He is a man who is good at beating everything with time. She entered the palace at the age of 14. She first became a queen in 18 years, then a queen in 35 years, and then proved the solidity of her mausoleum and the immortality of its charm in 1200 years after her death. Even before Mr. Guo Moruo died, he still remembered that the central government approved the excavation of the Qianling mausoleum. It can be said that Empress Wu conquered the world before her death and history after her death.
If you ask which emperor's mausoleum in the world is the most difficult to dig, then there is no doubt that it is Wu Zetian's "ten thousand years of life" - Qianling. Her mausoleum was cut by swords in the era of cold weapons and blasted by machine guns and artillery in the era of hot weapons. In more than 1300 years, there are 17 famous tomb robbers. However, to this day, the mausoleum has been emptied, the Zhaoling of the Emperor Taizong has been swept away, and the emperor can't even gather the bones. Why can only the Qianling of Empress Wu be alone?
Of course, tomb raiders want treasure. Is there no good burial objects in it? On the contrary, after years of exploration and investigation, a cultural relics worker reckons that there are at least 500 tons! On both sides of the front and rear passage, there are four stone caves, each filled with the most valuable treasure in the Tang Dynasty. On both sides of the nearly 100 meter corridor leading to the wall of King Kong, there are various kinds of gold and silver sacrificial vessels. The most interesting one is the top national treasure, preface to Lanting. In the folklore of Qianling area, there has been a saying that Wu Zetian was buried with preface to Lanting for a long time.
In fact, so many rich treasures make Qianling attract professional tomb robbers, frontier officials, bandits, warlords, and even peasant uprisings, who have come to dig up several times with spades and hoes. From the moment when Wu Zetian lay down in Qianling, Liangshan never stopped. The first to visit Qianling is the leader of the rebellion army in the late Tang Dynasty. After the salt dealer led 600000 troops to attack Chang'an, he first burned, killed and robbed the bandits. When the bandits became addicted, he suddenly found that he had nothing to do.
At this time, someone told him that there were a lot of gravels buried in the loess ground on the west side of Liangshan Mountain. This news is to suggest that the entrance of the richest Qianling mausoleum in the Tang mausoleum is probably on the west side of Liangshan Mountain. Huang Chao was so happy that he immediately called out 400000 soldiers and ran to the west side of Liangshan Mountain to start digging. These people are all farmers. They are very skilled in the use of shovels and spades. Soon, they flattened half of Liangshan Mountain, leaving a 40 meter deep "yellow nest ditch".
However, Qianling seems to have no entrance at all. Later, the Tang Dynasty army gathered to launch a counter attack on Chang'an. Huang Chao was unwilling to flee empty handed. Huang Chao, who claimed to be a scholar, was so stupid that he didn't know Qianling was facing south. Deliberately bury the rubble from the construction in a place more than 300 meters away from the tomb crossing. In other words, he digs in the wrong direction.
The second person who extended his evil hand to Qianling was Wen Tao, the governor of Yaozhou in the Five Dynasties. It seems that this person was born to make trouble for the mausoleum of the Tang Dynasty. Before the Qianling mausoleum, 17 tombs of the Tang Dynasty had been excavated, leaving only the Qianling mausoleum. But his ideals are broken here.
Like Huang Chao, he also moved tens of thousands of people and horses to dig the Qianling mausoleum in broad daylight. Unexpectedly, three times of climbing were made by wind and rain. As soon as the people and horses were removed, the weather turned clear immediately. Wen Tao really didn't understand what was going on, but he didn't continue to dig, so he gave up the idea. Qianling thus escaped the second disaster.
The most dangerous thing is the third time. This time, instead of a 400000 army, it was a modern reorganization division. The tools for robbing tombs were no longer hoes or spades, but machine guns and cannons for cutting rocks and vegetables. The mastermind is the general of the Kuomintang in his time. He led his subordinates to learn how to bomb and tomb. He buried pots on Liangshan Mountain to make rice and set up a camp. Under the guise of military exercises, he exploded three layers of stone strips in the tomb path with black explosives. As he was about to enter, a thick smoke suddenly came out, spiraled up, and became a tornado. Suddenly, the sky was dark and the sand was flying. Seven soldiers of Shaanxi nationality took the lead, spitting blood and died immediately. No one else dared to Then he ran out, shouting. In this way, Qianling finally escaped the last disaster.
Link: where is Wu Zetian's tomb?
Qianling is a Tang Dynasty tomb located in Liangshan, Qianxian County, Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province, the people's Republic of China. The mausoleum is a joint burial tomb of LiZhi (649-683) and Wu Zetian (690-705). It was built in 684, the first year of guangzhai in Tang Dynasty, and was covered in 706, the second year of Shenlong. The mausoleum is built by mountain. Qianling is most famous for its magnificent cemetery planning and a large number of Tang Dynasty stone carvings on the surface. In addition to the main tomb, there are 17 small burial tombs with other royal family members and officials. Qianling mausoleum is the most well preserved of the eighteen tombs of the Tang Dynasty. As of 2013, only five burial tombs have been excavated, from which a large number of cultural relics have been unearthed.
In the first year of Hongdao (683), Wu Zetian appointed Wei Wai, Minister of the Ministry of public affairs, to be responsible for the Qianling project. In August of the following year, Lizhi was buried, and then the Qianling project continued. In May of the second year of Shenlong (706), Li Xian ordered Wu Zetian to be buried. In the previous year, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang also pardoned the royal families who were persecuted to death due to political problems during the reign of Empress Wu, and buried them again, including Li Xianhui, Li chongrun, Prince of Yide, and three others. In addition, in 706, Emperor Xu, King Ze, Li Shangjin, Li Xiayu and other tombs were added to the Qianling mausoleum.
At the end of the Tang Dynasty, Huang Chao planned to steal the tomb, so he used 400000 troops to dig a 40 meter deep ditch, but he didn't find the entrance to the tomb, so he left. During this period, Wen Tao, the governor of Chongzhou in the Later Liang Dynasty, organized the army to excavate all the mausoleums of the Tang Dynasty, but only the Qianling mausoleum survived because of its solid construction.
In 1960, several local farmers shot and blasted stones, accidentally blasting out the entrance to the tomb. In February 1960, the "Qianling excavation committee" was established in Shaanxi Province. After preliminary excavation, it was confirmed that the place where the explosion occurred was the underground palace tomb path, and it was ready to continue excavation. However, Premier Zhou Enlai gave instructions to the excavation plan of Qianling mausoleum that "we can't finish the good things, this matter can be left for future generations to finish". After that, the State Council issued a notice to "do not dig the tombs before the national Emperors", and the excavation of Qianling was stopped.
Because the tomb path of Qianling is complete and no new cave has been found, many experts believe that Qianling is the only one of the eighteen tombs of Tang Dynasty that has not been excavated.
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