According to Zhengzai, as a general who can fight well in the bloody battlefield, he should be the first person in the camp of Cao Wei. Zhang Liao was listed as the first of the five generals of Cao Wei in the book. Wang Xin praised more and said, "Cao weiduo, Zhang Liao is the first."


Zhangliao (169-222), the word Wen Yuan, Yanmen Mayi county people (now Shuozhou, Shanxi Province).


In the biography of zhangliao in the annals of the Three Kingdoms, it was mentioned that "after Bennie I, he changed his surname to avoid resentment". Nie Yi, the ancestor of Zhang Liao, was the founder of the famous "plan of Mayi". According to the history, in the first year of the Yuan Dynasty (134bc), Nie Yi, a businessman in the area of Yanmen Mayi, was familiar with the Huns and worried about the edge of the Western Han Dynasty. He suggested to Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty that he had taken the Huns after the marriage, and that he could defeat them as long as he lured them for profit.


So Nie Yi was ordered to use himself as a bait to go to the Xiongnu camp, pretending that he could kill the county magistrate of Mayi, forcing Mayi to surrender, and then he could get the city's property. He believed in his words and coveted his interests, so he immediately planned to start the army. After Nie Yi returned to the Han Dynasty, he mistakenly named the head of a criminal as the head of the Mayi chief officer to show that the time had come to lure the Huns into the important area.


Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty sent five generals and a total of 300000 people to lay down in Mayi. These five generals are general Wei Xiaoqi, general sun he, general Qingche, General Wang Huijiang, General Li Xicai, senior officer of Taizhong, and General Han Anguo, senior officer of imperial history. All the leaders are subordinated to Han'an state, and they have agreed to send out their troops when entering Ma Yi alone.


The plan had been carried out smoothly. When Chen LIAOSHAN went to Zuoyun, he found that there were only livestock and no one in the city and field, so he became suspicious. He sent troops to take down a blockhouse and captured a captain. The captain revealed the truth that more than 300000 Han troops had been ambushed near Mayi. He found out that the conspiracy was broken and the Han army retreated unexpectedly. There was no place for the Han Army to ambush. "Mayi's plan" also ended in failure. Nie Yi's devotion to the wild grass is not only futile, but also a suspect of both Han and Hun. In order to avoid disaster, he changed his surname to "Zhang".


Three hundred years later, there was a boy born in Lao Zhang's family. He was Zhang Liao. When Zhang Liao was young, he used to be a county official. At the end of the year, Ding Yuan, the governor of Bingzhou, was called to engage in it because of his superior force and sent him to the capital. Later, he was sent by the general to Hebei to recruit soldiers and buy horses. When Zhang Liao returned, in 189, he Jin's forces had been eliminated. So he was attached again. Later, Dong Zhuo was defeated. Zhang Liao took his soldiers with him to be attached again as a cavalry commander. In 198, after Lu Bu was defeated in xiapi, Zhang Liao led his troops to surrender and was worshipped as Zhonglang general, granted to guanneihou and served as Lu Xiang. Later, he was promoted to general for his war achievements.


After returning to Cao Cao, Zhang Liao followed Cao Cao to fight north and south, to discuss, to pacify Hebei, to conquer Jingzhou, to fight, and repeatedly made contributions to the war. He and Zhang he were called the five good generals of Cao Cao. After suppressing Yuan Shao's influence, Cao Cao sent Zhang Liao to govern the counties of Lu state, and followed Xia Houyuan to Chang'an in the East China Sea, successfully persuading him to surrender. After that, he went to Liyang * Yuantan and the Allied forces with Cao Cao, and became the backbone general because of his war achievements.


Cao Cao returned to Xu, ordered Zhang Liaohe to capture yin'an, and then followed Cao Cao to capture Ye. They conquered Zhao and Changshan. In 205, he succeeded in attacking Yuan Tan with Cao Cao, conquering the seaside and defeating the bandits in Liaodong. When Zhang Liao led the army to return to Yecheng, Cao Cao personally went to meet Zhang Liao, and shared a car with Zhang Liao, and granted Zhang Liao the general of Dangkou.


Then Zhang Liao led the army to attack Jingzhou, pacified the counties of Jiangxia, stationed troops in Linying, and was granted the title of Duting marquis. In 207, when Cao Cao attacked yuan Shang in Liucheng, he met the Wuhuan army on the way. Zhang Liao was very angry and urged Cao Cao to go to war immediately. Cao Cao strengthened his behavior and granted his banner to Zhang Liao personally. Liao then led the army to attack, smashed the enemy's soldiers, and killed them alone before the battle.


At that time, Jingzhou was not stable. Later, when Zhang Liao was still in Jingzhou, there was a riot of conspirators in the army. In the middle of the night, the whole army was in disorder. At this time, Zhang Liao Gu said, "don't be alarmed. It must not be the total rebellion of the whole battalion. It must be the person who caused the rebellion and wanted to confuse others. " So he ordered the army, as long as it was not the rebels, to sit still. Zhang Liao led dozens of his own soldiers to stand in the battle. Soon the riot subsided, and the chief conspirator was captured and killed in the army, which completely calmed down the situation.


At that time, Chen Lan and Mei Cheng, the Lujiang people, occupied six counties of DI and rebelled. Cao Cao then sent and asked Zhang Liaodu to lead Zhang he and Niu Gai to attack Chen Lan. At that time, Mei Cheng pretended to surrender to the Forbidden City, and then led the army to return. Unexpectedly, Mei Cheng took the opportunity to lead the crowd to vote for Chen Lan, and they camped in Tianzhu Mountain to defend themselves. When Zhang Liao wanted to enter the mountain, all the generals said, "this mountain road is dangerous, so it's hard to use soldiers in depth." But Zhang Liao said: "this is the so-called" one and one, the brave get the front ear "(only the brave can move forward)." So he went to the foot of the mountain and set up camp. He started to attack, and finally killed Chen Lan and Mei Cheng and took all the people. Cao Cao said on the merits of the generals: "climb the Tianshan Mountain, walk on the precipitous and dangerous road to get the orchid and success, and Dangkou (General Zhang Liao of Dangkou) also has the merits."


Zhang Liao is not only good at expedition, but also has strategic vision. During Cao Cao's expedition to Yuan Shang in the 12th year of Jian'an, Zhang Liao admonished him and said, "Xuchang is now the capital of the world. Tianzi () is living in Xuchang. If you send a surprise attack to the north, you will be in danger if you take the Tianzi and order the four sides! "Sure enough, after Cao Cao's march to the north, Liu Bei suggests attacking Liu Biao, but Liu Biao can't use his plan. However, in terms of the situation at that time, Zhang Liao's worries were very insightful, for he was a failure in Liu Biao and a fluke in Cao Cao.


In his military career of more than 20 years, Zhang Liao has conquered and defended everything. His courage and wisdom are considerable. The most brilliant peak of Zhang Liao's military career was the battle against Sun Quan in Hefei. In 208, Cao Cao was defeated. He sent Zhang Liao, Yue Jin and more than 7000 people to Hefei. He sent a letter to Zhang Liao from Xue Ti, the army's escort. The letter was signed as "thief is sent". In August of the 20th year of Jian'an (215), Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu, personally led 100000 troops to besiege Hefei.


During this time, Cao's troops stationed in Hefei were only 7000. There is a wide gap between the two armies. At this critical moment, Cao Cao led his troops to the West and was unable to send troops to help Hefei. In this severe situation, Cao Jun, who is stationed in Hefei, is in a bad situation. Zhang Liao, the general guarding Yuejin and Li Dian, had no choice but to look at each other. Seeing this, Zhang Liao said, "Cao Gongjin is on an expedition. If you wait for Cao Gong to send reinforcements to rescue us, we will be defeated by Wu Jun even if they come. At present, the only best policy is to take the initiative to attack when the Wu army is not stable. Only by demoralizing the Wu army can we stabilize the people's minds, boost morale and keep the city. What do you think about the chance of success or failure in the first World War? "


Li Dian and Zhang Liao had always been estranged, but at this critical moment, hearing Zhang Liao's words, he said generously, "since the general has made up his mind and is reckless, we can give up the great justice with our small private interests?" so Zhang Liao recruited 800 people who dare to join him in the night, and killed Wu array suddenly at dawn. When he fought until the end of the day, Wu army suffered heavy losses. In this war, Liao (Zhang) armed with halberds, boarded Chen first, killed dozens of people and beheaded two generals


Sun Quan was caught off guard, and 100000 troops were forced to retreat to a high place. Later, I saw that there were few soldiers in zhangliao, "but they gathered to encircle Liao for several times.". Zhang liaojun rushed left and right. He was so brave that he once fought dozens of people out of the encirclement. Later, he saw that most of his men were still in the encirclement. He turned back and rescued his subordinates. Sun Quan's army is "invincible, no daredevil". From the early morning to the noon of the first World War, "Wu people seize Qi", Sun Quan had to retreat.


After Sun Quan "kept Hefei for more than ten days, the city could not be pulled out, but retired.". When Sun Quan and Zhujiang went to the north of Xiaoyao, they were just investigated by Zhang Liao. Liao that is, the rate of suddenly arrived, and other Wu will fight with Liao, then the rate of personal protection right out of the encirclement. When Sun Quan retreated to Xiaoyao Jinqiao, he saw that the south of the bridge had been demolished and Zhang Yu had no slab. At this critical moment, Sun Quan, who was close to Gu Li, was in a hurry to learn from his wits. After his mount, Sun Quan whipped a whip, which made him fly across the bridge with the help of galloping horses. He survived. The history of this war, known as zhangliao Weizhen Xiaoyaojin, is a famous case of war in the Three Kingdoms period.


After this battle, Cao Cao praised Zhang Liao and worshiped general Dongzheng. In the twenty-first year of Jian'an, Cao Cao again took Sun Quan. When the army arrived in Hefei, Cao Cao inspected the place where Zhang Liao fought in the past and praised it for a long time. Later, the successor once said: "in the battle of Hefei, there were 800 soldiers and 100000 thieves in Liao and Dian dynasties. Since ancient times, there have been no soldiers." And praised its "this is also the ancient call tiger also." Zhao Hu is a general of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty who is as famous as Fang Shu, Yin Jifu, etc. )


After that, Zhang Liao stationed his troops in the nest (south of Huitong City, today's An'an) to guard against Sun Quan. After taking over the throne, Cao Pi changed Zhang Liao to be a former general, and also granted his brother and son as liehou. When Sun Quan rebelled again, Cao Pi sent Zhang Liao back to Hefei, the Marquis of jinjudu. Cao Pi allowed his mother to take a bus and send his family to his Garrison, which was the highest honor at that time. Later, Cao Pi became the emperor, and Zhang Liao was granted the title of Jinyang Marquis, with an increase of food capital to 2600 households. In the second year of Huang Chu's reign, Cao Pi built a house for Zhang Liao, built a palace for his mother, and sealed the pawn who followed Zhang Liao as Huben.


Unfortunately, Zhang Liao got sick at this time. Cao Pi then sent Liu Ye, his servant, to take the imperial doctor with him to see the disease. He even went to his camp and held his hand to greet him, gave him his royal clothes, and sent his officials to send him food. When the disease of zhangliao was healed a little, Liao would return to the country. At the right time, Sun Quan rebelled again. In the third year of Huang Chu's reign, Cao Pi sent Zhang Liao to take a boat and Cao Xiu to hailing and Linjiang for garrison. Sun Quanzhi told his subordinates, "although Zhang Liao is ill, he can't be taken care of it." his fear of Zhang Liao is like this. In the same year, Zhang Liao fell ill with Cao Xiu and defeated LV fan, the general of Wu.


Soon Zhang Liao died in Jiangdu, Wei lost pillars, a generation of famous will fall. Cao Pi's running tears, posthumous title is just Hou. Zhang Hu, the son of Zhang Hu, inherited his title.


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