This "Miss Dong" is not that "Miss Dong".
Her name is Dong Zhujun, and her life is full of legend.
She was the wife of Xia, the deputy governor of Sichuan Province at the beginning of her life. She was also the first generation of female entrepreneurs in China and the founder of the famous Jinjiang Hotel in Shanghai.
From 1919 to 1929, Dong Zhujun lived in Jiangjun street and Dongsheng Street of Shaocheng, Chengdu for ten years.
Leave the brothel
Married to the deputy governor of Sichuan Province
Dong Zhujun was born in 1900 in Shanghai. When she was 13 years old, she was pawned by her father to be a "little gentleman" in the brothel because of her poor family. She was born beautiful, beautiful and pure, and soon became a little famous. In 1914, Dong Zhujun was unwilling to live such a life and wanted to escape. Soon she got to know the revolutionaries in summer, when she often came here to sit and listen to Dong Zhujun. More contact, mutual feelings.
At this time, the wife of the arranged marriage died due to lung disease. Xia proposed to help Dong Zhujun go back to a new life. Dong Zhujun was very happy. She proposed three conditions for Xia, who was already the deputy governor of Sichuan Province: 1. Not to be a concubine; 2. After marriage, she was sent to Japan for school; 3. In the future, she will come back from Japan to study and organize a good family. You are in charge of the country I'll be your internal help. Summer all agreed.
Under the arrangement of summer, Dong Zhujun left the brothel. She married Xia at the age of 15. A few days after marriage, Dong Zhujun went to Japan with her husband. In Japan, Dong Zhujun began to study Japanese. A year later, the eldest daughter, Guo Qiong, was born. At that time, Dong Zhujun was busy with affairs and couldn't take care of his family. Dong Zhujun had to study and take care of his children. He was very busy and green. When the child was 3 years old, he took his wife and daughter back to his hometown in Hejiang, Sichuan Province with the need of the current situation in summer. His hometown is a feudal family, with many old manners and complex people. He dislikes this new woman who stays abroad. Dong Zhujun is very depressed and depressed in his hometown.
Live in Shaocheng
The couple are very relaxed.
In 1919, Dong Zhujun finally got rid of the complicated family. She went to Chengdu with her summer residence. In Chengdu, they first rented a small single courtyard in Jiangjun Street (also known as Maomao lane at that time), and then felt that the houses in Jiangjun street were relatively narrow, so they invested 10000 yuan (currency at that time), bought a large courtyard in Dongsheng Street from a rich gentry, and planted vegetables, pigs and horses in the courtyard of Jiangjun street.
Dongsheng Street courtyard house, covering an area of about 3 mu, with more than 20 houses of different sizes, is a four in courtyard. At that time, there were few families in the general street, and Cuibai walked in the street,. Living in such an environment, Dong Zhujun often takes a walk in these two streets, feeling very happy.
Dong Zhujun likes French women's bright and unrestrained. She heard that there was a French monastery in Ping'an bridge, Chengdu. She went to contact with the French nuns in the monastery and asked them to teach her French. Nuns like this smart Chinese woman very much. Every time Dong Zhujun goes to study, she teaches earnestly and patiently.
Dong Zhujun's family (in 1919, in the garden of Dongsheng Street, Chengdu)
At this time of summer, because of the unstable situation, he went out of politics. Every day, he planted flowers and bamboos at home, raised birds and horses. Dong Zhujun comes back from studying French in French monastery every day. Sometimes he reviews his lessons in the yard. Sometimes he helps his husband cut branches and leaves and repair flowers and plants. After two years of leisurely life, Dong Zhujun was pregnant when he was going to study in France. After having a child, I couldn't get away from it for a while, so I had to give up my wish to study in France. At the time of summer, I rented a house in baojiaxiang and founded Jinjiang public school. I am busy with my own affairs every day.
Soon, Jinjiang public school was closed, and the family's income was reduced for a while. In 1922, the courtyard of Dongsheng Street was sold to the subordinates for 28000 yuan. Their family moved back to the rebuilt general street. In order to sell the house, we bought and built more than 100 shops in Zitong bridge and Xinhua street for rent.
In order to renovate the residence of Jiangjun street, both Dong Zhujun and Xia Zhishi personally asked about it, designed it according to their own wishes and repeatedly revised it. Every tile, house, flower and tree in the courtyard devoted her efforts.
Dong Zhujun is very satisfied with the house after it is built and moved here. In Jiangjun Street apartment, Dong Zhujun gave birth to his daughter Guozhang and son Daming.
Saved by the governor's mother
When he gave birth to his daughter Guozhang, there was a thrilling story. In the early summer of 1922, Dong Zhujun was suddenly bedridden and failed to get effective after several months of treatment with Chinese and Western medicine. The whole family was worried, and their relatives and friends thought it was a case of phthisis, and their lives were in danger. The matter was known by the mother of Yin Changheng, the governor of Chengdu. Yin's mother knew a little about medical skills, so she took a sedan chair to visit Dong Zhujun. One pulse of Yin's mother said, "what is the dry hemophthisis? It's pregnant. Because of the second child (Guoxiu and Guoying) in succession, coupled with the domestic chores, it's a blood deficit and the fetus can't grow normally. As long as you take the birth control drugs, increase nutrition and recuperate blood, you can have a baby.". According to the old man's instructions, Dong Zhujun took the medicine for more than two months. As expected, he was pregnant and gave birth to his daughter Guozhang.
There is also a story about the birth of Daming. On the fifth day of the first lunar month in 1926, Dong Zhujun's birthday was celebrated by his relatives and friends. After the banquet, the guests continued to play cards. Dong Zhujun was in labor and could not play with the guests, but he could not spoil the guests' interest. So he quietly took a sedan chair to the hospital run by the British people in the Four Saints' Shrine and lived in it. In the morning of the next day, Dong Zhujun was absent from my family. I was so worried. In summer, I sent someone to look for him everywhere. Fortunately, Mei Xiang found Dong Zhujun in the Four Saints' Temple hospital, and one of them was relieved. One morning, his son Daming was born. Dong Zhujun had four daughters before he had a son. The whole family loved him very much and was very happy. In summer, "Daming" is named according to the ranking and "monk" is the milk name, which means to wish the children no disaster.
Establishing famous enterprises in Shanghai
Dong Zhujun is a very ambitious person. She often goes to a new bookstore in ancestral hall street to order new books and newspapers and receive new ideas and education. She wants to set up a women's hosiery factory, recruit women workers and help women go to society. So she planned and carried out the demolition of all the stables and pigsty in the backyard, built several workshops in the yard, bought several hosiery machines, and set up the "Fuxiang women's hosiery factory". The gate of the factory is located in Dongsheng Street. All the women who lived nearby signed up, and they were very popular.
The women's stockings factory was the first in Chengdu. At that time, all the guests of Dong Zhujun's family praised that: in front of your house is the sound of reading, and behind your house is the sound of weaving machines. It's a great family.
In 1926, Dong Zhujun set up "Flying Eagle rickshaw company" in Guihua lane, across the street. He received his parents' help from Shanghai.
Dong Zhujun's parents get up early and go to bed late every day. Dong Zhujun also gets up at dawn every day to come to the company, puts the bench at the door, stands on the bench and speaks loudly to the rickshaw puller, teaches them how to pay attention not to catch cold after sweating, avoids illness, treats customers politely and warmly, and keeps the body clean
Dong Zhujun, chairman of Shanghai Jinjiang Hotel, reappointed as member of the seventh CPPCC National Committee after the founding of the people's Republic of China
At that time, Dong Zhujun learned some foreign experience in the management of the company. The car rental of the company was low. The company paid for the repair cost of the car and the uniform cost of the coachman. The company also paid for the medical expenses of the coachman when he got sick or injured. Sometimes, the coachman could not pay the taxi fee, but could be exempted or paid in installments. Therefore, the coachman is willing to pull the "Flying Eagle" car, and the company's business is very prosperous.
However, in the spring of 1929, the situation in Sichuan was in chaos. Various armies recruited troops, expanded their forces, and set up mints, resulting in devaluation of the currency, depression of all industries, and panic. Dong Zhujun made up his mind to close the two companies and factories.
Soon after, because her husband was in Shanghai at the time of summer, Dong Zhujun thought about the education of her children, and her parents also wanted to go back to Shanghai. She said goodbye to Chengdu, the general street and Dongsheng Street where she lived for ten years, and returned to Shanghai with her parents and children.
Since then, in Shanghai, Dong Zhujun started from scratch, raised money, set up factories and restaurants, and finally became China's first generation of female entrepreneurs in Shanghai beach and the founder of Shanghai Jinjiang hotel.
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