揭秘:历史上第一个遭到人民公审的皇帝周厉王-看世界

揭秘:历史上第一个遭到人民公审的皇帝周厉王

  周厉王姬胡的“著名”,实是臭名昭著的简写。他当政期间,任用奸邪,暴虐奢侈,天怒人怨,惹得国人纷纷批评朝政,议论国王。姬胡听说有人说他坏话后气的不行,便派人去卫国找来了几个学有专长的巫师组建了稽查大队,专门负责监督言论。于是此后,高谈阔论的路人们身边往往就有个免费保镖形影不离。过了不久,在几个诋毁伟大领袖的刺头分子被杀后,都城内终于安静如昔,大家都不敢出声了,见了面也只是互相用眼色示意而已,逼的大家都改用眼神进行“眉目传谤”了。姬胡耳根清静之后大为高兴,对大臣召公炫耀:“看,这下没人敢说我坏话了吧?”召公连眼皮都不抬,沉痛的说了句千古名言:“防民之口,甚于防川。”然后又唠唠叨叨的讲了一堆诸如堵不如疏的大道理。正在兴头上的姬胡哪能听得进去,心想怎么这里还有个漏网之鱼啊,于是拿起扫帚把正在声情并茂发表演讲的召公连吓带骂赶了出去。

  导读:商朝末年,天资聪颖的精神失常,他不但在宫廷中大力提倡浪费光荣的消费观念,搞起了酒池肉林,还特别喜欢把人剜心掏肝,剁成肉酱什么的。没多久,纣王的行为便引起了诸侯的不满和民怨的沸腾,西岐境内的周武王趁机领导了轰轰烈烈的伐纣大革命运动。在革命取得胜利后,姬发神采飞扬的建立了大周王朝,定都于镐京(西安附近),并大封宗室功臣。不过可惜的是,武王拥有打江山的豪气,却没有坐江山的福气,仅仅三年后,就因病英年早逝,以身殉职了。武王死后,辅佐成王即位,兢兢业业的开创了成康盛世,使周王朝国力臻于极盛。时间流转,康王(成王的儿子)往下又繁衍了六个国王后,周王朝十分不幸的迎来了著名的周厉王。

Guide: at the end of the Shang Dynasty, he was insane and talented. He not only advocated the concept of wasting glorious consumption in the court, but also built a wine pond and meat forest. He also liked to gouge out people's hearts and liver, and chop them into meat sauce. Before long, King Zhou's behavior caused the dissatisfaction of the princes and the boiling of the people's resentment. King Wu of Zhou in Xiqi took the opportunity to lead the great revolution of Zhou. After the victory of the revolution, Jifa set up the great Zhou Dynasty in high spirits, with its capital in Gaojing (near Xi'an), and granted great imperial titles. However, it's a pity that King Wu has the courage to fight the river and the mountain, but he doesn't have the blessing to sit on the river and the mountain. Only three years later, he died early because of illness and died of his own job. After the death of King Wu, he assisted King Cheng to ascend the throne, and conscientiously created the prosperous era of Sung Kang, which made the national strength of the Zhou Dynasty reach its peak. In time, King Kang (the son of King Cheng) had another six kings. Unfortunately, the Zhou Dynasty ushered in the famous King Zhou Li.

  周厉王姬胡的“著名”,实是臭名昭著的简写。他当政期间,任用奸邪,暴虐奢侈,,惹得国人纷纷批评朝政,议论国王。姬胡听说有人说他坏话后气的不行,便派人去卫国找来了几个学有专长的巫师组建了稽查大队,专门负责监督言论。于是此后,高谈阔论的路人们身边往往就有个免费保镖形影不离。过了不久,在几个诋毁伟大领袖的刺头分子被杀后,都城内终于安静如昔,大家都不敢出声了,见了面也只是互相用眼色示意而已,逼的大家都改用眼神进行“眉目传谤”了。姬胡耳根清静之后大为高兴,对大臣召公炫耀:“看,这下没人敢说我坏话了吧?”召公连眼皮都不抬,沉痛的说了句千古名言:“防民之口,甚于防川。”然后又唠唠叨叨的讲了一堆诸如堵不如疏的大道理。正在兴头上的姬胡哪能听得进去,心想怎么这里还有个啊,于是拿起扫帚把正在声情并茂发表演讲的召公连吓带骂赶了出去。

Ji Hu, king of Zhou Li, is a famous shorthand. During his administration, he employed treacherous, tyrannical and extravagant officials, which provoked many Chinese to criticize the government and discuss the king. When Ji Hu heard that some people said that he was angry after bad words, he sent people to Wei state to find some wizards with special knowledge and expertise to set up an inspection team to supervise the speech. So after that, people who talk loudly often have a free bodyguard around them. After a while, after several assassins who slandered the great leader were killed, the capital was as quiet as ever. No one dared to speak. When they met each other, they just showed each other with their eyes. They forced everyone to use their eyes for "eyebrow and eye slander". Ji hulgen was very happy after he was quiet. He showed off to Zhao Gong, the Minister: "look, nobody dares to speak ill of me now?" Zhao Gong didn't even lift his eyelids. He said a famous saying through the ages: "to prevent the people's mouth is better than to prevent Sichuan." Then he talked about a lot of big reasons, such as blocking is not as good as sparse. Ji Hu, who was in the mood, couldn't hear it. He thought how could there be another one here, so he picked up the broom and drove out Zhao Gong, who was making a speech with both voice and emotion.

  姬胡见弭谤大业进展神速,成效显著,心里不禁乐开了花,认为自己治国的手段简直是一流水平。考虑到大凡国家的方针政策都讲究配套施行,姬胡思来想去,忽然来了灵感,在弭谤的基础上又发明了一个增加国库税收收入的好办法,那就是实行专利。姬胡把所有山川河流等自然资源收归自己所有,下发红头竹简文件规定,人们如果要利用这些专利资源,比如上山砍柴,下水抓鱼,往野外倒生活垃圾什么的,都要按一定比例缴税。这项政策一实行,倒没人说他不好(谁敢说啊),只不过整天在深宫里数钱的姬胡无暇顾及到这样一个细节:街道上人们眨眼的次数呈现出快速增长的趋势,而且他们的脸色好像也越来越不对劲了。

When Ji Hu saw the rapid progress and remarkable results of the anti slander campaign, he was so happy that he thought his means of governing the country was simply first-class. Considering that every country's policies and policies pay attention to supporting implementation, jihus came to think about it, and suddenly came with inspiration. On the basis of eliminating slander, he invented a good way to increase the revenue of Treasury tax, that is, to implement patent. Jihu has taken all natural resources such as mountains, rivers and rivers into his own possession. According to the bamboo slips, if people want to make use of these patent resources, such as cutting firewood on the mountain, catching fish in the water and dumping domestic garbage in the wild, they should pay taxes in a certain proportion. As soon as this policy was implemented, no one said that he was not good (who dares to say it), but Ji Hu, who had been counting money in the deep palace all day, had no time to pay attention to such a detail: the number of people blinking in the street showed a rapid growth trend, and their faces seemed to be getting worse.

  就这样过了三年,瘪了钱袋又肿了眼皮的国人们终于忍无可忍,聚集起来发动了武装起义,冲进王宫抓住了姬胡。人民的力量是伟大的,姬胡被逮捕后,大家迅速成立了审判周厉王特别法庭,一审就把他流放到彘去了。厉王被废黜后,大臣召公和周公在人民的拥护下开始联合执政,史称“共和”。共和元年也是中国历史有确切纪年的开始,这一年就是西历的公元前841年。

After three years of this, the Chinese people who had shrunk their money bags and swollen their eyelids could not bear it. They gathered together to launch an armed uprising and rushed into the palace to catch Ji Hu. The power of the people was great. After the arrest of Ji Hu, we quickly set up a trial of Zhou Liwang * s special court. After King Li was deposed, Minister Zhaogong and Duke Zhou began to govern jointly with the support of the people, which was known as "the Republic". The first year of the Republic of China is also the beginning of a definite era in Chinese history, which is 841 B.C. in the Western calendar.

  共和十四年,周厉王悲惨的死于彘(从这里可以看出姬胡的胡作非为实在是丧尽民心,诸侯来救驾的一个都没有)。召公和周公接到消息后,拥立周厉王的儿子即位,这就是周宣王。宣王在位期间,吸取了自己老爹的教训,任用召公周公等一帮贤明的大臣,“法文、武、成、康之遗风,使诸侯复宗周”,周王朝开始了短暂的中兴。

In the fourteen years of the Republic, Zhou Liwang died tragically. * from here we can see that Ji Hu's mischief was really a waste of people's hearts and none of the princes came to save him. After receiving the news, Zhao Gong and Zhou Gong held the son of King li of Zhou to the throne. This is king Xuan of Zhou. During the reign of King Xuan, he learned his father's lesson and appointed a group of wise ministers, such as Duke Zhaogong and Duke Zhougong, "the legacy of French, martial arts, Chengcheng and Kangkang, made the princes recover to the Zhou Dynasty". The Zhou Dynasty began a short period of prosperity.

  其实总的来说,周厉王的历史功绩是很突出的,他既为我们贡献了“道路以目”、“防民之口,甚于防川”两条脍炙人口的,又一手促成了中国历史上首次人民暴动,还顺便使我们的历史有了确切纪年。虽然最后个人遭遇比较不幸,不过能够当上以后历朝历代的统治者们的反面教员,使自己的名字和事迹经常出现在各种教材上,实属不易。一个人能够做到了这些,也算不枉此生矣。

In fact, on the whole, Zhou liwang's historical achievements are outstanding. He not only contributed to our two well-known "ways to see" and "mouth to prevent the people, even to prevent Sichuan", but also contributed to the first people's uprising in Chinese history, and by the way, our history has a precise chronology. Although the last personal experience is more unfortunate, it is not easy to be the opposite teacher of the rulers of later dynasties, so that their names and deeds often appear in various textbooks. It's not a waste of one's life to be able to do this.

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