Today, I have prepared for you: Mongolian and articles, interested friends come to have a look!
The trigger of Mongolia's attack on Song Dynasty was the event of "Duanping entering Luoyang" in 1235 A.D., which means that the dynasty attacked the Central Plains unilaterally after uniting Mongolia to destroy the Jin Dynasty, which resulted in the comprehensive war between Song Dynasty and Mongolia.
As early as before Mongolia destroyed the Jin Dynasty, they had already conquered in 1218 and 1227, occupying the vast North of China, in sharp contrast to the Southern Song Dynasty in Huainan. In 1234 ad, the main force of Mongolia had compressed the remaining forces of the Jin state to the area of caizhou, Henan Province, and about the Southern Song Dynasty jointly destroyed the Jin.
In the process of Mongolia's killing gold, the Southern Song Dynasty of Huainan knew the threat of Mongolia, but the reason why they insisted on sending troops to kill gold was that there were feuds in song and Jin Dynasties, and they wanted to show the Mongolian Khanate the force. However, after the fall of the Jin Dynasty, the Southern Song Dynasty directly bordered Mongolia, and its former allies became enemies. After the event of Duanping's entry into Luoyang, the Mongol Khan attacked Sichuan in the Southern Song Dynasty on the basis of the unilateral backwardness of the Southern Song Dynasty, which opened the prelude of the song Mongol war.
In the early days of the song and Mongol war, the performance of the song army was remarkable, especially in the battles of Mianyang, Zhenzhou, Luzhou and so on. However, the field capability of the Southern Song army was very poor, and there was no large-scale army. Especially after the death of menggong, Wangjian and Yujie in the Southern Song Dynasty, few generals were able to resist the invasion of Mongolia. In addition, in the whole song and Mongolian war, the song army could only use the dangerous terrain and rivers and lakes to block the invading Mongolian army, and rarely took the initiative to attack and annihilate the main force of the Mongolian army, which led to the song army's victory many times, but the initiative of the war was always firmly in Mongolia's hands.
After the demise of the Western Liao, the Western Xia and the Jin States, Mongolia subdued the Tubo tribes in 1247 and gained the Qinghai Tibet Plateau; in 1253, Mongolia conquered and captured Yunnan. Since then, the border of the Southern Song Dynasty has been surrounded by Mongolian regiments, completely trapped in isolation. Nevertheless, in the process of Mongolia's invasion to the south, the Song Dynasty still had at least two breathing opportunities. If the Southern Song Dynasty makes good use of it, it may delay the time of extinction. One was the death of wokuotai Khan after drinking and the other was the death of Khan after fighting.
However, the Southern Song Dynasty didn't make good use of this opportunity at all. Both of them were fatuous and inept. They were addicted to wine and lust. Once they heard that the war in the Mongolian and Song dynasties had improved, they hid in the back palace and refused to go to the court. In the Southern Song Dynasty, the powerful officials had been in power for several decades. They made peace with the outside world and didn't make war preparations for the inside. Finally, the declining Southern Song Dynasty was brought to the grave.
When mengge Khan died in 1259, his younger brother Kublai Khan usurped the throne. Ali bugo, the original legal successor, was imprisoned by Kublai Khan, which aroused the dissatisfaction of the Mongolian nobles and led to the collapse of the great Mongolian Khanate into five parts: wokuotai khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Ilkhanate and qincha Khanate. Kublai Khan gave up the land of West Asia and Central Asia and turned to concentrate on the Southern Song Dynasty.
In 1271 A.D., Kublai Khan established the Yuan Dynasty, and the demise of the Southern Song Dynasty finally entered the countdown.
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