蒙古打宋朝花了45年的时间 期间的宋朝都在做些什么-看世界

蒙古打宋朝花了45年的时间 期间的宋朝都在做些什么

  蒙古攻宋的导火索是在公元1235年发生的“端平入洛”事件,是指南宋王朝在联合蒙古灭金以后单方面进攻中原,结果引发了宋蒙全面战争。

  今天小编给大家准备了:蒙古和的文章,感兴趣的小伙伴们快来看看吧!

Today, I have prepared for you: Mongolian and articles, interested friends come to have a look!

  蒙古攻宋的导火索是在公元1235年发生的“端平入洛”事件,是指王朝在联合蒙古灭金以后单方面进攻中原,结果引发了宋蒙全面战争。

The trigger of Mongolia's attack on Song Dynasty was the event of "Duanping entering Luoyang" in 1235 A.D., which means that the dynasty attacked the Central Plains unilaterally after uniting Mongolia to destroy the Jin Dynasty, which resulted in the comprehensive war between Song Dynasty and Mongolia.

  早在蒙古灭金以前,他们已经于1218年攻灭了,1227年攻灭了,占据着辽阔的中国北方,与淮南的南宋形成鲜明对比。公元1234年,蒙古的主力已经将金国的残余势力压缩到河南蔡州一带,并约南宋联合灭金。

As early as before Mongolia destroyed the Jin Dynasty, they had already conquered in 1218 and 1227, occupying the vast North of China, in sharp contrast to the Southern Song Dynasty in Huainan. In 1234 ad, the main force of Mongolia had compressed the remaining forces of the Jin state to the area of caizhou, Henan Province, and about the Southern Song Dynasty jointly destroyed the Jin.

  在蒙古灭金的过程中,淮南的南宋王朝深知蒙古的威胁,但他们之所以坚持出兵灭金,一则是因为宋金有世仇,二则是想向蒙古汗国展示武力。可是金国灭亡后,南宋直接与蒙古接壤,曾经的盟友也就变成了敌人。端平入洛事件后,蒙古的汗以南宋单方面背盟为理由,出兵攻掠南宋的四川,揭开了宋蒙战争的序幕。

In the process of Mongolia's killing gold, the Southern Song Dynasty of Huainan knew the threat of Mongolia, but the reason why they insisted on sending troops to kill gold was that there were feuds in song and Jin Dynasties, and they wanted to show the Mongolian Khanate the force. However, after the fall of the Jin Dynasty, the Southern Song Dynasty directly bordered Mongolia, and its former allies became enemies. After the event of Duanping's entry into Luoyang, the Mongol Khan attacked Sichuan in the Southern Song Dynasty on the basis of the unilateral backwardness of the Southern Song Dynasty, which opened the prelude of the song Mongol war.

  在宋蒙战争的初期,宋军的表现还算可圈可点,尤其是在沔州之战、真州之战、、庐州之战中多次击退蒙古军队。不过,南宋军队的野战能力极差,而且没有大规模的部队。特别是南宋的孟拱、王坚、余阶等相继去世后,能够抵抗蒙古入侵的南宋将领已经寥寥无几。另外,在整个宋蒙战争时期,宋军基本上只能利用险要的地形和河流湖泊阻击进犯的蒙古军,而极少主动地出击围歼蒙古军队主力,这就造成宋军虽然多次取胜,但是战争的主动权始终牢牢掌握在蒙古手中。

In the early days of the song and Mongol war, the performance of the song army was remarkable, especially in the battles of Mianyang, Zhenzhou, Luzhou and so on. However, the field capability of the Southern Song army was very poor, and there was no large-scale army. Especially after the death of menggong, Wangjian and Yujie in the Southern Song Dynasty, few generals were able to resist the invasion of Mongolia. In addition, in the whole song and Mongolian war, the song army could only use the dangerous terrain and rivers and lakes to block the invading Mongolian army, and rarely took the initiative to attack and annihilate the main force of the Mongolian army, which led to the song army's victory many times, but the initiative of the war was always firmly in Mongolia's hands.

  在西辽、西夏、金国先后灭亡后,蒙古又在1247年降服吐蕃诸部,得到青藏高原;1253年,蒙古攻灭,又夺取云南地区。从那以后,南宋边境已经被蒙古团团包围,彻底陷入孤立无援。尽管如此,在蒙古南侵的过程中,宋朝依然至少有2次喘息的机会。如果南宋好好利用,或许可以延缓灭亡的时间。一次是窝阔台汗饮酒去世,一次是汗战死。

After the demise of the Western Liao, the Western Xia and the Jin States, Mongolia subdued the Tubo tribes in 1247 and gained the Qinghai Tibet Plateau; in 1253, Mongolia conquered and captured Yunnan. Since then, the border of the Southern Song Dynasty has been surrounded by Mongolian regiments, completely trapped in isolation. Nevertheless, in the process of Mongolia's invasion to the south, the Song Dynasty still had at least two breathing opportunities. If the Southern Song Dynasty makes good use of it, it may delay the time of extinction. One was the death of wokuotai Khan after drinking and the other was the death of Khan after fighting.

  可是,南宋内部根本没有好好利用这个机会,、两位均昏庸无能,沉迷于酒色,一旦听说蒙宋的战事有所起色,便又躲在后宫拒不上朝。南宋的权臣执政几十年,对外一昧媾和,对内又不修战备,最终将日渐没落的南宋王朝带入了坟墓。

However, the Southern Song Dynasty didn't make good use of this opportunity at all. Both of them were fatuous and inept. They were addicted to wine and lust. Once they heard that the war in the Mongolian and Song dynasties had improved, they hid in the back palace and refused to go to the court. In the Southern Song Dynasty, the powerful officials had been in power for several decades. They made peace with the outside world and didn't make war preparations for the inside. Finally, the declining Southern Song Dynasty was brought to the grave.

  等到1259年蒙哥汗战死后,他的弟弟忽必烈篡位。原本的合法继承人阿里布哥被忽必烈囚禁起来,激起了蒙古贵族们的不满,导致大蒙古汗国瓦解为5部分:、窝阔台汗国、察合台汗国、伊儿汗国、钦察汗国。忽必烈放弃了西亚和中亚的土地,转过来集中力量对付南宋。

When mengge Khan died in 1259, his younger brother Kublai Khan usurped the throne. Ali bugo, the original legal successor, was imprisoned by Kublai Khan, which aroused the dissatisfaction of the Mongolian nobles and led to the collapse of the great Mongolian Khanate into five parts: wokuotai khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Ilkhanate and qincha Khanate. Kublai Khan gave up the land of West Asia and Central Asia and turned to concentrate on the Southern Song Dynasty.

  公元1271年,忽必烈建立元朝,南宋的灭亡终于进入了倒计时。

In 1271 A.D., Kublai Khan established the Yuan Dynasty, and the demise of the Southern Song Dynasty finally entered the countdown.

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