清朝作为中国最后一个封建王朝 清朝对中国的贡献有哪些-看世界

清朝作为中国最后一个封建王朝 清朝对中国的贡献有哪些

  公元1616年,58岁的努尔哈赤建立后金。而在随后萨尔浒之战的胜利也让后金逐步占据了辽东之地。1626年努尔哈赤去世,作为继任者的皇太极上位,在位期间他也逐步的取得了对大明王朝的优势,并利用反间计让崇祯帝最终处死了袁崇焕。1635年,就在他第三次征讨林丹汗,灭察哈尔部时,林丹汗之子献上了传国玉玺(其实是假的),而得到了传国玉玺的皇太极自认为天命所归,次年便改国号为大清,觊觎天下之心也昭然若揭。此后的大清王朝,也在“时运”的支持吴三桂的叛顺之下,轻而易举的打败了李自成,实现了入主中原,定鼎天下的梦想。但是盛衰之道,虽曰天命,岂非人为兮。

  还不知道:对中国的贡献的读者,下面小编就为大家带来详细介绍,接着往下看吧~

I don't know yet: readers who have made contributions to China, the following editor will give you a detailed introduction. Let's look at it next~

  公元1616年,58岁的建立后金。而在随后的胜利也让后金逐步占据了辽东之地。1626年努尔哈赤去世,作为继任者的上位,在位期间他也逐步的取得了对大明王朝的优势,并利用反间计让帝最终处死了。1635年,就在他第三次征讨汗,灭察哈尔部时,林丹汗之子献上了(其实是假的),而得到了传国玉玺的皇太极自认为天命所归,次年便改国号为大清,觊觎天下之心也昭然若揭。此后的大清王朝,也在“时运”的支持的叛顺之下,轻而易举的打败了,实现了入主中原,定鼎天下的梦想。但是盛衰之道,虽曰天命,岂非人为兮。

In 1616 A.D., 58 years old was founded in the later Jin Dynasty. And the subsequent victory also made later Jin gradually occupy the land of Liaodong. Nurhachi died in 1626. As a successor, during his reign, Nurhachi gradually gained the advantage over the Ming Dynasty, and finally killed the emperor by means of the counter plot. In 1635, when he conquered the Khan for the third time and destroyed the Chahar department, Lin Dan Khan's son presented it (in fact, it was a fake), and Huang Taiji, who had obtained the national jade seal, thought that the fate of heaven had come. The next year, he changed the name of the country to Qing Dynasty, and his desire for the world was clearly revealed. Since then, the Qing Dynasty, under the support of "Shiyun", easily defeated and realized the dream of becoming the master of the Central Plains and dominating the world. But the way of prosperity and decline, though it is called destiny, is not human behavior.

  自1840年鸦片战争开始,屈辱丧权辱国,割地、赔款,慈禧太后的骄奢,也终于让大清王朝走向灭亡。1912年,当爆发,太后下诏宣布帝逊位,大清王朝结束。

Since the Opium War in 1840, the Great Qing Dynasty was finally doomed by humiliation, humiliation, land cutting, compensation and the extravagance of Empress Dowager Cixi. In 1912, when it broke out, the Empress Dowager announced the abdication of the emperor, and the Qing Dynasty ended.

  而在大清王朝的276年国祚之中,后期大清王朝因为西方列强的入侵“三千年未有之大变局”,也使得它备受诟病,即便连“”也让众多人嗤之以鼻。那么大清王朝又为我们留下了什么贡献呢?

In the 276 year reign of the Qing Dynasty, because of the invasion of Western powers, the late Qing Dynasty was criticized for its "great changes that have not happened in three thousand years", even though it was "scorned" by many people. So what contribution did the Qing Dynasty leave to us?

  第一个:奠定了疆域基础

The first: laying the foundation of territory

  作为一个少数民族政权,清朝在顺治朝入主中原之时,便在多尔衮、多铎、阿济格、等人的统兵之下,快速的利用李自成的内外部不和、南明小朝廷的,的嗜杀无德,迅速的肃清了的残余势力和农民军。

As a minority regime, when the Shunzhi dynasty took over the Central Plains, the Qing Dynasty quickly made use of Li Zicheng's internal and external discord, Nanming Dynasty's bloodthirsty and immoral, and quickly eliminated the remaining forces and peasant army under the unified forces of Dorgon, Dodo, azig, and others.

  当然我们不能忽视的是,作为胜利者满清也并不高尚,有着、等的暴行。但就在历史的风口,清朝无疑成为了“会飞的猪”。而对于当时与明朝有着敌对关系的蒙古,皇太极时便已经通过了一系列的征伐纳入囊中;对于台湾,1683年帝时统一;面对入侵的沙俄在东北边疆黑龙江领域的入寇,康熙帝又在1689年时与沙俄签订《》确立了东北地区的边疆基础;而对于盘踞新疆的噶尔丹,则历经康熙、、三朝正式平定,至此外蒙古、新疆也都归入中央辖下;1720年,西藏、青海也被征服。

Of course, what we can't ignore is that as a winner, Manchu is not noble, and has, and so on atrocities. But in the historical tuyere, the Qing Dynasty undoubtedly became a "flying pig". For Mongolia, which was hostile to the Ming Dynasty at that time, Huangtaiji had already passed a series of expeditions into the bag; for Taiwan, the emperor was unified in 1683; in the face of the invading tsarist Russia's invasion in the northeast border area of Heilongjiang, Kangxi Emperor signed with tsarist Russia in 1689 to establish the border base of the northeast area; for gardan, which was located in Xinjiang, Kangxi had gone through a series of expeditions In 1720, Tibet and Qinghai were conquered.

  至此,清王朝也实现了中国古代史上对于边疆地区尤其是新疆、西藏,最为牢固的统治。而国土面积也达到了1300多万平方公里,中国这个正式国名,也被确定。作为一个庞大的帝国,当西方列强的坚船利炮抵达,它确实。有着无数的割地、赔款,但是依旧为中国留下了巨大的国土,也为民族复兴准备了最为基础的领土基础。而新疆、西藏、东北、蒙古这四边之地领土的法理基础的确定,清朝确实居功至伟。

So far, the Qing Dynasty also achieved the most solid rule over the border areas in ancient Chinese history, especially Xinjiang and Tibet. And the land area has also reached more than 13 million square kilometers. The official name of China has also been determined. As a huge empire, when the strong ships and guns of Western powers arrived, it did. There are countless land cuts and reparations, but they still leave a huge land for China and prepare the most basic territorial basis for national rejuvenation. However, the determination of the legal basis of the territory of Xinjiang, Tibet, Northeast China and Mongolia really contributed a lot to the Qing Dynasty.

  第二:人口巅峰

Second: peak population

  在清朝入关之前,作为农耕文明的代表性指标,人口,中原人口也是在缓慢增长。而在明朝盛时大约为1亿左右,但人口的发展的受制于农业生产技术、土地承载力;以及绕不开的战乱影响。而就在清朝入关之后,清政府也在顺治的奠基之下,迎来了一个农耕文明小农经济之下的巅峰——康乾盛世。

Before the entry of the Qing Dynasty, as a representative indicator of agricultural civilization, the population of the Central Plains was also growing slowly. At the height of Ming Dynasty, it was about 100 million, but the development of population was restricted by agricultural production technology, land bearing capacity, and the influence of war. After the Qing Dynasty entered the customs, the Qing government, under the foundation of Shunzhi, ushered in a peak of agricultural civilization under the small-scale peasant economy - KangQian prosperous age.

  长达150年之久的康乾盛世之中,我们并不想讨论的是它是否为“番薯盛世”,因为在康乾盛世之中有过、苗乱、白莲教起义等等,而且在《马噶尔尼游记》中也有人们生活不堪的记录。但作为民族潜力的人口却在康熙帝鼓励垦荒、雍正帝的中;玉米、甘薯、马铃薯等美洲高产作物的流入中,实现了爆炸性的增长。乾隆帝时便已经达到了3亿;年间更是到了4亿。

In the 150 year long prosperous period of Kangxi and Qianlong, what we don't want to discuss is whether it is a "sweet potato prosperous period", because in the prosperous period of Kangxi and Qianlong, there have been, Miao Luan, Bai Lianjiao uprising and so on, and there are also records of people's life in the travels of magari Ni. However, the population as a national potential was encouraged by Emperor Kangxi to reclaim wasteland and Emperor Yongzheng; the inflow of high-yield crops such as corn, sweet potato and potato from America achieved explosive growth. By the time of Emperor Qianlong, it had reached 300 million yuan, and even 400 million yuan.

  这里作者要说的是,人口问题是把双刃剑。它或许留给世人个体的是民生凋敝,人均耕地面积减少,民不聊生;但留给一个国家,一个民族的是无限的战争潜力与反抗外来侵略之时的。也正是自下而上的反抗,最终打破了西方列强试图征服的痴。

What the author wants to say here is that the population problem is a double-edged sword. It may leave the people of the world living in poverty, the per capita cultivated land area is reduced, and the people can't live; but it leaves a country and a nation with unlimited war potential and resistance to foreign aggression. It was the resistance from the bottom up that finally broke the obsession of Western powers trying to conquer.

  第三:文化认同与文化产物

Third: cultural identity and cultural products

  清朝入关之后,多尔衮采纳了孙之獬的意见,推行了“”。因为此举而亡者,不胜其数。而随后康熙帝、雍正帝、乾隆帝时更是,清风不识字,何故乱翻书。似乎,只是少数民族的满清要行一家之言。但是文化作为根植于民族的表现形式,汉化也无可避免的在清朝统治者内部展开,而雍正帝与更是有过华夷之辩。

After the entry of the Qing Dynasty, Dourgen adopted sun's opinion and carried out the policy. There are countless people who have died because of this. Later, Emperor Kangxi, Emperor Yongzheng and Emperor Qianlong were still illiterate in the breeze, so why did they read books in disorder. It seems that only the Manchu and Qing Dynasties of the ethnic minorities have to make a statement. However, as a form of expression rooted in the nation, Chinese culture inevitably spread out within the rulers of the Qing Dynasty, and Emperor Yongzheng and even had the argument of Hua Yi.

  随着儒家文化的深入,制度也已经完善,而作为文化的产物众多总结性、大成性的典籍相继诞生。它们是《》、《康熙字典》、《全唐诗》;更是小说上的巅峰之作《》、《》、《》、《老残游记》;亦是昆曲上的《》和《》,京剧的繁盛。

With the deepening of Confucian culture, the system has also been improved, and as the product of culture, many summative and great classics have been born. They are "Kangxi dictionary" and "the whole Tang poetry"; they are also the peak works in the novel "and", "and", "travel notes of the old disabled"; they are also "and" in Kunqu Opera ", the prosperity of Peking Opera.

  总结:作为一个封建王朝,清朝就像是中国历史上众多王朝的翻版。它有过功绩,更有过王朝末年的不堪一击。只不过作为与西方联系最为密切的封建王朝,它所背负的,留给我们的屈辱更甚而已。

Conclusion: as a feudal dynasty, the Qing Dynasty is like a copy of many dynasties in Chinese history. It has made great achievements, and it was even more vulnerable at the end of the dynasty. Only as the most closely linked feudal dynasty with the west, it bears more humiliation to us.

  参考资料:《》,,

Reference materials:,,

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