朱元璋杀蓝玉的是因为嚣张跋扈吗 其实这个人的死才是关键-看世界

朱元璋杀蓝玉的是因为嚣张跋扈吗 其实这个人的死才是关键

  洪武二十六年(1393年),明朝爆发了蓝玉案。在这场惊天大案中,不仅大将蓝玉被诛杀,许多功臣名将也被牵连,受此案被株连杀戮者超过1.5万人,整座京城因此血流成河。

  杀你知道吗?不知道没关系,小编告诉你。

Kill you know what? Don't know it doesn't matter, Xiaobian told you.

  洪武二十六年(1393年),爆发了。在这场惊天大案中,不仅大将蓝玉被诛杀,许多功臣也被牵连,受此案被株连杀戮者超过1.5万人,整座京城因此血流成河。

In 1393, Hongwu broke out. In this shocking case, not only general Lanyu was killed, but also many meritorious officials were involved. More than 15000 people were killed in this case, which made the whole capital bloody.

  蓝玉的罪名是谋反,然而这只是莫须有的罪名,要说蓝玉真正犯了什么罪,可能就是四个字:嚣张跋扈。蓝玉跋扈是事实,他居功自傲,目无法纪,不仅纵容家族子弟为害乡里,还因一点小事就炮轰喜峰关。

The accusation of Lanyu is conspiracy, but it's just an unnecessary accusation. To say what crime Lanyu really committed, it may be four words: arrogant and domineering. It is a fact that Lanyu is domineering. He is arrogant and lawless. He not only allows his family's children to harm the countryside, but also bombards Xifeng pass for a small matter.

  可是,朱元璋诛杀蓝玉,真的只是因为他嚣张跋扈吗?应该说,有这层因素,但这绝不是蓝玉案爆发的根本原因。蓝玉嚣张跋扈不假,但当时的武官有几个不跋扈?更何况蓝玉战功彪炳,是守卫明朝边疆的重臣。而且,蓝玉还是朱元璋的,与朱元璋沾亲带故,若是因为他跋扈,朱元璋就将他诛杀,未免太过小题大做。

However, is it really because of his arrogance that Zhu Yuanzhang killed sapphire? It should be said that there are such factors, but this is not the root cause of the sapphire case. It's true that Lanyu was arrogant and domineering, but how many of the military officers at that time were not domineering? What's more, Lanyu was an important official guarding the border areas of the Ming Dynasty. Moreover, Lanyu belongs to Zhu Yuanzhang. He is closely related to Zhu Yuanzhang. If he is domineering, Zhu Yuanzhang will kill him, which is too much fuss.

  朱元璋是无情无义的枭雄不假,但他不是傻子,若是没有更加深层次的原因,朱元璋不会诛杀蓝玉,更不会掀起大案,株连一万多人,连傅友德、冯胜这样的公侯也不放过。那么,到底是什么原因,让朱元璋痛下杀手,不惜让整座京城血流成河,也要诛杀蓝玉呢?

Zhu Yuanzhang is a ruthless hero, but he is not a fool. If there is no deeper reason, Zhu Yuanzhang will not kill sapphire, nor set off a major case. There are more than 10000 people in the company, even such princes as Fu Youde and Feng Sheng. So, what's the reason for Zhu Yuanzhang's killing? He would kill sapphire even if the whole capital was bloody?

  这个问题的答案,恐怕与太子有关,换句话说,正是他的死,才导致朱元璋对蓝玉等人举起屠刀。

The answer to this question, I'm afraid, has something to do with the prince. In other words, it was his death that led Zhu Yuanzhang to raise a butcher's knife against Lanyu and others.

  朱标是朱元璋的嫡长子,也是他最宠爱的儿子。朱标出生时,朱元璋正在率军攻打南京城,他得知朱标出生的消息以后,兴奋不已,跑到一座山上题字:“到此山者,不患无嗣”。(《》)

Zhu Biao is the eldest son of Zhu Yuanzhang and his favorite son. When Zhu Biao was born, Zhu Yuanzhang was leading the army to attack Nanjing city. When he heard the news of Zhu Biao's birth, he was so excited that he ran to a mountain and wrote: "those who come to the mountain will not suffer from no heir.". (())

  能让这位征战沙场多年,性格阴沉内敛的枭雄兴奋到溢于言表,可想而知他对于长子朱标的重视。也正是对嫡长子的重视,让朱标自降生起,就被朱元璋当作继承人培养。朱元璋自立吴王时,就将朱标立为世子,他称帝以后,又立刻将朱标立为太子。而且朱标还请来宋濂等名儒,让他们悉心教导朱标。

It can make the hero, who has been fighting for many years and has a gloomy and introverted personality, excited and overjoyed. It can be imagined that he attaches great importance to his eldest son Zhu Biao. It is the importance attached to the eldest son that Zhu Biao was trained as a successor by Zhu Yuanzhang since he was born. When Zhu Yuanzhang established himself as king of Wu, he made Zhu Biao the prince. After he became emperor, he immediately made Zhu Biao the prince. And Zhu Biao invited Song Lian and other famous Confucians to teach Zhu Biao.

  中国古代的帝王大多忌惮太子权大,按理说朱元璋这样疑心大的人应该更为甚之,但是对于太子朱标,朱元璋却不遗余力的扶持,丝毫不担心他的权力过大。朱标被立为太子以后,朱元璋一股脑的往东宫里塞人,他任命为太子少师,为太子少傅,为太子少保,冯胜为右詹事。可以说,朱元璋几乎将开国功臣都交给了太子,并让他们辅佐太子。

In ancient China, most of the emperors were afraid of the power of the prince. It is reasonable to say that Zhu Yuanzhang is more suspicious. But for Zhu Biao, the prince, Zhu Yuanzhang spared no effort to support him without worrying about his power. After Zhu Biao was made Prince, Zhu Yuanzhang put people in the east palace. He appointed him prince Shaoshi, Prince Shaofu, Prince Shaobao, and Feng Sheng as Youzhan. It can be said that Zhu Yuanzhang almost gave all the founders to the prince and asked them to assist him.

  朱元璋外出征战时,皆以太子朱标监国,一切事务由太子决断。朱元璋回来以后,连朱标批示的奏章都不看,足以可见他对于太子的信任。

When Zhu Yuanzhang went out to fight, he used the crown prince Zhu Biao to supervise the country. All affairs were decided by the crown prince. After Zhu Yuanzhang came back, he didn't even read the memorial of Zhu Biao's instructions, which was enough to show his trust in the prince.

  事实上,太子朱标的确是一位合格的继承人。朱标品性纯良,性格宽仁,《明史》评价他说:“太子为人友爱。秦、周诸王数有过,辄调护之,得返国。有告晋王异谋者,太子为涕泣请,帝乃感悟。帝初抚兄子文正、姊子及等为子,高后视如己出。帝或以事督过之,太子辄告高后为慰解,其仁慈天性然也。”

In fact, Prince Zhu Biao is indeed a qualified successor. Zhu Biao's character is pure and benevolent. "The prince is friendly," said Zhu in the history of the Ming Dynasty. The kings of the Qin and Zhou dynasties, who had been trained and protected frequently, had to return home. The king of Jin was accused of conspiring. The prince cried for tears. The emperor understood. At the beginning of the emperor's reign, Wen Zheng, his elder brother, Wen Zheng, his elder sister, his son and so on were his sons, while Gao Hou regarded them as his own. The Emperor may supervise the affairs, and the crown prince often complains the emperor of his kindness. "

  朱元璋治国严厉,朱标却好以仁政,等到朱元璋百年以后,朱标即位,明朝即可天下安定。这是许多人的共识,包括朱元璋,所以他一直在给朱标留能臣干将,以辅佐他治国。蓝玉就是其中之一,洪武晚年,许多开国功臣皆已身死,蓝玉是武将中的领军人物,而且他还属于极力拥护太子的一派。

Zhu Yuanzhang was strict in governing the country, but Zhu Biao was benevolent in governing the country. After Zhu Yuanzhang's hundred years, Zhu Biao became the throne, and the Ming Dynasty was able to stabilize the world. This is the consensus of many people, including Zhu Yuanzhang, so he has been reserving capable officials and generals for Zhu Biao to assist him in governing the country. Lanyu is one of them. In Hongwu's later years, many of the founders have died. Lanyu is the leader of the general, and he belongs to the group that strongly supports the prince.

  蓝玉是常遇春的妻弟,而常遇春又是太子朱标的岳父,所以按照辈分,蓝玉是太子妃的舅父。朱标在世时,蓝玉就不遗余力地维护太子的储君地位,他看出燕王觊觎皇位,故多次与燕王发生冲突。从这一点来看,蓝玉对太子朱标是的,而对太子忠心,就相当于是对朱元璋忠心。所以,如果朱标没有英年早逝的话,朱元璋大概率是不会杀蓝玉的,毕竟蓝玉本就是太子强大的助力之一,朱元璋提拔他,就是为了留给朱标平定。

Lanyu is changyuchun's wife and brother-in-law, and changyuchun is Zhu Biao's father-in-law. Therefore, according to generations, Lanyu is the uncle of the crown princess. When Zhu Biao was alive, sapphire spared no effort to maintain the prince's status as a prince. He saw that Yan Wang coveted the throne, so he had many conflicts with Yan Wang. From this point of view, sapphire is loyal to Zhu Biao, the prince, and to Zhu Yuanzhang. Therefore, if Zhu Biao didn't die young, Zhu Yuanzhang would probably not kill sapphire. After all, sapphire is one of the powerful supports of the prince. Zhu Yuanzhang promoted him just to leave Zhu Biao to settle.

  可是,天有不测风云,太子朱标视察陕西回来以后,竟抑郁而死。太子朱标的死,对于朱元璋的打击是巨大的,这意味着他数十年的付出,全部付诸东流。而对于蓝玉来说,太子朱标的去世,更是灭顶之灾。

However, there was an unexpected situation. Zhu Biao, the prince, came back from his visit to Shaanxi and died of depression. The death of the crown prince Zhu Biao was a great blow to Zhu Yuanzhang, which meant that his decades of efforts were all in vain. For sapphire, the death of Prince Zhu Biao is a disaster.

  蓝玉、冯胜、傅友德等人是朱元璋留给太子朱标的班底,但不是朝廷的班底,他们可以对能力出众的朱标马首是瞻,但朱元璋难以相信他们可以同样对年幼的皇孙忠心耿耿。

Lanyu, Fengsheng, fuyoude and others are the leaders Zhu Yuanzhang left to his crown prince Zhu Biao, but they are not the leaders of the court. They can look forward to Zhu Biao, who has outstanding ability. But Zhu Yuanzhang can't believe that they can be loyal to the young emperor.

  对于蓝玉来说,自太子朱标死后,他就已经陷于万分凶险的处境。朱元璋是想将皇位传给皇孙朱允炆的,但是朱允炆年幼,在朝中没有威信,即使蓝玉可以口口声声保证对朱允炆忠心,朱元璋也不会放任他这个手握重兵的大将成为威胁。而蓝玉又是朱棣死敌,所以就算朱元璋想将皇位传给朱棣,他蓝玉也难逃一死。

For sapphire, since the death of Prince Zhu Biao, he has been in a very dangerous situation. Zhu Yuanzhang wanted to pass the throne to his grandson Zhu Yunwen, but Zhu Yunwen was young and had no prestige in the court. Even if sapphire could guarantee his loyalty to Zhu Yunwen, Zhu Yuanzhang would not let him be a big general with a big army. And Lanyu is the enemy of Zhu Di, so even if Zhu Yuanzhang wants to pass the throne to Zhu Di, his Lanyu will die.

  朱标一死,这位战功赫赫、手握重兵的蓝玉大将军,对于朱元璋来说,就已经是一枚弃子了。可是这位大将军偏偏还不自知,行事跋扈,口无遮拦。

As soon as Zhu Biao died, the blue jade general, who had made great contributions to the war and had a strong army, was already an abandoned son for Zhu Yuanzhang. However, the general's partiality is still unknown. He is domineering and has no words.

  洪武二十六年,指挥蒋瓛告发蓝玉谋反,不管这件事是真是假,对于朱元璋来说,这都是一次天赐良机。朱元璋不仅借机诛杀了蓝玉,还将傅友德、冯胜等一众功臣全部铲除,以至于“元功宿将,相继尽矣”。所以说,蓝玉的死,是咎由自取,但更是造化弄人。

In the 26th year of Hongwu's reign, he directed Jiang Yu to report Lanyu's rebellion. Whether it was true or not, it was a good chance for Zhu Yuanzhang. Zhu Yuanzhang not only took the opportunity to kill sapphire, but also uprooted Fu Youde, Feng Sheng and many other meritorious officials, so that "the long-time generals of Yuangong, one after another, were exhausted.". Therefore, the death of sapphire is due to its own fault, but it's also due to nature.

  参考资料:

Reference:

  《明史》

History of the Ming Dynasty

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