一代女皇武则天执政事情创造了哪四项世界纪录?-看世界

一代女皇武则天执政事情创造了哪四项世界纪录?

  这四项纪录分别如下:

  武则天执政创造了哪四项世界纪录? 世界纪录不仅存在于赛场上,其他领域同样存在各种各样的世界纪录。作为中国统治者中的一个特例,武则天一人就创造了四项中的世界纪录,不仅国内没有一位皇帝能破,即使在世界范围来看,依然称得上第一。

What four world records did Wu Zetian set in power? The world record not only exists in the field, but also exists in other fields. As a special case of Chinese rulers, Wu Zetian alone set four world records, not only no emperor in China could break them, but also ranked first in the world.

  这四项纪录分别如下:

The four records are as follows:

  一、任用宰相最多

I. most prime ministers

  能称为宰相的官职很多,左右仆射及门下、尚书、中书三省的长官,都可以称为宰相。由此造成了唐朝的宰相数量总体上要超过其他朝代。譬如唐太宗在位二十三年,而宰相就任用了二十五位,不过这个数字比起武则天来就是大巫见小巫了。武则天珍惜人才是出了名的,除了大兴之外,还鼓励地方各级官员推荐优秀人才。即便如此,她还怕漏掉人才,后来甚至鼓励人们自己推荐自己。人才多了,便要有地方安插他们,否则闲置起来就是浪费。最后导致她统治之下的帝国官僚机构膨胀,仅宰相一职前前后后就达到了七十三人。

There are many official posts that can be called prime minister. The ministers of the three provinces, namely, the left and right, the right and the left, and the lower, the minister and the middle, can all be called prime ministers. As a result, the number of prime ministers in the Tang Dynasty was generally larger than that in other dynasties. For example, in the twenty-three years of Emperor Taizong's reign, twenty-five prime ministers were appointed, but this figure is far less than that of Wu Zetian. Wu Zetian is famous for cherishing talents. In addition to the great rejuvenation, she also encourages local officials at all levels to recommend excellent talents. Even so, she was afraid to miss out on talents, and later even encouraged people to recommend themselves. If there are more talents, there must be a place to put them in, or they will be wasted if they are idle. In the end, the imperial bureaucracy under her rule expanded, reaching 73 only before and after the prime minister.

  《隋唐史》一书中的解释是:“武后任事率性,好恶无定,终其临朝之日,计曾任宰相七十三人”。这里举一个武则天任用宰相的例子,在大间建立前,有个叫傅游艺的九品官善于投机,他看出武则天有称帝的野心,就纠集一帮人上书,要求武则天改国号为“周”。武则天龙颜大悦,一年之中,把他从最小的九品官升到了三品官,做到了宰相的位置(唐朝一品官、二品官很少,宰相常常都是三品官)。好在,武则天勤于政务,善于治理国家,频繁任命宰相并没有引起帝国的混乱。历史上仅次于武则天的是,这位末代当家人一生用人多疑,在位时七年,前前后后更换了五十个宰相。明朝本来已经病入膏肓,经过他的这么一通折腾,就更加不可救药了。

"Sui and Tang history" in the book is explained: "after Wu, he was straightforward, likes and dislikes are uncertain, and at the end of his reign, he was appointed as the prime minister 73 people.". Here's an example of Wu Zetian's appointment of prime minister. Before the establishment of Dajian, there was a nine grade official named Fu Youyi who was good at speculation. Seeing that Wu Zetian had the ambition to be emperor, he gathered a group of people to write a letter, asking Wu Zetian to change the state name to Zhou. Wu Zetian Longyan Dayue, in one year, promoted him from the smallest nine grade official to three grade official, and achieved the position of prime minister (there were few first grade officials and second grade officials in Tang Dynasty, and prime ministers were often three grade officials). Fortunately, Wu Zetian was diligent in government affairs, good at governing the country, and frequently appointed prime ministers did not cause the Empire to be in chaos. Second only to Empress Wu in history, the last generation of the family was suspicious in terms of employment throughout his life. During his seven years in office, 50 prime ministers were replaced before, after and after him. The Ming Dynasty was already terminally ill. After such a series of setbacks, it was even more hopeless.

  二、即位时年龄最大

2. The oldest when he ascended the throne

  在武则天之前,即位时年龄最大的皇帝是。这位汉昭烈帝前半生忙着四处打游击,好在老来有福,连收荆州、益州两个当时最大的州,最终在60岁时光荣登基,建立了蜀汉政权。武则天比他还辛苦,从唐太宗的才人、的昭仪一直做到皇后、天后,然后是,到67岁时才如愿以偿。这一年是公元690年,武则天改国号为周,自称“圣神皇帝”,从14岁起,她已经累计奋斗了五十三年。此外,在时有一个叫马殷的人,在唐末时割据湖南。一直到公元927年,后唐封其为楚国王,才以75岁的高龄。不过此人的头衔只是王,死时庙号是楚武穆王,而且这个王还是中央的割据势力封赏的,所以不在皇帝之列。

Before Wu Zetian, the oldest emperor when he ascended the throne was. In the first half of his life, Emperor zhaolie of Han Dynasty was busy fighting guerrillas. Fortunately, when he was old, he received Jingzhou and Yizhou, the two largest states at that time. Finally, at the age of 60, he ascended the throne and established the Shu Han regime. Wu Zetian worked harder than him. From the talented person and Zhaoyi of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty to the empress and empress, then to the age of 67. It was 690 A.D., when Wu Zetian changed her name to Zhou, calling herself the "holy emperor". Since she was 14, she has been fighting for 53 years. In addition, at that time, there was a man named Ma Yin who ruled Hunan at the end of Tang Dynasty. It was not until 927 that the later Tang Dynasty granted him the title of king of Chu, and he was 75 years old. However, the title of this person is only the king. The temple name at the time of death was King Mu of Chu Wu. Moreover, this king was awarded by the central separatist forces, so it was not included in the list of emperors.

  三、陵墓规模最大

III. The largest Mausoleum

  武则天所处的时代是唐朝的繁荣时期,充裕的国力为她的陵墓提供了坚实的财力基础。她的陵墓----乾陵动工于公元684年,经过二十三年的修建,才完成一期。乾陵几乎是照搬了首都长安城,包括外郭城、皇城、宫城三重城廓,内城有东边的青龙门、南边的朱雀门、西边的白虎门和北边的玄武门。南北主轴线长达 4.9公里,南北墙长1450米,东墙长1582米,西墙长1438米,总面积达230万平方米。历史文献中的记载是“周八十里”。这样的规模即使是唐太宗的昭陵也无法望其项背,堪称“历代诸皇陵之冠”。此外,在城内还建有献殿、偏房、回廊、阙楼和等六十多位重臣的祠堂,简直是另一座长安城。

Wu Zetian lived in a prosperous period of the Tang Dynasty. Her abundant national strength provided a solid financial foundation for her mausoleum. The construction of her mausoleum, Qianling mausoleum, started in 684 A.D. and completed only one phase after 23 years of construction. Qianling almost copied the capital Chang'an City, including outer Guo City, imperial city and palace city. The inner city has Qinglong gate in the East, Zhuque gate in the south, white tiger gate in the West and Xuanwu Gate in the north. The North-South main axis is 4.9 kilometers long, the North-South wall is 1450 meters long, the east wall is 1582 meters long, the west wall is 1438 meters long, and the total area is 2.3 million square meters. The record in historical documents is "Zhou 80 Li". Even the Zhaoling of Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty can't catch up with such a scale, which can be called "the crown of all the imperial tombs of the past dynasties". In addition, in the city, there are more than 60 important officials' ancestral halls, such as Xiandian, Pianfang, ambulatory, que Lou and so on. It is just another Chang'an city.

  可惜的是,在“”过程中,乾陵辉煌壮观的地面建筑受到了相当大的破坏。直到贞元十四年(公元798年),才重新修葺一新。如此大的陵墓,其中的陪葬品也数量不菲,经过现代学者的勘测估计,其随葬总重量至少在五百吨左右。如果武则天的乾陵最终被打开,那么将是一次和陵同等重要的盛事。

Unfortunately, in the course of the construction, the magnificent ground buildings of Qianling mausoleum were greatly damaged. It was not until the fourteenth year of Zhengyuan (798 A.D.) that the building was rebuilt. Such a large mausoleum has a large number of funerary objects. According to the survey and estimation of modern scholars, the total weight of the funerary objects is at least 500 tons. If Wu Zetian's Qianling was finally opened, it would be a grand event as important as the mausoleum.

  四、使用年号最多

IV. most years

  年号是的一项发明,是帝王纪年法的继续。在武则天之前,这项世界纪录的保持者就是汉武帝,他在位五十五年,年号一共用了十一个,平均五年一个。这些年号分别是:建元(前140-前135),元光(前134 -前129),元朔(前128-前123),元狩(前122-前117),元鼎(前116-前111),元封(前110-前105),太初(前104-前 101),天汉(前100-前97),太始(前96-前93),征和(前92-前89),后元(前88-前87)。到了武则天这里,从她称制到最后被政变逼下台的二十一年中,一共换了十七个年号。

The year number is an invention of and a continuation of the imperial chronology. Before Empress Wu, the holder of this world record was Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, who had been in power for 55 years. He used a total of 11 years, an average of one in five years. These years are: Jianyuan (140-135 BC), Yuanguang (134-129 BC), Yuanshuo (128-123 BC), Yuanshou (122-117 BC), Yuanding (116-111 BC), Yuanfeng (110-105 BC), Taichu (104-101 BC), Tianhan (100-97 BC), Taishi (96-93 BC), Zhenghe (92-89 BC), Houyuan (88-87 BC). In the twenty-one years from her calling system to her being forced to step down by the coup, Wu Zetian has changed her name for a total of 17 years.

  作为一个对生活质量非常的女强人,武则天的年号自然也别有个性,这些年号分别叫光宅、垂拱、永昌、载初、天授、如意、长寿、延载、证圣、天册万岁、万岁登封、万岁通天、神功、圣历、久视、大足、长安。其中比较有趣的是在天授三年,武则天两次更换年号,即天授三年、如意元年和长寿元年都在一年里,这一年就是公元692年。

As a strong woman with a very high quality of life, Empress Wu's year numbers naturally have their own characteristics. They are guangzhai, Chugong, Yongchang, Zachu, Tianzhi, Ruyi, Changshou, yanzai, Zhengsheng, long live the book of heaven, long live Dengfeng, long live Tongtian, Shenggong, Shengli, Jiushi, Dazu and Chang'an. It is more interesting that in the third year of Tianshi, Wu Zetian changed the number of years twice, that is, the third year of Tianshi, the first year of Ruyi and the first year of Changshou are all in one year, which is 692 A.D.

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