战国四大名将简介:战国时期实战的最高水准-看世界

战国四大名将简介:战国时期实战的最高水准

  白起,战国时秦国郿人。善用兵,事,秦昭王十三年(前294年),白起任左庶长,领兵攻打韩的新城(在今河南伊川县西)。次年,由左庶长迁左更,出兵攻韩、魏,用避实击虚,各个击破的战法全歼韩魏联军于伊阙(今河南洛阳龙门),斩获首级二十四万,俘大将公孙喜、攻陷五座城池(参见伊阙之战)。因功晋升为国尉。又渡黄河攻取韩安邑以东到乾河的土地。

  战国四大简介:南朝时期,员外散骑侍郎周兴嗣奉皇命编撰《千字文》。其中以“起翦颇牧,用军最精”来形容战国时期这四位战功赫赫的名将。他们都是从军中最基层的军官做起,凭借自己的努力一步一步成长为秦、赵两国最为倚重的大将。代表了战国时期实战的最高水准。他们分别是:、、、。

Brief introduction to the four Warring States periods: in the Southern Dynasty, Zhou Xingsi, a minister on horseback, was ordered by the emperor to compile the thousand character essay. The four famous generals in the Warring States period were described as "the most excellent in army and the best in animal husbandry". They all started from the most grass-roots officers in the army. With their own efforts, they gradually grew into the most important generals of Qin and Zhao. It represents the highest level of actual combat in the Warring States period. They are:,,,, respectively.

  白起,战国时秦国郿人。善用兵,事,秦昭王十三年(前294年),白起任左庶长,领兵攻打韩的新城(在今河南伊川县西)。次年,由左庶长迁左更,出兵攻韩、魏,用避实击虚,各个击破的战法全歼韩魏联军于伊阙(今河南洛阳龙门),斩获首级二十四万,俘大将公孙喜、攻陷五座城池(参见)。因功晋升为国尉。又渡黄河攻取韩安邑以东到乾河的土地。

Baiqi was born in the Qin state during the Warring States period. In the 13th year of emperor Zhaowang of Qin Dynasty (294 BC), he was appointed as the commander of zuozhu and led the attack on the new town of Han (in the west of Yichuan County, Henan Province). In the following year, he moved from zuozhuchang to zuogen, sent troops to attack the Han and Wei dynasties, wiped out the Allied forces of the Han and Wei dynasties in yique (now Longmen, Luoyang, Henan Province) with various methods, captured the first 240000 troops, captured the general gongsunxi and captured five cities (see). He was promoted to captain of the state for his merit. He crossed the Yellow River to capture the land from the east of han'anyi to the Qianhe river.

  十六年,白起与客卿司马靳(次孙)联合攻下垣城。二十一年,白起攻赵,占取郭狼城。二十八年,攻楚,拔鄢、邓等五座城池。

In the 16th year, Baiqi and simajin (second grandson), Keqing, jointly conquered Yuancheng. In twenty-one years, Baiqi attacked Zhao and occupied Guo Langcheng. Twenty eight years, attack Chu, Bayan, Deng and other five cities.

  次年攻陷楚国的都城郢(今湖北江陵西北),焚毁夷陵(今湖北宜昌),向东进兵至竟陵,楚王逃离都城,避难于陈(参见鄢郢之战)。秦国以郢都为南郡。白起受封为武安君(言能抚养军士,战必克,得百集,故号武安)。又攻取楚国,平定巫、黔中(今四川、贵州地区)二郡(参见黔中之战)(附注:二十七年,大将司马错发兵攻取黔中等地,但三十年白起攻楚,复取巫、黔中,初置黔中郡。期间黔中等地可能为楚国夺回,故而史籍中出现司马错和白起两次攻取黔中的记载。)

In the following year, he captured the capital of Chu (now northwest of Jiangling in Hubei), burned Yiling (now Yichang in Hubei), and marched eastward to jingling. The king of Chu fled the capital and took refuge in Chen (see the battle of Yan Ying). The capital of Qin is the South County. Baiqi was granted the title of King Wu'an. In the 27th year, Sima cuofa, the general, attacked the middle of Guizhou Province, but in the thirtieth year, he attacked Chu in vain, took the middle of Guizhou again, and set up the middle of Guizhou. During this period, the middle area of Guizhou may have been recaptured by the state of Chu. Therefore, there are two records in the historical records of Sima CuO and Baiqi who took the middle area of Guizhou. )

  三十四年,白起率军攻赵魏联军以救韩,大破联军于华阳(今河南新郑北),魏将芒卯败逃,掳获韩赵魏(韩赵魏又称三晋)大将,斩首十三万(参见华阳之战)。又与赵将贾偃交战,溺毙赵卒二万人。四十三年,白起攻韩之陉城,攻陷五城,斩首五万(参见陉城之战)。

In thirty-four years, Bai Qi led his army to attack the Zhao Wei allied army to save Han and break the allied army in Huayang (now the south of the river is Xinzheng North). Wei defeated mangmao and captured Han Zhaowei (also known as the three Jin Dynasty) and beheaded 130000 generals (see the war of Huayang). He fought Jiayan, the general of Zhao, and drowned 20000 Zhao soldiers. In forty-three years, Baiqi attacked Xingcheng, captured five cities and beheaded fifty thousand people (see the battle of Xingcheng).

  王翦,战国时期秦国名将,关中频阳东乡(今陕西富平东北)人,秦代杰出的军事家,主要战绩有破赵国都城邯郸,消灭燕、赵;以秦国绝大部分兵力消灭楚国。与其子王贲一并成为兼灭六国的最大功臣。杰出的军事指挥才能使其与白起、李牧、廉颇并列为。王翦是琅琊和太原王氏的始祖。

Wang Jian, a famous general of the Qin State in the Warring States period, was born in the east of Guanzhong and Pingyang (now in the northeast of Fuping, Shaanxi), an outstanding strategist in the Qin Dynasty. His main achievements include destroying Handan, the capital of Zhao state, destroying Yan and Zhao, and destroying Chu state with most of the forces of Qin state. Together with his son, Wang Ben, he became the most meritorious official in destroying the six kingdoms. The outstanding military command can make it parallel with Baiqi, Li Mu and Lianpo. Wang Jian is the ancestor of Langya and Taiyuan Wang.

  西汉认为王翦作为秦国将领,平定六国,功绩卓著,秦始皇尊其为师,可是他不能辅佐秦始皇建立德政,以巩固国家根基,和白起比较可谓是“尺有所短,寸有所长”。

In the Western Han Dynasty, Wang Jian was regarded as the general of Qin state. He pacified six states with outstanding achievements. Qin Shihuang respected him as his teacher. However, he could not help Qin Shihuang to establish a moral government to consolidate the foundation of the state. Compared with Baiqi, Wang Jian was "short in every inch and strong in every inch".

  廉颇,生卒年不详,嬴姓,,名颇,山西太原(一说山西运城,山东德州)人。战国末期赵国的名将,与白起、王翦、李牧并称“战国四大名将”。曾率兵讨伐齐国,取得大胜,夺取了晋阳,赵王封他为上卿。廉颇因为勇猛果敢而闻名于诸侯各国。前期,他以固守的方式成功抵御了秦国军队。长平之战后,又击退了燕国的入侵,斩杀燕国的栗腹,并令对方割五城求和。公元前251年,他战胜燕军,任以为相国,封为。至赵悼襄王时,由于不得志,他先后投奔魏国大梁和楚国,奔魏居大梁,后老死于楚,葬于寿春。

Lianpo is from Taiyuan, Shanxi Province (i.e. Yuncheng, Shanxi Province, Dezhou, Shandong Province), with a surname of,, whose birth and death years are unknown. At the end of the Warring States period, Zhao's famous generals, together with Baiqi, Wang Jian and Li Mu, were called "four famous generals of the Warring States period". He led his troops to fight against the state of Qi and won a great victory. After seizing Jinyang, the king of Zhao named him Shangqing. Lianpo is famous for his bravery and determination. In the early stage, he successfully resisted the Qin army in the way of defending. After the war of Changping, it defeated the invasion of Yan state, killed the chestnut belly of Yan state, and made the other side cut five cities for peace. In 251 B.C., he defeated Yan army and was granted the title of prime minister. When Zhao mourned Xiangwang, because he was not successful, he successively went to the state of Wei and Chu to live in the state of Wei. Later, he died in Chu and was buried in Shouchun.

  时将廉颇等历史上六十四位武功卓著的名将,供奉于武成王庙内,被称为武成王庙六十四将。时追尊廉颇为临城伯,位列宋武庙七十二将之一。

At that time, 64 famous generals with outstanding martial arts, such as Lianpo, were consecrated in the temple of wuchengwang, which was called the 64 generals of wuchengwang temple. He was one of the seventy-two generals in the Song Dynasty.

  李牧(?-前229年),嬴姓,,名牧,柏仁人(今邢台隆尧),战国时期的赵国军事家,与白起、王翦、廉颇并称“战国四大名将”。

Li Mu (? - 229 BC), Ying surname,, mu, Bo Ren Ren Ren (now Longyao in Xingtai), a military strategist of Zhao state in the Warring States period, and Baiqi, Wang Jian and Lianpo were called "four great generals of the Warring States period".

  李牧生平事迹大致可划分为两个阶段,先是在赵国北部边境,抗击匈奴;后以抵御秦国为主,因在宜安之战重创秦军,得到武安君的封号。公元前229年,赵王迁中了秦国的离间计,听信谗言夺取了李牧的兵权,不久后将李牧杀害。

Li Mu's life and deeds can be roughly divided into two stages: first, he fought against the Huns at the northern border of Zhao state, and then he mainly resisted the Qin state. Because of the heavy damage to the Qin army in the war of Yi'an, he was granted the title of King Wu'an. In 229 B.C., King Zhao moved to Qin's seclusion plan. He was believed to have captured Li Mu's military power and killed him shortly afterwards.

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