Guide: since the past dynasties, eunuchs have been good at power, causing disasters to the country and the people, but the most serious ones are to be counted. In fact, from the very beginning of the Ming Dynasty, it was known that eunuch's authority was the source of the government's failure to repair. Therefore, it was only for eunuchs to carry tea and urine for themselves, or complete files. "In ancient times, this generation's governance was limited to the number of things such as wine acyl and obedience." Zhu Yuanzhang, like Superman, took charge of other affairs in person and kept the eunuchs away.
Therefore, in the period of Zhu Yuanzhang, there was no chance to play with any power except the opportunity to carry urine and send tea. Even if there was, no one dared to play. The "eunuch rules" formulated by Zhu Yuanzhang were not amusing, "the internal ministers should not interfere in political affairs, and the forerunner should be cut off!" the violator was a dead end.
The eunuchs who have been lowered to the rank of civil and military officials, who are not allowed to serve as foreign ministers, keep in mind the "eunuch rules" such as no official documents and private books, no "extensive words and government" in and out of the palace, etc., and never forget to pay attention to Zhu Yuanzhang's iron signboard on the palace gate, which indicates that he is not allowed to do politics. Even the book is not dare to read, because the Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang did not let it.
Since ancient times, there has been a saying that "a woman without talent is a virtue". Is it true that Zhu Yuanzhang was sent out and thought that "the more you read, the more reactionary you will be"? Most of the people who have been in politics are highly intelligent. Zhu Yuanzhang cannot help but guard against it. Therefore, he took some young children who had not been enlightened or thatched to be eunuchs, so that they could not have any foundation, and thoroughly strangled some possible reactionary signs in the bud.
Later, forced by the eunuch to manage the books and records, the illiterate could not take over the reality of this life. Zhu Yuanzhang loosened this policy and allowed eunuchs to read, but politics could not be said.
Zhu Yuanzhang's management of eunuchs was generally recognized as severe. However, "a wise man with a thousand worries will have a loss". The purpose of Zhu Yuanzhang's death is that all his efforts have been destroyed in the hands of his descendants. Later, eunuchs not only became a special force under the wing of imperial power, but also far beyond the palace gate, infiltrating into every corner of the Ming Dynasty. The number of eunuchs also broke the records of all dynasties, as many as tens of thousands. "The misfortune of dying officials, which had never been found in the Han, Tang and Song Dynasties, was not clear as fierce." The eunuchs of Ming Dynasty not only won the top of the history of eunuch administration, but also created a peak era of eunuch disaster.
从永乐朝始，宦官的天空就变了颜色，宦官遮天的手就越来越大。渐渐受到重用的宦官们，翻身了的宦官们，终于有机会玩一把权力了。你老子朱元璋先前不是不让宦官读书嘛，现在我有权了，我偏读，我还请建专门的 请专门的老师来教我。永乐皇帝时为太监们请的还是临时性质的教师，到宣德年间时，太监读书成了一种“制度安排”，有专门的 ，名为内书堂，并且专门配备翰林院的官员来担任教师，待遇可不是一般的高。
From the beginning of Yongle Dynasty, the sky of eunuch changed color, and eunuch's hand to cover the sky became bigger and bigger. The eunuchs who are gradually put into use, the eunuchs who have turned over, finally have a chance to play with power. Your Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang didn't allow eunuchs to read before. Now I have the right. I prefer to read. I also invite special schools and special teachers to teach me. During the reign of Emperor Yongle, the eunuchs were invited temporary teachers. During the reign of Xuande, the eunuchs' study became a kind of "institutional arrangement". There was a special school called neishutang, which was specially equipped with officials from the Imperial Academy to serve as teachers. The salary was not generally high.
Is it true that the more you read, the more reactionary you are? Eunuchs who are able to read, the more reactionary they are. They were eunuchs who came out of the inner library. They took power in the name of Zhengyan. In the seventh year of Zhengtong, they openly destroyed Zhu Yuanzhang's iron card of forbidding eunuchs to do politics. He "guides the emperor to use the heavy code to resist, prevents the minister to deceive" (the Ming Dynasty history · eunuch Biography). Later, the emperor's "right to sign" was also taken over. The power of signature is in hand. What else can't be? Eunuch lies not only on the side of the power couch at night, but on the power couch.
Then, when the eunuch came, his ability to play with power seemed to be stronger, and he was granted the imperial title. Wei Zhongxian used "factory Wei" to kill people to create false and unjust cases, which finally made mingxizong Dynasty the most unjust Dynasty in Chinese history.
But Wei Zhongxian didn't read a lot of books. It seems that the more he read, the more reactionary he became. In this way, in fact, not reading a lot of books or not reading can cause waves. So, what is the reason why the eunuch of Ming Dynasty rose in waves? Mr. Liu Chenglong wrote: "the eunuch is so reactionary. Is it because they read a lot? I'm afraid that's not the case. The real reason is that the emperor authorized them a lot. Zhu Yuanzhang only gave them tea and urine, but most of them were filing cases, so there were not many reactionaries. Later, he criticized Zhu's" cultural governance power "and the" martial arts power "of the West factory ’The "fiscal power" of tax collection and rent collection, the "organizational power" of promotion and demotion, and the "return of all powers to eunuchs" will naturally become more reactionary. You see, it's also called the more books you read, the more reactionary you are? No, the more power you are, the more reactionary you are! "So right is the most reactionary.
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