In the historical book, Chen Shou's evaluation is very high. He praised it for many times with "outstanding talents", "Wang zuozhi's talents", "young talents with beauty" and "great talents with military and cultural strategies". He also evaluated it as follows: political foresight, military "courage and strategy", intelligence and courage, personality cultivation, "sexual tolerance", and elegant taste.
Zhou Yu (175-210 A.D.) was born in Shuxian County, Lujiang, Anhui Province. At the end of the year, the general of the eastern Wu group was an outstanding strategist. Beautiful appearance, fine tone, long, strong, beautiful, broad-minded. Later, he and,, were also called the young Linzhong tiger.
Zhou Yu was born into a scholar family. His grandfather, Zhou Jing, and uncle, Zhou Zhong, were all Taiwei of the Eastern Han Dynasty. His father, Zhou Yi, once served as Luoyang order. Since Zhou Yu was a child and made good friends, when sun Qichu rose, Zhou Yu swept Jiangdong and sent money, food and materials to help sun CE achieve great things. He admired Zhou Yu's ability and wanted to hire him as his general, but he refused because Yuan Shu was difficult to achieve great things. Later, he set up a style to join sun CE and fought with sun CE to fight north and south. He was deeply appointed by sun CE. After sun CE was assassinated, Zhou Yu and Zhang Zhao worked together to help him in charge of military and political affairs. After the elimination, Sun Quan was forced to send his son as a hostage. Zhou Yu was ambitious and dissuaded Sun Quan from giving him a pledge. At the time of the battle of Chibi, he took the lead in fighting against Cao, foreseeing the disadvantages of Cao's army and the advantages of his own side, and commanding the whole army to defeat Cao's army in Chibi and Wulin. He was the number one meritorious official who defeated Cao's army with less. After that, he successfully conquered Nanjun, a strategic area of Jingzhou, and lost. After the battle of Chibi, Zhou Yu suggested to Sun Quan that he should send troops to capture Shu, wipe out Zhang Lu and annex Cao Cao, which reflected the vision of a military strategist. Zhou Yu was thirty-six years old when he died in Baling during military preparations in Jiangling.
When Zhou Yu died, Sun Quan said, "Gongjin has the talent of Wang zuozhi, but now she died in a short time. Who should I depend on later?" after he became emperor, he still remembered Zhou Yu. He once said to Gongqing, "without Jin, how can I be called emperor?" "Wang Tu's hegemony in the eastern Wu Dynasty disappeared with Zhou Yu's sudden death. Since then, she has turned to be a partial security party from wanting to dominate the world." It can be seen that Zhou Yu played an irreplaceable role in the eastern Wu.
According to the records of the Three Kingdoms, Zhou Yu's recommendation of talents can be compared with Uncle Bao's; his compromise can be compared with his country; no one can be compared with his humility and loyalty. It's magnificent. In the early days of his death, Sun Quan "was a general in power and position, and all the guests were polite and simple, while Yu, who was the first to respect, was the official. The sex degree is magnanimous, the big rate is the person, but is not good with When Zhu Jiangli was brief, Zhou Yu was extremely respectful to his young Sun Quan, so he had the nature to make a grand comment, only disagreed with Cheng Pu, but he finally fell in love with Cheng PU. According to history, "ordinary people are old, and several mausoleums insult Yu.". With the allowance of Yu's compromises, I will never go to school. The general empress respected himself and paid close attention to him. He said, "if you drink alcohol and mash, you will not feel drunk." When people with their humility to serve people so.
When you meet people like drinking alcohol, the allusion comes from the experience of Cheng Pu's communication with Zhou Yu. Chen Shou's "song is wrong, Zhou Lang Gu" has become a common allusion in later literary works. Chen Shou recorded in the biography of Wu Shu and Zhou Yu in the annals of the three kingdoms that Yu is less refined than music. Although after the three barons, there are some mistakes. Yu must know it, and know it must be considered. Therefore, it is said in the ballad of that time: "if there is a mistake in the song, Zhou Lang will consider it."
Such a tough and soft person has impeccable excellent character and admirable martial arts talents. In addition, God has given him a special preference for beautiful appearance. Both inside and outside are beautiful and elegant. Zhou Yu is very perfect, like his name is like Jin Yu.
However, in the later ages, Zhou Yu's image began to change constantly, even in the folk.
In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Zhou Yu's misfortune came. In order to maintain its dominant position, the feudal dynasty, which was on the left of Jiang'an and only had half of the country, began to make a great deal of contributions to orthodoxy. They cleverly chose Shu Han as the orthodox, and began to identify Zhou Yu as a "villain". One of the most representative is Xi chisel's "Han Jin spring and Autumn".
After that, for hundreds of years, the orthodox disputes between the Shu and Wei dynasties became more and more popular. By then, the struggle of orthodoxy began to appear in Tang poetry. First of all, he highly praised Zhugeliang of the Shu Han Dynasty, and showed deep sympathy for him. Moreover, the poet ridiculed Zhou Yu without any disguise in his poems. History began to deviate in literature. "If the east wind doesn't help Zhou Lang, the bronze sparrow will lock two Qiao deep in spring."
In the Song Dynasty, the trend of governing history was quite prosperous. It was often a contest of Ideological and political views to govern history. The struggle between the literati and politicians was even more shocking. The struggle between the orthodoxy of the Three Kingdoms was also in the fight. Many people in the literary circle of the song Dynasty were involved. In the end, Zhu Xi's Neo Confucianism occupied the top position in history, and Wei, Liu and Cao became the final decisions. In the following three dynasties of yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, historians mostly inherited Zhu Xi's theory of "emperor Shu conquered Wei". With the rise and fall of the praise and criticism of the good and evil of the characters, the most embarrassing one is the eastern Wu. In order to respect Liu, Zhou Yu, a member of Sun Quan Group, has to be demoted from Cao to sun.
However, in the civil discourse, Zhou Yu's fate behind him is even worse.
The stories of the Three Kingdoms spread among the people soon after the end of the Three Kingdoms period. By the Song Dynasty, Zhou Yu's image had been completely distorted. The most ancient material that can be found now is the story book "three parts of the story" which appeared in the song and Yuan Dynasties. In this book, Zhou Yu's image has fallen dramatically to meet the needs of citizens' Entertainment: in politics, he ignores the country's security for his own personal interests; in military affairs, he seems to be quite talented, but seems to be defeated by everyone; in personality cultivation, he is narrow-minded. Zhou Gongjin, the elegant and outstanding man in the historical literature, has disappeared. Instead, he is a mediocre person with mediocre intelligence and envy.
The concept of "respecting Liu and demoting Cao" has existed in the market for a long time. In the essay "Dongpo Zhilin", there is such a description of folk Three Kingdoms, "to say the Three Kingdoms, to hear the defeat of Germany, to feel the eyebrows frequently, there are people who shed tears; to hear the defeat of Cao Cao, that is to say, to sing fast." People's evaluation of characters has its own foothold and starting point. They "respect Liu" and embrace "emperor Shu", but they will not have a good feeling for Zhou Yu, who stands on the opposite side.
After that, the appearance of Luo Guanzhong's novel completely nailed the image of Zhou Yu to the standard of self phase.
On the one hand, it affirms Zhou Yu's friendship with sun CE, the development of Jiangdong, the establishment of hegemony; recommendation, acceptance, the promotion of talents and abilities; the final fire attack to break the enemy, the establishment of immortal merit.
On the other hand, when he met the central figure of the group, Zhou Yu had to quit. For those central figures, Zhou Yu can only be a foil.
All of this seems to have reached the extreme in the exclamation of "Yu and he Shengliang".
In the romance of the Three Kingdoms, Zhou Yu's image has been distorted and belittled a lot. Here, the differences between the romance and the official history are compared, so as to correct the audio-visual.
About Zhuge Liang's three Qi Zhou Yu: in Zhengzai, even Liu Bei commented that Zhou Yu had "a large number of instruments", and Zhou Yu's magnanimity would not be infuriated at all. In the two years from the end of the battle of Chibi to Zhou Yu's death, Zhuge Liang was engaged in logistics work in Lingling area, and he did not meet Zhou Yu at all. As for Zhou Yu's death, it was Pang Tong, an old subordinate of Zhou Yu, not Zhuge Liang who mourned.
About: Sun Quan is the one who borrowed arrows from the boat. Zhou Yu is completely fabricated to describe Zhou Yu's jealousy of Zhugeliang. Zhou Yu himself is the one who skillfully borrowed arrows in the Pinghua of the annals of the Three Kingdoms, the ancestor of the romance of the Three Kingdoms.
About: Historically, Sun Quan wanted to marry his sister to Liu Bei. A simple political marriage had nothing to do with Zhou Yu's plot.
Zhou Yu: pure and void. Zhou Yu is the most powerful leader of the eastern Wu Dynasty. It was Sun Quan who persuaded him to fight in Chibi.
About borrowing the east wind: it is fictitious that Zhuge Liang did not participate in the battle of Chibi, which was the contribution of Zhou Yu and other generals of the eastern Wu Dynasty.
About Jingzhou: after Zhou Yu's death, Lu Su lent Liu Bei the southern county area of Jingzhou that Zhou Yu had defeated in order to "unite Liu against Cao". Before Zhou Yu's death, he was in charge of the waterways into Sichuan, such as Jiangling, Yiling and so on. There was no problem in the attack of Western Shu by the eastern Wu and Liu Bei. After Zhou Yu's death, he borrowed Liu Bei from Nanjun district at Lu Su's suggestion. After that, the eastern Wu sent Sun Yu to attack Shu and was blocked by Liu Bei. In the romance, Sun Yu and Zhou Yu may have been deliberately confused.
The influence of the official history is far less than the best-selling book forever and the literary work romance of the Three Kingdoms with hundreds of millions of readers. After that, people's understanding of Zhou Yu mainly comes from the romance of the Three Kingdoms. Zhou Yu's sigh of "jishengyu, he Shengliang" echoes in the folk discourse for hundreds of years. Liu Jixing thinks that if Zhou Yu really knew something, he would look up to the sky and sigh: "if he had given birth to Yu, how could he have given birth to the romance of the Three Kingdoms?"
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