三国中诸葛亮庞统齐助阵 刘备龙凤兼得竟还失天下-看世界

三国中诸葛亮庞统齐助阵 刘备龙凤兼得竟还失天下

  他们所谓的“十倍”差异主要体现在:一、时间差。高人往往眼界远,能沉得住气,出道更晚。他们四人的出场顺序也正是昱、庶、亮、统。二、空间差。高人往往控制能力强,管理范围大,所以有十里之才、百里之才、千里之才等说法。他们的初始战功也确乎如此,程昱取东阿县,徐庶取樊城,诸葛亮取荆州,庞统取西川。但我们很快会发现,程昱、诸葛亮的终生成就要远大于徐庶、庞统。这又是什么缘故呢?原来他们还存在第三方面的差异——阴阳差。前面“十倍”说的都是表面的毕业考试成绩,我们可以称之为智谋或阳谋。但在实战中还会有人违背忠孝、信义,用到权谋或者说阴谋。四人中,统、庶仅善阳谋,亮、昱则兼善阴谋,其中亮又较昱为高。专注阳谋者往往忠顺,精于阴谋者往往逆反。

  导读:《》中有四位关系非同一般的谋士:、、、。他们不但与司马徽都有过交往,还依次以才识相差“十倍”自谦。其实,他们就像的异姓兄弟、诸葛的同姓兄弟、的同/异姓混合兄弟(夏侯)、父兄、司马家族一样,属于同门校友类型的集团。只是合作较为松散、隐形,仅限于推动哲学从新法家到新儒家,再到儒法混的精神层面。

Introduction: in the book, there are four counselors with different relations:. They not only had contact with Sima Hui, but also in turn had "ten times" difference in talent and knowledge. In fact, they belong to the same type of alumni group, just like the brothers with different surnames, the brothers with the same surname of Zhuge, the mixed brothers with the same / different surnames (Xiahou), the father and brother, and the Sima family. However, the cooperation is loose and invisible, which is limited to the spiritual level of promoting philosophy from the new Legalists to the new Confucians, and then to the Confucians and Legalists.

  他们所谓的“十倍”差异主要体现在:一、时间差。高人往往眼界远,能沉得住气,出道更晚。他们四人的出场顺序也正是昱、庶、亮、统。二、空间差。高人往往控制能力强,管理范围大,所以有十里之才、、千里之才等说法。他们的初始战功也确乎如此,程昱取东阿县,徐庶取樊城,诸葛亮取荆州,庞统取西川。但我们很快会发现,程昱、诸葛亮的终生成就要远大于徐庶、庞统。这又是什么缘故呢?原来他们还存在第三方面的差异——阴阳差。前面“十倍”说的都是表面的毕业考试成绩,我们可以称之为智谋或阳谋。但在实战中还会有人违背忠孝、义,用到权谋或者说阴谋。四人中,统、庶仅善阳谋,亮、昱则兼善阴谋,其中亮又较昱为高。专注阳谋者往往忠顺,精于阴谋者往往逆反。

Their so-called "tenfold" differences are mainly reflected in: 1. Time difference. High people tend to be far sighted, able to calm down and come out later. The order of their appearance is exactly Yu, Shu, Liang and Tong. 2、 Poor space. High people tend to have strong control ability and a large management range, so there are ten li talents, thousands of Li talents and so on. Their initial combat achievements were also true. Cheng Yu took dong'a County, Xu Shu took Fan Cheng, Zhuge Liang took Jingzhou, Pang Tong took Xichuan. However, we will soon find that Cheng Yu and Zhuge Liang's lifelong achievements are far greater than those of Xu Shu and pangtong. What's the reason for this? It turns out that there is a third difference between them - the difference between yin and Yang. The former "ten times" refers to superficial graduation examination results, which we can call wisdom or Yang Mou. However, in actual combat, there will be people who violate loyalty, filial piety and righteousness and use power or conspiracy. Among the four, Tong and Shu are only good at yangmou, while Liang and Yu are good at conspiracy, among which Liang is higher than Yu. Those who focus on male schemers tend to be loyal and obedient, while those who are skilled in conspiracy tend to be rebellious.

  这里需要说明的是,“篡逆”对于统治者来说是洪水猛兽,但对于“民族”这一生命体而言,却是必不可少的阴阳顺逆,即新陈代谢。只分合理不合理。再者,兵不厌诈,甚至说自己的阳谋也皆为诡计,所以阴阳与忠逆一样,本身也没有优劣之分,关键在于均衡掌握,合理运用。准确地说阴谋属于攻心术的范畴。不过,在阳尊阴卑的封建社会,阴谋是从老师和书本上学不到的,只能靠自我参悟、自主研发。可一旦拥有就能出奇制胜,改变自己的命运。程昱、诸葛亮就是因为谋略全面而从排行榜中脱颖而出了。

It should be noted here that "usurpation" is a great beast for the rulers, but it is an essential yin-yang sequence and inversion, namely metabolism, for the whole life of the "nation". It is only reasonable and unreasonable. Moreover, there is no need to be unfaithful in war, and even to say that one's own schemes are all tricks. Therefore, like loyalty and rebellion, yin and Yang have no advantages or disadvantages. The key lies in balanced control and rational use. To be precise, conspiracy belongs to the category of mind attack. However, in the feudal society where Yang is superior to Yin, conspiracy cannot be learned from teachers and books. It can only be developed by self understanding and independent research. But once you have it, you can win by surprise and change your destiny. Cheng Yu and Zhuge Liang stand out from the ranking list because of their comprehensive strategies.

  庞统起初是完全忠于刘备的,他先去东吴寄寓就是为了与诸葛亮、徐庶形成三方策应,决胜赤壁,曲线救刘。所以赤壁大战一结束,庞统就直接来投刘备了。为了不让刘备为难,他是情愿从最底层做起,并不急于出示和的推荐信。果然,他在耒阳以真才实学征服了刘备,孔明也不得不承认庞统高自己十倍。从这件事也可以看出,庞统若真想进入谁的班子,是总能想出办法的。连进门的本事都没有,还敢号称“”吗?想当初曹操的水寨都能任意出入呢。他在东吴“面试”时冲撞,只不过是要在不得罪人的情况下开溜。

Pang Tong was totally loyal to Liu Bei at first. He first went to the east Wu to lodge in order to form a three-way response with Zhugeliang and Xushu to defeat Chibi and save Liu. So as soon as the battle of Chibi ended, Pang Tong went directly to Liu Bei. In order not to embarrass Liu Bei, he is willing to start from the bottom and is not eager to show his letter of recommendation. Sure enough, he conquered Liu Bei in Leiyang with real talent and practical learning, and Kong Ming had to admit that pangtong was ten times higher than himself. It can also be seen from this that Pang tong can always come up with a way if he really wants to join the team. Don't even have the ability to enter the gate, dare you call it "? I think Cao Cao's water stronghold could go in and out at will. He ran into each other during the interview in Soochow just to get away without offending others.

  对于诸葛亮,笔者已在《破解<三国演义>之“三国五方”结构》等文章中详细论述了他在出山之前就已有反刘备、夺天下的雄心,此亦“众问孔明之志若何,孔明但笑而不答”的隐意。但他们四兄弟的叛逆完全合理,这里就不赘述了。

For Zhuge Liang, the author has discussed in detail his ambition to fight against Liu Bei and win over the world before he came out of the mountain in the article "decoding the structure of" Three Kingdoms and five directions ", which is also the implicit meaning of" people ask what Kongming's ambition is, Kongming but smile but don't answer ". But the rebellion of their four brothers is perfectly reasonable, so I won't repeat it here.

  诸葛亮能帮刘备拿下荆州,面对“民强地险”的西川却。既不知如何劝说假装仁义的刘备篡夺,也不敢为西川再打一场赤壁大战了。于是他就借吊孝之机去东吴请比自己高一筹的庞统。(这里孔明还有一层用意就是在刘家宗亲面前继续恪守疏不间亲,以掩饰异志,保持愚忠形象。)此后,两人就一个守荆州,一个攻西川,同时成为了刘备的左膀右臂。

Zhuge Liang can help Liu Bei to take Jingzhou, facing the "people strong risk" of Xichuan. I don't know how to persuade Liu Bei, who pretends to be benevolent and righteous, to usurp it, nor dare to fight another red cliff war for Xichuan. So he took the opportunity of condoning filial piety to invite Pang Tong, who was a little higher than himself, to the eastern Wu. (Kongming's intention here is to continue to stick to the principle of estrangement in front of Liu's clan, so as to conceal his different aspirations and maintain the image of being loyal. )Since then, the two men, one defending Jingzhou and the other attacking Xichuan, have become Liu Bei's right arm.

  庞统的确是比孔明有才,他意识到刘备在取荆州时必须装仁义,因为还要图将来刘璋的好感,但到刘璋这里就可以彻底撕破脸“逼宫”了。理论上,他只用“逆取顺守”四个字就将刘备轻松说服。武功上,他只用、两位孔明不要的“末将”就实现了西川突围。然而就在西川势在必得、大功告成的时候,事情出现了转折,孔明向庞统发出了一封死亡恐吓信。此举与前面程昱骗徐庶大同小异,程昱是利用徐庶的至孝,先劫持徐母,再招降徐庶。诸葛亮则是利用庞统对刘备的至忠,刘备对庞统的至爱,先动摇刘备之心,再灭掉庞统。两位阴谋家就像是排球运动员,将球扣到对方两个人的中间,迫使他们在互让时出现失误。

Pang Tong was indeed more talented than Kong Ming. He realized that Liu Bei had to be benevolent and righteous when he took Jingzhou, because he wanted Liu Zhang's good will in the future, but when he came to Liu Zhang, he could tear his face completely and "force the palace". In theory, he used only four words to persuade Liu Bei easily. In terms of martial arts, he used only two "last generals" that Kongming did not want to achieve the breakthrough of Xichuan. However, when the situation in Xichuan was inevitable and successful, things turned. Kong Ming sent a death threat letter to pangtong. This is the same as Cheng Yu's deceiving Xu Shu. Cheng Yu uses Xu Shu's filial piety to hijack Xu's mother first and then recruit Xu Shu. Zhuge Liang took advantage of Pang Tong's loyalty to Liu Bei and Liu Bei's love for Pang Tong. He first shook Liu Bei's heart and then destroyed Pang Tong. The two conspirators are like volleyball players. They put the ball between the two opponents and force them to make mistakes when they give way to each other.

  事情的经过是这样:有个广汉人彭羕向刘备密告说敌方有人要决涪江之水淹魏延、黄忠的前寨。还说:“罡星在西方,太白临于此地,当有不吉之事,切宜慎之。”这一情报不但救了刘备数万人性命,还斩了敌方主谋泠苞,化凶为吉。

The story goes like this: Peng Zhen, a Guanghan man, informs Liu Bei that someone from the enemy wants to kill the front strongholds of Weiyan and Huangzhong, which are flooded by Fujiang River. "Gang star in the west, too white in this place, when there are bad things, it should be cautious." This information not only saved tens of thousands of lives of Liu Bei, but also killed Ling Bao, the enemy's chief strategist, and turned evil into good.

  那么是谁制造了这命悬一线的险情呢?是刘备。川将泠苞先前本已被魏延活捉,但刘备偏要将他释放。魏延说:“此人不可放回。若脱身一去,不复来矣。”玄德说:“吾以仁义待人,人不负我。”在你死我活的前沿阵地,在优势尚未确立的攻坚时刻,竟能这样不结合实际情况而滥施仁义,真是可笑至极。既然仁义都可以换仁义,还用得着逆取吗?既然仁义可以换仁义,曹操怎么没给过你一寸土地呢?可见刘备已经从儒仁颓堕成了愚仁了,刘家的遗传病发作了,不再是以前对付曹操时那个明辨真仁假义的玄德了。这次若不是彭羕帮忙,庞统必会功亏一篑。

So who made this dangerous situation? It's Liu Bei. Lingbao, the general of Sichuan, had been captured by Wei Yan, but Liu Bei wanted to release him. "This person can't be put back," Wei said. If you leave, you will never come again. " Xuande said, "I treat people with benevolence and righteousness, and they will not bear me." It's ridiculous that we should be able to abuse benevolence and justice in such a critical moment when our advantages have not yet been established. Since benevolence and righteousness can be replaced by benevolence and righteousness, does it need to be reversed? Since benevolence and righteousness can be replaced by benevolence and righteousness, why didn't Cao Cao give you an inch of land? It can be seen that Liu Bei has fallen from the decadent Confucian benevolence to the foolish benevolence, and the genetic disease of Liu family has occurred, which is no longer the Xuande that clearly identified the true benevolence and the false righteousness when dealing with Cao Cao. This time, if not for Peng Fu's help, Pang Tong will fall short.

  刚刚化险为夷,诸葛亮却派马良送信说:“亮夜算太乙数,今年岁次癸已,罡星在西方,又观乾象,太白临于雒城之分;主将帅身上多凶少吉。切宜谨慎。”同一种星象,诸葛亮提出了第二种解释。而庞统对诸葛亮的“善意”嗤之以鼻,又进一步提出第三种解释:“统亦算太乙数,已知罡星在西,应主公合得西川,别不主凶事。统亦占天文,见太白临于雒城,先斩将泠苞,已应凶兆矣。主公不可疑心,可急进兵。”真正是一象三说。

Just after he was saved from danger, Zhuge Liang sent Ma Liang to send a letter and said: "Liang night is the number of Taiyi. This year, the second time is Guiji. Gang star is in the West. He also looks at the dry elephant. Taibai is in the city of Luocheng. The general is more dangerous than auspicious. Be careful. " Zhuge Liang put forward the second explanation for the same kind of stars. Pang Tong scoffed at Zhuge Liang's "kindness" and further put forward the third explanation: "Tong is also the Taiyi number. It is known that the gang star is in the west, so the Lord should get Xichuan together, not the main culprit. It also accounts for astronomy. Seeing that Taibai is in Luocheng, he first beheads Lingbao, which is a bad omen. Lord, don't be suspicious. You can rush into the army. " It's really one elephant and three sayings.

  长期以来,人们都在疑惑,刘备得了一龙一凤怎么仍旧没安天下?原来他只摸到了凤毛龙角,从来就没有真正得到过他们。惟有具备乘龙驾凤的能力,还记得结结巴巴说的“凤兮凤兮,故是一凤”吗?还记得钟会在定军山感应诸葛亮显圣吗?此即指明邓艾是庞统式的凤,钟会是孔明式的龙,也同样是一忠一逆。诚所谓:龙凤常有,而安天下的主公不常有!

For a long time, people have been wondering why Liu Bei still hasn't settled down when he got one dragon and one phoenix. He only touched the Phoenix hair dragon horn and never really got them. Only with the ability to ride the dragon and drive the Phoenix, do you remember the stammering saying "phoenix is Phoenix, so it's a phoenix"? Do you still remember that Zhong will induce Zhuge Liang to show his holiness in Dingjun mountain? That is to say, Deng AI is a pangtong style Phoenix, Zhong will be a Kongming style dragon, and it's also a loyal and rebellious one. Cheng said: there are always dragons and phoenixes, but there are not always heroes in antianxia!

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