In the late Qin Dynasty, Zhao Tuo, a county magistrate from the north of Longchuan, captured Xiangjun County in Guilin at the time of great chaos. When the Qin Dynasty was destroyed, Zhao Tuo became the king of South Vietnam. Since the founding of the state, he had jurisdiction over Guangdong, Guangdong, Fujian and the northern part of Vietnam. Because of the unwillingness of the Central Plains to invade, Zhao Tuo was appointed as the king of South Vietnam, and he was ordered to have a good relationship with the government of the Han Dynasty, not to be a disaster to the south of the Han Dynasty.
After his death, Zhao Tuo cried out to attack Changsha and establish his career because the officials concerned prohibited him from buying ironware in the city. He claimed to be the emperor of South Vietnam. For a while, but always dare not go deep, just hit a few counties and left in a hurry. Gao Hou once sent people to attack, but the Han army could not cross the Yangshan mountains. A year later, when he died of illness, the Han army withdrew. From then on, Zhao Tuo was more willing to do whatever he wanted. The government order that unexpectedly uses, want with big Han Emperor.
When Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty ascended the throne, order was restored in succession. Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty asked people to set up residents to guard the tomb in front of Zhao Tuo's parents' tombs and offer sacrifices during the Spring Festival. Call in his cousin for a reward. At the same time, Lu Jia, the minister, was sent to serve as a messenger. When Lu Jia arrived in South Vietnam, Zhao Tuo, the king of South Vietnam, was very scared. Zhao Tuo, the former Lu Jia, once learned the self-identity. At that time, Zhao Tuo was rampant, and Lu Jia was sent by the emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty to write. Zhao Tuo was dressed in a bun like a local popular awl, and sat with his legs extended like a dustpan to meet Lu Sheng. Lu Sheng then said to Wei, "you are Chinese. The tombs of relatives, brothers and ancestors are all settled. But now you are against the custom of the Chinese people, throwing away your clothes, scarves and belts. If you want to compete with the son of heaven and become an enemy country with only a small area of South Vietnam, then your disaster will come. Besides, in the Qin Dynasty, all the princes and heroes rose one after another. Only the Han King entered the pass first and occupied Xianyang. Betraying the covenant and acting on their own, all the princes belong to him, which can be called powerful. However, after the Han king sent troops from Bashu, he conquered the world, pacified the princes, killed Xiang Yu and destroyed the state of Chu. In five years, China was peaceful. This is not what human can do, but the result of God's assistance. Now the emperor of the Han Dynasty heard that you were king in South Vietnam, and he was unwilling to help the people in the world to deal with the violence. The generals of the Han Dynasty wanted to lead their troops to eliminate you. But the emperor cherished the people and thought that they had just gone through the hardships of the war, so he stopped fighting for the time being and sent me to give you the gold seal of the king of South Vietnam, which was written as a letter and communicated with envoys. You should go to the outskirts to meet you, face the north, and worship your officials. But you want to be proud and unruly of the little South Vietnam, which has just been established and has not yet gathered people together. If you let the court know about this, dig and burn the graves of your ancestors, kill your clans, and send a certain general to lead 100000 people to YueDi, then it's as easy as turning the back of your hand to kill you and surrender to the Han Dynasty. "
At this time, when the emperor's emissary arrived, Zhao Tuo naturally wrote a letter to apologize and said, "Tuo, the elder uncle of the barbarians, was isolated and discriminated against South Vietnam. I secretly suspected that the king of Changsha was a good slanderer. In this remote place, I heard that Gao Hou killed Zhao Tuo's clan, dug and burned the graves of his ancestors, so he abandoned himself and invaded the border area of Changsha. Moreover, in the south of China, in the middle of barbarians, there are only thousands of people in Minyue in the East, but they call their monarchs king; in the west, such barbarians as Xi'ou and Luoyue are also called king. So I stole the emperor's title and talked to myself to comfort myself. How dare I report this to the emperor? "Zhao Tuo bowed deeply and thanked him, saying that he would be a vassal of the Han Dynasty for a long time and abide by the duty of paying tribute to the emperor. So Zhao Tuo issued an order to the whole country, saying, "I heard that two heroes can't coexist, and two sages can't live in the same world together. It's a wise son of heaven. From now on, I will take away the imperial system and no longer ride the yellow house left standard car. " When Lu Jia returned to Beijing to report this, Emperor Wen was very happy. In the spring and Autumn period, Zhao Tuo sent people to Chang'an to meet the emperor.
Then how did Emperor Wen of Han Dynasty subdue the king of South Vietnam;
First, treat the ancestral Tomb of Zhao Tuo, the king of South Vietnam kindly. Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty asked people to set up residents to guard the tomb in front of Zhao Tuo's parents' tombs and offer sacrifices during the Spring Festival. Let Zhao Tuo feel the brilliance of the Han Dynasty.
Secondly, during the period of Emperor Wen of Han Dynasty, the world lived and worked in peace and peaceful life, which was a scene of singing and dancing. No need to publicize that we all know the Han Dynasty. It is a dead end to dare to be the enemy of China.
Third, he is a first-class orator in the world. He is reasonable, powerful and efficient. Especially in the past, Zhao Tuo knew that this man had profound skills.
Fourth, the letter of Emperor Wen of Han Dynasty. Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty wrote a letter to Zhao Tuo, including the following words: the day before yesterday, he heard that Wang had sent troops to the border, causing more disasters for the bandits. At that time, Changsha was suffering, especially in Nanjun. Although the kingdom of the king is unique and beneficial, it will kill more soldiers and hurt good generals. I can't bear to lose my wife, son of an orphan, and parents of an orphan. It means that you sent troops to the border and suffered more for the invaders. People in the area of Changsha on the southern border were extremely disturbed by you. That is to say, in the southeast, people in your intimate places such as Guangdong, Guangxi and other places were also extremely distressed because you started the war. What's the benefit of the war for you? As a result, they just "killed more soldiers and wounded good generals". After a battle, they lost a lot There are countless deaths among the excellent military cadres you have trained in many ways. So many people died, their husbands were widows, their fathers were dead, their children were orphans, their sons were dead, and their parents had no dependence on them. In the end, your land may be over. I can't bear to do such a miserable and cruel thing. The meaning of these words is deep enough to make people moved. It can be seen that Zhao Tuo's surrender is also related to this.
Knowledge link: the history of South Vietnam
Nanyue state, also known as Nanyue or Nanyue, also known as Zhao Dynasty in Vietnam, is a country that existed in Lingnan region from about 203 to 111 years ago. The country is located in Panyu (now Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province). At its heyday, the territory includes most of Guangdong and Guangxi in China today, a small part of Fujian construction, Hainan, Hong Kong, Macao and most of northern and central Vietnam.
When the Qin Dynasty was about to perish, Zhao Tuo, the captain of Nanhai Prefecture, set up an army to annex Guilin county and Xiangjun County, and then established the state of South Vietnam in about 203 BC.
In 196 BC, Zhao Tuo became a minister to Liu Bang, and the Southern Yue State became a "foreign minister" of the Western Han Dynasty. In 183 BC, when the Southern Yue State and the Western Han Dynasty exchanged evil, Zhao Tuo became emperor. Later, Minyue, Yelang, Tongshi and other countries all belonged to the Southern Yue State, and the influence of the Southern Yue State expanded to the peak. In 179 BC, after the South Yue State and the Western Han Dynasty were repaired, Zhao Tuo again became a minister to the emperor of the Western Han Dynasty. In 113 years ago, Zhao Xing, the fourth monarch of Nanyue, had a dispute with Lv Jia, the prime minister, because he asked the Western Han Dynasty for "internal ownership". Lu Jia killed Zhao Xing, made his brother Zhao Jiande the new monarch, and confronted the Western Han Dynasty.
In 112 years ago, the Western Han monarch sent 100000 troops to launch a war against the state of South Vietnam, and in 111 years ago, he destroyed the state of South Vietnam. South Vietnam has existed for 93 years and experienced five dynasties of monarchs.
The establishment of the Nanyue state ensured the stability of social order in Lingnan area during the period of chaos at the end of Qin Dynasty, and made Lingnan free from war. The monarch of South Vietnam carried out the policy of "He Ji Bai Yue", which promoted the cultural integration between the Central Plains people and the Vietnamese in South Vietnam.
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