How did Takeda Xuan die? On April 12, the first year of Tianzheng era (1573), Xinxuan died at Xinnong Guoju farm (now a Zhi village, xiayina County, Changye county). At the age of 53, the official residence document mentioned that the cause of death was tuberculosis and Jiayang military warning pointed out that the cause of death was gastric cancer or esophageal cancer. The body of Xinxuan was cremated in Changyue temple, inarju yard, Xinnong country. It's not only a Buddhist Academy, but also a Buddhist Academy. The cemetery of Xinxuan is in Xinxuan tomb, Daquan temple, Huilin temple, Suqian Lake Changyue temple, Longyun temple, gaoye mountain, Futian temple, Miaoxin temple, etc.
A brief introduction to Takeda's life
Wutian Xinxuan, formerly known as Qingxin, is called de Rongxuan. Xinxuan is a legal name. Born to guard the famous martial family of Jiafei for generations. His father, Takeda, believed that the tiger was the guardian of Jiafei. From the 15th century to the beginning of the 16th century, the Wutian clan who had been stationed in Jiafei constantly performed the tragedy of Jidou's mutual destruction. As the family governor of the Wutian clan, the main force had to be used to fight against the rebellion of the same clan and maintain the status of the family governor. In 1519, Xinhu moved from Shihe to Rhododendron (now Jiafu city) in the ancient mansion, and built a castle in the crucial mountain. On November 3, 1521, JUNHE's current Department of the Sichuan family led 15000 soldiers to attack the ancient mansion. Takeda Xin Hu places his pregnant wife in Jicui temple at the foot of the crucial mountain, but he goes to battle in armor and Snipes at the enemy. In the enemy's defense, Takeda Xinxuan was born. He was greeted by the sound of tearing and killing before the battle.
As a result of defeating the invasion of Fukushima Zhengcheng, Takeda Xinhu gained a great reputation and soon unified Jiafei (now Shanli county), ending the long-term disputes of the Takeda family. Since then, Takeda Xinhu has begun to extend its influence to neighboring areas.
At the time when Takeda Xinhu was concentrating on expanding outwards, a plan was brewing to support Takeda Xinxuan as a family supervisor among his family members.
In June 1541, Takeda Xinhu captured zuojukou successfully. On the way to victory, while resting in Jiuqi, the important minister, shinfang and others, came to his tent and said to him, "Your Highness Jinchuan (referring to the kingdom of JUNHE, shiniyuan) is waiting outside to receive your sedan chair. Please get on the sedan chair!" shinhu asked doubtfully, "why did your highness Jinchuan send a sedan chair to meet me?" shinfang said, "today shinxin has become the leader of the Takeda family, so you can go to the hermit of JUNHE for a while Take a rest! "Xinhu suddenly pulls out his knife and shouts," want to rebel? You are the thing! "At this time, the same Ganli Hutai swoops up, binds Xinhu's hands, and then drives him into a sedan chair and drives him to JUNHE. This is the year of, Takeda Xinxuan is 21 years old. There have always been different opinions about the reasons why Takeda Xinxuan seized the patriarchy. However, the following two aspects cannot be ignored. First, Takeda believed that he was violent. It is said that he had cut the abdomen of pregnant women to take pleasure in taking the fetus. If there is any remonstrance among the family ministers, he will be executed cruelly, causing their dissatisfaction. He was a concubine who robbed the back room of shangshanxian's house in Guandong. The beautiful wife and family in the family are occupied by them repeatedly. When he met a gorgeous woman on the way, he was bound to marry her as a concubine. Secondly, he doted on his second son, Xinfan, who once said: "those who inherit the Tian family of Wu, Xinfan is also". But Xinxuan is intelligent and highly appreciated by his family members. Maybe these are the reasons why Takeda decided to exile his father!
When Takeda Xinxuan became a guard of Jiafei, the situation before him was grim. At that time, in the east of Jiafei, there was the northern clan, in the south, there was the present Sichuan clan of JUNHE River, in the southwest, there was the Zhitian Xinchang of Weizhang, and in the west, there was Xinnong (now the suzhan clan of Changye County, in the north, there was the Shangshan clan of yueqian, etc. in confrontation with them. In such a situation, Takeda Xinxuan intended to break through the western line and conquer Xinnong. He first subdued the Suwa family who defended Suwa, and then attacked and controlled zuojukou and Murakami, Yiqing and Xinnong in the north of Xinnong, to guard xiaoliyuan for a long time. However, the fight with Murakami and Ogasawara was not as smooth as he expected. It took 12 years for the soldiers to come and go, and the winner was determined. One of the most critical battles took place in yanjika (now the central part of Nagano county).
In February 1548, in the snow covered shangtianyuan (now Shangtian City, Changye county), Takeda Xinxuan was defeated by Murakami Yiqing. His trusted ministry, Shifang and others, died in the war and suffered minor injuries. After seeing the defeat of Takeda Xinxuan, he was originally attached to his Xinnong local Lord. He was also eager to expel Takeda's forces. Xiao Liyuan has long taken the opportunity to form an anti Takeda alliance with Murakami, Renke repair, and Lai Kin Fujisawa, in an attempt to eliminate Takeda Xinxuan at one stroke. On the other hand, Takeda Xinxuan was determined to be shameless. After returning to Jiafei, he actively expanded and reorganized the army and prepared to fight again.
In July of the same year, Ogasawara deployed in yanjika with a long time rate of 6000 people. After receiving the information, Takeda Xinxuan determined to attack xiaoliyuan with 2500 cavalry. Day and night, the cavalry set out. Wu tianxinxuan ordered the soldiers to put straw sandals on the horse's hooves, let the horse carry his title and hurry to yanjika without a sound. Then, Takeda Xinxuan ordered the soldiers to tie up horses and stool the mountain, and quietly approached the camp of xiaoliyuan. The army of Ogasawara was sleeping soundly and unprepared. On the 19th, when the East wanted to know, suddenly there was a sound of conch, and Takeda Xinxuan ordered an attack. The Allied forces of Ogasawara were caught off guard. Although they tried to resist, they finally broke down and left countless dead bodies and fled in panic.
Through the battle of yanjika, Takeda Xinxuan broke the alliance that xiaoliyuan had been an official for a long time, and continued to advance to Xinnong.
Although the victory of Takeda Xinxuan is related to his bravery and good fighting, what's more, he also has a solid political and economic foundation. He paid attention to protecting farmers and developing production. For example, he built so-called "Xinxuan dyke" on both sides of many rivers flowing through Jiafu basin to prevent flood and submerge the basin. He also paid attention to the control of his family members. In 1547, he issued the famous family law Jiazhou law, which stipulated the relationship between the Lord and his family members in detail, as well as the obligations and daily life of his family members.
The smooth progress of Takeda Xinxuan in Xinnong is a great threat to shangshanhuihu, the so-called "Snow Tiger" in the north. Shangshanhuihu tries to prevent Takeda Xinxuan from controlling Xinnong. In 1553, he suddenly sent troops to surround the city of Gewei, which was just captured by Murakami. Xinxuan did not rush to fight, but quickly withdrew to Jiafei, and prepared to fight again. In 1559, Xinxuan got the post of Xinnong guard from shogunate general Fu liyihui. His struggle with shangshanhuihu became more intense. It is difficult for two males to coexist. Takeda Xinxuan should try his best to protect his acquired land and power in Xinnong, while shangshanhuihu should drive Takeda family out of Xinnong. Therefore, the battle of Chuanzhong Island, one of the three famous battles in the Warring States period, finally broke out.
The decisive battle of Chuanzhong island includes many battles, but there are different opinions on how many battles have been carried out. Generally speaking, historians believe that there have been five wars. It happened in August 1553, July 1555, August 1557, September 1561 and August 1564 respectively. The most intense was the fourth battle in 1561.
Chuanzhong Island (near Changye City, Changye county) is only 60 kilometers away from chunrishan (coastal area of Xinxie county) where shangshanhuihu's castle is located. Shangshanhuihu believes that this is the last defense line in Xinnong to prevent Xinxuan from attacking Vietnam (now Xinxie county), which must be fully resisted. According to Takeda Xinxuan, if shangshanhuihu is allowed to control the area of central Sichuan Island, not only will his control over Xinnong waver, but even threaten the safety of Jiafei (now Shanli county), he will not be able to realize his dream of entering Kyoto, so he should make every effort to capture it. So the island of central Sichuan became a place where the two sides fought to death.
In August 1561, the shangshanhuihu sent 13000 troops to the area of Zhongdao in xinnongchuan. He left five thousand people near the temple as guards, and eight thousand others marched to his wife and daughter's mountain to camp. From the wife and daughter mountain (today's Changye Song Dynasty), you can overlook Haijin city controlled by Xinxuan. Around this time, Takeda Xinxuan also led 20000 troops from the ancient mansion (Jiafu) to Haijin city. Xin Xuan, who has always been cautious in fighting, divides the 20000 troops into two parts. Eight thousand people are in front of him. Another 12000 are hiding behind his wife and daughter's mountain. He is going to attack shanhuihu at dawn on September 10. However, shangshanhuihu seems to have seen through Xinxuan's strategy, sneaking down the mountain on the 9th night and ambushing in Central Sichuan island. On the morning of the 10th, dense fog, when Xinxuan led 8000 people to set up an attack in bafanyuan, they were suddenly attacked by Shangshan Huihu. In the thick fog, the two armies are facing each other. The horse neighs and shouts, and the flesh and blood are flying. The Takeda army held up the blue cloth flag and wrote in gold characters: "as fast as the wind, as slow as the forest, as aggressive as the fire, as motionless as the mountain.". The Shangshan army raised a white silk flag and wrote the word "Pi". Takeda's eight array, Shangshan's wheel array. At the beginning, Xin Xuan was injured in two places, and his younger brother Xin fan died in the war, which seemed to be in a disadvantageous position. At the critical moment, 12000 Xinxuan troops hiding behind their wives and daughters arrived in time, reversing the war situation. Shangshanhuihu did not dare to love the war. After withdrawing to Vietnam, thousands of people died on both sides in the battle. Xinxuan in Takeda controls the Xinnong area in the north.
After the fierce battle in Central Sichuan Island, Xinxuan sent troops to Guandong to pacify the west of Shangye (now qunma county). Then the spearhead is pointed at JUNHE River controlled by the current Sichuan family. Before these actions, in order to deal with the shangshanhuihu and relieve his worries, Takeda Xinxuan once formed a tripartite alliance with the present CHUANSHI and Beitiao families. However, in 1560, after the defeat of the present CHUANSHI to Zhitian Xinchang of Weizhang, Wutian Xinxuan wanted to seize the JUNHE of the present CHUANSHI. Before attacking JUNHE, Xinxuan first allied with Zhitian Xinchang and Dechuan Jiakang of Sanhe (now love Zhixian). He also made peace with his old enemy, Shangshan Huihu, so as to ease the situation of being attacked from the inside and the back, and launched an attack on the current Chuan family. In terms of diplomacy, the present Sichuan family, trapped in isolation, was unable to resist the attack of Takeda Xinxuan and had to flee to xiaotianyuan to join the Beitiao family.
At the time of Takeda Xinxuan's capture of JUNHE River and the enterprise's going up to Kyoto in the west, Weizhang's Zhitian Xinchang force developed rapidly and successively controlled the free commercial cities. Because of its ability to make fireguns, its strength has greatly increased, and it has the potential to unify the world. Thus, Hiroshi ODA, who was once an ally, became the No. 1 enemy of Takeda Xinxuan with the same ambition. With frequent diplomatic activities, Xinxuan Wutian formed an alliance with the Beitiao family, chaocang family of yueqian (now Fukui county), the shallow of Jinjiang (now Zihe county) and some large temples, forming a circle of encirclement for Xinchang. Later, in October 1572, 20000 soldiers headed for Yuanjiang's three original platforms and arrived at the destination on December 22. At this time, Zhitian Xinchang and the ten thousand allied forces of Tokugawa Jiakang came to snipe, and a famous tripartite battle broke out. The Allied forces of Zhitian and Dechuan were defeated by the elite cavalry of Takeda. In spite of the fact that Tokugawa's family is healthy, Takeda Xinshe forces Zhitian Xinchang's base at the end of Zhang. At this time, the army of shoai and chaocang also attacked commander ODA. At this critical moment, Takeda Xinxuan suddenly suffered from serious illness and had to withdraw his troops. On April 12, 1573, on the way back to Jiafei, he died in xinnongju farm at the age of 53. Before he died, he called his parents and son shenglai to him and said, "shenglai, listen carefully. Even if I am dead, don't stop sending troops to the West. When I die, I will fight to capture Kyoto. My wish is to let the flag of Takeda fly in Kyoto. "
Takeda Xinxuan is an outstanding tactician. "Wind, forest, fire and mountain" in his