揭秘:是何人给刘邦出主意“用女人换和平”?-看世界

揭秘:是何人给刘邦出主意“用女人换和平”?

  此人就是娄敬。

  “乱世出英雄”,这几乎是一个真理,因为乱世是一个缺乏秩序的时代,缺乏了秩序,就为各色人等的脱颖而出提供了最大的可能性。因此,每一次乱世都会造就大量英雄。秦末当然是乱世,许多英雄应运而生,不足为奇,到了五年(前202年),居然还有人能抓住乱世的尾巴,奋力成为英雄,终至封侯,就不能不让人叹服了。

It is almost a truth that "heroes come out of chaos". Because chaos is an era without order, the lack of order provides the greatest possibility for all kinds of people to stand out. Therefore, every time there is chaos, there will be a lot of heroes. At the end of Qin Dynasty, of course, there were chaos. It's not surprising that many heroes came into being. Five years ago, someone could catch the tail of chaos and strive to become a hero. At last, it's amazing to be a marquis.

  此人就是娄敬。

This is Lou Jing.

  娄敬是齐国人,汉高帝五年,他被征发到陇西戍守边塞,途经洛阳之时,听说高祖正住在那里,心里一激灵,决定碰碰运气。当时他穿着破破烂烂的羊皮短袄,身份是戍卒车夫。进城之后,作为车夫的他突然扔掉拉车子用的横木,大声喊道:“我要求晋见!我要求晋见皇帝!”有人好心地送给他一身漂亮的衣服,好意地劝他,总不能这么衣衫褴褛见皇帝吧。娄敬昂然答道:“我穿着丝绸衣服来,就穿着丝绸衣服去拜见;穿着粗布短衣来,就穿着粗布短衣去拜见。我向皇帝贡献的是思想不是形象,我为什么要从外表上修饰自己呢?”我们知道,刘邦向来作风民主,并且对有个性的人青睐有加,当他听说从山东来了个神经病,马上拨冗接见。看这个神经病一副穷酸样子,刘邦还破例赏了他一顿饭吃。

Lou Jing was born in the state of Qi. In the fifth year of emperor Gaodi of Han Dynasty, he was sent to Longxi to guard the frontier fortress. When he passed Luoyang, he heard that emperor Gaozu was living there. He was so excited that he decided to take a chance. At that time, he was wearing a ragged sheepskin jacket, and he was a bodyguard driver. After entering the city, as a coachman, he suddenly threw away the crossbar used to pull the car and shouted, "I want to see you! I want to see the emperor!" someone kindly gave him a beautiful suit and kindly advised him not to see the emperor in such shabby clothes. Lou Jing replied proudly, "when I come here in silk, I will go to see you in silk; when I come here in coarse cloth, I will go to see you in coarse cloth. What I have contributed to the emperor is not the image of thought, but why should I decorate myself from the appearance? "We know that Liu Bang has always been democratic in style and favors people with personality. When he heard of a neuropathy coming from Shandong, he immediately took the time to meet him. Looking at this psychopath, Liu Bang gave him a meal as an exception.

  看娄敬吃饱喝足,开始切入正题。他一开口就向刘邦发问:“听说陛下要建都洛阳,难道是为了跟伟大的比试吗?”皇帝心中暗暗称奇,因为这个人一开口就抓住了他的心,当时刘邦正为建都之事征求文臣武将的意见,因为他的大臣大都来自东部,他们强烈建议刘邦定都洛阳。他们引经据典地说,周朝建都洛阳称王天下几百年,建都在关内只传了二世迅速灭亡,因此,洛阳应该是首选。他为此正犹疑不决,所以很想听听这个刚吃饱了饭的神经病会有怎样的高见。

See Lou Jing eat and drink enough, and start to get to the point. As soon as he opened his mouth, he asked Liu Bang, "I heard that his majesty is going to build Luoyang as a capital, is it to compete with the great?" the emperor secretly said that he was surprised, because this man seized his heart as soon as he opened his mouth. At that time, Liu Bang was asking for the opinions of the generals and generals of culture, because most of his ministers were from the East, and they strongly suggested that Liu Bang establish Luoyang as the capital. They quoted classics and said that Luoyang, the capital of Zhou Dynasty, had been king for hundreds of years. The capital of Zhou Dynasty only passed down to the second emperor. Therefore, Luoyang should be the first choice. He is hesitant about this, so he would like to hear what kind of insights the psychopath who has just had a full meal will have.

  娄敬不开口则已,一开口就滔滔不绝,他分析了周朝的先祖取得天下的原因、途径和经过,论证了周天子治理天下的手段、方法和特点,然后对比了刘邦取得天下和周朝取得天下的不同之处,最后详细论证了建都关内的重要意义。娄敬眉飞色舞,口若悬河,发挥奇佳,让刘邦听得一愣一愣的。娄敬的这些观点不仅和的观点接近,也和刘邦的观点。刘邦不再犹豫,当日就乘车西行到关中建都。

Lou Jing did not open his mouth, but he talked about it as soon as he opened his mouth. He analyzed the reason, the way and the process of Zhou Dynasty's ancestors' gaining the world, demonstrated the means, the methods and the characteristics of Zhou Tianzi's governing the world, then compared the differences between Liu Bang's gaining the world and Zhou Dynasty's gaining the world, and finally demonstrated in detail the significance of building the capital inside the pass. Lou Jing's eyebrows were flying and his mouth was eloquent. He played a wonderful role and let Liu Bang listen to him. These views of Lou Jing are not only close to those of Liu Bang, but also to those of Liu Bang. Liu Bang no longer hesitated. On that day, he drove West to Guanzhong to build the capital.

  建都地点确定之后,刘邦对娄敬说:“你有功于建都,因此,我决定赐你,从此之后,你就了。”娄敬变成了刘敬,并且留在了刘邦身边。

After the location of the capital was determined, Liu Bang said to Lou Jing, "you have made contributions to the capital, so I decided to give it to you. From then on, you will do it." Lou Jing becomes Liu Jing and stays with Liu Bang.

  建都问题上,刘敬露了一小手,但更多的机会还在后面。

On the issue of capital construction, Liu Jinglu showed a small hand, but more opportunities are still behind him.

  汉高帝七年(前200年),韩王与匈奴勾结,准备联手进攻。皇帝震怒,为了摸清虚实,就派使臣出使匈奴。为了迷惑汉朝的使者,匈奴故意隐匿壮士肥马,只把老弱病残拿出来展示。派去的使臣有十余批,回来都说可以出击匈奴。出于对刘敬水平的赏识,刘邦决定派刘敬出使匈奴,打探匈奴的底细。刘敬一眼就看出了问题所在,回来之后他这样对刘邦分析:“两国交兵,正常的情况下,应该炫耀显示自己的长处以此来威慑对方。可是,匈奴却不这样,其中一定有诈,估计他们准备出奇兵来争取胜利。我以为此时攻打匈奴凶多吉少。”

In the seventh year of emperor Gao of Han Dynasty (200 BC), the king of Han and the Huns conspired to attack together. The emperor was furious. In order to find out the truth, he sent envoys to the Xiongnu. In order to confuse the envoys of the Han Dynasty, the Xiongnu deliberately concealed the strong men, fat horses, and only showed the old, the weak, the sick and the disabled. There were more than ten envoys sent, and when they came back, they said they could attack the Huns. Out of appreciation for Liu Jing's level, Liu Bang decided to send Liu Jing to the Xiongnu to investigate the details of the Xiongnu. Liu Jing saw the problem at a glance. When he came back, he analyzed Liu Bang like this: "when the two countries are engaged in military affairs, under normal circumstances, they should show off their strengths to deter each other. However, the Xiongnu did not. There must be some deceit in it. It is estimated that they are going to fight for victory with strange soldiers. I thought it would be more auspicious to attack Xiongnu at this time. "

  刘邦喜欢骂人,一言不合,他的脏话就会喷涌而出。皇帝听了刘敬的话非常恼怒,骂刘敬道:“你这齐国杂种!凭着两片臭嘴捞得官做你就翘尾巴,今天竟敢胡言乱语阻碍我的大军。你知不知道,我的二十万大军已经出征!”于是,刘邦先拘禁刘敬,然后御驾亲征,他要用辉煌的胜利来搧刘敬。

Liu Bang likes swearing. If a word doesn't agree, his swearing will come out. After hearing Liu Jing's words, the emperor was very angry and scolded Liu Jing: "you are a bastard of Qi State! If you fish for an official with two bad mouths, you will raise your tail. Today, you dare to block my army with nonsense. Do you know that my 200000 troops have gone out to fight! "So Liu Bang first imprisons Liu Jing, and then he drives himself to fight. He will use his brilliant victory to fan Liu Jing.

  谁承想,刘邦刚到平城,就被匈奴的奇兵围困在了白登山上,七天七夜后才得以脱身。回来之后,他马上释放刘敬,同时赏赐给他食邑二千户,并封他做建信侯。

Who Chengxiang, Liu banggang just arrived in Pingcheng, was surrounded by the strange soldiers of the Huns on the white mountain, seven days and seven nights later, he was able to escape. When he came back, he immediately released Liu Jing, gave him 2000 households in the Food Town, and sealed him as the Marquis of Jianxin.

  虽然解了围,但匈奴的战斗力却让刘邦感到后怕,夜不能寐,就召来刘敬询问对策。刘敬卖起了关子:“我有长久之计,可以让匈奴的子孙后代臣服汉朝,只是怕陛下不愿去做。”刘邦被刘敬说得抓耳挠腮,急不可耐:“果真可行的话,为什么不能办!只是该怎么办呢?”刘敬回答说:“陛下如果能把皇后生的大公主嫁给做妻子,给他送上丰厚的礼物,他知道是汉帝皇后生的女儿,又送来丰厚的礼物,粗野的外族人一定爱慕而把大公主做正妻,生下的儿子必定是太子,将来接替君位。为什么要这样办?因为匈奴贪图汉朝的丰厚财礼。陛下拿一年四季汉朝多余而匈奴少有的东西多次抚问赠送,顺便派能言善辩的人用礼节来开导发他。冒顿在位,当然是汉朝的女婿;他死了,他的太子,汉朝的外孙自然就是君主。哪曾听说外孙同外祖父分庭抗礼的事情呢?这岂不是不用出兵便从根本上解决匈奴的绝佳办法吗?”高帝听后,派着大腿说:“高啊,真他妈的高啊!”刘邦向来对自己的孩子就没有多少感情,曾有遗弃子女的不良记录,如今听说女儿还有这样的用场,,立马就要送公主去配匈奴。只是最后被头发长见识短的给搅黄了,刘邦终究没能派出大公主,最好只好找了个宫女冒充公主的名义,嫁给了冒顿君主做妻子。同时,派遣刘敬前往与匈奴订立议和联姻盟约。

Although the siege was relieved, Liu Bang was afraid of the battle effectiveness of the Xiongnu and couldn't sleep at night, so he called Liu Jing to ask for countermeasures. "I have a long-term plan for the descendants of the Huns to submit to the Han Dynasty, just in case your majesty doesn't want to do it," Liu Jing said Liu Bang was scratched by Liu Jing. He was impatient. "If it is possible, why can't we do it? What should we do?" Liu Jing replied, "if your majesty can marry the eldest princess born by the queen and give him rich gifts, he knows it's the daughter born by the queen of Han Dynasty and also the rich gifts. The rude foreigners must love the eldest princess and make her a wife." The son born must be the crown prince, who will take over the throne in the future. Why do you do this? Because the Huns coveted the wealth of the Han Dynasty. His majesty asked and presented many times the superfluous things of the Han Dynasty and the Huns in the four seasons of the year. By the way, he sent eloquent people to enlighten him with etiquette. The son-in-law of the Han Dynasty, of course, was maunton's son-in-law. When he died, his prince and grandson of the Han Dynasty naturally became the monarch. Did you ever hear that grandson and grandfather fought against each other? Isn't this the best way to solve Xiongnu fundamentally without sending troops? "After hearing this, Emperor Gao sent his thigh and said," Gao, really fucking Gao! "Liu Bang never had much feelings for his children. He had a bad record of abandoning their children. Now I hear that his daughter has such a use. He will send it to the public immediately Lord to go with the Huns. But at last, Liu Bang's hair turned yellow. After all, Liu Bang failed to send the eldest princess, so he had better find a maid to pretend to be the princess and marry the prince as his wife. At the same time, Liu Jing was sent to enter into an alliance of negotiation and marriage with the Huns.

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