After the 1898 coup, the "post party", represented by the empress dowager, immediately gathered and began to liquidate the emperor's reform policy. During this period, there were three farce trials.
The first was on August 6th, the day of the coup. According to historical records, the day before yesterday, Emperor Guangxu received the Japanese Prime Minister in the palace, but Cixi was watching behind the scenes. Emperor Guangxu had lost his freedom. According to Xiao Yishan's general history of the Qing Dynasty, "due to the fact that ITO was summoned in Japan and then monitored behind the scenes, it didn't happen immediately." Later, Emperor Guangxu was under control. Empress Dowager Cixi summoned the stubborn and conservative princes and ministers such as Yizhe to begin the first trial of Emperor Guangxu. According to Su Jizu's record of the change of the 1898 Dynasty in the Qing Dynasty, Cixi was like the emperor, sitting high in the court, while Emperor Guangxu knelt on the ground and set up a bamboo stick. Then Cixi was furious and counted Emperor Guangxu's "crimes". What can Emperor Guangxu do? According to Xiao Yishan's general history of the Qing Dynasty, "emperor shuddered and fell down, only tears were shed." The first trial ended.
The second was August 7th, the second day of the coup. The interrogation of Emperor Guangxu is in full swing. This trial is to force Emperor Guangxu to make a statement, admit and so on, and make an order to arrest. It's really like cutting the heart with a knife. Kang Youwei and other reformers are promoted by himself. Let him deny them and then make an order to catch them. How can Guangxu emperor do it? However, in the face of the powerful Cixi group, Guangxu emperor has no other choice. According to the records of Posthouse exploration: "it was submitted to the emperor, who turned it to the Empress Dowager and read it, and still submitted it to the emperor. With this purpose, the emperor looked at all the subjects of the military aircraft, hesitated for a long time, and began to issue. " From this description, we can see Cixi's hegemony and Guangxu's helplessness.
The third was August 8th, the third day of the coup. This time, Empress Dowager Cixi asked Emperor Guangxu to plead guilty. She found a lot of evidence, including information from Guangxu's residence. Empress Dowager Cixi wants Emperor Guangxu to be convinced and identify one by one. Emperor Guangxu is still fighting with silence. What can he say? In a word, he wants to add sin. He changed his ways and tried to be strong, for the rejuvenation of the country and the nation, and for the strength of the Qing Dynasty! However, he was only silent, and all words were superfluous.
Empress Dowager Cixi believed that if Emperor Guangxu didn't say it, he would confess his guilt. Since she has committed such a big crime, she has to go out on her own, which is her real purpose. So Cixi made the final "referee":
1. The Empress Dowager began to train the government. Empress Dowager Cixi's courtiers, in the name of Emperor Guangxu, issued the Empress Dowager's political training edict: "Empress Dowager Cixi Duanyou Kang Yi Zhao Yu Zhuang Chengshou respectfully offered the Empress Dowager Chongxi two times to listen to the government from the curtain, to deal with the government, and to help in times of difficulties, all of which are inevitable. Because of the importance of the patriarchal clan, he repeatedly called for sincerity and showed kindness to the government. It is the blessing of all the people in the world to look up and look down as requested. From now on, I will work in the Ben temple. On the eighth day of this month, I will lead Minister Wang to salute in the diligent government hall. All the courtesies should be performed. Each yamen is ready. " In this way, Cixi came to the stage and regained control of the government.
2. Imprison Emperor Guangxu. Cixi then took measures against Emperor Guangxu. She ordered people to create public opinion: "with the emperor's disease to make a declaration at home and abroad." In other words, it was declared that Emperor Guangxu had a serious disease and could no longer deal with government affairs. Thus, Emperor Guangxu was escorted to Yingtai, completely isolated from the rest of the world. He really wanted to fly five wings and cross no boats. Until the death of Guangxu in 34 years, Guangxu emperor spent 10 years in prison here.
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