Introduction: Although he had the status of "uncle of the two dynasties" and had been a treasurer for a long time, until the 1930s, there was still a little attention paid to the private property of Song Ziwen. After the mid-1930s, people's interest in it seemed to burst out overnight, all kinds of legends related to their wealth.
In the autumn of 1933, Song Ziwen resigned as the Minister of finance, the president of the central bank, the president of the Executive Yuan and other important positions of the government because of serious differences on military expenditure. Political frustration, on the contrary, stimulated Song Ziwen's interest in business. He first planned to establish China Construction Bank Corporation, and then served as the chairman of the board of directors after the reorganization of Bank of China in 1935. So far, with the three major tools under his control, namely, the Economic Commission, China Construction Bank Corporation and Bank of China, Song Dynasty continuously carried out the infiltration, control and merger of national industry, commerce and finance, and at an amazing speed, created a bureaucratic buying group and trust kingdom with family as the core, which also laid the foundation for song's rapid prosperity.
But Song Ziwen's background as a leader of the British and American school caused him hostility from Japan and the pro Japanese school at home. Therefore, under the counterattack of Japan and Wang puppet school, Song Ziwen's wealth and his crazy behavior of collecting money are exposed constantly. For example, in 1939, in a secret investigation report on the deposits of senior officials of the Kuomintang government by Japanese secret agents, Song Ziwen alone was revealed to have more than 50 million yuan of property in foreign banks in Shanghai. During the war, Japan accused Song Ziwen of saving $70 million at Chase National Bank and Citibank in New York. At the same time, the news that Song Ziwen was "the richest man in the world" spread widely.
"Four families" account for 20 billion dollars?
The most well-known disclosure of his powerful capital is Chen Boda's book "four big families in China" in 1946, which said: "the four big families are either" official "or" business "type property monopolized in finance, commerce, industry, real estate, as well as their deposits and industries in foreign countries. According to the rough statistics, they should be at least about two million dollars."
If so, the private property of any one of the four families can be ranked among the richest in the world. But what's the truth? According to historical data, at that time, the three largest national monopoly capital groups in China - "four banks and two bureaus" (central bank, Bank of China, bank of communications, Agricultural Bank of China, China Trust Bureau and postal savings and Remittance Bureau), resource committee and Zhongzhong The total assets of China Textile Construction Corporation are only 6297.2 billion French dollars, which is less than 10 billion US dollars at the exchange rate of 1947. If we add up all the property under the jurisdiction of the national government at that time, it will not exceed 20 billion US dollars.
It can be seen that the property of the "four families" mentioned above does not refer to the private property of Chiang Kai Shek, Song Ziwen, Chen Lifu and Chen Guofu, but generally refers to the property of "state monopoly capital" under the rule of the Kuomintang and its government.
"Down song" trend
By the late period of the Kuomintang government, the national economy had reached the point of collapse. Inflation, soaring prices, the fiscal deficit was shocking, and industry and commerce were shut down. Song Ziwen's series of measures not only failed to save the crisis, but also made the situation worse. Song Ziwen, as the head of the Executive Yuan and in charge of the economy in an all-round way, became the culprit of all this. At the same time, the collapse of the economy, together with military failure, bureaucratic corruption, and the collapse of the political power, all these feelings of anger seem to point to Song Ziwen.
Taking the brothers of the four families as an example, Chen brothers have been spying on the power of Finance and finance for a long time, but Song Ziwen's embrace of the power of Finance and finance has left them untouched. The failure of Song Ziwen's financial management provides them with an opportunity to defeat Song Ziwen. Chen brothers used the public opinion in their hands to constantly attack the powerful forces of the Song Dynasty, and articles about "shelling Song Ziwen" appeared in succession.
As for the extent to which Song Ziwen's property was spread among the public opinions at that time, the following materials are enough. According to records, a fierce critic of the government at that time said: "China cannot have a bright future without getting rid of the Song family. Because they have more than a billion dollars in their personal accounts in banks around London and Amsterdam. " In May 1949, when the Kuomintang and the Communist Party were fighting fiercely, 49 legislators jointly proposed a temporary emergency motion, asking Song Ziwen, Kong Xiangxi and Zhang Jia to "borrow" 1 billion US dollars to enrich the military expenditure of the national army. The idea was adopted by all the members present.
Facing this situation, Song Ziwen chose to leave. On May 16, 1949, Song Ziwen and his wife left Hong Kong for Paris. "That kind of suggestion is enough to show the brains of those people," he said in a speech to reporters before leaving. "As far as I know, the total amount of foreign exchange assets of the Chinese government and private individuals in the United States is no more than 500 million US dollars. They want Yu and Kong and Zhang to donate 1 billion US dollars together. Isn't it just catching the wind and catching the shadows?"
The FBI investigates the property of the song and Kong families
In June 1949, after Song Ziwen went to the United States, he still made great efforts to fight for American aid for the Kuomintang. He has repeatedly asked for senior officials of the United States to provide further US $200 million in aid to the Kuomintang regime. However, it eventually became.
In the opinion of American public opinion, this is not only attributed to the corruption and incompetence of the Kuomintang bureaucracy, but also to the malpractice of Song Ziwen to some extent. "Taiwan's Chiang Kai Shek government, rather than asking for help from the U.S. Congress, might as well use the assets of private savings in the United States," the Washington star evening news wrote in an article. President Jiang's urgent need for financial stability, economic construction and other funds totaled about 300 million US dollars, which could be borrowed by Kong Xiangxi and Song Ziwen's private owners, and he did not need to ask us taxpayers any more. Because according to the accurate and reliable statistics of the United States, Kong and song had as much as $500 million in bank deposits in the United States and borrowed $300 million from the middle to Chiang Kai Shek, which would never make them really "poor."
In response, Kong Xiangxi said angrily: I lost more wealth in mainland China than now! And willing to accept the investigation of the U.S. government. Therefore, in the early 1950s, the Federal Bureau of investigation (FBI) was ordered to conduct a secret investigation of song and Kong's property, but somehow, for decades, the U.S. government kept the results of the investigation secret.
In April 1971, Song Ziwen, 77, went to San Francisco to see his old friends. At the dinner party, he was in a happy mood and had an appetite. Unfortunately, he died suddenly because of a small piece of food stuck in his windpipe. Soon, the news reached New York, where song lived for 20 years. Tax officials of the New York state government immediately began to investigate song's economic situation. However, the fact was disappointing. In the New York heritage court's execution of Song Ziwen's heritage division, we saw the results of that investigation: Song Ziwen's non fixed property was only more than $1 million, plus the property that appreciated greatly in 20 years, which was also $7.8 million (i.e., the total value of the property was $10485729.47). This kind of property is not worth mentioning in the wealthy New York.
The result, of course, is unbelievable to US tax officials. The report that Song Zi's literary family had only "one million dollars" was spread immediately.
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