秦二世胡亥继位真相:秦始皇接班人怎么是胡亥?-看世界

秦二世胡亥继位真相:秦始皇接班人怎么是胡亥?

  不久前,一枚胡亥“奉诏登基”的秦简资料公布,文中强调了胡亥继位的合法性,还表明他也稍有改革以惠及民众的意思。这让不少人疑惑,胡亥究竟是个怎样的人?

  ,即(前230年-前207年),嬴姓,名胡亥,在位时间前210年―前207年,也称二世。是第十八子,公子的弟弟,从中车府令学习狱法。秦始皇出游南方病死沙丘宫平台,秘不发丧,在赵高与的帮助下,杀死兄弟姐妹二十余人,并逼死扶苏而当上的二世皇帝。秦二世即位后,赵高掌实权,实行残暴的统治,终于激起了、起义,六国旧贵族复国运动。公元前207年胡亥被赵高的心腹阎乐逼迫自杀于望夷宫,卒年24岁。

, i.e. (230-207 BC), Ying surname, Hu Hai, 210-207 BC, also known as II. It's the eighteenth son, the younger brother of the childe, who studies prison law from the order of Zhongche mansion. The first emperor of Qin traveled to the platform of the dead sand dune palace in the south, secretly without mourning. With the help of Zhao Gaohe, he killed more than 20 brothers and sisters, and forced the second emperor, who became the emperor of Fu Su. After Qin II ascended the throne, Zhao Gao took power and carried out brutal rule, which finally aroused the uprising and the restoration movement of the old nobles of the six countries. In 207 BC, Hu Hai was forced to commit suicide in Wangyi Palace by Yan Le, Zhao Gao's confidant. He died at the age of 24.

  不久前,一枚胡亥“奉诏登基”的秦简资料公布,文中强调了胡亥继位的合法性,还表明他也稍有改革以惠及民众的意思。这让不少人疑惑,胡亥究竟是个怎样的人?

Not long ago, a piece of Qin slips about Hu Hai's "imperial edict to ascend the throne" was published, which emphasized the legitimacy of Hu Hai's succession, and also showed that he had a little meaning of reform to benefit the people. This makes many people wonder, what kind of person is Hu Hai?

  秦二世胡亥是中国历史上臭名昭著的短命君王。相传他为登基残杀手足,篡改诏书,当上皇帝后也很快就葬送了秦的一统江山。不久前,一枚胡亥“奉诏登基”的秦简资料公布,文中强调了胡亥继位的合法性,还表明他也稍有改革以惠及民众的意思。

Hu Hai, the second Qin Dynasty, is a notorious short-lived king in Chinese history. It's said that he killed his hands and feet to ascend the throne and tampered with the imperial edict. When he became the emperor, he soon buried the whole country of Qin. Not long ago, a piece of Qin slips about Hu Hai's "imperial edict to ascend the throne" was published, which emphasized the legitimacy of Hu Hai's succession, and also showed that he had a little meaning of reform to benefit the people.

  胡亥究竟是个怎样的人?

What kind of person was Hu Hai?

  据史籍记载,胡亥小时候就不怎么样。有一回秦始皇置酒宴招待群臣,其他儿子吃完就出去了,胡亥最调皮,看到大臣们把所穿的木屐都放在了门外,就跑过去作践一番,哪双好就毁哪双,大臣无不叹息。

According to historical records, Hu Hai was not so good as a child. Once the first emperor of Qin set up a banquet to entertain the ministers. The other sons went out after eating. Hu Hai was the most naughty. When he saw that the ministers had put all their clogs outside the door, he ran to practice them. The ministers all sighed.

  公元前211年,出现了火星偏离轨道的现象,这被古人认为是不祥之兆,代表皇帝要驾崩了。有一天,天上掉下来一块陨石,就有人在石头上刻了“死而地分”几个字。秦始皇派人去那个地方挨家挨户审问,看到底是谁刻的,可是没人承认。一怒之下,他把在大石旁居住的人都杀了。杀完后秦始皇心里还是惴惴不安,于是决定巡游天下。

In 211 BC, Mars deviated from its orbit, which was regarded as an ominous omen by the ancients, representing the death of the emperor. One day, a meteorite fell from the sky, and someone carved the words "die and divide the earth" on the stone. Qin Shihuang sent people to that place to interrogate door-to-door to see who carved it, but no one admitted it. In a rage, he killed all the people who lived by the big stone. After the killing, Qin Shihuang was still nervous, so he decided to travel around the world.

  胡亥听说父亲要巡游,也嚷嚷着要去。始皇有20多个儿子,唯独带上了胡亥。这是因为胡亥非常崇拜父亲,凡是始皇说的,他都照着去做。始皇处理国家大事本来就烦,再加上长子扶苏等人总说他这不好那不好,的他在胡亥的崇拜中找到了成就感。于是他自然而然地喜欢胡亥甚于其他诸子。

Hu Hai heard that his father was going on a tour, but he also shouted to go. The first emperor had more than 20 sons, only Hu Hai. This is because Hu Hai adored his father very much. He did what the first emperor said. The first emperor was always bothered to deal with state affairs. In addition, his eldest son, Fu Su and others always said that he was not good or bad. He found a sense of achievement in the worship of Hu Hai. So he naturally liked huhai more than other people.

  就是在这次巡游中,始皇病重而亡。仓促中胡亥登基。

It was during this tour that the first emperor died of a serious illness. In a hurry, Hu Hai ascended the throne.

  话说始皇去世前,就有人给他上了一个“录图书”,上书5个大字“亡秦者胡也!”始皇以为是北方的胡人,派大将率兵30万北击匈奴,但是他万万没想到,此“胡”非彼“胡”。

Before the death of the first emperor, someone gave him a "record book" with five big words: "Hu ye, who died in the Qin Dynasty!" the first emperor thought he was a Hu from the north, and sent 300000 soldiers to attack the Huns, but he never thought that this "Hu" was not "Hu".

  胡亥是怎么亡国的呢?

How did Hu Hai die?

  他当上皇帝后,对老师赵高言听计从。赵高先让胡亥杀了其他皇子和不听话的大臣。然后忽悠胡亥说你才20岁,还年轻,如果在朝堂上与群臣议决大事的话,会让大家看到你的幼稚。于是胡亥就长居深宫之内,只与赵高议决天下大事。到后来,赵高权势堪比皇帝,“”的典故就充分说明了这点。

When he became emperor, he listened to his teacher Zhao Gaoyan. Zhao Gao let Hu Hai kill other princes and disobedient ministers. Then huhai said that you are only 20 years old, and you are still young. If you discuss important matters with the officials in the court, you will show your childishness. Therefore, Hu Hai lived in the deep palace for a long time, and only discussed with Zhao Gao about the world affairs. Later, Zhao Gao was as powerful as the emperor, which was fully illustrated by the allusion of the.

  其实,胡亥很想把始皇未竟的事业做好,可在这一堆事业中,他却选择了继续建造。几个老臣——右丞相冯去疾、左丞相李斯、将军冯劫进谏说,现如今天下大乱,还是暂停阿房宫的修建吧。胡亥却说,先皇兼并天下,以建造威武庄严的宫殿来显示功绩,你们不但不为我分忧,剿灭盗贼,还跑来说要禁止修建阿房宫,你们凭什么身居高位?把三人治罪,冯去疾、冯劫不能受辱自杀了,李斯遭受了刑罚。

In fact, Hu Hai wanted to do a good job in the unfinished business of the first emperor, but in this business, he chose to continue to build. Several senior officials, right Prime Minister FENG Quji, left Prime Minister Li Si and general Feng Jie, advised that the construction of Afang Palace should be suspended now because of the great chaos in the world. However, Hu Hai said that the first emperor annexed the world to build a powerful and solemn palace to show his achievements. You not only didn't share your worries for me and exterminate the thieves, but also ran to forbid the construction of a Fang palace. Why do you live in a high position? Punish the three people. Feng Quji and Feng Jie can't be humiliated and commit suicide. Li Si has been punished.

  之后的形势可想而知,胡亥众叛亲离,起义军步步紧逼。赵高怕胡亥归罪于他,决定先下手为强。他谎称宫中有盗贼,派女婿阎乐率兵进宫追捕。等到接近胡亥住的地方,就对着胡亥的帷帐猛射。胡亥很生气,命侍卫反击,可左右之人早已乱了阵脚,作了,只有一个宦官没走。胡亥埋怨他:“这些事你怎么不早告诉我啊?”宦官一肚子苦水:“我就是因为不说话,才活到现在,要是早告诉你,还能活到现在?”

After the situation can be imagined, Hu Hai rebellion, the insurgents step by step. Zhao Gao was afraid that Hu Hai should be blamed on him, so he decided to start first. He lied that there were thieves in the palace and sent Yan Le, his son-in-law, to lead the soldiers into the palace to pursue them. When you get close to the place where Hu Hai lives, you shoot at the curtain of Hu Hai. Hu Hai was very angry, and ordered the guards to fight back. However, the people around him had already made a mess. Only one eunuch didn't leave. Hu Hai complained to him, "why didn't you tell me these things earlier?" the eunuch was full of bitterness: "I live to the present because I don't speak. If I had told you earlier, I would still live to the present?"

  阎乐杀进来后,指着胡亥数落他:“你诛杀无辜,肆意妄为,大家都起来反抗你,你说怎么办吧?”这时胡亥对赵高还抱有幻想,就问:“我可以见丞相吗?”“不行!”“那我可以到一个郡当个王吗?”“不行!”“要不我就当个万户侯吧?”阎乐严词拒绝。“那,要不我就和妻子儿女去做普通百姓吧。”阎乐说:“别做美梦了你,告诉你吧,我是奉丞相之命,为天下人来诛杀你的!”胡亥咬咬牙、跺跺脚,含泪自尽,结束了自己年仅23岁的生命。

After Yan Le killed him, he pointed to Hu Hai and scolded him: "you kill the innocent and act recklessly. Everyone revolted against you. What can you do?" Hu Hai was still dreaming about Zhao Gao. He asked, "can I see the prime minister?" "no!" "can I be a king in a county?" "no!" "or can I be a marquis?" Yan Le refused. "Then, or I will be a common people with my wife and children." Yan Yue said, "don't have a dream. Tell you what, I am the prime minister's order to kill you for all the people in the world!" Hu Hai bit his teeth, stamped his feet, and killed himself with tears, ending his 23-year-old life.

  胡亥或许不是,而是真讨始皇喜欢;他或许也还有点抱负,只是受了赵高等人的蛊惑。当然,即便有新公布的这枚秦简来提供佐证,我们也只能“或许”地说。至于真相,早就埋藏在历史中了。

Hu Hai may not be, but he is really liked by the first emperor; he may also have some ambitions, but he was bewitched by Zhao Gao and others. Of course, even if the newly released Qin Jian provides evidence, we can only say "maybe". As for the truth, it has long been buried in history.

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