As for the time of death, there are various opinions. First, in Hongwu's 31st year (1398), leap May 9th, leap May 5th, leap May 17th, etc. The superficial reason why there are so many kinds of statements is that there are so many vague records in historical books. Generally speaking, this is a very clear thing. Why should the historical books be vague? This is due to the improper choice of burial time for Zhu Yuanzhang, "if you think it is too fast, there are different reasons for it". In order to hide people's ears and eyes, you deliberately confuse right and wrong. Indeed, according to the records of the emperor's great political records and other historical books, is it normal for a founding monarch to be buried a few days after his death? Therefore, he was very angry when he heard that his nephew had buried him in a hurry. This is the first reason for the future.
Now most of the historians think that Zhu Yunwen is indeed the quick burial of Zhu Yuanzhang. Why did Zhu Yunwen dare to take the lead in the world? According to some historical records, this was the time Zhu Yuanzhang chose for himself. "So he was buried on the throne, and he did the same thing on the same day. All the emperor's orders were given by him, and they were being buried quickly." The secret history also said that Zhu Yunwen actually buried Zhu Yuanzhang the day before he ascended the throne, that is, on May 15 of leap. This shows that Zhu Yuanzhang was worried about the trouble after his death and left his last words to ask Zhu Yunwen to speed up his funeral.
So what happened to the decision to bury? It's also a mystery. In Nanjing folk, even children know such a legend. On the day of Zhu Yuanzhang's burial, there appeared "" that is, thirteen gates in Nanjing were funeral at the same time. It's recorded in the historical books. Why is it so?
It turns out that shortly after the burial, Zhu Yuanzhang was not buried in the Xiaoling Tomb of the Ming Dynasty, but in the Chaotian Palace alone (today's Chaotian Palace, which is thousands of meters south of the Wangfu street in Nanjing, the specific location is "it is said that the three Qing emperors are the true burial places of the Ming ancestors". )
Chaotian Palace was the temple of heavenly celebration and Yongshou palace in Song Dynasty. After Zhu Yuanzhang established his capital in Nanjing, he changed it to Chaotian Palace, which was the place where Bai Liao paid homage to Xi Yi. The idea of burying in the Chaotian Palace gives Zhu Yunwen a reasonable explanation and possibility of burying Zhu Yuanzhang quickly, setting up a bewitching array and 13 gates at the same time, but many scholars in the future do not. Gan Xi, a scholar in the Qing Dynasty, didn't approve of it. According to his volume of "white under the trivial words", Zhu Yuanzhang spent millions of liang of silver and made it for more than ten years. He shouldn't have made it for one person. What's more, Zhu Yunwen is a kind and righteous person who speaks filial piety very much. He can't bear to bury Zhu Yuanzhang outside the tomb. Later, it came out that Zhu Yuanzhang was not buried in Xiaoling of Ming dynasty or Chaotian Palace. He left Nanjing city and chose to be buried in the longevity mountain of Beijing. After textual research, it is untrustworthy. Ganxi said, "the longevity mountain is in Yanjing. It's just because it can't be buried. How could it be moved thousands of miles away from Zigong?" the author also thought that if so, where would the first reason for Zhu Di's rebellion come from?
Whether Zhu Yuanzhang was buried in Xiaoling Tomb of the Ming dynasty or not, no scholar can say "certain". Liao Jinhan, deputy director of the cultural relics department of Zhongshan Cemetery Administration Bureau working in Xiaoling Museum, said that before the "application for the world heritage" of Xiaoling in Ming Dynasty, Zhongshan Cemetery Administration had specially invited Nanjing University and other relevant technical and historical experts to prove that the underground palace of Xiaoling in Ming Dynasty had not been stolen and was intact after several years of scientific exploration. Later, relevant experts said that since 1998, experts from the Engineering Research Institute of Jiangsu Seismological Bureau have clearly found a building space with an area of thousands of square meters in the deep underground of Baoding by using non-destructive magnetic survey method, and also found the direction and entrance of the passage (tomb path) with a length of up to 100 meters into the space. There is no doubt that the huge building space under the Baoding can It can be the underground palace of Xiaoling in the Ming Dynasty, and the entrance of the underground palace is just below the wall of the treasure city, which is more than ten meters away from the east of the Ming Dynasty building. But this doesn't prove that Zhu Yuanzhang's bones are in the underground palace. I'm afraid that the truth can't be revealed until the day when Xiaoling is excavated!
Where is Zhu Yuanzhang's tomb?
In geomancy, the geomancy of yinzhai is the same as that of Yangzhai, which is not only directly related to the comfort and discomfort of the deceased when he enters the earth, but also affects the good and bad luck and prosperity of future generations. Zhu Yuanzhang always believed that his success was due to his grandfather's choice of cemetery to a certain extent, which he would not ignore when he considered his own affairs behind him.
The address of Zhu Yuanzhang's mausoleum is his own choice. Dulongfu at the south foot of Zijin Mountain is a rare treasure land of geomancy. In the north, it is close to the main peak of Zhongshan Mountain. It is 150 meters high, with deep springs and gullies, steaming purple air, cloud and mountain colors, and changeable day and night. Since ancient times, it has the reputation of "there are many strange mountains here, and thousands of clouds are not one shape". Moreover, there are many famous temples and important tombs built here, such as the forest, the shade, the winding stream and the gurgling water.
The construction of the cemetery started from Hongwu fourteen years (1381). In the sixteen year, Hongwu completed the main works such as the hall of the mausoleum and so on. It has called the military industry 100 thousand, and it has been completed for three years (1405) in Yongle, which lasted for 25 years. In August of the 15th year of Hongwu, the empress was first buried. Because of her posthumous title "filial piety", she named the tomb "Xiaoling", which also means "governing the world with filial piety". In the 25th year of Hongwu (1392), the emperor's crown prince was buried in the east of Xiaoling, which is called Dongling. In the thirty first year of Hongwu (1398), on the 10th day of may in leap, Zhu Yuanzhang died in the Western Palace, where he buried 46 concubines with empress ma.
At that time, within the walls of Xiaoling, the hall was lofty and the pavilions were magnificent. There are 100000 pine plants and thousands of deer in the mausoleum. Each deer has a silver medal of "the thief resists death" hanging between its neck, which is known as "the immortal deer". In order to protect Xiaoling, there are 5600 soldiers in the imperial palace. If a woodcutter enters the mausoleum by mistake, he will be beheaded by "Zhengfa". During the southern tour of the Qing Dynasty and the emperor, they all went to pay homage to the mausoleum in person. In addition, two guards were specially assigned to guard the mausoleum, and 40 families were assigned to sikangtian. In 1853, Xiaoling area became an important battlefield for the Taiping Army and the Qing army to confront each other, and almost all the wooden structures on the ground were destroyed. The existing shenlie mountain steles, forbidden steles, Xiamafang, dajinmen, Sifang city and Shengong Shengde steles, stone statues wengzhong, Dashiqiao, Baocheng, tombs, and stele pavilions and halls built at the end of the Qing Dynasty are still magnificent and magnificent, gathering the imperial spirit.
According to records, the perimeter of the red wall of Xiaoling is 22.5km, which is equivalent to two-thirds of the length of the city wall at that time. It can be seen that the scale is huge. The Shinto stone carving in Xiaoling Tomb of Ming Dynasty is the only one of the imperial tombs in China, which is not in a straight line, but forms a curved shape around the plum blossom mountain with the age tomb, which looks like the Big Dipper seven stars. Along the Shendao, there are Xiamafang, forbidden stele, dajinmen, Shengong Shengde stele Pavilion, Yuqiao, stone road, shiwangzhu, military general, Wenchen, lingxingmen and other buildings. After lingxingmen turns to the northeast, it enters the main part of the cemetery. The main buildings of the cemetery are arranged on the North-South central axis, with a large scale and magnificent appearance.
Emperor Kangxi and other emperors in Qing Dynasty paid a visit to Ming Xiaoling, but later, with the decline of national strength and inability to repair, Ming Xiaoling gradually became desolate, especially in Xianfeng years, it became the main battlefield of war with the Qing Dynasty, which almost destroyed the surface buildings of Ming Xiaoling, and the Royal steles of Kangxi calligraphy even fell to pieces. Up to now, all the wooden structures in the mausoleum have been burnt down, but the layout scale can be seen from the stone foundation of the remains. It has the same layout and architectural form as the Ming Tombs in Beijing, but it is much larger than the Ming Tombs. It can be seen that the Ming Tombs are based on this.
It's said that Zhu Yuanzhang may not be buried here, but that someone might revenge him after his death, and set up 72 suspect graves like that. However, these legends are not fully based on the fact that Xiaoling was built before the death of Zhu Yuanzhang. By the time of Zhu Yuanzhang's death, all the facilities of the tomb were ready. Moreover, Zhu Yuanzhang died in May of leap in the thirty first year of Hongwu (1398). At that time, Nanjing had already entered the summer, and was buried in Xiaoling immediately seven days after he ceased to work. If a new mausoleum is built elsewhere, it is too late. Moreover, the location of Xiaoling is close to the palace city, Zhongshan in the north, huangqiang in the south, Shengong supervisor in the interior and Xiaoling Wei's officers and men patrolling day and night in the exterior. Its security level is far higher than that of other places. This place gathers the dragon spirit of Nanjing. Since Zhu Yuanzhang chose this place as his mausoleum, he would not give up his life and bury him here.
The dragon vein chosen by his ancestors gave Zhu Yuanzhang a chance to make his fortune, and he met many dignitaries in his life, which also brought him the necessary fortune to create the foundation industry. After his accession to the throne, Zhu Yuanzhang established the capital of Nanjing. Although there was potential here, the dynasties that chose it as the capital were short-lived. Once, because of the king's spirit here, he ordered to dig and break the LIANGANG to suppress the power of partial hegemony, so it was named moling. After that, the life span of the dynasties that built the capital in Jinling was indeed only a few decades. After Zhu Yuanzhang's death, Nanjing became a short-lived national capital, but fortunately, the Daming Dynasty moved its capital to Beijing and opened up the north and south of the dragon, which also extended its well-being to nearly 300 years.
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