Many people don't know about spring and autumn. Let's enjoy it with Xiaobian.
The spring and Autumn period we usually refer to actually refers to the history of the first half of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. Spring and Autumn period is generally considered from 770 BC to 476 BC, a total of 294 years, until the outbreak of the world into the end. I believe that many of my friends are curious about why this period is called spring and autumn? Who took the name of spring and autumn? In fact, the reason why this period is called spring and autumn is mainly because of the compiled historical book spring and autumn, which is the spring and autumn classic. Let's talk about the origin of spring and autumn together.
In the early period of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, why is it called "spring and Autumn Period",
Instead of "winter and summer" or something like that
First, the term "spring and Autumn" comes from the historical book "spring and Autumn" revised by Confucius.
This historical book records all kinds of major events in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty from the first year (722 BC) to the fourteenth year (481 BC) of the Duke of Lu AI.
This time period roughly coincides with the time in the early Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-476 B.C.).
Therefore, the early Eastern Zhou Dynasty is called the spring and Autumn period.
However, the spring and Autumn Annals is actually only the history of a vassal state, although it also involves other vassal states, but it is not perfect.
Why can the history of a vassal state represent the whole early Eastern Zhou Dynasty?
There are two main reasons:
The first is that the book "spring and Autumn" was compiled by Confucius.
From the time when Confucianism was raised to the supreme position, Confucius, as the master of Confucianism, was a great master of Confucianism.
The historical books he revised, of course, also have a lofty position, becoming one of the classics of Confucianism as well as the whole country.
Therefore, it is reasonable to regard the name of the historical books of Lu state as the name of a period.
The second is that the state of Lu has a special position in the vassal states.
The state of Lu was the feudal state of Dan at that time. Although the area of the state of Lu was small (the earliest area was less than 100 li), it had a special status. It was in charge of the "Zhou rites", that is, the rites.
In the Zhou Dynasty, "Zhou rites" were the highest standard, which must be respected by all the vassal states.
Therefore, the state of Lu is very noble. Since the state of Lu has such a special status, say the history of the state of Lu.
It is also reasonable to name this period of history in the early Eastern Zhou Dynasty after the name of the historical books of the state of Lu.
Second, "spring and Autumn" is the concept of time that represents the year, "winter and summer" is not.
Some people may also ask, even if the name of the early Eastern Zhou Dynasty, is based on the history of Lu book "spring and Autumn".
Why should Lu's historical books be named after "spring and Autumn", not "winter and summer"?
This is mainly in the ancient concept of time, spring is the season of germination, autumn is the season of decline.
In other words, spring is the season of sowing, autumn is the season of harvest.
Spring to autumn, and then autumn to spring, is a cycle of plant life, which has the concept of time.
However, "winter and summer" has no such typical meaning, and it is obviously not appropriate to express the concept of time.
Before the ancient history books were written, they were mainly chronological, which was equivalent to one year's memorabilia.
The events of the year are based on the year. Therefore, it is more appropriate to name this period after "spring and Autumn".
Third, the term "spring and Autumn" can summarize the characteristics of the early Eastern Zhou Dynasty.
Since the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, great changes have taken place in the society. The princes began to disobey the words of Emperor Zhou and disobey the "Zhou rites".
At the same time, those big vassals, depending on their own strength, attacked and annexed other weak vassals at will, embezzled and divided the land of the small vassals, and destroyed the small vassals.
At the same time, the internal and external divisions of those great princes will also occur, such as the division of Jin among the three Han, Zhao and Wei dynasties.
In other words, the characteristics of this period are: some princes have grown up and flourished. And some princes became smaller and were destroyed by others.
This characteristic, and spring and autumn of all things situation, has a natural similarity.
Therefore, it is very appropriate to use "spring and Autumn" as the name of this period of Chinese historical development.
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