In the early summer of 1896, he was appointed as a special envoy to celebrate the coronation of the Tsar in Russia. It was not true that he signed the book. Since then, the trip is to travel and study in Europe and America. His visit to France coincided with the opening of the World Games (the predecessor of the Olympic Games) in Paris. At the flag raising ceremony, national anthems were played all over the world, but the Empire of the Qing Dynasty was so unreliable that it did not even have a national anthem, which provoked wild ridicule from foreign maozi on the spot. Li Hongzhang was a guest who was invited to watch the ceremony. Seeing this embarrassment, he left the table and walked to Huanglong's banner. He stood up and sang the folk tune "Jasmine" in his hometown Anhui. At that moment, all the noise came to silence, and immediately the applause was thunderous. It is indeed a great honor for an old Oriental to defend the dignity of his country in this peculiar way.
Li Hongzhang was praised as "the outstanding man among the mediocre", having a great relationship and wide connection in modern China. Li Hongzhang and never met, but they are only a short distance from each other. At first, in Sun Yat-sen's book of going to the Li Zhongtang, Li Hongzhang didn't expect that this young man in Guangdong was a dormant dragon, and he would be able to revive the rain by riding on the clouds. Later, Sun Yat-sen's reputation shocked the whole country. When Li Hongzhang was governor of Guangdong and Guangxi, he had to reserve a place for himself. He risked secretly helping the revolutionary party 30000 Guangyang, and sought an opportunity to meet with Sun Yat-sen at sea. If Sun Yat-sen didn't change his mind temporarily, the meeting would have a huge and far-reaching impact on Chinese history.
Before the naval battle of 1894, the Japanese rated five great men in the world, namely, the German iron blood prime minister, the president of the United States of America, Li Hongzhang, the Chinese Minister, Garibaldi, the Italian uniformer, and the Japanese Prime Minister. Li Hongzhang was in the third place, and he pushed both shoulders of ITO Bowen to surprise. A reasonable explanation for this is: "Japan has no fewer than 100 people like ITO, while China has only one Li Hongzhang." Obviously, rare things are more expensive.
Not only do the Japanese think highly of Li Hongzhang, but the British missionary Timothy Lee once said, "Li Hongzhang is higher than most people in terms of body shape, and he is above all people in terms of intelligence, and can see far beyond their heads." Li Hongzhang is about 1.85 meters tall. Even when he is dealing with foreigners, he will not suffer any loss. When he looks down on his opponent, he will feel great pressure. If it was not for the weak country without diplomacy, the imperial court would regard Li Hongzhang as the "fire fighting captain", and his achievements would be. Mao Zedong said a fair word in his youth: "Li Hongzhang is a ship, the Qing government is a water, the ship is large and shallow, Li Hongzhang this ship can not sail in the water, can not open."
History is just like the Yellow River water, which can not be simplified to a clear degree like "the one who is clear, the one who is turbid is turbid", and its complexity even exceeds the margin of ordinary people's imagination. In the end, you will be surprised and helpless to find that history is the best master in this field. Let's go back to the beginning of the question: is Li Hongzhang a patriot or a traitor?
With the passage of time, some historical facts are gradually blurred, and some historical facts come to light. Li Hongzhang was criticized most for his improper employment in foreign affairs to cover up Sheng Xuanhuai's corruption case. Li Hongzhang's military affairs, "the emperor's skills are not virtuous", which led to the discord among the generals. He was in a state of emergency in North Korea. He used Ye Zhichao, a timid general, and greedy generals to protect you. He not only suffered from the loss of his master, but also suffered a lot in front of the Japanese army. These are certain facts. However, the insider trading of "China Russia secret treaty" has been uncovered, which can still surprise everyone in a cold sweat.
In 1937, the Commercial Press published the Russian historian Romanov's "history of the invasion of Manchuria by Russia". According to the secret file of the Russian Ministry of finance, the author found out a "Li Hongzhang fund" with an amount of up to 3 million rubles, which was used exclusively. Only Li Hongzhang could withdraw the money. In this way, Gaoyang's determination that Li Hongzhang once "led wolves into the house and then worked for the tiger again" is not groundless, and Li Hongzhang's being called "traitor" and "traitor" is not totally unjust. The family's huge wealth includes the black income from opium cultivation and trafficking, and the color of crime is quite strong.
Isn't this very treacherous? If we look at the problem from another angle, it's not hard to understand that the real people who have the power and the ability to sell the country are not equal to idle roles. These big people are usually representatives of the core interest groups. How easy is it to talk about them fighting against the word "private" everywhere. It is not uncommon for autocratic dynasties to produce such monsters, which are both righteous and wicked, loyal and treacherous.
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