Since Zhao Benshan's essay "big Huyou series" has been popular on the screen, the word "Huyou" has also become popular. "Huyou" is a common saying in the north, especially in the northeast. It means using language to set traps to attract people to be cheated, so as to achieve their own goals. "Deception" has the meaning of nonsense, rumor, trap and deception; it also has the meaning of boasting, incitement and agitation; it also has the meaning of persuasion, inducement and encouragement, with a wide range of intentions. The derogatory elements of the word "Huyou" are in the majority. Zhao Benshan injected humorous elements into the word in his sketches, and the degree of derogatory elements has also been somewhat weakened, at least now the elements of joking are in the majority.
In ancient Chinese history, there have been ten biggest deceptions recorded in history. Now let's take a look at their respective deceptions:
1. The most dazzling big flickering candle
Deception reveals secrets: take detour as straight, take retreat as advance. Avoid the key, downplay the theme, deliberately bypass the sensitive places, talk about other interests, and give you a lot of material to make your thinking around.
Playing back the process of deception: zhuzhiwu was born in the state of Zheng in the spring and Autumn period. When Jin and Qin attacked Zheng together, Zhu Zhiwu was sent to Qin as an emissary and began to bluff. He said, "Qin and Jin besiege Zheng. We know that we are going to die soon. But the king wants to think about what's good for you if you kill Zheng? If there are many benefits, please help yourself. But Zheng is far away from Qin and very close to Jin. You can only do this To the advantage of the Jin State, it will expand the territory of the Jin State. If the strength of the Jin state is strong, your national strength will be relatively weakened. If you give up your intention to destroy Zheng and let Zheng State be your friend of Qin state, then the envoys of Qin State will come and go through Zheng State. Zheng state can also supply what they lack at any time. For Qin state, it will be a hundred profits without any harm. Besides, you once had a public favor for Jin Hui. He promised to cede the two cities of Jiao and Xia to you. However, he turned against each other and changed his mind. He had neither reputation nor ambition. If it took Zheng as the eastern barrier, it would not be far away from invading your country of Qin. In a word, it's not good for the state of Qin. On the contrary, it can help the state of Jin. It's powerful. Please weigh it up. Upon hearing this, Duke mu of Qin is right. It's really something to ponder. Fortunately, you remind me that it would be cheaper for the state of Jin. As soon as he is happy, Duke mu of Qin signs an alliance with the state of Zheng. He also sends troops to guard the state of Zheng and doesn't play with the state of Jin. As soon as the state of Jin saw that the state of Qin had withdrawn its troops, it gave up the idea of attacking the state of Zheng and returned to the dynasty. This is in Zuo Zhuan. 》There are records on it.
Huyou comments: in a few words, Zhu Zhiwu gave the powerful king of Qin to Huyou to save Zheng.
2. The biggest deception
The trick of deception: sow discord, and kill two birds with one stone. He is good at scene and atmosphere, attracts attention with the help of foreign things, and has made powerful medicine in the intangible, provoking and manufacturing, so as to achieve the goal without leaving traces.
Flicker process playback: there are three warriors under him: Tian Kaijiang, Gongsun Jie, guyezi. Each of these three men is extremely brave and powerful. They are deeply loved by qijinggong. However, they are proud of themselves and do whatever they want. They run wild in the countryside. They are called "three evils". Yan Ying decides to get rid of them, but he can't offend qijinggong. Finally, the chance came. Once Yan Ying, Duke of Qi Jing, and other four people were drinking in the garden. Yan Ying said, "the golden peach in the garden is ripe. How many are you going to taste?"?
So Yan Ying picked six peaches in the garden, one by one, and there were two left. Yan Ying said, "please give orders to all the officials. Whoever has great credit will eat these two golden peaches.". Gongsunjie was the first one to come up, clapped his chest and said: once I accompanied the king in hunting, suddenly a fierce tiger sprang out of the forest. It was I who rushed up, killed the tiger with all my life's strength and saved the king. Shouldn't you eat a golden peach for such a great achievement?
Yan Ying said: risking death to save the Lord, Gongbi Taishan, can give a glass of wine, a peach. Gongsunjie drinks and eats peaches. Standing aside, he is very proud. Seeing this, guyezi snapped: what's so strange about killing a tiger? When I sent the king across the Yellow River, a big turtle made waves, grabbed the king's horse leg and dragged the horse into the torrent. I jumped into the turbulent River, killed the big turtle and saved the king's life. Should we eat a golden peach for such a contribution? Yan Ying gave the rest of the peach to guyezi.
Tian Kaijiang, on the other side, was so worried that he cried out: I was ordered to fight against the Xu state. I gave up my life and killed him. I captured more than 5000 Xu soldiers and scared the king of Xu state to bow down and become a minister. Even the neighboring Tan state and Ju state also wanted to return. Can't you eat a golden peach? Yan Ying hurriedly said: General Tian's credit is certainly higher than gongsunjie's and guyezi's. However, the golden peach is no longer available, so we have to wait for the tree to ripen, and then please taste it, and drink the bar first. Tian Kaijiang said angrily: what's so great about fighting tigers and killing turtles. When I was born and died, I couldn't eat the golden peach. What face can I stand above the court? I'll kill myself with my sword.
Gongsun Jie was shocked. He drew out his sword and said, "I eat peaches because of my small skill, but general Tian can't do it.". What face do I have to live in the world? After all, I killed myself. Guyezi was even more depressed and shouted, "we three are brothers, sworn to life and death, like flesh and blood. Now they are dead, and I still live. How can I rest in my heart? Then I killed myself. The three brothers are angry enough. Seeing that the three evils have been eliminated, Yan said unhurriedly: they are brave and resourceless. There are many people who are brave and brave in our country, and few of them are nothing. You don't need to mind. Please continue to drink in the bar. Look, there are only three evils between talking and laughing. It's just like nothing happens.
Huyou comments: Yan Ying used two peaches to "Huyou" to let three evils commit suicide and die without any expense or noise. He not only killed the people, but also didn't offend Jinggong. The ability of Huyou is really not boasted. However, Yan Ying's reputation has always been very good, and this "Huyou" is also to eliminate the harm for the people. It's the best-known blunder in history.
3. The most basic blunder: Feng Yuan
The secret of deception. Create the false image of the transferor by doing things that were not originally done. Grass roots are often ignored by others, but they are in the position of watching coldly. Therefore, it is easier to see the weaknesses of the upper level, and the authorities are more likely to be confused by false appearances.
Flashback of deception: Feng Yuan is a eater under Qi Xiang's door. He is a grassroots. However, his skill of deception is extraordinary. Once the monarch of Qi listened to the slander. It was just the aspect of Lord mengchang. Feng Yuan told Lord mengchang that I could make your aspect come back, and it was more important than before. As soon as Lord mengchang heard of this, he would try it. So Feng Yuan came to the state of Qin and said to the king of Qin, "the only one who can compete with the state of Qin in the world today is the state of Qi. The king wants to make the state of Qin surpass the state of Qi.".
As soon as the king of Qin heard this, he would like to ask what to do. Feng Yuan went on to say: the king also knows that the state of Qi is not the official of mengchang. The reason why the state of Qi is respected by the world is because of mengchang. Now mengchang is very resentful because of the official. He must deviate from the state of Qi and join the state of Qin. He is also familiar with the state of Qi. If you get him, it will be good for you. Send an envoy as soon as possible If the king of Qi understood this, it would be too late to use the king of mengchang again. As soon as the king of Qin was fooled by Feng Yuan, he sent for Lord mengchang.
Feng Yuan chased the Qi state ahead of the emissary, and began to bluff the king of Qi. He said that the only state of Qin that could compete with us heard that you had dismissed Lord mengchang, and had sent someone to invite him to make a face. If the state of Qin got the man, the state of Qi could no longer compete with the state of Qin. The king should restore the face of Lord mengchang before the emissary of the state of Qin arrived, defeat the plot of the state of Qin, and cut off the plot It's called the plan for hegemony. After hearing this, the king of Qi quickly recovered the aspect of the king of mengchang.
Flicker comment: Feng Yuan easily fooled the monarchs of the two countries and restored his masters and officials to their original positions. He was good at observation and thinking. He also grasped the key point that the two monarchs wanted to surpass each other and dominate by themselves. With a little skill, you can believe it. Deception can be said to be superior. The diners of Lord mengchang are really not raised in vain.
4. The most logical deception
Deception: to confuse the public with careful logic. It's closed and airtight. You can't help but talk and induce your thoughts. It's very logical, but it's full of sophistry.
Replay 1: it is the first bole of Su Qin. In the process of Su Qin's returning to the land occupied by Qi State for Yan state, we can see that his logical ability of deception is indeed extraordinary. Su Qin said to the king of Qi: King Yan Zhao is his grandson, backed by strong Qin. It is inevitable that the state of Yan and the state of Qin will be dissatisfied with the state of Qi. If the king can return the occupied land of Yan, then the two states of Yan and Qin will be grateful to the king. The king can get Qin Yan's support, command the world, who dare not from the world, then the hegemony of Qi can also succeed. As soon as king Xuan of Qi heard this, he returned the land of Yan. You see, people clearly want something to go, but they put on a posture of thinking for each other, which is absolutely a genius of deception.
The second part of the process of deception: the state of Qi was deceived to fight against the state of song, and the fishermen of the state of Yan benefited. At that time, when King Yan wanted to attack the state of Qi, Su Qin suggested that if the state of Qi and the state of song were to fight, they would lose both sides. Then we could get the state of Qi without any effort. Listen. At that time, Qin, a friend of Song state, sent people to Qin state to discuss the matter of jointly becoming emperor. Su Qin took the opportunity to persuade the king of Qi: if Qi and Qin were established as emperors, would the people of the world respect Qi or Qin?
The king of Qi said: of course, it is respect for Qin! Su said: then Qi gave up the imperial title, is the world love Qi, or love Qin? The king of Qi said: of course, it is love Qi. Su added: which is more advantageous for the two emperors to stand side by side and jointly attack Zhao and the Qi army to attack song alone. Su Qin then urged the king of Qi to say: if we are as emperor as Qin, the world only respects Qin. If we give up the title of emperor, the world will love Qi and go far to strengthen Qin. It's better to attack Zhao together than to attack song alone. So I suggest that you give up the imperial title to conform to the world.
Following the suggestion of Su Qin, the king of Qi and Zhao agreed to fight against Qin together, and the relationship between Qin and Qi deteriorated. Su Qin took the opportunity to persuade the king of Qi to attack the Song Dynasty: the king of the state of song was lecherous and outraged all over the world. If we attack the Song Dynasty, it's a feat of serving the heaven to punish the emperor. The king will certainly have a great reputation and can get benefits. At that time, the state of Qi will be able to dominate the East. The king of Qi then attacked the Song Dynasty. Qi's strength was weakened by war.
Huyou comment: it's Huyou's skill. Su Qin's guidance, step by step, linked, logical and meticulous. It's no wonder that he can hang on to the six countries and swim among the countries. This is not the case