, Yuan long, one of the power phase of the Northern Song Dynasty, calligrapher. Xinghua Xianyou (now Fengting Town, Xianyou County, Putian City, Fujian Province) is the first person in the three years of Xining. First, he was a local official, and then he was a middle school secretary. He changed the Longtu pavilion to wait for the system and knew Kaifeng mansion. In the first year of Chongning (1102), he was the right pusher and the servant of the door (the right minister), and then the official went to the grand master. Cai Jing served as Prime Minister for four times, a total of 17 years. Cai Jingxing: the battle of Hua Shi Gang; he changed the salt method and tea method to make ten big coins. At the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, Chen Dong, a student from Taiyuan, wrote that Cai Jing was "the first of the six thieves". After assuming the throne, Cai Jing was demoted to Lingnan and died in Tanzhou (now Changsha, Hunan Province) on the way. There is a biography in volume 101 of Dongdu brief and volume 472 of song history.
Cai Jing's evaluation has always been mixed. In the history of Song Dynasty, Cai Jing was included in the biography of treacherous officials, which was greatly denounced. But many people have written for him. After Caijing's death, his disciple, LV Chuan, Bian Jianqian, buried him. He wrote a epitaph for Caijing, saying, "at the end of Tianbao, Yao and Song Dynasty, what's the crime?" he believed that the invasion of Jin soldiers could not be entirely attributed to Caijing. Ye Shi, a man, said, "the income of the Song Dynasty's finance and tax increased by times compared with that of the Tang Dynasty, and it increased by several times after Xifeng," and when Caijing changed the method of money, it will be twice as much as Xining. " In the early years of the dynasty, salt law was set up, which "set up bureaus and officials to make merchants sell goods". They are all extensions of Cai Jing's salt law. Wang Fuzhi also said: "Fang La's rebellion, the beating of Zhu Huashi disturbance, is not forced by the new law."
Cai Jing is famous for his blasphemy. Cai Jing served as Prime Minister four times, for 17 years. During his term of office, he set up the office of serving the emperor and the office of making works, which greatly promoted the battle of huashigang; built Yanfu palace and Genyue, which cost a lot of money; set up the west city to enclose the land, and plundered the people's land; in order to make up for the financial deficit, he changed the salt method and the tea method to make ten big coins, which led to the confusion of the currency system and the people's resentment, which was called "six thieves". Finally, "huangen haodang" distributed it to Lingnan Shaoguan. Half the way, he died.
After Cai Jing came into power, he began to form a party for personal gain, steal power and frame loyalty. In particular, the so-called "Yuanyou party people" were denounced, that is to say, Sima Guang, who once used him for a long time, had no soft touch. He set up a stone tablet in front of the gate of rites at the end of Wende hall, and engraved the name of 120 people headed by Sima Guang, which was called "party people's Tablet" or "traitor's Tablet". No posterity can be hired. For a time, Cai Jing was "Weifu in hand, and no one at home or abroad could dare to argue."
But on the other hand, he is a very talented person.
Cai Jing has a very high artistic talent, known as a talent, and has brilliant performance in calligraphy, painting, poetry, prose and other art fields. His calligraphy, among the four great masters of the Northern Song Dynasty: Su, Huang, MI and CAI. Cai Jing's calligraphy is quite wonderful. He is a man of his own. Its calligraphy is beautiful, vigorous, cheerful and calm, with unique style, which is advocated by the sea. When people at that time talked about Cai Jing's calligraphy, they often used the words "" and "no one is out of the right", etc., so that even the arrogant Mi Fu once said that his calligraphy was not as good as Cai Jing's. It is said that Cai Jing once talked with Mi Fu. Cai Jing asked Mi Fu, "who is the best calligrapher today?" Mi Fu replied, "after Liu Gongquan in the late period, you and your brother Cai Bian will be counted." Cai Jing asked, "what's next?" Mi Fu said, "of course I am."
Cai Jing is also a strong supporter and capable general of reform.
Wang Anshi's reform led to an increase in government revenue; agricultural production was promoted, and more than 10000 water conservancy projects were built across the country. At that time, however, there were many opponents of the reform. Wang Anshi regarded the new law as a great beast and was said to be. After his death, Zizhe Zongli, Gao linchao, and Sima Guang, the prime minister, tried to restore the old laws and eliminate the new ones. Caijing, the powerful general of Wang Anshi's reform, became the main target of the attack.
Cai Jing's Calligraphy
Until the eighth year of Yuanyou's reign (1093), when zhe Zong was in charge of the government and re used the reformers, Cai Jing returned to the capital and became the Minister of the Ministry of the household. He continued to publicize and introduce Wang Anshi's new law, so that Wang Anshi's legacy could be inherited. As a result, Cai Jing and the conservative "tongtianchen" are in a hot situation.
In a word, the evaluation of Cai Jing should be more objective, not just by novelists.
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