刘备的蜀国为什么不叫刘蜀 却要叫做蜀汉呢-看世界

刘备的蜀国为什么不叫刘蜀 却要叫做蜀汉呢

  三国时期,对于先后建立的三个国家,曹魏、蜀汉和孙吴,很多人都已经习惯了这样的叫法,但是也有人发现,曹家的“曹魏”,孙家的“孙吴”,为什么刘备的蜀国不叫做“刘蜀”,却要叫“蜀汉”呢?若论正统,名义上魏国才是正统,毕竟是汉献帝禅让而来,但是他们却没有叫“魏汉”,既然如此,为什么刘备还要讲蜀国称作“蜀汉”呢?

  还不知道:蜀国为什么叫蜀汉的读者,下面小编就为大家带来详细介绍,接着往下看吧~

I still don't know why the kingdom of Shu is called Shuhan. The following editor will give you a detailed introduction. Let's take a look at it~

  时期,对于先后建立的三个国家,曹魏、蜀汉和孙吴,很多人都已经习惯了这样的叫法,但是也有人发现,曹家的“曹魏”,孙家的“孙吴”,为什么的蜀国不叫做“刘蜀”,却要叫“蜀汉”呢?若论正统,名义上才是正统,毕竟是而来,但是他们却没有叫“魏汉”,既然如此,为什么刘备还要讲蜀国称作“蜀汉”呢?

During the period, many people were used to the three countries, namely, Cao Wei, Shu Han and Sun Wu. However, it was also found that Cao Wei and Sun Wu were not called Liu Shu, but Shu Han. In terms of orthodoxy, they were nominally orthodox. After all, they did not call Wei Wei Han ", in that case, why did Liu Bei call Shu state" Shu Han "?

  在中国古代历史上,三国(220年-280年)是上承东汉下启西晋的一段历史时期,分为曹魏、蜀汉、孙吴三个国家。其中,在称呼上,魏国一般称之为“曹魏”,也即在魏国之前加上、的姓氏。对于来说,因为是所建立的,所以被称之为“孙吴”,又因为地理位置上处在东边,所以被称为“东吴”。那么,问题来了,针对刘备建立的蜀汉,却没有被后世史学家称之为“刘蜀”,这是为什么呢?

In the ancient history of China, the Three Kingdoms (220-280 years) is a historical period from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Western Jin Dynasty. Among them, in terms of address, the state of Wei is generally called "Cao Wei", that is, the surname of plus before the state of Wei. For example, because it was established, it is called "Sun Wu" and because it is located in the East, it is also called "east Wu". So, the problem is that the Shu Han established by Liu Bei has not been called "Liu Shu" by later historians. Why?

  首先,魏国是曹丕篡汉自立,因为曹操被封为魏王,所以公元220年,曹丕迫使汉献帝退位后,其建立的国家也被称之为“魏国”,也即国号“魏”。与此相对应的是,对于孙权所建立的吴国,“吴”这个国号和之前该地区存在“吴国”存在密切的关系。早在时期,今江浙一带就存在吴国这一诸侯国。由此,对于孙权建立的国家,也就正好采用了“吴”这一国号。不过,对于刘备建立的国家,其国号是“汉”,而不是“蜀”,这可能是很多人忽略的历史。

First of all, Cao Pi usurped the throne of the Han Dynasty to stand on his own, because Cao Cao was appointed king of the Wei Dynasty, so in 220 A.D., after Cao Pi forced Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty to abdicate, the state he established was also called "Wei state", that is, the state name "Wei". Correspondingly, for the state of Wu established by Sun Quan, "Wu" is closely related to the former state of Wu in the region. As early as in the period, there was the state of Wu in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. As a result, the state established by Sun Quan also adopted the name of Wu. However, for the country established by Liu Bei, its name is "Han", not "Shu", which may be a history ignored by many people.

  进一步来说,对于曹丕所建立的魏国,为了和战国时期的魏国相区别,所以世史家多称“曹魏”。同样的道理,三国时期的吴国为了和春秋战国时期的吴国相区别,所以前者被称为“孙吴”或者“东吴”。至于刘备建立的国家,国号为“汉”,比如刘备就被称之为“汉昭烈帝”。为了和西汉、东汉相区别,所以被称之为“蜀汉”、“季汉”。因为刘备和、都是“”,所以显然不适合用“刘汉”来和东汉、西汉相区别。而且,“蜀”不是刘备建立国家的“国号”,更不适合称之为“刘蜀”了。

Furthermore, in order to distinguish the Wei state established by Cao Pi from that of the Warring States period, the historians of the world call it "Cao Wei". In the same way, in order to distinguish the state of Wu in the Three Kingdoms period from that in the spring and autumn and Warring States period, the former is called "Sun Wu" or "east Wu". As for the country established by Liu Bei, its name is "Han", for example, Liu Bei is called "emperor zhaolie of Han". In order to distinguish it from the Western Han and the Eastern Han, it was called "Shu Han" and "Ji Han". Because Liu Bei and,, are "", it is obviously not suitable to use "Liu Han" to distinguish them from the eastern and Western Han Dynasties. Moreover, "Shu" is not Liu Bei's "national name" for establishing the country, let alone "Liu Shu".

  最后,总的来说,姓氏本来就可以加在国号前面来,比如赵宋、朱明、李唐,这都是我们经常听到的,而刘备建立的可不是蜀,刘备建立的是汉,加上刘备、刘邦、刘秀都是刘姓,所以不适合称之为“刘汉”或者“刘蜀”。那么,问题来了,蜀汉的“蜀”字又从何而来呢?对此,这是因为今四川省一带曾经存在一个的诸侯国。战国时期,蜀国被秦国消灭,不过,蜀地或者巴蜀之地却成为该地区的别称。由此,对于建都成都的“汉”,被习惯称之为“蜀汉”,以此和东汉、西汉相区别。此外,对于曹魏来说,为了表示对刘备建立的“汉”的不认可,往往称其为“蜀”,而不是“汉”。

Finally, in general, surnames could have been added in front of the national name, such as Zhao song, Zhu Ming and Li Tang, which we often hear. Liu Bei did not establish Shu, Liu Bei established Han, and Liu Bei, Liu Bang and Liu Xiu were all surnames of Liu, so they are not suitable to be called "Liu Han" or "Liu Shu". So, the question is, where did the word "Shu" come from? This is because there once was a vassal state in Sichuan Province. During the Warring States period, Shu was eliminated by the state of Qin. However, Shu or Ba Shu became another name for this area. As a result, the Han Dynasty, the capital of Chengdu, is customarily called Shu Han, which is different from the eastern and Western Han Dynasties. In addition, for Cao Wei, in order to express his disapproval of the "Han" established by Liu Bei, he often called it "Shu" rather than "Han".

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