I still don't know why the kingdom of Shu is called Shuhan. The following editor will give you a detailed introduction. Let's take a look at it~
During the period, many people were used to the three countries, namely, Cao Wei, Shu Han and Sun Wu. However, it was also found that Cao Wei and Sun Wu were not called Liu Shu, but Shu Han. In terms of orthodoxy, they were nominally orthodox. After all, they did not call Wei Wei Han ", in that case, why did Liu Bei call Shu state" Shu Han "?
In the ancient history of China, the Three Kingdoms (220-280 years) is a historical period from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Western Jin Dynasty. Among them, in terms of address, the state of Wei is generally called "Cao Wei", that is, the surname of plus before the state of Wei. For example, because it was established, it is called "Sun Wu" and because it is located in the East, it is also called "east Wu". So, the problem is that the Shu Han established by Liu Bei has not been called "Liu Shu" by later historians. Why?
First of all, Cao Pi usurped the throne of the Han Dynasty to stand on his own, because Cao Cao was appointed king of the Wei Dynasty, so in 220 A.D., after Cao Pi forced Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty to abdicate, the state he established was also called "Wei state", that is, the state name "Wei". Correspondingly, for the state of Wu established by Sun Quan, "Wu" is closely related to the former state of Wu in the region. As early as in the period, there was the state of Wu in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. As a result, the state established by Sun Quan also adopted the name of Wu. However, for the country established by Liu Bei, its name is "Han", not "Shu", which may be a history ignored by many people.
Furthermore, in order to distinguish the Wei state established by Cao Pi from that of the Warring States period, the historians of the world call it "Cao Wei". In the same way, in order to distinguish the state of Wu in the Three Kingdoms period from that in the spring and autumn and Warring States period, the former is called "Sun Wu" or "east Wu". As for the country established by Liu Bei, its name is "Han", for example, Liu Bei is called "emperor zhaolie of Han". In order to distinguish it from the Western Han and the Eastern Han, it was called "Shu Han" and "Ji Han". Because Liu Bei and,, are "", it is obviously not suitable to use "Liu Han" to distinguish them from the eastern and Western Han Dynasties. Moreover, "Shu" is not Liu Bei's "national name" for establishing the country, let alone "Liu Shu".
Finally, in general, surnames could have been added in front of the national name, such as Zhao song, Zhu Ming and Li Tang, which we often hear. Liu Bei did not establish Shu, Liu Bei established Han, and Liu Bei, Liu Bang and Liu Xiu were all surnames of Liu, so they are not suitable to be called "Liu Han" or "Liu Shu". So, the question is, where did the word "Shu" come from? This is because there once was a vassal state in Sichuan Province. During the Warring States period, Shu was eliminated by the state of Qin. However, Shu or Ba Shu became another name for this area. As a result, the Han Dynasty, the capital of Chengdu, is customarily called Shu Han, which is different from the eastern and Western Han Dynasties. In addition, for Cao Wei, in order to express his disapproval of the "Han" established by Liu Bei, he often called it "Shu" rather than "Han".
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