There was this man in history.
Xufu, that is, Xushi, zijunfang, was born in Langya (today's Ganyu, Jiangsu Province), a famous founder. He is familiar with medicine, astronomy, navigation and other knowledge, sympathizes with the people and is willing to help others, so he has a high reputation among the people along the coast. Xu Fu is Mr. Guan's disciple. Learn to open the valley, qigong, cultivate immortals, and master martial arts. When he came out of the mountain, it was the time before and after he ascended the throne. Later, he was sent by the first emperor of Qin Dynasty to go to sea to collect the elixir, and he will never return. To commemorate the good doctor, villagers changed the village where he was born into Xufu village and built a Xufu temple in the north of the village. Later, it was said that Xu Fu was king in plain and Guangze of Japan.
As the saying goes, "if you do, you want to be an immortal.". Qin Shihuang is such a figure. Qiu Qiongshan, a Qing man, once said in the compendium of the principles and lessons: "the first emperor, who was in peace with the six kingdoms, would not fail in his life, but would not be able to achieve it, Shou er." Some alchemists, weaving immortals, claim that there are immortals on the sea, and they can take them. Xu Fu, a Qi man, sailed into the sea under such circumstances.
In 219 BC (the 28th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty), the first emperor of Qin made his second tour. A large group of people and horses sealed the Buddhist inscriptions in Mount Tai, and then went to the Bohai Sea. Arriving at the seaside, the first emperor of Qin boarded Zhifu Island and enjoyed it. Between the clouds and the sea, the figures of the mountains and rivers appear now and then. They are magnificent, which makes the first emperor of Qin fascinated. This kind of scene was originally, but in order to cater to Qin Shihuang's psychology of looking forward to long life, the alchemists described it as the legendary fairyland on the sea. Xu Fu took the opportunity to write to the first emperor of Qin, saying that there were three fairy mountains in the sea, Penglai, abbot and Yingzhou, and that immortals could live in them and get immortal elixir. Qin Shihuang was very happy. Then, according to Xu Fu's request, he sent thousands of men and girls to go to sea with him to seek the elixir. He also lingers here, waiting for Xu fujiayin. However, Xu Fu came back empty handed. Xu Fu claimed to see the sea god, who refused to give the elixir because his gift was too thin. To this end, the first emperor of Qin had no doubt that he would send 3000 more girls, craftsmen, technicians and grain seeds to make Xu Fu go to sea again. The first emperor of Qin refused to leave. He waited for three months. He didn't see Xu Fu's news before returning.
In the next few years, the first emperor of Qin sent Lu Sheng, a Yanren, and other people to the sea to look for the elixir, which was of course nothing. In 210 B.C. (the 37th year of the first emperor of Qin), the first emperor of Qin made his fifth tour and came to Langya again. When Xu Fu went to the sea to look for the elixir, nine years have passed, and it has been reported in the future. At that time, Xu Fu was summoned. Xu Fu sailed for many years, which cost a lot of money. He was afraid of being reprimanded. He told the first emperor of Qin: "Penglai Xianshan is indeed a fairy medicine. When going out to sea, it is often blocked by big Jiaoyu, so it can't be reached. Please send archers a week to see the big Jiaoyu shooting with a crossbow. " Qin Shihuang ordered to bring enough fishing gear when entering the sea, and he also prepared a crossbow. The sea boat started from Langya, sailed for tens of miles, passed Rongcheng mountain, and then went to Zhifu. As expected, it saw the big Jiaoyu, which shot at each other in unison. The big Jiaoyu died of arrows and sank to the bottom of the sea. The first emperor of Qin thought that there would be no danger after that, and he ordered Xu Fu to go to the sea to seek the elixir. This time, the first emperor of Qin could not wait for the news of Xu. At that time, the first emperor of Qin died in the sand dunes (now the southeast of the deer in Hebei), while Xu Fu "won the translation of the plain, but he couldn't come back." he never went back.
Xufu, also known as Xushi, is located in Xufu village, Jinshan Township, Ganyu County, Jiangsu Province. According to the local chronicles, Xufu village was called Xufu village in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Up to now, Xufu has spread the story of boy and girl floating to the East. But there is another saying that Xu Fu's hometown is now Longkou City, Shandong Province.
Did Xu Fu finally arrive in Japan?
In the historical records, the earliest record of Xu Fu's history is that he didn't explain where Xu Fuhai had arrived. Later generations thought it was Taiwan or Ryukyu, or America, but most thought it was Japan. At first, Xu Fu was proposed to travel to Japan in the Later Zhou and Shangyi Chu dynasties. "Japan is also known as Japan, in the East China Sea. In Qin Dynasty, Xu Fu stopped the country with five hundred virgins and five hundred virgins. Today, he is just like Chang'an In addition, there are mountains named "Fuji" and "Penglai" in the northeast So far, Xu Fu is called Penglai, which has been said by his descendants. " Yichu said the statement came from Japanese monk Hongshun. In the Song Dynasty, writers and historians also believed that Xu Fu traveled to Japan eastward. In the early Ming Dynasty, Japanese monk Kong Hai went to Nanjing to offer poems and mentioned "Xu Fu Temple in front of xiongye bee". At the end of the Qing Dynasty, Li Shuchang, Huang Qiuxian and other ministers stationed in Japan visited Xu Fu's tomb and wrote poems and inscriptions.
Since the beginning of this century, Chinese and Japanese scholars have done a lot of research on Xu fufu's eastward voyage. Ma feibai thought that Xu Fu had a purpose to go to Japan in Qin Ji history. "His intention was not to seek immortals at the beginning, but to make use of the first emperor's selfishness to seek immortals, and to use his power to colonize overseas." In the origin of the Japanese nation, Xu Songshi said that during the Warring States period and the pre Qin period, a large number of people from the southeast coast of China immigrated to Japan. The boy and girl led by Xu Fu was one of the teams, "Xu Fu's journey to the sea and the East must have something really happened." Wei tingsheng, Hong Kong, wrote an examination of Xu Fu's entry into the founding of Japan. He believed that Xu Fu was the founder of Japan, Emperor Zhongtian Xuan, and that he was the grandson of Xu Ju King 29. "Xu Fu is emperor Shenwu", written by Peng shuangsong, a Taiwanese scholar, further enriches Wei's view. So far, many relics of Xu Fu's activities have been preserved in Japan, such as the tomb of Xu Fu and his seven members, Xu Fu Palace, the monument of "Xu Fu on land" in zuohe County, Kyushu Island, the Shijia and Xu Fu Temple of Xu Fu, and the Jinli shrine for Xu Fu.
The statue of Xu Fu in Xufu Park, shinmiya, Japan
Some scholars believe that Xu Fu's eastward journey to Japan is just a legend and cannot be proved by reliable historical documents. Some people believe that the legend of Xu Fu's eastward journey to Japan is a product of Japan in the 10th century or so, not first proposed by the Chinese. At that time, Xu Fu only arrived at the islands in the Bohai Bay. His deeds, ruins and cemeteries in Japan were all fictitious.
In addition, some scholars believe that Xu Fu's eastward journey is a historical fact, but not to Japan, but to America. The time to return to Xu Fu's eastward journey coincides with the rise of the Mayan civilization in America. However, Japan is so close to the mainland of China that it doesn't need to spend a lot of money to arrive for several years.
There is no convincing answer as to where Xu Fu's eastward journey has gone.
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