柳如是传奇人生:千古气节尽显的大明第一义妓!-看世界

柳如是传奇人生:千古气节尽显的大明第一义妓!

  一个冬日淡淡的午后,钱谦益坐在书房中打吨,忽听得家人传报:“有客人来访!”不一会儿,拜贴就送到了书桌上,钱谦益来了精神,拿过拜帖一看,上面写着:“晚生柳儒士叩拜钱学士。”“柳儒士?”他心里起了疑问,这名字似乎未曾听说过,是谁呢?也许是慕名前来造访的无名晚辈吧,这种人钱谦益接待得不少,如今反正闲居无事,有个人聊聊也好,于是他让家人有请来客。

  明崇祯十三年冬天,原朝廷礼部侍郎削籍归乡已经两年,这年的冬夭奇冷,他所居住的“半野堂”门前也特别冷清,已好久不曾有友人来访了。

In the winter of the 13th year of Chongzhen in the Ming Dynasty, it had been two years since the former Minister of the imperial court cut his family and returned to his hometown. The winter of that year was extremely cold, and the front door of the "banye hall" where he lived was also very cold, for a long time no friend had visited.

  一个冬日淡淡的午后,钱谦益坐在书房中打吨,忽听得家人传报:“有客人来访!”不一会儿,拜贴就送到了书桌上,钱谦益来了精神,拿过拜帖一看,上面写着:“晚生柳儒士叩拜钱学士。”“柳儒士?”他心里起了疑问,这名字似乎未曾听说过,是谁呢?也许是慕名前来造访的无名晚辈吧,这种人钱谦益接待得不少,如今反正闲居无事,有个人聊聊也好,于是他让家人有请来客。

One winter afternoon, Qian Qianyi sat in his study and hit a ton. Suddenly, he heard his family saying, "there's a visitor coming!" soon, the post was sent to his desk. Qian Qianyi came to his senses and took the post. It said, "Liu Confucian, a late student, worships Qian bachelor." "Liu Confucians?" he asked. It seems that he had never heard of the name. Who is it? Maybe it's the nameless younger generation who came to visit in Munich. This kind of person has received a lot of Qian QianQianyi. Now it's OK to have a chat with someone who has nothing to do. So he asked his family to invite him.

  待钱谦益慢条斯礼地踱进客厅,来客已站在屋里翘首欣赏墙上的字画了,听到脚步声,来客连忙转过身来,朝钱谦益深深一辑,恭恭敬敬地称礼道:“晚生见过钱老先生,冒昧造访还望见谅!”

When Qian Qianyi slowly strolls into the living room, the guest has stood in the room and looked up at the calligraphy and painting on the wall. Hearing the footsteps, the guest quickly turns around, makes a deep series of salutes to Qian Qianyi, and respectfully says, "I have seen Mr. Qian in my later life, and I would like to apologize if I venture to visit you!"

  钱谦益打量着来客,见他一身兰缎儒衫,青巾束发,一副典型的富家书生打扮,举止虽有板有眼,身材却异常的娇小,似乎缺少一种男子的阳刚之气。再瞧面貌,明眸生辉,鼻挺嘴秀,皮肤白嫩,清秀有余而刚健不足。看着看着,钱谦益猛觉得有几分面熟,可搜索枯肠,始终想不起是在哪里见过。

Qian Qianyi looked at the visitors and saw that he was dressed in a blue satin Confucian shirt, blue scarf, and a typical rich scholar's dress. Although he had a clear manner, he was extremely petite, and seemed to lack a kind of masculinity. Look at the face again. The eyes are bright, the nose is pretty, the mouth is beautiful, the skin is white and tender, the beauty is more than enough, but the vigor is not enough. Looking at it, Qian qianyimeng felt a little familiar, but he could not remember where he had seen it.

  来客看着钱谦益若有所思的神态,不禁露出一丝狡黠的笑意,似乎猜中了主人在想什么,他也不去打断,只是轻悠悠地吟出一首诗:   

Looking at Qian Qianyi's thoughtful expression, the visitor couldn't help but show a sly smile. It seems that he guessed what the host was thinking, and he didn't interrupt, just chanted a poem gently:

        草衣家住断桥东,好句清如湖上风; 近日西冷夸柳隐,桃花得气美人中。

Caoyi's family lives in the east of Duanqiao, and the sentence is as clear as the wind on the lake. Recently, the west is cold and the willows are hidden, and the peach blossom is so beautiful.

  “真没想到啊!柳姑娘光临寒舍,有失远迎,得罪!得罪!”钱谦益热情地请所谓的“柳姑娘”落了座,又忙着命侍婢上茶奉酒,说是要为柳姑娘驱寒消疲。

"I didn't expect it! Miss Liu came to my humble house and met her, offended! Offended!" Qian Qianyi warmly asked the so-called "Miss Liu" to sit down, and he was busy ordering his maid to serve tea and wine, saying that he was going to drive Miss Liu away from cold and fatigue.

  这个女扮男装的柳姑娘是谁呢,竟如此惊动名重一方的钱谦益?柳姑娘原来就是苏州一代,说起柳如是与钱谦益的交情,那还是两年前的事。那是崇帧十一年初冬,供职京师的江左才士钱谦益,本已高居礼部侍郎之职,眼看又要提升,却因贿赂上司之事被揭露,不但受了廷杖之责,而且免去了官职,被迫返回原籍常熟。那时他已五十七岁高龄,猝遭巨变,心境黯淡悲凉,一路透迤南归。途经杭州时,顺便前往西湖上荡舟闲游,排遣愁怀,疲倦时便落脚在杭州名妓草衣道人家中。当时恰逢柳如是也客居杭州,是草衣道人门上的常客,那天正巧将一首游湖时即兴作的小诗搁在了草衣道人的客厅里。钱谦益无意中发现了那帧诗笺,拿过来轻声诵读:

Who is this girl Liu dressed as a man? She shocked Qian Qianyi, a famous party? Liu was originally from Suzhou. It was two years ago when she talked about Liu Rushi's friendship with Qian Qianyi. It was the early winter of the 11th year in chongframe. Qian Qianyi, a Jiangzuo scholar who worked in the capital, had already held the post of servant in the Ministry of rites, but he was exposed for bribing his superiors. He not only accepted the responsibility of tingzhang, but also removed his official post and was forced to return to Changshu. At that time, he was fifty-seven years old. He was suddenly changed. His mood was bleak and sad. A Reuters returned to the south. When passing through Hangzhou, I went boating on the West Lake by the way to relieve my worries. When I was tired, I settled down in the family of caoyido, a famous prostitute in Hangzhou. At that time, Liu Rushi also lived in Hangzhou. He was a regular visitor on the door of caoyi Taoist. On that day, he happened to put an impromptu poem in the living room of caoyi Taoist. Qian Qianyi accidentally found the poem and took it to recite in a low voice:

  垂杨小宛绣帘东,莺花残枝蝶趁风; 最是西冷寒食路,桃花得气美人中。

In the east of the embroidered curtain, there are Orioles, flowers, branches and butterflies, while in the wind. In the west, it is cold and cold to eat. The peach blossom is very beautiful.

  好清丽别致的诗句,诗词大家钱谦益不由得击节称赞,善解人意的草衣道人看在眼中,心领神会,凑过来道:“明日何不请来柳姑娘一同游湖?”钱谦益自然求之不得。

It's a beautiful and unique poem. Qian Qianyi can't help being praised. The considerate Taoist in caoyi looked at it and understood it. He came up and said, "why don't you invite Miss Liu to visit the lake tomorrow?" Qian Qianyi naturally asked for it.

  第二天,一只画舫果然载着三个人悠悠荡荡于湖上。一见到柳如是,钱谦益立即生出一份怜爱之情,这姑娘长得娇小玲戏,一双黑白分明的大眼睛嵌在俊秀的脸蛋上,显得分外动人。这般小巧的可人儿,腹内竟藏着锦绣诗情,着实令人感叹。柳如是是个性格开朗的姑娘,虽是与鼎鼎有名的钱谦益初次相见,却毫无拘束之态,谈诗论景,随心所欲。那活泼可爱的神情,使钱谦益暂时忘却了心中的悒郁,感觉自己也变得年轻起来,一时兴起,竟一口气吟了十六首绝句,以表示对伊人的倾慕之情。柳如是吟来唤起他记忆的就是其中的一首。

The next day, a boat was carrying three people leisurely on the lake. As soon as he saw Liu Rushi, Qian Qianyi immediately had a feeling of love. The girl was petite and charming, with big black and white eyes embedded in her handsome face. It's amazing that such a small and lovely person has rich poetry in his belly. Liu Rushi is a cheerful girl. Although she met Qian Qianyi for the first time, she was unrestrained and talked about poetry and scenery as she wanted. The lively and lovely look made Qian Qianyi forget his depression for the time being and feel that he was getting younger. On the rise, he recited sixteen quatrains in one breath to show his admiration for the Iraqi people. Liu Rushi's chanting is one of them to arouse his memory.

  西湖一别,钱谦益万万没想到这姑娘还会跑到常熟来看他,女扮男装而至,又给了他一分额外的惊喜。一番寒喧问候之后,钱谦益留柳如是在“半野堂”住上一段时间,柳如是欣然应允,似乎她就是抱着这个打算来的。

As soon as the West Lake left, Qian Qianyi never expected that the girl would come to Changshu to see him. She came dressed up as a man and gave him an extra surprise. After a lot of greetings, Qian Qianyi stayed with Liu Rushi in "banye hall" for a period of time. Liu Rushi readily agreed. It seems that she came with this plan.

  于是,寂静的“半野堂”中荡漾起一老一少一对忘年之交的笑声,他们一同踏雪赏梅、寒舟垂钓,相处得竟是那么和谐。为了感谢柳如是的相慰之情,钱谦益命人在附近的红豆山庄中为柳如是特筑一楼,他亲临现场督工,仅以十天时间,一座精美典雅的小楼就建成了。钱谦益根据《金刚经》中“如是我闻”之句,将小楼命名为“我闻室”,以暗合柳如是的名字。小楼落成之日,他还特写诗抒怀:   清樽细雨不知愁,鹤引遥空凤下楼;   红烛恍如夜,绿窗还似木兰舟。   曲中杨柳齐舒眼,诗里芙蓉亦并头;   今夕梅魂共谁语?任他疏影蘸寒流。

Therefore, the silent "banye hall" is filled with laughter of a couple of friends, old and young, who enjoy the plum in the snow and fishing in the cold boat, and get along so harmoniously. In order to thank Liu Rushi for his comfort, Qian Qianyi asked people to build a first floor for Liu Rushi in the nearby Red Bean villa. He personally visited the scene to supervise the workers. In only ten days, a beautiful and elegant building was built. Qian Qianyi named the small building "I smell room" according to the sentence "as I hear it" in the Vajra Sutra, in the name of Liu Rushi. On the day when the small building was completed, he wrote a poem to express his feelings: the rain in the clear Cup did not worry, the crane led the Phoenix from the far sky to go downstairs; the red candle was like night, and the green window was like a magnolia boat. In the song, the willows and the lotus in the poem are all together; who is the total language of the plum soul tonight? Let his shadow dip in the cold current.

  钱谦益的一片深情,让柳如是感动不已,她是一个历尽坎坷的女子,成名后虽然也有干人万人捧着,可无非都是逢场作戏,又有几人能付出真情呢?钱谦益虽是花甲老人,可那份浓浓情意比一般的少年公子要纯真的多,也许是同样尝过生命的苦涩,才有这种深切的相知相感吧!感念之余,柳如是回赠了一首“春日我闻室作呈牧翁”的诗:   裁红晕碧泪漫漫,南国春来正薄寒;   此去柳花如梦里,向来烟月是愁端。   画堂消息何人晓,翠帐容颜独自看;   珍贵君家兰桂室,东风取次一凭栏。

Qian Qianyi's deep love has moved Liu Rushi. She is a woman who has experienced many setbacks. Although she has been held by thousands of people after she became famous, she is just acting on occasion. How many people can give her true love? Although Qian Qianyi is an old man in Huajia, her deep love is more pure than that of a young childe. Maybe she has experienced the same bitterness of life, which makes her deep love In addition, Liu Rushi gave a poem of "I smell the room in spring as a shepherd". It said that the red and blue tears are long, and the spring of the southern country is thin and cold. It's like a dream to go to the willow flowers. The smoke and the moon are always sad. Who knows the news of the painting hall? I can see the face of the green tent alone. I can see the orchid room of the precious gentleman's house, and I can get a pen from the east wind.

  几场春雪过后,春风又绿江南岸。桃红柳绿中,钱谦益带着柳如是徜徉于山水间,湖上泛舟,月下赏山,诗酒作伴,日子过得象神仙一般。这其间,柳如是几次露出以身相许的心意,而钱谦益每次都在一阵激动之后,悄悄避开这个话题。钱谦益颇有他的一些顾虑:一是两人年龄悬殊太大,柳如是今年二十四岁,整整比自己小了三十六岁;二是自己身为罪臣,前途无望,岂不耽搁了人家姑娘的前程!如此想来,他迟迟不肯接纳她,心中却又一刻也舍不下她。

After several snows in spring, the South Bank of the river is green again. In the peach blossom and willow green, Qian Qianyi wanders in the mountains and rivers with Liu Rushi, boating on the lake, enjoying the mountains under the moon, poetry and wine as companions, and lives like a fairy. In the meantime, Liu Rushi showed his intention of making a promise by himself several times, while Qian Qianyi quietly avoided the topic after a while of excitement. Qian Qianyi has some concerns about him: first, the age gap between the two is too big, Liu Rushi is 24 years old this year, 36 years younger than himself; second, as a sinful minister, his future is hopeless, why not delay the girl's future! So he would not accept her, but he could not give up her for a moment.

  柳如是则有她的想法:她十五岁沦落风尘,阅人可谓丰富。多才多情的公子为数不少,可有几个能情有独钟?几个能真正关心体贴女人?十六岁时她曾委身于松江举人陈子龙,陈公子也算才情横溢,热心教她诗词音律,使她获益不小,可偏偏又性情不合,终于闹得各奔东西,好让她心伤欲碎。如今遇到的钱谦益,才华自不用说,二十八岁就考成了探花郎,诗词享誉一方,虽说年纪大些,可有情有趣,对她又是这般关照,与他在一起,她觉得生活是那么安稳恬静、有滋有味,年纪相悬又算得了什么呢?

Liu Rushi has her idea: she fell into the dust when she was 15 years old, and has rich readers. There are many talented and affectionate CHILDES, but how many of them can be passionate? How many of them can really care about caring women? At the age of 16, she committed herself to Chen Zilong in Songjiang. Chen Gongzi was also very talented. She was eager to teach her poetry and melody, which benefited her a lot, but she was also not in a good mood. Finally, she went all out of her way to break her heart. Now Qian Qianyi, who is talented, has become a famous poet since she was 28 years old. Although she is older, she is interested in her poems. She cares about her like this. When she is with him, she feels that life is so peaceful and interesting. What is the result of her age?

  既然两人,其它还有什么可顾忌的?面对柳如是的一片痴情,钱谦益无法再犹豫退缩,终于在这年夏天,正式将柳如是娶进了家门。

Now that they are two, what else can they worry about? In the face of Liu Rushi's infatuation, Qian Qianyi can't hesitate to back down. Finally, in this summer, Liu Rushi was officially married to his family.

  他俩的婚礼办得别出心裁,租了一只宽大华丽的芙蓉舫,在舫中摆下丰盛的酒宴,请来十几个好友,一同荡舟于松江波涛之中。舫上还有乐伎班子,在热闹悠扬的萧鼓声中,的钱谦益与的柳如是拜了天地,又在朋友们的喝采声中,回到酒席边,喝下了交杯酒。

Their wedding ceremony was very ingenious. They rented a large and gorgeous lotus boat and put down a rich banquet in it. They invited a dozen friends to go boating in the Songjiang waves. On the boat, there was a group of musicians. In the lively sound of the drums, Qian Qianyi and Liu Rushi worshipped the heaven and the earth, and in the cheers of friends, they went back to the banquet and drank the wine.

  婚后,他们老夫少妻相携出游名山秀水,杭州、苏州、扬州、南京、黄山,处处留下他们相偎相依的身影。柳如是问丈夫爱她什么,钱谦益说道:“我爱你白的面、黑的发啊!”言外之意是无一处不爱她;接着,钱谦益又反问娇妻,柳如是偏着头想了想,娇嗔地说:“我爱你白的发、黑的面啊!”说完,两人嘻笑成一团,俨然是一对打情骂俏的小情人。

After marriage, their old husband and young wife travel together to famous mountains and rivers, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Nanjing and Huangshan, leaving their close and dependent figures everywhere. Liu Rushi asks her husband what he loves her. Qian Qianyi says, "I love your white face and black hair!" the implication is that he doesn't love her anywhere else. Then, Qian Qianyi asks his wife back. Liu Rushi thinks over her head and says, "I love your white hair and black face!" with coquetry, they are like a couple of flirtatious little lovers.

  一番游历之后,他们都特别钟情于杭州西湖的明丽风光,于是在西湖畔修筑了一座五楹二层的“绛云楼”,画梁雕栋,极其富丽堂皇。夫妻俩安居其中,日日欣赏西湖上的朝霞夕雨。,时光如诗一般地静静流过。

After a tour, they all fell in love with the beautiful scenery of the West Lake in Hangzhou, so they built a "Jiangyun building" with five couplets and two floors on the Bank of the West Lake, which is extremely magnificent. The couple lived in peace and enjoyed the morning glow and the evening rain on the West Lake every day. Time flows quietly like a poem.

  甲申之变,崇祯帝自缢于煤山,江南旧臣谋划着拥立新君。马士英推崇福王,钱谦益则拥护潞王朱常范,最后福王得势做了弘光。钱谦益害怕新朝廷与自己过不去,就赶忙巴结当权的马士英,竟也获了个礼部尚书之职,虽是空衔,却让他觉得安稳而风光。

In the change of Jiashen, Emperor Chongzhen hanged himself in the coal mountain, and the old ministers in Jiangnan planned to establish a new emperor. Ma Shiying respected Fuwang, while Qian Qianyi supported Zhu changfan, the king of Lu. At last, Fuwang gained power and made great achievements. Qian Qianyi was afraid that the new court could not get along with him, so he hastened to make up for Ma Shiying, who was in power, and even got the position of minister of rites. Although he was an empty rank, it made him feel safe and beautiful.

  可是不久清军攻破了南都,弘光朝廷为时一年的生命宣告结束,中国顿时成了满清的天下。钱谦益作为旧朝遗臣,又是一方名士,必定会引起新政权的注意,不奉新朝便忠旧主,他面临着命运的选择。柳如是目睹了清兵破城、扫荡江南的种种惨象,内心悲愤不已,如今既然已是的天下,她劝钱谦益以死全节,表示忠贞之心。钱谦益思索再三,终于点头同意了柳如是的建议,两人说好同投西湖自尽。

But soon after the Qing army broke through the southern capital, the one-year life of the Hongguang court was ended, and China suddenly became the world of the Qing Dynasty. Qian Qianyi, as a legacy of the old Dynasty and a famous man, is bound to attract the attention of the new regime. If he doesn't serve the new dynasty, he will be loyal to the old one. He faces the choice of fate. Liu Rushi witnessed all kinds of tragedies of the Qing army destroying the city and sweeping the south of the Yangtze River. She was filled with grief and indignation. Now that she is in the world, she urged Qian Qianyi to die and express her loyalty. Qian Qian Qian Yi thought twice and finally nodded and agreed with Liu Rushi's suggestion. They agreed to commit suicide in the West Lake together.

  这是一个初夏的夜晚,钱谦益与柳如是两人自己驾了一叶小舟,飘进了西湖。朦胧的月光冷冷地照着他们,柳如是一脸悲切而圣洁的表情,而钱谦益却露出几分不安。船上摆着几样菜肴和一壶酒,柳如是斟好酒,端一杯给丈夫,自己举起一杯,缓缓说道:“妾身得以与钱君相识相知,此生已足矣,今夜又得与君同死,死而无憾!”钱谦益受她的感染,也升出一股豪壮的气概,举杯道:“不求同生,但求同死,柳卿真是老夫的红颜知已啊!”两人幽幽地饮完一壶酒,月儿也已偏西,柳如是率先站起身来,拉着钱谦益的手,平静地说:“我们去吧!”钱谦益从酒意中猛地惊醒过来,忙伸手到船外搅了搅水,抬头对柳如是说:“今夜水太凉,我们不如改日再来吧?”“水冷有何妨!”“老夫体弱,不堪寒凉/柳如是知道他是难舍此生,心有悔意,此时她也满怀悲凉,无心劝他什么,只有紧紧偎在他怀中,一直坐到天亮。

It was an early summer night. Qian Qianyi and Liu Rushi drove a small boat into the West Lake. The dim moonlight shone coldly on them. Liu Ru's face was sad and holy, while Qian Qianyi was a little uneasy. There were several dishes and a pot of wine on the boat. Liu Ru poured some good wine and brought a cup to her husband. He held up a cup and said slowly, "I can get to know Qian Jun, this life is enough, and I have to die with you tonight. There is no regret for my death!" Qian Qianyi was infected by her, and also raised a heroic spirit. He raised his glass and said: "I don't want to live with you, but I want to die with you. Liu Qing is really the beauty of my husband Know who you are! "After drinking a pot of wine in a quiet way, the moon is also west. Liu Rushi is the first one to stand up, holding Qian Qianyi's hand and calmly saying," let's go! "Qian Qianyi suddenly wakes up from the wine, reaches out to the boat and stirs up the water. He looks up and says to Liu Rushi," it's too cold tonight. Why don't we come another day? "" why not water cooling! "" I'm weak, No Liu Rushi knew that he was reluctant to give up this life, and she felt sorry. At this time, she was full of sadness and didn't want to persuade him. She just snuggled up in his arms and sat until dawn.

  钱谦益推说水凉不肯再去投湖自尽,柳如是只好退让二步,说:“隐居世外,不事清廷,也算对得起故朝了。”钱谦益唯唯表示赞同。

Qian Qianyi reasoned that Shuiliang would not go to the lake to commit suicide. Liu Rushi had to give up two steps and said, "if you live in seclusion and don't work in the Qing Dynasty, you can afford the old Dynasty." Qian Qianyi only agreed.

  几天后。钱谦益从外面回来,柳如是发现他竟剃

A few days later. When Qian Qianyi came back from the outside, Liu Rushi found out that he had shaved

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