赵括真的是一个纸上谈兵之人吗 事实证明赵括只是为人背黑锅-看世界

赵括真的是一个纸上谈兵之人吗 事实证明赵括只是为人背黑锅

  近些年来为赵括翻案的学者越来越多,这并不是空穴来风,而是有据可纠。

  还不知道:到底是什么样的读者,下面小编就为大家带来详细介绍,接着往下看吧~

I don't know what kind of readers they are. I'll give you a detailed introduction. Let's go on~

  近些年来为赵括翻案的学者越来越多,这并不是空穴来风,而是有据可纠。

In recent years, more and more scholars have turned over the case for Zhao Kuo, which is not groundless, but has evidence to correct.

  赵括的出名源于一场改变天下格局的大战——。然而赵括却是以失败者的身份结束了其短暂的一生和唯一的一次挂帅生涯。

Zhao Kuo's fame comes from a war to change the pattern of the world. However, Zhao Kuo ended his short life as a failure and his only career as a commander in chief.

  长平之战初,秦昭王派遣左庶长王龁向长平的赵军发动进攻,派遣老将迎战。赵军几场小败后,赵将廉颇退至丹河东岸,修筑壁垒,自此固守不战。

At the beginning of the battle of Changping, King Zhao of Qin sent Wang Yi, the general of zuozhu, to attack the Zhao army of Changping and send veteran generals to fight. After several minor defeats, Zhao retreated Lianpo to the East Bank of Danhe River, built barriers, and never fought.

  面对此僵局,秦国使人在都城邯郸散布谣言,说秦军不怕廉颇,而怕赵括。于是赵孝成王不顾赵括母亲和的反对,拜赵括为将,取代廉颇。

In the face of this impasse, Qin people spread rumors in Handan, the capital city, that the Qin army was not afraid of honesty, but afraid of Zhao Kuo. Therefore, in spite of the opposition of Zhao Kuo's mother and he, Zhao Xiaocheng King worshiped Zhao Kuo as his general and replaced Lian Po.

  赵括一上任便推翻廉颇固守不战的战略方针,反守为攻。结果长平一战,赵括本人被射死,四十五万赵军也几乎。至此,赵括只留下一个""的笑柄。

As soon as Zhao Kuo was appointed, he overthrew the strategic policy of Incorruption rather than fighting, and turned defense into attack. As a result, Zhao Kuo was shot dead in the first World War of Changping, and almost 450000 Zhao troops were shot. At this point, Zhao Kuo left only one "laughingstock.

  而如此局面,赵括自然成了背锅侠,只是细究历史就会发现,这里面有很多值得玩味的细节。

In such a situation, Zhao Kuo naturally became a back pan Xia. However, a careful study of history will reveal that there are many details worth pondering.

  首先,纸最早出现于,身于战国时期的赵括是根本没见过纸的,所以,所谓的"纸上谈兵"不过是"败军之将,众恶归之"的结果。

First of all, paper first appeared in the Warring States period. Zhao Kuo did not see paper at all. Therefore, the so-called "talking about war on paper" is only the result of "losing the army, all evils return to it".

  其次,秦人散布谣言说秦军惧怕赵括,赵孝成王就拜赵括为将,这一点也太过牵强。且不说长平之战时赵国武将济济,既有拒匈奴于千里之外的,又有固守阵地两年,使秦军不能东进的廉颇。而赵括虽熟读兵书,但从未有过实战经验,赵孝成王也并非老迈昏聩之主,怎么可能如此轻易就中了秦国的反间计。究其原因。赵孝成王拜赵括为将,既非受了秦人的反间,也非赵括军事能力过强,而是其无奈之举。

Secondly, the Qin people spread rumors that the Qin army was afraid of Zhao Kuo, which was too far fetched. Not to mention that during the war of Changping, there were generals of Zhao who refused to help the Xiongnu and defended their positions for two years, which made the Qin army unable to advance eastward. Although Zhao Kuo is familiar with the military books, he has never had actual combat experience, and Zhao Xiaocheng is not the old and infatuated master. How could he easily fall into the counter plot of the Qin State. Investigate the reason. Zhao Xiaocheng's worship of Zhao Kuo as a general was not the result of the rebellion of the Qin people, nor the strong military capability of Zhao Kuo, but his helpless action.

  秦国自商鞅变法以来国力大增,关中沃土使秦国储备雄厚。而赵国身处北寒之地,富庶地区有限,所以比军事,赵国和秦国各有所长,但比国力,赵国明显要弱。

Since Shang Yang's reform, Qin's national strength has greatly increased, and the fertile soil in Guanzhong has made Qin's reserves strong. Zhao is located in the north of the cold, rich areas are limited, so compared with military, Zhao and Qin have their own strengths, but compared with national strength, Zhao is obviously weak.

  所以此时的赵孝成王可谓是左右为难,选择廉颇坚守不出,赵国迟早会让秦国拖垮,选择主动出击,却没有必胜的把握。

So at this time, Zhao Xiaocheng was in a dilemma. He chose to be honest and persevered. Sooner or later, Zhao would let Qin down, and chose to attack actively, but he had no certainty of victory.

  无奈之下,赵孝成王只得起用敢于冒进的赵括为将,因为他知道,廉颇是不会打没把握的仗的,他断然不会出击秦军,只有赵括能改守为攻,打破僵局。

However, Zhao Xiaocheng had to use Zhao Kuo, who dared to advance bravely, as the general, because he knew that Lian Po would not fight uncertain battles, and he would never attack the Qin army, only Zhao Kuo could change to defend to attack and break the deadlock.

  结果秦国偷偷换上了,长平一战,赵国四十五万大军几乎全军覆没,赵括也被射死。赵括首次出战就遇上了秦国的杀神白起,让他的军事才能彻底被定格于纸上。

As a result, the Qin State secretly replaced it. In the first World War of Changping, the 450000 troops of Zhao state were almost annihilated, and Zhao Kuo was shot dead. Zhao Kuo met the God of death in Qin Dynasty when he went to war for the first time, which made his military ability completely fixed on paper.

  至于说赵括到底有没有军事才能,看完以下两个史实就很清楚了:

As for Zhao Kuo's military ability, it is clear after reading the following two historical facts:

  第一,史书记载,赵军被围46天,军中早已断粮,以至于到了人吃人的地步,然而军队却没有崩溃,并在主帅的指挥下有组织的突围。而赵括一死,赵军斗志全无,选择投降。足见军士们对于赵括这个统帅还是很认可的。

First, according to historical records, Zhao's army had been surrounded for 46 days. The army had been out of food for a long time, so that people ate people. However, the army did not collapse and broke through under the command of the commander-in-chief. When Zhao Kuo died, Zhao Jun had no fighting spirit and chose to surrender. It can be seen that the Sergeants are very approbated for Zhao Kuo.

  第二,《·白起列传》记载,"今秦虽破长平军,而秦卒死者过半,国内空"。以致秦军无力顺势攻占邯郸。从这点来看,赵括也并非无能鼠辈,只不过一开局就遇到了过于强大的对手。

Second, "the biography of Baiqi" records that "although the Qin Dynasty broke the Changping army, more than half of the Qin soldiers died and the country was empty". As a result, the Qin army was unable to seize Handan. From this point of view, Zhao Kuo is not incompetent, just met too strong opponents in the beginning.

  所以纵观长平之战之得失,只能说是赵孝成王的决策葬送了赵国四十五万军士,赵括只不过是替赵孝成王背了锅。

So looking at the gains and losses of Changping war, it can only be said that Zhao Xiaocheng's decision killed 450000 soldiers of Zhao state, and Zhao Kuo just carried the pot for Zhao Xiaocheng.

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