What happened to the resignation of the Russian government? Why did the Russian government resign? On January 15 local time, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev announced the resignation of the Russian government. Later, Russian President Vladimir Putin accepted the resignation, but asked Medvedev and the caretaker government to continue to perform their duties until the formation of a new government.


Putin and Medvedev / Russian President website


Later in the day, Putin proposed Mikhail mishuskin, director of the Russian Federation's tax bureau, as the new Prime Minister of the government, who had agreed to take over. Sergei nevilov, deputy speaker of Russia's State Duma, said that on the 16th local time, the parliament will discuss the appointment of mishuskin.


Who is Putin's new prime minister?


Mishuskin was born in Moscow in March 1966. He is 53 years old. He graduated from Stankin University of technology in Moscow with a bachelor's degree in systems engineering, and then went on to further study for a doctorate in economics.


Screenshot of misuskin / Russian satellite network report


In the 1990s, mishuskin led the International Computer Club (ICC), a non-profit organization that aims to promote international cooperation in computers. In August 1998, he joined the state tax authority as an assistant in charge of the accounting information system and was appointed deputy director of the Russian Federation tax administration, in charge of Taxation and taxation. After about five years as deputy director, he has successively served as the head of the Russian Federation real estate Cadastral Administration and the federal administration of special economic zones. Until 2008, Mr. mishuskin became president of UFG.


In April 2010, he was appointed head of the tax service of the Russian Federation. When Mr mishuskin was head of the tax bureau, the Financial Times said, he created a "future of tax administration" in Russia by introducing a real-time digital system, which could expose mistakes and fraud, while also significantly increasing national revenue. Russia's rossiya-24 said mishuskin "created the best tax system in the world".


According to Russian business daily Vedomosti, mishuskin wants to simplify the public service process of tax authorities while fighting corruption. He intends to open as many electronic services as possible in the federal tax office.


Last year, Mr. mishuskin told businesspeople that Russia needs to adapt to the era of digital technology and artificial intelligence, or it will fall behind. He stressed that "we are entering the fourth industrial revolution, which is already a digital world." This coincides with Putin's statement that "the high-tech sector will determine the future of Russia and the global economy".


In November 2019, Putin held talks with misuskin. /Russian President's website


According to the Russian news agency, mishuskin and Putin have a common hobby - playing ice hockey. He is a member of the supervision committee of the ice hockey club of the central army of Moscow, together with Igor Sechin, President of Rosneft, and other tycoons. Misuskin also often plays ice hockey with senior officials of the Russian federal security service and maintains good relations with law enforcement agencies.


Yekaterina Shulman, a Russian political analyst, told AFP that mishuskin was a "neutral person" whose nomination had nothing to do with any "ideological platform". On twitter, the head of the Carnegie Moscow Center, traning, said mishuskin, who was elected prime minister, would form a "stronger leadership.".


What new post will Medvedev take?


Medvedev said Friday that Putin's state of the Union address on the same day proposed a series of "fundamental changes" to Russia's constitution. "Once these changes are adopted, they are likely to be implemented. As Putin said, this will not only make significant changes to some provisions of the constitution, but also have a significant impact on the balance of power and the administrative, legislative and judicial fields. "In this case, we as Russia


The federal government of Ross, obviously, should give the president the opportunity to make all the necessary decisions. According to Article 117 of the constitution, I think the Russian government should resign. "


According to Tass news agency, Putin thanked Medvedev's government for its work at the cabinet meeting, "I am satisfied with the results achieved at present.". Putin announced in his state of the Union address the new post of vice chairman of the National Security Council of the Russian Federation, and will propose Medvedev to take up the post, according to Tass news agency.


Medvedev and Putin attended the meeting together. /Russian President's website


Medvedev is 54 years old. In 1990, he started his career in politics as an adviser to former mayor of St. Petersburg, Sobchak, and then became associated with Putin. In 1999, Putin was appointed Prime Minister of Russia, and Medvedev served as deputy director of the general office of the Russian government, then rose to deputy director of the general office of the president.

在普京担任总统期间,梅德韦杰夫先后出任总统办公厅第一副主任、总统办公厅主任、俄罗斯联邦第一副总理。2008年至2012年,梅德韦杰夫接任普京,成为俄罗斯第3 任总统。2012年5月,重新成为俄罗斯联邦总统的普京提名梅德韦杰夫担任俄罗斯总理。6年后,普京再次提名梅德韦杰夫为俄罗斯总理。

During Putin's presidency, Medvedev successively served as the first deputy director of the general office of the president, the director of the general office of the president and the first deputy prime minister of the Russian Federation. From 2008 to 2012, Medvedev took over as Putin and became the third president of Russia. In May 2012, Putin, who became president of the Russian Federation again, nominated Medvedev as Russian Prime Minister. Six years later, Putin nominated Medvedev as Prime Minister of Russia.


What is the important message of Putin's state of the Union address?


Putin delivered a state of the Union address at Moscow's Manish central exhibition hall at noon on January 15, local time, according to Russia's Tass news agency. This is the 16th state of the Union address since he took office.


Putin delivered a state of the Union address on the 15th. /Russian President's website


In his state of the Union address, Putin proposed many necessary changes to the Russian constitution, including new restrictions on the power of the president's appointment, and increased the power of the State Duma to appoint cabinet members. Putin also proposed banning senior officials such as parliamentarians, governors and prime ministers from having dual nationality or foreign residence permits. The constitutional amendment also states that in the event of conflict, Russian law has priority over international law.

普京称,“我认为有必要让所有俄罗斯公民对俄联邦宪法拟议修正案进行投票,只有根据投票结果才能做出最终决定”。俄媒“今日俄罗斯”(RT)指出,普京此举是为了更好地限制政府高官的权力,让俄罗斯变得更加法治。《全球事务中的俄罗斯》总编辑费奥多·卢克亚诺夫对RT 称,普京提出的这些改变将让俄罗斯走向“权力多元化”,“这是在尝试将一种高度集中于个人的权力体系转变为一种更平衡、更多元的权力体系”。

"I think it is necessary for all Russian citizens to vote on the proposed amendments to the constitution of the Russian Federation, and only based on the results of the vote can a final decision be made," Putin said. Russian media "Russia today" (RT) pointed out that Putin's move is to better limit the power of senior government officials and make Russia more rule of law. The chief editor of Russia in global affairs, feodo Lukyanov, told RT that these changes proposed by Putin will lead Russia to "power pluralism" and "this is an attempt to transform a highly personal power system into a more balanced and pluralistic power system".

俄罗斯国家杜马副议长彼得·托尔斯泰15 日表示,政府辞职并不会影响普京新提议的落实,“我几乎百分百确信,今天的重要变化不会对提议落实造成影响,因为总统所传达的信息直接对所有权力分支机构提出要求,我们将尽快推动实施。”

Peter Tolstoy, deputy speaker of the Russian State Duma, said Friday that the resignation of the government will not affect the implementation of Putin's new proposal. "I am almost 100% sure that today's important changes will not affect the implementation of the proposal, because the president's message directly requests the ownership branch, and we will promote the implementation as soon as possible."


Wang Xiaowei, an expert on international issues and a researcher at the European research center of China University of political science and law, believes that the resignation of Medvedev's government is mainly a response to Putin's state of the Union address. In fact, the series of reforms put forward by Putin in the state of the Union address is a major reform made by Putin according to the current situation of Russia. The Russian State Duma will have more power, not only to approve the appointment of the prime minister, but also to have a say in the appointment of the Deputy Prime Minister and cabinet ministers. The State Duma is composed of many parties, which will make the Russian new government have More representative.


Wang Xiaowei said that Putin is likely to step down as president of Russia in 2024, so he has set relatively ambitious reform goals, which can pacify the people and build a broader government.


"Three questions" Russian political situation


Why is the collective resignation of the Russian government so sudden?


Wu Enyuan, a researcher at the Russian Institute of Eastern Europe and Central Asia under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that from the statements made by Putin and Medvedev, we can see that they have room for each other and are friendly, which is in line with the normal political process. But more unexpectedly, the Russian government resigned collectively, rather than Medvedev alone.


Wang Xiaowei believes that the sudden resignation of Medvedev is not that Medvedev lost Putin's trust, but that the two reached a new political agreement. Although Medvedev resigned as prime minister, he is about to take up a very important position, namely vice chairman of the National Security Council.


What does the resignation of the government mean to the Russian political situation?


Dmitry badowski, of the Moscow Institute of social economy and politics, told RT today that the resignation of the government was in fact tied to the constitutional amendment. The resignation of the government symbolizes the "restart" of the existing political system before the 2021 parliamentary election and the 2024 presidential election.


Wu Enyuan believes that the impact of the resignation of the government will not be too great, and will not affect Putin's position and the stability of the Russian political situation.


What challenges will Putin face?


Wang Xiaowei said that Putin's achievements in diplomacy and military in recent years are very obvious. Russia's influence in the Middle East and Africa has been enhanced in diplomacy, and the international environment facing Russia has also been improved. In military, Russia's weapons research and development has made new progress, and the new hypersonic weapons are the world's leading. But at home, Mr Putin faces some pressure, especially on the socio-economic front. So in his state of the Union address, he mentioned a series of constitutional reform measures to meet the current challenges.


Wu Enyuan said that in the long run, Putin may also be committed to improving Russia US relations. At present, there is no sign of detente in the relations between the two countries, mainly because there are some irreconcilable contradictions, such as the Crimea issue, the reconstruction of the Eurasian Union and the expansion of NATO to the East.


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