Introduction: Prostitutes' lives in ancient times were not all miserable. Some prostitutes' lives were more like today's female stars. The social life of literati and refined scholars needed to be praised, and the famous prostitutes needed the support of literati and refined scholars. The two sides have achieved a symbiotic relationship in biology and created a win-win brothel market for each other. Lin Yutang, a literary master, once said, "prostitutes make many Chinese taste romantic love. And the Chinese wife makes her husband enjoy this kind of love which is close to real life after entering the WTO. " That is to say, prostitutes play an important role in promoting Chinese literature.
确实，古代妓女尤其是名妓对于中国文学的推进作用无可置疑。翻开尘封的历史，恐怕不风流的古代寥寥无几。妓女对于 心灵的宽慰自然是 们才思涌泉的好引子，更为直接的，以妓入文，吟咏风月，故事成了重要的创作题材。南齐，的、、，宋代的，明清之际的、、顾眉，近代的、等都属于这一类喜爱结交名流的风尘女子。她们沦落风尘，完全违背的古训，本应受到封建礼教的绝对排斥，可是，众多有不凡见识的文人墨客却对她们表示出极大的宽容。
Indeed, there is no doubt that the ancient prostitutes, especially the famous prostitutes, played an important role in promoting Chinese literature. I'm afraid there are few ancient writers who are not fashionable when we open up the dusty history. The comfort of prostitutes for writers' souls is naturally a good introduction to writers' thoughts. More directly, the stories of prostitutes have become an important creative theme. In the Southern Qi Dynasty,, Song Dynasty, Ming and Qing Dynasties,, Gu Mei, modern,, and so on all belong to this kind of women who like to make friends with celebrities. They fell into the dust and completely violated the ancient precept, which should have been absolutely rejected by the feudal ethics. However, many literati with extraordinary knowledge showed great tolerance to them.
Taking Xue Tao of Tang Dynasty as an example, most of the poems she left behind were given to those who knew each other. Among them, the most prominent figures were Wei Gao, Gao Chongwen, Wu Yuanheng, Li Deyu,,, Xiao Zhen, etc. Yuan Zhen and other famous poets have poems for her. This kind of singing and harmony undoubtedly improved Xue Tao's social status. More than a thousand years later, Xue Tao's poems are still handed down 90, and Li Ye's 14, which is not easy. Moreover, their poems are all included in the whole Tang poetry.
However, can literary talent surpass the moral standards set by men? What's the secret? It turns out that under the moral standards set by men and the whole society, the elegant women have adapted to their needs, that is, to seek the stimulation of the opposite sex and express their depression, to study poetry, to show their elegant demeanor, to show their style and improve their reputation, in a sense It's a symbol of identity to be able to be with the elegant women. Like Xue Tao, she is intelligent and well-trained. She is the ideal sitting guest and prison order for scholars to get together. When they show up, the men's interest comes up. According to the records of Tang Yulin, Xue Tao was present at a meeting of officials in Western Shu. He ordered to bring the contents of birds, fish, birds and animals to the meeting. One of the assassins said "Yutao Tang". In fact, "there are" non fish ". They said it wrong, but they couldn't help laughing. When it was Xue Tao's turn, she said" Zuo Shi ". They said that there were no fish and birds in her words, so she should be punished for the wine, but she laughed and explained:" there were small fish and bones in the word "Heng" There's no fish in Shi's "youyutaotang". It made everyone laugh, and the assassin realized it. Xue Tao's witty and witty response made all the seats bright and interesting. Of course, the scholar officials would invite them to have a feast.
Yuan Zhen, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, said in a letter to Xue Tao, "words steal parrot tongue skillfully, and the article gets Phoenix hair. One after another, all the Ci writers stopped writing, and all the princes wanted to dream of knives. " The reason why Xue Tao wrote so many complimentary poems is here. In the age of "accompanying the king like accompanying the tiger", the status of officials was unstable, and prostitutes were even more miserable when they were old and aged. There was something in common between the two. Bai Juyi, who was demoted to Jiangzhou, saw the prostitute of Chang'an who was "the eldest married as a merchant's wife". He felt pity for each other and wrote a famous poem "why do we know each other when we meet each other in the world?".
Just because of these reasons, if a woman wants to stand in society, she must abide by this rule and try to get the recognition of scholars. Because scholars can not only praise them, but also belittle them. It is said that Cui ya, who is famous for writing chivalrous poems in Tang Dynasty, wrote poems about prostitutes everywhere. His disdain can make this whorehouse or the door like a market, or the door can be sparrow. He wrote poems to mock Li duanduanduanduan. Li was so worried that he asked him to be pitiful. He wrote another good poem. He agreed, and the rich went to Li's house.
The social life of literati and refined scholars needs the support of literati and refined scholars. The two sides have achieved a symbiotic relationship in biology and created a win-win brothel market for each other. Moreover, in ancient times, there was an unwritten habit of finding a "founder" or sage for their own business. For example, the teacher regarded Confucius as the originator. The carpenter thought Luban was the originator. In the music circle, Li guinian was regarded as the "music saint" and Lu Yu as the "tea saint" for tea lovers. Prostitutes are no exception. In order to show the rationality and legality of this profession, they also found their own "prostitutes saint".
Who can be this important task? That is, the famous literati and politicians in the spring and Autumn period. In the notes of Yuewei thatched cottage in the Qing Dynasty, it is said that "prostitutes worship Guanzhong, with 300 women." As for the matter of "three hundred female Lu", the policy of the Warring States period and the policy of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty says, "seven cities in the palace, seven hundred female Lu, are not Chinese." In the book of wuzazu written by Xie Zhaozhe of the Ming Dynasty, it is said that "the rule of Qi is seven hundred women, who want to help the military by collecting funds from the night alliance." Guan Zhong was the first prostitute to set up prostitutes in public and on a large scale, so he was regarded as the ancestor and God by prostitutes of later generations.
In addition to Guan Zhong, the ancient prostitutes also worshipped the white eyebrow God. Shen Defu, a man of Ming Dynasty, said in Wanli wild collection that the white eyebrow God has a long beard and a great appearance. He rides a horse with a knife, which is similar to Guan Gong, but his eyebrows are white and his eyes are red. The people in the capital swear at each other, referring to the people who call them "those with white eyebrows and naked eyes". They will hate each other greatly, and their indecency can be seen. Xu Ke's "Qingba banknotes" said that he was also called the demon God: "the prostitute family magic, in the north, the prostitute family, will provide the white eyebrow God, also known as the demon God, praying day and night." For thousands of years, prostitutes have been very respectful to the white eyebrow God. "When they first recommended sleeping with others, they would worship the God together with AI Zhen, and then make love. Both the north and the south are the same.".
In ancient China, there was a limited sexual freedom for men. Its limited conditions are: as long as it does not destroy the sexual relationship between marriage and family, it is allowed; if it is possible to destroy the sexual relationship between marriage and family, it must be severely condemned and prohibited. That is to say, a man with considerable property and social status can have a maid when he has a concubine in addition to his wife at home. He can have sex only with his concubine, or with his maid. But outside the family, he can't commit adultery with any woman, and can't have any "lover" or "third party" in the current sense. This is because if the woman is married, it will destroy the marriage of other men; even if the woman is not married, her loss of virginity will destroy her future marriage, or make it impossible for another man to find a wife. This is the embodiment of the connotation of "social equity" in the aspect of sexual relations in ancient Chinese Confucianism.
There are so-called policies on the one hand and Countermeasures on the other. If there are limits, there must be concessions and other tolerance. That is to allow the existence of prostitutes and men to have limited access to prostitutes. This is because the social status of prostitutes is often non free or semi free. It is impossible to marry a man with certain property and status. At best, they are only "redeemed" by a man and become his concubine. Although this often makes this man disgraceful or disgraceful, it does not violate the social system. Strange is a little strange, but after all, it doesn't hurt. It doesn't hurt other men. Of course, the society won't interfere greatly. It's just a joke. For low-class men, it's no big deal to marry a prostitute, as long as the prostitute can abide by the womanhood after marriage.
In this way, the rank of prostitutes is actually the same as that of men in the society: poor men can only go to the whorehouse in the fireworks lane to find those miserable and rotten prostitutes; well-off men can go to some prestigious brothels to find those prostitutes who are similar to small families and jasper; and decent men, that is, those literati and elegant people, go to those young people who have a good reputation Lou, look for those high-level prostitutes who are good at poetry, song and Fu. It is the combination of literati and elegant scholars with high-ranking prostitutes that makes the brothel culture spread for thousands of years, until now.
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