陕西发现遗址石雕是怎么回事 陕西发现遗址石雕是真的吗-看世界

陕西发现遗址石雕是怎么回事 陕西发现遗址石雕是真的吗

 据媒体报道,1月9日陕西省考古研究院发布消息,2019年陕西神木石峁遗址皇城台发掘取得重要收获,在遗址中,发现70佘件精美石雕,大致可分为“神面”、人面、“神兽”、动物和符号五类,年代应不晚于公元前2000年左右。石峁遗址主体内涵为距今4000年左右的石砌诚址,诚内面积逾400万平方米。

According to media reports, on January 9, the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of archaeology released a news that the excavation of the Huangcheng platform at the Shenmu Shimao site in 2019 achieved important results. In the site, 70 pieces of exquisite stone carvings were found, which can be roughly divided into five categories: "God face", "human face", "god beast", animal and symbol. The age should be no later than about 2000 BC. The main connotation of Shimao site is the stone masonry site about 4000 years ago, covering an area of more than 4 million square meters.

据媒体报道,1月9日陕西省考古研究院发布消息,2019年陕西神木石峁遗址皇城台发掘取得重要收获,在遗址中,发现70佘件精美石雕,大致可分为“神面”、人面、“神兽”、动物和符号五类,年代应不晚于公元前2000年左右。石峁遗址主体内涵为距今4000年左右的石砌诚址,诚内面积逾400万平方米。

According to media reports, on January 9, the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of archaeology released a news that the excavation of the Huangcheng platform at the Shenmu Shimao site in 2019 achieved important results. In the site, 70 pieces of exquisite stone carvings were found, which can be roughly divided into five categories: "God face", "human face", "god beast", animal and symbol. The age should be no later than about 2000 BC. The main connotation of Shimao site is the stone masonry site about 4000 years ago, covering an area of more than 4 million square meters.

考古资料显示,皇城台是石峁城址的最核心区域。自2016年开始,皇城台考古工作有序开展、重要发现逐步揭露。考古人员在皇城台台顶发现了一处规模宏大的建筑台基,上面分布大量建筑基址,称为“大台基”。2019年,考古人员完成了皇城台大台基南护墙清理。南护墙用大小不一的砂岩石块错缝砌筑,石块之间用草拌泥粘接,墙体上还发现有多个纴木洞,最高处残高约4.5米。在南护墙外(南)侧另有一道石砌夹墙,与皇城台门址主门道地面相连。

Archaeological data show that huangchengtai is the core area of Shimao city site. Since 2016, the archaeological work of huangchengtai has been carried out orderly and important discoveries have been revealed gradually. Archaeologists found a large-scale building foundation on the top of the platform of the Imperial City, on which a large number of building sites are distributed, known as the "grand platform base". In 2019, archaeologists completed the cleaning of the South retaining wall of the platform base of the imperial city. The South parapet wall is built by staggered joints of sandstone stones of different sizes, and the stones are bonded with grass mixed with mud. There are also many wooden holes on the wall, with the highest residual height of about 4.5m. There is another stone sandwich wall on the outside (South) side of the South parapet, which is connected with the main doorway ground of the gate site of huangchengtai.

而出土于墙体的倒塌石块内的石雕,也呼应了石峁遗址中“藏玉于墙”相同的精神内涵,这可能与中国北方地区的石雕“传统”密切相关,其技法、主题丰富,可能对后续几个朝代的玉器、礼器风格及构思形成了潜移默化的影响。 

The stone carvings unearthed in the collapsed stones of the wall also echoed the same spiritual connotation of "storing jade in the wall" in the Shimao site, which may be closely related to the "tradition" of stone carvings in northern China, with rich techniques and themes, and may have a subtle impact on the style and conception of jade wares and ritual wares in subsequent dynasties.  

2019年4月,国家文物局已将石峁遗址列入申遗预备名单。这个文献中没有记载的古城,有强烈的神、玉、巫三位一体的宗教意识,很可能是夏朝早期中国北方的中心。未来对它的进一步考古发掘,甚至会引发重构区域考古学文化体系,可能对探讨中华古老文明起源及进程会贡献不小。

In April 2019, the State Administration of cultural relics has listed the Shimao site on the list of preparation for applying for the world heritage. The ancient city, which is not recorded in this document, has a strong religious consciousness of the trinity of God, jade and witch, and is likely to be the center of northern China in the early Xia Dynasty. In the future, further archaeological excavation will even lead to the reconstruction of regional archaeological cultural system, which may contribute a lot to the exploration of the origin and process of ancient Chinese civilization.

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