是后来儒家补充进去的。《国语》是我国最早的一部国别体著作。记录了王室和一些诸侯国的历史。上起周穆王十二年(前990)西征(约前947年),下至智伯被灭(前453年)。也就是西周和春秋时期的历史。

First of all, let's talk about the three books just mentioned. First of all, Shangshu, Shangzhe, Shangye. Ancient books are the compilation of ancient historical documents and some works about ancient deeds in China, and the earliest compilation of historical documents in China. It preserved some important historical materials of the Shang and Zhou dynasties, especially the early Western Zhou Dynasty. The book of history was written in the fifth century BC, before the Warring States period. It is said that it was compiled, but some articles were added by Confucianism later. Guoyu is one of the earliest Chinese works. It records the history of the royal family and some vassal states. From the 12th year of King Mu of Zhou Dynasty (990 BC) to the western expedition (947 BC), to the extinction of Zhibo (453 BC). That is, the history of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the spring and Autumn period.

  《左传》是中国第一部叙事详细的编年史著作,相传是春秋末年鲁国史官左丘明根据鲁国国史《春秋》编成。也就是说,上古的著作里确实证实了三易的存在。《连山》《归藏》的存在。

Zuo Zhuan is the first detailed chronicle work in China. It is said that Zuo Qiuming, the historian of Lu state, compiled it according to the history of Lu state. In other words, the ancient works do confirm the existence of the three changes. The existence of Lianshan and Guizang.

  而《礼记》及其的注释也认为《归藏》是殷代的阴阳之书,而由此推论《连山》是之书。

The book of rites and its notes also think that Guizang is the book of yin and Yang in the Yin Dynasty, and thus infer that Lianshan is the book.

  尽管《汉书》没有提取这两本奇书,但是汉代的桓谭却认为这两本书都是存在的。并且还记述了《连山》有八万字,《归藏》有四千三百字。后世的的干宝,的罗泌,罗苹,李过等人,也记下了《归藏》的部分卦名。而这些卦名和《周易》经文的卦名是相合类似的。由此,我们可以看出,汉以后流传的《归藏》是有根据的,并非是杜撰。

Although Hanshu did not extract these two books, Huan Tan of the Han Dynasty believed that both books existed. Moreover, it is recorded that there are 80000 words in Lianshan and 4300 words in Guizang. Later generations of Ganbao, Luo Bi, Luo Ping, Li Guo and others also recorded part of the hexagrams in Guizang. The names of these Hexagrams are similar to those of the Zhouyi scriptures. From this, we can see that the "Guizang" circulated after the Han Dynasty is based, not a fiction.

  再说到,当代学者也有人认为王家台秦简《易》卦就是《归藏》。

In addition, some contemporary scholars think that the hexagrams of Yi in the Qin Bamboo Slips of wangjiatai are "Guizang".

  还有一种说法,那就是从《》中去寻找。

Another way of saying is to look for it from the book.

  《山海经》是什么呢?

What is Shanhaijing?

  最早整理《山海经》的是西汉的刘歆,他就认为这本书是三代时所作,产生于尧舜禹的时代……禹把天下划分成九州,益与伯翳等人区分万物的本质,写出了《山海经》。刘歆这一说法其实是受到《》的影响。《列子·汤问第五》中说,夏革回答汤的疑问,提到了五座大山及山上的特产,此外还有怪异之物,这和《山海经》记载的地理、特产以及怪物的写法非常相似。同时,《列子》中又说这些怪物是治水周行天下时亲眼见过的,他的臣子伯翳了解这些怪物,夷坚听说之后把这些怪物记了下来。因此,这种说法就影响到刘歆以上的论断。其后,《论衡·别通篇》、赵哗《吴越春秋》等都持这种观点。

Liu Xin of the Western Han Dynasty was the first one to sort out the book of mountains and seas. He believed that the book was written in three generations, which originated in the era of Yao, Shun and Yu Yu divided the world into Kyushu. Yi and Boyi distinguished the essence of everything and wrote the book of mountains and seas. Liu Xin's view is actually influenced by the book. In Liezi Tang Wen No. 5, it is said that in response to Tang's question, Xiage mentioned five mountains and their specialties, as well as strange things, which are very similar to the geography, specialty and monster writing recorded in Shanhaijing. At the same time, "Liezi" said that these monsters were seen by his own eyes when he traveled around the world in water control week. His minister Boyi knew these monsters, and Yijian wrote down these monsters after hearing about them. Therefore, this statement affects Liu Xin's conclusion. Later, the whole treatise on balance and other articles and Zhao Hua's spring and autumn of Wu and Yue hold this view.

  那《山海经》是怎么说的呢?

What does "Shanhaijing" say?

  在这说这个之前,我们先说下什么是易,《说文解字》就说,日月为易,象阴阳也。意思是说,易字是上日下月,合而为易。也就是说,易有日和月的含义,讲的是阴阳交易交替

Before we say this, let's first say what is Yi. In Shuowen Jiezi, we say that the sun and the moon are like Yin and Yang. That is to say, the word "Yi" means "last day, next month". That is to say, Yi has the meaning of day and month, which means the alternation of Yin-Yang trade

消长有关的。

It's about growth and decline.

  《山海经》中的《大荒经》里,分为东南西北四经,每经都 有七座前面加了大荒 之中四个字的山,大荒 西经里也有七座山,都

The dahuangjing in Shanhaijing is divided into four classics in the southeast, northwest and northwest. Each of them has seven mountains with four words in front of dahuangjing, and there are seven mountains in dahuangxi Jing

是排成一条线,在里面说明了那是日月所出或日月所入的。

It is arranged in a line, which indicates that it is from the sun and the moon or from the sun and the moon.

  另外,大荒之中,南北也均有七座山,这样形成了二十八宿,进而可以推测太阳月亮的位置,进而他又提出,所谓连山者,是针对东西两边的那两排连成一条线的定位山,连山易也可理解为在东西两边那两排山上南北来回移动的太阳和月亮。或者就是太阳月亮在连山上南北变易。而归藏呢,是指太阳与月亮从西边的连山上落下去了。落下了就是隐藏了。

In addition, there are seven mountains in the north and south of the great wasteland, thus forming the twenty eighth night, and then we can speculate the position of the sun and the moon, and then he proposed that the so-called mountain linking is aimed at the two rows of positioning mountains on both sides of the East and the West, which form a line. Lianshanyi can also be understood as the sun and the moon moving north and South on the two rows of mountains on both sides of the East and the West. Or the sun and moon change from north to South on the mountain. And to return to Tibet means that the sun and the moon have set from the western mountains. If it falls, it's hidden.

  那既然是《山海经》产生于尧舜禹时代,那么《连山》《归藏》也就是于此时了。你说呢?

Since Shanhaijing was born in the era of Yao, Shun and Yu, Lianshan and Guizang are also at this time. What you think?

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