Taking stock of China's top ten frontier expansion projects:
King of the Shang Dynasty. Later generations are called Gaozong. It's said that he is the son of little B, the younger brother of Pangeng. When he was young, Wuding used to work outside and with "villains", so he knew "the difficulty of farming". After he became king, he promoted Fu Shuo to power. Fu said that he was originally a criminal and was discovered by Wuding and put into use. Wu Ding also appointed Gan pan as a minister, so that the two "connect the world's politics, rule the people of the world", and strive to consolidate the rule, strengthen the national strength, so that the Shang Dynasty can be ruled. According to the book of. Yin Benji, "Wuding cultivates politics and morality, and Yin Dao revives." As Wuding pushed the Shang Dynasty to its peak, it was called "the king of prosperity". Later generations also called Wuding emperor.
From 230 B.C. to 221 B.C., the first emperor of Qin adopted the strategy of separating and uniting the six kingdoms. They successively exterminated Han in the 17th year (230 BC), Zhao in the 19th year (228 BC), Wei in the 22nd year (225 BC), Chu in the 24th year (223 BC), Yan in the 25th year (222 BC) and Qi in the 26th year (221 BC). Finally, it established the first unified and centralized autocratic country in Chinese history.
Western Han Dynasty
Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty created the most prosperous period of Western Han Dynasty, which was also the first development peak of Chinese feudal dynasty. He was the most powerful country in the world at that time because of his great talent and martial arts. Therefore, he became one of the great emperors in Chinese history. In addition, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was the first emperor in China to use the year number. On the one hand, since the war of Mayi in 133 B.C., Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty ended the policy of reconciliation with Xiongnu since Gaozu, and formally declared war on Xiongnu. He sent and conquered Xiongnu successively, relieved the threat of Xiongnu, recaptured Hetao and Hexi Corridor Area, expanded the territory of western region, placed Xiongnu in the situation of passive courtier, and guaranteed the development of northern economy and culture.
In 605 ad (the first year of Daye), the Sui Dynasty defeated Qidan with Wei yunqi and the Turks. Wei yunqi threatened to trade with Gaoli in Liucheng (today's Chaoyang South of Liaoning Province), and led the army into its territory. The Qidan people were unprepared. Wei Yun led the army to 50 miles from the Qidan camp, and suddenly launched an attack, defeated the Qidan army, and captured more than 40000 men and women. To prevent and delay the rise of Khitan is powerful. In 608 ad (the fourth year of Daye), Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty sent troops to destroy Tuguhun. The territory is developed for thousands of miles, starting from the East Bank of Qinghai Lake in the East, Tarim Basin in the west, Kuruktag mountains in the north and Kunlun Mountains in the south, and the county system management is implemented. Put it under Chinese rule. This is a place where no formal administrative region has been set up in previous dynasties.
Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty is the second emperor. His name means "help the world and the people". Longxi Chengji people, ancestral home Zhaojun Longqing (now Xingtai Longyao county), politician, strategist, calligrapher, poet. When he became emperor, he actively listened to the opinions of all the officials and studied hard to govern the world with culture. There was a saying that "if you listen to both, you will see clearly, but you will see dark". That is to say, he successfully transformed into one of the most famous politicians and emperors in Chinese history. Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty created the "in the history". After actively eliminating the separatist forces in various regions, accepting advice modestly, practising economy in China and making the people recuperate, the society finally appeared a situation of national peace and security. It laid an important foundation for the later heyday of Kaiyuan and pushed the Chinese traditional agricultural society to the heyday.
Soon after Emperor Gaozong ascended the throne, ashnahelu, the Western Turk, broke Yipi and shot Kui Khan, which was named as saborokhan. In the sixth year of Yonghui, the Tang Dynasty sent Cheng Zhijie to attack Luo Khan in the sand bowl in the West. From then on, he used his troops in the western regions for many years. In the second year of Xianqing period (657), the great general of Tang Dynasty and other great Turks broke through the west, and the state of saboroben (Tashkent, Uzbek, the Soviet Union) was captured. The West Turk died. Gaozong divided Kunling and Mengchi into two prefectures. In the following year, he moved to Kuqa (now Kuqa, Xinjiang) as the Western guard. In the first year of emperor gaozonglong's Shuo (661), he also sent tuhuoluo road to set up prefectures to patrol the west of Congling, the Sixteen Kingdoms to the west of Khotan and the east of Persia, and set up sixteen prefectures with jurisdiction over 80 prefectures, 110 counties and 126 military capitals. At that time, the Korean Peninsula was divided into Koguryo, Baiji and Silla. In the sixth year, Koguryo and Baiji allied forces attacked Xinluo, and Xinluo sent envoys to beg for help in the Tang Dynasty. In the third year of longshuo (663), the general of Tang Dynasty defeated the Japanese army who assisted Baiji in baijiangkou and broke through Baiji. His king rushed to Gaogouli. In the first year of Zongzhang (668), the Tang army broke through Pyongyang and destroyed Koguryo. At this time, the territory of the Tang Dynasty reached its maximum: from the Korean Peninsula in the East, to the Aral Sea in Central Asia and northeast Persia in the west, and to Lake Baikal in the north.
That is to say, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty to the great sage Daming Xiao (685-762 A.D.), because the posthumous title highlights the word "Ming", also known as the third son of Li Dan. From 712 to 756 A.D., he founded the heyday of the Tang Dynasty, but from his beginning, the Tang Dynasty also went downhill, that is, from the beginning, the Tang Dynasty gradually declined. Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty took many measures to integrate the army, such as promulgating the imperial edict of training troops, ordering the northwest towns to expand the army and strengthen training. After making full preparations, the Tang Dynasty gradually recovered Yingzhou and other places, and Huihe and other ethnic groups to the north of the great wall automatically cancelled the title of independent separatist regime and returned to the Tang Dynasty. The northern capital of an also recovered, and the Tang Dynasty re exercised its jurisdiction over the land north of the Great Wall. The restoration of political power in the western region has experienced two stages, the first is to recover the town of broken leaves, and the second is to restore it. The prestige of the Tang Dynasty was rebuilt in the western regions.
Baoerqijin (1162-1227), Genghis Khan [special area], temple name, baoerqijin family, famous for Tiemuzhen, Mongolian. The greatest and outstanding statesman and strategist in the history of the world. In 1206, he was elected as the Great Khan of the Mongol Empire and unified all the ministries of Mongolia. During his reign, he launched many foreign conquest wars and conquered the Black Sea coast of sidasia and central Europe. The Mongols began to expand their territory, invaded Xixia three times, forced Xixia to seek peace from Mongolia, and then attacked the Jin State. In 1211, the Yehuling battle broke through the 400000 Jin army. In 1214, the Jin moved to Bianjing, the capital of the Mongols. In the next year, the Mongols conquered the Zhongdu, and the Jin state was successively lost to the north of the Yellow River. When the kingdom of Jin was in danger, khwarazm in Central Asia had a grudge with Mongolia, and Genghis Khan was eager to revenge. In 1219, he led the main Mongolian forces to the west, and Jin was able to make a living. During the western expedition, Genghis Khan wiped out the Western Liao Dynasty, hualazimo and many other countries, and sent the Mongolian army led by shubutai to expand to the qincha grassland. Genghis Khan returned to his division and then attacked Xixia.
The founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Its original name is Chongba, and later it was named Xingzong. Han nationality, Zhong Li from Taiping Township, Haozhou (now east of Fengyang County, Anhui Province), joined the red scarf army led by Guo Zixing at the age of 25 to resist the tyranny of Mengyuan. In 1361, Longfeng was granted the Duke of Wu, who called himself the king of Wu. In the twenty eighth year of the Zhizheng period (1368), after basically destroying the peasant uprising forces and eliminating the remaining forces of yuan, he became emperor in Nanjing, the name of the state was Daming and the name of the year was Hongwu, and established a unified feudal regime throughout the country. The reign of Zhu Yuanzhang was called "the rule of Hong Wu". Buried in Xiaoling of Ming Dynasty.
AI xinjuelu (1654.5.4-1722.12.20), Emperor Ren, the fourth emperor and the second emperor after the capital of Beijing was established in Qing Dynasty. Year Kangxi: Kangxi, peace; Xi, prosperity -- take the meaning of Kangning of all people and Xisheng of the world. Kangxi emperor ascended the throne at the age of 8 and reigned for 61 years. He was the longest reigning monarch in Chinese history. He laid the foundation for the prosperity of the Qing Dynasty and created the overall situation of the prosperous period of Kangxi and Qianlong. He is a wise monarch and a great politician. The posthumous title of jingling, which was buried in Dongling of Qing Dynasty, was hetianhongyun, wenwurui, Zhe, Gong, Gong, Yu, Xiaoyu, and dutiful to Emperor dachengren. In Kangxi's view, "the emperor has his own origin in governing the world, not only relying on danger", "the only way to defend the country is to cultivate morality and settle the people, the people's heart is happy, and the state can obtain, while the border is self-sustaining, so-called is also". In order to maintain the unity of the country, Kangxi pacified the San Francisco rebellion; restrained the expansion of tsarist Russia, signed the Sino Russian treaty; pacified the families of Taiwan by force, and made Taiwan return; Kangxi also personally conquered Junggar, Xinjiang, defeated kardan, and made the Mongolian turhute minister subdue the Qing Dynasty.
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