Guide: in September 1851, the Taiping army captured their first city, Yongan prefecture (now Mengshan county). In the seven months of staying here, a series of military and political construction has been completed, and five kings have been appointed. The eastern king was a coal burning mountain people; the Western King Xiao Chaogui was a self-employed farmer; the southern King Feng Yunshan, like Hong Xiuquan, had read a private school in the countryside for several years, which could be regarded as a small intellectual; the northern King Wei Changhui had several shops and a large area of land, and Yiwang Shida opened up in a wealthy family, which could be regarded as a gentry or landlord.
They come from different origins, and their limited knowledge is the common ground. It is said that when the Taiping army besieged Changsha, it paid a visit to Hong Xiuquan, offered strategies to attack and defend the country, and advised them to respect Confucianism and give up worshiping the God society. Because Hong Xiuquan didn't think so, Zuo left quietly and became one of the important figures in Pingding. Li Xiucheng, the loyal king, said nothing in his later confession: "the king of heaven does not need a scholar."
知识分子常有自己的想法，头脑不容易改造，自不能轻易任。书生文士在天朝是不可能得志的。太平军视为至宝的是。每攻陷一座 、路过一个乡村，必定竭尽可能把他们带走。 最天真无邪，加以训练，将来就可以成为死士。天朝晚期的将领，许多都是被带上路的 ，例如英王陈玉成。
Intellectuals often have their own ideas. Their minds are not easy to transform, and they can't easily assume their responsibilities. It is impossible for scholars and scholars to succeed in the Chinese dynasty. Children are the most precious treasure of the Taiping army. Every time you capture a city or pass a village, you must try your best to take them away. Children are the most innocent. If they are trained, they will be dead in the future. Many of the generals in the late days of the dynasty were children taken on the road, such as Chen Yucheng, the king of England.
As for ordinary soldiers, most of them came from poor families. In addition to the mountain people of Guangxi, "all the men in the area where they are based will" camp "first, and then they will use the words of Gan, and then they will use the power to rob. The so-called "sweet words", that is, it is said that the common people listen to "reason", if they do not follow, they will cut them off and not stay. " ——Guo Ting, a historian, summed it up. Zhang Dejian of the Hunan army recorded in the collection of thieves' feelings that the prisoners of the Taiping army often had to "look at the palms": if the palms were ruddy and there were no calluses on their fingers, the "constant fingers were demons". On the contrary, "coal miners, river trackers, boatmen, wharf porters, sedan bearers, blacksmiths and hard craftsmen are all hardworking all the year round, without food and clothing. If they are captured and served, thieves will meet them well."
Tao Chengzhang, one of the founders of the restoration society, a revolutionary group in the late Qing Dynasty, believed that the Taiping army had the color of Chinese secret society. "Not from Jesus, but from the old rules of Hongmen." Hongmen is also called heaven and Earth Society. In order to strengthen its troops, the Taiping army had a large number of members, especially the heaven and Earth Society. However, Hong Xiuquan didn't agree with the tenet of "anti Qing and restoration of Ming Dynasty." this idea was really good when the association was founded in, but now it has been 200 years, we can still say anti Qing, but we can't say it again If we can restore the Han mountains and rivers, we will create a new dynasty. "
The Taiping army is called equal, but in fact, it has a strong sense of separation. Those who join the Church of God are called brothers. Those from Guangxi are called "old brothers" and enjoy special treatment. Those who join the association later are called "new brothers", while ordinary people are all called "waixiao". The king of heaven promised the "brothers" that when they went to the little heaven, they would fight with all the officials, such as Jiangshan meritorious service, and then they would be prime minister, security guard, commander, general, and bodyguard. When they went to the little heaven, they would be commander in chief of the army. They would be handed down from generation to generation, and the Dragon Robe horn would be brought to the heaven According to the military system of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, each army has one commander-in-chief and over 13000 people under its jurisdiction. "Every house that worships God will be set on fire. The cold family has no food, so they follow him. People in the countryside don't know how far they are going. They travel a hundred miles and a hundred miles, but they don't know how to look back. After that, they have their pursuers. " They are on a path of no return.
Mr. Qian Mu once analyzed and said: "the main cause of the peasants' turmoil will be the poor administration of officials, which will lead to famine. In the reality of the official persecution and the people's revolt, I recall the old national hatred. This is a common phenomenon of chaos after the middle of the Qing Dynasty. " "In order to seize the opportunity to expand and extend the chaos caused by the famine in one place for a while, we must adopt a mobile terrorist policy to intimidate the good people so that they have no property to depend on, and only follow the forces of the chaos. This is the so-called" roving bandits ". This kind of disorder, the larger the area of harassment, the more violent the killing, the more threatening it will be. " "Famine can motivate farmers, but it can't organize them. If we want to organize farmers temporarily, we often depend on religion." "It's quiet and loose peasants who start things with the incitement of heresy and start things with the harassment of flow, so they can go on two ways of long-term treason."
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