According to the website of the U.S. Geological Survey, at about 10:01 on January 13, Beijing time, a 5.3-magnitude earthquake occurred in western Argentina with a focal depth of 162.9 km.
What should I do in case of an earthquake?
Although earthquakes are unavoidable and uncontrollable for human beings at present, as long as we master some skills, we can also minimize the damage from disasters.
1. Don't rush in a big earthquake
The average time of destructive earthquake is only 12 seconds from people's feeling of vibration to the destruction of buildings. In this short period of time, you must not panic. You should make a quick choice to ensure safety according to your environment. If you live in a bungalow, you can run to the door quickly. If you live in a building, don't jump. Cut off the power switch immediately, turn off the gas, and avoid to a place with a small span such as the washroom, or under a table or bed. Evacuate quickly after the earthquake to prevent strong aftershocks.
2. If there are too many people, find a hiding place first
Schools, shops, theaters and other places where people gather should avoid panic in case of an earthquake. They should immediately hide under desks, chairs or solid objects, and evacuate orderly after the earthquake. Teachers and other on-the-spot staff must calmly command people to take shelter on the spot, and never take the lead in running around.
3. Keep away from dangerous areas
If you encounter an earthquake in the street, you should protect your head with your hands, and quickly move away from the building to the center of the street. In case of an earthquake in the countryside, please keep away from cliffs, steep slopes, river banks and high-voltage lines. The running cars and trains should stop at once.
4. Keep physical strength when buried
If you are unfortunately buried in ruins after the earthquake, try to keep calm and try to save yourself. When you can't get out of danger, you should keep your physical strength, try your best to find water and food, create living conditions, and wait patiently for rescue workers.
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