The history of piracy can be traced back to the lucans in the fourteenth century BC. Ancient Egyptians recorded their attacks on Cyprus. Some people say: since the day the ship was invented, pirates have appeared! The word "Pirates" is full of murderous spirit. Most people think of men, but in fact, in the middle of the year, there was a female pirate who frightened the Qing army. After the Opium War broke out, the strong woman who was recruited by the Qing government also served as a "staff" to resist the British army.
From a pirate family
Now known to many old Guangzhou people, this female pirate is named Zheng yisao. She was born in 1775, and died in 1844. His ex husband, as a result of ranking and common name Zheng Yi, Xin'an (now Shenzhen Bao'an) family. Husband and wife have two children.
At the end of Ming Dynasty, there were four famous thieves, Zheng, Shi, Ma and Xu, running across the Pearl River Estuary.
After the recovery of Taiwan, some of Zheng Chenggong's remnant soldiers went to the Pearl River mouth to steal. The pirates in the Pearl River mouth evolved from the four surnames of the late Ming Dynasty to the six gangs of red, yellow, blue, white, black and purple in the early Qing Dynasty. Zheng Yi is the leader of the red flag sect.
Zheng Yiren is a man with great ambition. For many years, he has been committed to unifying all forces in the Pearl River estuary into a major pirate alliance with him as the leader. Zheng yisao is called the help of her husband and wife, and she has been involved in the business all the time. All the pirates call her "sister-in-law long". However, in 1807, when the pirate alliance was not easy to sign an alliance, Zheng Yi fell into the sea in a strong typhoon and died at the age of 42.
Forces shock the British Army
After Zheng Yi's death, sister-in-law Zheng became the leader of the red flag sect. Under her leadership, the red flag sect grew rapidly. However, there are few official records of the red flag sect. The inside details of secret social organizations, including the official, are generally unknown to the outside world, and the situation of the red flag sect is the same.
There is a rich British businessman named Glasper, who was kidnapped by the red flag Gang as a meat ticket. He heard and witnessed the daily life of pirates. After he was redeemed for 7654 Spanish silver dollars and returned to London, he wrote a memoir, which publicized sister Zheng's anecdotes.
According to Glasper, under the management of sister Zheng, the red flag sect has 5600 ships of all sizes and 340000 members. They are based in Lantau, Hong Kong. They have campuses and shipyards on Hong Kong Island.
In the face of British ships rushing through China's waters, Zheng yisao also attacked the British ships in Guangzhou inland river in 1809, captured a British ship and killed dozens of British soldiers, which shocked the British army.
The coalition has nothing to do with the red flag
The red flag Gang is becoming more and more powerful. In order to wipe out the sea invaders, the Qing government and the British Invaders tried to eliminate the red flag gang by the power of the foreign powers. Glasper recorded that in the autumn of 1809, the Qing government, together with Portugal and Britain, formed a joint fleet to raid Lantau and eliminate the red flag gang. Sister Zheng, who got the information, was personally on Lantau Island and pestered the main enemy force. Use the method of "" to send the main force to raid Guangzhou City and kill the general of Humen. The United Fleet had to retreat. On the way to retreat, it was surrounded by the main force of the red flag Gang, which had been ambushed for nine days and nights. Only 40 members of the red flag gang were killed. However, the United Fleet lost its armor and only a few ships fled back to Guangzhou.
These big actions of the red flag sect made the court of the Manchu Dynasty extremely angry and sent out troops to fight continuously. Under the command of sister-in-law Zheng and Zhang baozai, the red flag gang and other gangs defeated the officers and soldiers who came to encircle and suppress continuously. In Zhejiang, Xu tingxiong, the commander of Zhejiang Navy, was killed; in Lantau Bay, Hong Kong, more than 20 Qing Navy warships and 300 guns were killed, and sun quanmou, the commander of Guangdong Navy, was captured alive; in Guangzhou, Lin Guoliang, the chief of the army, forced the governors of Guangdong and Guangxi to change frequently.
One of the biggest battles was that the Portuguese of Macao, together with the navy of the Qing Dynasty, who had been plundered for many times, formed a Chinese Portuguese joint army to encircle the red flag gang. At one time, the main fleet of the red flag gang was blockaded on Lantau Island, its main stronghold, for eight days. But if the red flag sect can help him, Zhang baozai can calculate the wind direction and tide. He and Zheng yisao have gathered 300 ships, more than 1500 guns and 20000 soldiers. Suddenly, the sea cannon shot across the sea. No one dares to seize the front. Therefore, the Guanyang allied army can only look forward to it.
Accept the appeal of the Qing government
Later, because sister Zheng refused to marry the leader of the black flag Gang, the red flag gang led to conflicts among various factions. The Qing government adopted the policy of "Huairou". As the second largest gang in the six flag alliance, the black flag Gang surrendered, greatly reducing the strength of Zheng yisao and Zhang baozai. Forced to do so, the red flag Gang began to think about accepting the offer.
Although the conditions of the Qing Dynasty's security call were very wide, there was one thing that could not be avoided: pirates had to kneel during the security call. The Pirates of the red flag Gang always look down upon the Qing army and make them kneel down to the defeated generals in the past, which is hard to accept. Thus, the scheming governor of Guangdong and Guangxi, bailing, put forward such a plan: by giving marriage, Zhang baozai and Zheng yisao were allowed to get married legally. Zheng yisao and Zhang baozai knelt down to thank you, and at the same time, they also knelt down to accept the invitation.
After recruiting an, Zhang baozai was appointed the third grade official, and later promoted from the second grade official. He transferred Fujian Min'an, Penghu and other places as deputy generals, and sister-in-law Zheng gave Gao an order.
Thirty years later, when the Opium War broke out, Zheng yisao was still active in the Anti Japanese War and gave Lin Zexu advice on how to fight against the British army. Her deeds were also put on the screen by Hong Kong filmmakers in the 1980s.
Disclaimer: the above content comes from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you violate your original copyright, please let us know, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.