A lot of people don't know about the affairs of several product officials, and then enjoy it with Xiaobian.
I'm sure you've heard about the official post of minister of rites. What was the responsibility of the Minister of rites in ancient times? The Minister of rites was first established in Sui and Tang Dynasties, and then continued to. In fact, it can be roughly guessed from the official name that the minister book of rites is mainly responsible for the etiquette of the central court, including sacrifice, foreign affairs and other activities, and its official quality is also very high. Although the nature of the work of the Minister of rites is literary, but the power of speech in the six books is very large. Let's introduce the Minister of rites, and let's have a look at the friends who want to know about him.
The Minister of rites is the minister in charge of rites, sacrifices, banquets, schools, imperial examinations and foreign affairs activities in the imperial court. It is equivalent to the current Minister of propaganda and Minister of foreign affairs, education and culture of the Central Committee. The Minister of rites is the minister in charge of rites, sacrifices, feasts and tributes in the court. According to the book, Zhang Sheng, the Minister of rites at that time, became the Minister of rites for Fu Han in the 15th century of Hongzhi. Zhang Sheng was an official in the Ministry of rites until he came to power. According to tradition, it is impossible for one department to have two ministers at the same time, so Wu Kuan's post of minister of rites is probably that of Nanjing.
以纂修《大明会典》成，敕吏部加总裁官少傅兼太子太傅谨身殿刘健为少师兼华盖殿士，太子少保礼部尚书兼文渊阁 士为户部尚书兼谨身殿 士，太子少保兼东阁大学士为太子太保礼部尚书兼武英殿大学士，副总裁吏部左侍郎兼学士吴宽礼部尚书仍兼学士掌詹事府事， 吏部右侍郎杨守阯为本部左侍郎加俸二级。健等及宽俱上疏辞，不允。
In order to compile the code of the Ming Dynasty, Liu Jian, the chief executive officer of the official department and Shaofu, and the prince's Jinshen hall, was the Shaoshi and the chief scholar of the Huagai hall, Liu Jian, the Minister of the prince's Shaobao ceremony department and the chief scholar of the wenyuange Hall, the Minister of the household department and the chief scholar of the Jinshen hall, the prince's Shaobao and the chief scholar of the East Pavilion, the Minister of the prince's Taibao ceremony department and the chief scholar of the wuyingdian hall, the left servant of the vice president ' Yang Shouzhi, the right servant of Nanjing official department, is the second level of the left servant's salary. I'm not allowed to talk about health and width.
Li Bu of Tang Dynasty: a minister of Li Bu,
Zheng San pin. The waiter is a member of the team. The position of minister and servant, in charge of the etiquette and sacrifice in the world. There are four parts: the first is the ritual department, the second is the ancestral temple department, the third is the catering department, and the fourth is the host and guest. And do it. There are six branches in it,
Try five strategies. This branch is a little precipitous, and Zhenguan has been cut off. The second is the Mingjing, the third is the Mingfa, the fifth is the book and the sixth is the calculation. Etiquette Department: after the reform of Yuanfeng, the etiquette Department has three subordinate departments: ancestral hall department, host guest department and catering department. There is a minister and a waiter respectively, and a doctor and a councillor respectively. At the beginning of Yuanyou, a member of the provincial ancestral temple department, Langguan, served as a host, guest and catering department.
Ministry of rites in Qing Dynasty: Minister of the Ministry of rites, left and right servant, both full and Han. Its affiliation: Hall principal, Qing file room Manchuria two people, Han Ben room Manchuria, Han army each one. Si Wu, a man and a man. There are four in Manchuria, two in Mongolia and four in Han army. Ceremony system, ancestral temple sacrifice, host and guest, refined meal four Qing officials: Langzhong, Manzhou six people,
典制、祠祭，各二人，馀俱一人。 蒙古一人， 主客司置。 汉四人。 司各一人。 员外郎，宗室一人， 主客司置。 满洲八人， 典制、祠祭司各三人。馀俱一人。
The ritual system and the ancestral temple sacrifice are two each, and the rest are all one. Mongolia, a person, the host and guest division. Four people in the Han Dynasty. One for each division. Yuanwailang, one member of the imperial clan, is the host guest company. There are eight people in Manchuria, three in Canon system and three in ancestral temple. There is only one person left.
Mongolia a person, temple priest set.
As an official name, Shangshu began in the Warring States period. It is also called Zhangshu because it is in charge of documents. Under the Shaofu, there is a minister who is in charge of the documents in the palace. His position is relatively low. In the west, there were five ministers to govern the affairs of Cao, who were in charge of the memorials of the documents. The memorials of the ministers had to go through their hands, and then came to the emperor. Therefore, the place became more and more important.
At that time, it set up a platform for ministers to assist in dealing with government affairs and become a de facto administrative center. The Sui Dynasty was divided into six departments, namely, officials, households, rites, soldiers, punishments and workers, in charge of state affairs. From the Tang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, it was generally inherited and used, and the power and position of Shangshu became increasingly important. The huge ministries and commissions of the modern central government obviously originated from the six ancient ministries and commissions. Six ministers are called ministers and one deputy is called servant. It can be described as extremely simplified, without many posts and titles of modern ministries and commissions. In ancient times, the book of ministers was regarded as the mouthpiece and the thigh of the emperor. It was an elite figure in the court who was "in charge of affairs, cashier and life". It can be said that it was the backbone of all the officials in the court.
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