清朝灭亡后依旧有太监送入紫禁城 这究竟是怎么回事-看世界

清朝灭亡后依旧有太监送入紫禁城 这究竟是怎么回事

  清朝灭亡后,宫内那么多太监都被送到什么地方去了?相信这是很多人都比较好奇的一个问题。一般来说太监会有三个去处,一是回老家,或者被自己的亲戚收留;二是到各地寺庙出家,因为多数太监也没什么钱,出宫后根本没法养活自己;第三种是那些在宫中地位比较高的太监,出宫后还能靠自己置业,但这毕竟是少数。不过清朝灭亡后,依然还有太监被送入紫禁城,这究竟是怎么回事呢?

  灭亡后的去哪里,这是很多读者都比较关心的问题,接下来就和各位读者一起来了解,给大家一个参考。

Where to go after the demise, this is a problem that many readers are concerned about. Next, we will work with you to understand and give you a reference.

  清朝灭亡后,宫内那么多太监都被送到什么地方去了?相信这是很多人都比较好奇的一个问题。一般来说太监会有三个去处,一是回老家,或者被自己的亲戚收留;二是到各地寺庙出家,因为多数太监也没什么钱,出宫后根本没法养活自己;第三种是那些在宫中地位比较高的太监,出宫后还能靠自己置业,但这毕竟是少数。不过清朝灭亡后,依然还有太监被送入紫禁城,这究竟是怎么回事呢?

After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, where were so many eunuchs sent to? I believe this is a question that many people are curious about. Generally speaking, there are three places for eunuchs to go, one is to go back to their hometown, or to be taken in by their relatives; the other is to go to temples and become a monk, because most eunuchs have little money, so they can't support themselves after leaving the palace; the third is that those eunuchs with higher status in the palace can still buy their own property after leaving the palace, but this is a minority after all. But after the fall of the Qing Dynasty, there are still eunuchs sent to the Forbidden City. What is the matter?

  溥仪的一生可谓是悲惨至极,做了大半生的傀儡,在成为中华人民共和国公民之前几乎没有一天是依照自己的意愿生活。溥仪在世61年,直到1959年12月4日接到毛主席的特赦令被抚顺战犯管理所释放成为全国政协委员以后才开始了自己的真正人生,只是那个时候溥仪已经53岁了。

Pu Yi's life is miserable. He has been a puppet for most of his life. Before he became a citizen of the people's Republic of China, he almost lived according to his own will. Puyi lived for 61 years, but he didn't begin his real life until he was released to the CPPCC National Committee by the Fushun war criminals administration on December 4, 1959, when he was 53 years old.

  溥仪的一生是极其不寻常的一生,他经历了三个朝代的变更,在前两个朝代中他做了三次,其中最短的一次仅仅只有12天。

Puyi's life is a very unusual one. He has gone through three changes in the previous two dynasties, the shortest of which is only 12 days.

  1912年,2月12日,溥仪养母皇后在国民政府的逼迫下以皇身份颁布《》,自此溥仪退位。在《关于大清皇帝辞位之后优待之条件》一项中,明确列出了皇帝退位之后保留的一些权力。其中,有一条明确写明:宫内各执事人员可照常留用,惟不得再招阉人。这实际上已经废除了太监制度。

On February 12, 1912, under the pressure of the national government, Puyi's adoptive mother, the empress, promulgated as the emperor, and since then, Puyi abdicated. In "on the conditions of preferential treatment after the resignation of the emperor of the Qing Dynasty", some powers reserved after the resignation of the emperor are clearly listed. Among them, there is a clear statement: the deacons in the palace can remain as usual, but no more eunuchs can be recruited. This has actually abolished the eunuch system.

  清朝灭亡后,国民政府并没有亏待溥仪,还是让他生活在紫禁城内,并且啥也不用他干,每年还给他400万两白银当做生活费。生活在今天的我们可能对400万两白银的概念比较模糊,当时的1两白银换成人民币是220元,那么总共差不多溥仪的年薪是9亿人民币

After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, the national government did not treat Puyi badly, but let him live in the Forbidden City, and did nothing for him. Every year, it gave him 4 million liang of silver as living expenses. Living today, we may not have a clear idea of 4 million liang of silver. At that time, when 12 liang of silver were converted into 220 yuan, the total annual salary of Puyi was about 900 million yuan.

  但是这么多的钱也架不住紫禁城内人口众多,即使清朝已经覆灭,先不论各宫主子和宫女,光太监就超过1500余人。溥仪为了继续维持高品质生活,便打算变卖家当,在建福宫内收藏着上百万件自夏商以来的许多名人字画、青铜器、金佛、瓷器。消息传出当晚,建福宫内便燃气熊熊烈火,从晚上十点多一直到第二天上午才扑灭。

However, such a large amount of money can't support the large population in the Forbidden City. Even if the Qing Dynasty was destroyed, there were more than 1500 eunuchs in the Forbidden City. In order to maintain a high-quality life, Puyi plans to become a seller. In Jianfu palace, he collects millions of famous calligraphy, paintings, bronzes, Jinfo and porcelain since Xia and Shang Dynasties. The news came out that night, Jianfu palace was ablaze with gas, which was put out from more than 10 p.m. to the next morning.

  这是因为晚清的朝廷不景气,太监宫女都会时不时的盗取宫中用来傍身。当溥仪刚想盘点他的这些家当时,一场大火烧光了里面所有的宝物,丢失的物件也就无从查起了。

This is because the imperial court in the late Qing Dynasty was in recession, and eunuchs and maids would steal the palace from time to time to help themselves. When Puyi just wanted to check his homes, a fire burned all the treasures in them, and there was no way to find the lost items.

  溥仪为了自己的安全,于几日后命令:每位王爷、太妃身边各留20名太监,其余所有太监一律驱逐出宫。这一决策虽然是为了溥仪自己的私利,虽然使成百上千的人失了业,但象征着再也不会有社会底层人物被阉割。

For his own safety, Puyi ordered a few days later that 20 eunuchs should be left beside each Prince and concubine, and all other eunuchs should be expelled from the palace. Although this decision was made for Puyi's own self-interest and made hundreds of people lose their jobs, it symbolized that there would be no castration of the bottom social figures.

  不少小太监被赶出宫后,因没任何生活出路,走出宫门就跳进了筒子河。没有勇气寻短见的太监因无处居住,只得暂住位于正北方中轴线的燕翅楼。一些中层太监平时攒了一些赏钱、工资,再几件宝贝,出宫后总算是不愁吃住。只有少部分高层太监早已在宫外置办好大宅,顾好佣人,回家当起了大爷。

Many eunuchs were driven out of the palace, because there was no way out of life, they left the palace and jumped into the Tongzi river. The eunuch who did not have the courage to find a short sight had no place to live, so he had to temporarily live in Yanchi tower, which is located in the north central axis. Some middle-level eunuchs usually save some money, wages, and a few treasures. After leaving the palace, they are not worried about food and shelter. Only a small number of high-level eunuchs have already set up big houses outside the palace, taken good care of servants, and returned home to become a master.

  冰冻三尺非一日之寒,就在清朝覆灭的当年,仍然有人坚持把自己的儿子女儿卖到紫禁城当太监和宫女。由于中华成立之后明令禁止这种的交易,所以有很大一部分送子当太监的人的路被堵塞了。转眼过了4年,到了1916年。清朝的残余皇室不顾中华民国的反对,竟然私底下仍然在干这种见不到人的勾当,到处招收太监。中国的最后一个太监孙耀廷,就是在1916年被净身送到紫禁城的。

Rome wasn't built in a day. Even when the Qing Dynasty was destroyed, some people still insisted on selling their sons and daughters to the Forbidden City as eunuchs and maids. After the founding of China, this kind of transaction was banned by order, so a large part of the people who sent their children to be eunuchs were blocked. Four years later, in 1916. In spite of the opposition of the Republic of China, the remaining royal families of the Qing Dynasty were still engaging in such invisible activities and recruiting eunuchs everywhere. Eric Yaoting, the last eunuch in China, was sent to the Forbidden City in 1916.

  孙耀庭,中国的最后一个太监,天津市静海县西双塘村人。1916年净身,从紫禁城出来后,曾在摄政王家里继续伺候。一个月后,婉容去找溥仪,他才彻底结束了太监生涯。1996年,孙耀庭在北京的古庙中去世,享年94岁,自此中国流传千年的宦官制度终于彻底地退出了历史舞台。

Eric Yaoting, the last eunuch in China, is from xishuangtang village, Jinghai County, Tianjin. In 1916, after he came out of the Forbidden City, he continued to serve in the Regent's house. A month later, Wanrong went to Puyi, and he ended his eunuch career completely. In 1996, Eric died in an ancient temple in Beijing at the age of 94. Since then, the eunuch system, which has been circulating for thousands of years in China, has completely withdrawn from the historical stage.

  太监虽然没了子孙根,但是封建思想却深深地扎根在他们内心深处。1959年,溥仪出狱。他直接去探望了住在庙里的没有任何收入来源的太监,向他们连连道歉,但太监们仍在叫他“万岁爷”,真是令人感叹不已。

Although eunuchs had no descendants, their feudal thoughts were deeply rooted in their hearts. In 1959, Puyi was released from prison. He went directly to visit the eunuchs who lived in the temple without any source of income and apologized to them. But the eunuchs still called him "long live master", which was amazing.

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