清朝实行秘密立储之后的遗诏藏在哪里?真的是在“正大光明”牌匾 后面吗?-看世界

清朝实行秘密立储之后的遗诏藏在哪里?真的是在“正大光明”牌匾 后面吗?

  换了又如何,除非是把皇帝贴身保管的那一份也换了,否则换了也没用。当时雍正在创立“秘密立储制度”时就已经想到了藏在“正大光明”匾后面的立储诏书会有可能被偷换,所以自雍正开始,秘密立储诏书一共有两份,一份密封在锦匣内,安放于乾清宫“正大光明”匾后,另一分则由皇帝自己贴身保管。在皇帝驾崩后,由御前大臣将两份遗旨取出,共同拆封,对证无误后即可当众宣布由谁继位。

  今天小编就给大家带来实行之后的遗诏藏在哪里?希望能对大家有所帮助。

Today, Xiaobian will bring you where the imperial edict is hidden after implementation. I hope it can help you.

  换了又如何,除非是把贴身保管的那一份也换了,否则换了也没用。当时在创立“秘密立储制度”时就已经想到了藏在“正大光明”匾后面的立储诏书会有可能被偷换,所以自雍正开始,秘密立储诏书一共有两份,一份密封在锦匣内,安放于乾清宫“正大光明”匾后,另一分则由皇帝自己贴身保管。在皇帝驾崩后,由御前大臣将两份遗旨取出,共同拆封,对证无误后即可当众宣布由谁继位。

How about changing it? Unless you also change the one you keep close to you, it won't work. At that time, when the "secret reserve system" was founded, it was thought that the reserve edict hidden behind the "zhengdaguang" plaque might be stolen. So since Yongzheng, there have been two copies of the secret reserve edict, one sealed in the brocade box, placed behind the "zhengdaguang" plaque of the Qianqing Palace, and the other kept by the Emperor himself. After the emperor's death, the former minister took out the two copies of the edicts and opened them together. After the confirmation is correct, he can publicly announce who will succeed him.

  (“秘密立储制度”是雍正所创立的皇位传位制度,清时乾隆、嘉庆、道光、咸丰等四位皇帝都是靠这种方法得以继承皇位的。现如今我们在看清宫剧的时候,经常能看到这样的一个曾经,那就是在皇帝驾崩后,一位大臣会从“正大光明”匾的后面取出先皇所写的遗旨,然后宣诏:“皇×子著立为皇太子”,就这样一位新的皇帝就诞生了,而这其实就是“秘密立储制度”。

(the "secret reserve system" is the system of throne transmission established by Yongzheng. In the Qing Dynasty, Qianlong, Jiaqing, Daoguang, Xianfeng and other four emperors were able to inherit the throne by this way. Now when we watch the Qing Dynasty palace opera, we often see that after the emperor's death, a minister will take out the imperial edict written by the first emperor from the back of the "zhengdaliangguang" plaque, and then proclaim the edict: "the emperor x son is set up as the crown prince", so a new emperor is born, which is actually the "secret reserve system".

  清时的皇位传位制度与历朝历代都有所不同,它不拘谨于度,如、皆不是嫡长子,因此在康熙时期,为了争夺储君之位,康熙的九位皇子本是兄弟却是如同仇人那般,他们,骨肉相残,如此在雍正时期,雍正为了避免再次出现康熙“九子夺嫡”那般骨肉相残的事情,决意不再立储君,而是采用“秘密立储制度”

In Qing Dynasty, the system of passing on the throne was different from that of previous dynasties. It was not limited to degree. For example, neither of them was the first son of the emperor. Therefore, in order to fight for the throne of the emperor in the Kangxi period, the nine princes of Kangxi were brothers, but they were like enemies. In this case, in the Yong Zheng period, in order to avoid the appearance of the Kangxi "nine sons seizing the emperor", Yong Zheng was physically and physically mutilated Instead of setting up a reserve monarch, we decided to adopt the "secret reserve system"

,即先秘密写好自己属意的想让他继位的皇子姓名,然后分成两份,一份在自己身上,一份藏在“正大光明”匾的后面。在自己死后将这两份同时公之于众,之后这位皇子就能直接继承帝位。

That is to say, first write the name of the prince who wants to succeed him secretly, and then divide it into two parts, one on himself and one hidden behind the board of "Zhengda Guangming". After his death, the two will be made public at the same time, after which the prince can directly inherit the throne.

  当然清朝只有四位皇帝是经过“秘密立储制度”来继承皇位的,自咸丰之后,这项制度就宣告终结,咸丰只有一位儿子,所以不用,而同治、皆无子嗣,更是用不着。)

Of course, there were only four emperors in the Qing Dynasty who inherited the throne through the "secret reserve system". Since Xianfeng, this system has come to an end. Xianfeng had only one son, so it was not necessary to rule together and have no offspring, not to mention. )

  如此,即使是“正大光明”匾后的立储诏书被偷换,只要是皇帝贴身保管的那份不被偷换,就没啥用处,文武百官就不会认可,因此完全没有偷换的可能。

In this way, even if the imperial edict of the reserve at the back of the "zhengdaliangguang" plaque is stolen, as long as the one kept by the emperor is not stolen, it will be of no use, and the civil and military officials will not recognize it, so there is no possibility of stealing.

  再者乾清宫“正大光明”匾离地可是有数十米高,要想偷换这匾后的立储诏书,要吗你得是武林高手,要吗你得拿个梯子,否则你很难换得了。而且别忘记乾清宫在哪里?它可是清朝后宫的第一座宫殿,是内廷正殿。

Moreover, the plaque of "Zhengda Guangming" in the Qianqing palace is tens of meters high from the ground. If you want to steal the imperial edict of reserve, you have to be a Wulin expert. If you want, you have to take a ladder. Otherwise, it's hard for you to change it. And don't forget where is Qianqing palace? It's the first palace in the imperial palace of the Qing Dynasty. It's the main hall of the inner court.

  雍正时,它虽不再是皇帝的居所,但是清朝的皇帝大部分时间都会在这里批阅奏折,同时也有专门的乾清宫侍卫在此守卫者,所以你认为谁能的进去呢?即使能进去,肯定也会被发现,因为要想进去你就必须打倒这些侍卫,而一旦侍卫被打倒,傻知道你想干嘛,那偷换立储诏书还有什么意义呢?

In Yongzheng, although it was no longer the residence of the emperor, most of the time the emperor of the Qing Dynasty would read the memorials here. At the same time, there were special guards of the Qianqing palace. So who do you think can go in? Even if you can go in, you will be found, because if you want to go in, you have to knock down these guards. Once the guards are knocked down, you know what you want, What's the significance of changing the imperial edict of establishing a reserve?

  况且,谁也不知道皇帝想立的谁,谁也不知道皇帝会不会临时更改立储诏书,所以一旦偷换被发现,这可是欺君大罪。而想要偷换立储诏书的,除了当今皇上的儿子,就不会有其他人,那这位妄图想用修改来达到谋夺皇位的皇子,一旦被皇帝发现他更换诏书就必定会受到严惩,结局要吗被圈禁,要吗就废为庶民。所以试问谁敢冒这个险呢?

Moreover, no one knows who the emperor wants to establish or whether the emperor will temporarily change the imperial edict to establish a reserve, so once the change is found, it is a great crime to deceive the emperor. If the emperor wants to change the imperial edict, there will be no one else except the son of the emperor. If the emperor finds out that he wants to change the imperial edict, he will be severely punished. Will it be banned or abolished. So who dares to take the risk?

  因此基于以上几点原因,“正大光明”匾后面的立储诏书无论如何也不会被偷换的,因为很困难,且几乎是不可能实现的事情。

Therefore, based on the above reasons, the imperial edict of reserve at the back of the "zhengdaguang" plaque will not be replaced in any case, because it is very difficult and almost impossible to achieve.

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