Guide reading: (175-210 years), the word Gongjin, Lujiang Shuxian (now an weishucheng) people. Zhou Yu was the leader and strategist of the state of Wu. He played an important role in the process of sun's foundation and establishment of the three-dimensional pattern.
Zhou Yu was born into a scholar family. His grandfather Zhou Jing and uncle Zhou Zhong were all Taiwei. His father, Zhou Yi, once served as Luoyang order. Zhou Yu's "long, strong and beautiful" (Wu Shu Zhou Yu Biography). Zhou Yu is ambitious. He studied hard since he was a child. He especially liked the art of war. He was born in a turbulent time, the current situation was not peaceful, the war continued, the war began four times, so he always wanted to clear the world.
Zhou Yu is a close friend. When the soldiers asked for help, the family moved to Shuxian. Sun CE and Zhou Yu are the same age and have a close relationship. Zhou Yu gave up the big house in Lunan for sun's house to live in, and went to visit Sun CE's mother. Did the two families share the same thing. Zhou Yu and sun CE have a good reputation for making friends with famous people in Jiangnan.
After Sun Jian's death, sun CE inherited his father's will and led the troops. Zhou Yu went to visit him from his father, Zhou Shang, who was the prince of Danyang. Sun CE entered Liyang (now northwest of He county, Anhui Province), and he was going to travel eastward to write to Zhou Yu. Zhou Yu led his troops to meet sun CE and give him strong support. Sun CE was very pleased and said, "I have your heart in peace" (Biography of the Three Kingdoms, Wu Shu and Zhou Yu).
于是，二人协同作战，先克横江(今和县东南长江北岸)(今安徽和县东，当利水入江处)、当利，接著挥师渡江，进攻秣陵(今 江宁秣陵关)，打败了笮融、薛礼，转而攻占湖孰(今 江宁湖熟镇)、江乘，进入曲阿(今江苏丹阳)，逼走刘繇。时孙策部众已发展到几万人。他对周瑜说：“吾以此众取吴会平山越已足。卿还镇丹阳”(《三国志·吴书·周瑜传》)。于是，周瑜率部回到丹阳。
Therefore, the two men fought together, first conquered Hengjiang (now the North Bank of the Yangtze River in the southeast of He county, Anhui Province) (now the east of He county, where the water flows into the river), dangli, then crossed the river, attacked moling (now moling pass, Jiangning, Jiangsu Province), defeated zuomrong and Xue Li, and then occupied Huzhu (now the town of Jiangning, Jiangsu Province), Jiangcheng, qua (now Danyang, Jiangsu Province), forcing Liu you away. By that time, the number of sun CE's members had reached tens of thousands. He said to Zhou Yu, "with this, we can take the wuhui mountain more and more. Qing returned to Danyang (Biography of Wu Shu and Zhou Yu, records of the Three Kingdoms). So, Zhou Yu led his department back to Danyang.
Soon, his cousin Yuan Yin was sent to replace Zhou Shang as the crown prince of Danyang. Zhou Yu arrived in Shouchun (now Shouxian County, Anhui Province) with Zhou Shang. When Yuan Shu found out that Zhou Yu was talented, he wanted to take Zhou Yu as his general. Zhou Yu saw that Yuan Shu would not achieve anything in the end, so he only asked to be the head of Juchao county and wanted to take the opportunity to return to Jiangdong. Yuan Shu agreed with Zhou Yu's request.
In the third year of Jian'an (198), Zhou Yu returned to Wujun (now Suzhou, Jiangsu Province) through Juchao. Sun Qie hears Zhou Yu's return, and goes out to meet him in person. He gives Zhou Yu the general of Jianwei Zhonglang, who is assigned to two thousand soldiers and fifty horses to fight and ride. In addition, sun CE also gave Zhou Yu a band to advocate and build a house for him. No one can match the reward. Sun CE also issued an order that said: "Jin is magnificent and talented, so she has a good relationship with me. When he was in Danyang, he led the army to distribute ship food to help me, so that I could achieve great things. Today's reward is far from the support he gave me at the critical moment. "Zhou Yu was twenty-four years old, and people in Wujun called him Zhou Lang.
In the area of Lujiang River, scholars and people were always convinced of Zhou Yu's kindness and faithfulness, so sun CE ordered him to go out to guard niuzhu and later to serve as head of Chungu. Soon, sun CE wanted to take Jingzhou, worship Zhou Yu as the middle guard, and concurrently serve as the governor of Jiangxia (West of Xinzhou, Hubei Province), and go on expedition with the army. Zhou Yu and sun CE conquered the city of Anhui, and got two daughters of Qiaogong, both of whom are of a natural beauty. Sun CE married the bridge, Zhou Yu married the small bridge. Sun CE said to Zhou Yu, "although the daughter of Duke Qiao has suffered from war and exile, it's a great honor to have both of us as sons in law."
Then he attacked Xunyang and defeated Liu Xun. Then he went back to Jiangxia and pacified Yuzhang (now Nanchang, Jiangxi) and Luling. Zhou Yu stayed to guard Bachu.
In the fifth year of Jian'an (200 years), sun CE was assassinated and entrusted the military affairs with his death. At that time, only Kuaiji, Wujun, Danyang, Yuzhang and Luling counties were in Sun Quan's power, and their remote and dangerous places were not fully attached. The world's heroes are scattered in various prefectures and counties. They only pay attention to their personal safety and did not establish the relationship of interdependence between the monarchs and ministers with Sun family. At the critical moment, Zhang Zhao, Zhou Yu, LV fan, Cheng Pu and others first came to support Sun Quan. Zhou Yu came to mourn with his troops from other places and stayed beside Sun Quan in Wujun as the middle guard. He had a strong army, treated Sun Quan with the courtesy of a monarch and a minister, and was in charge of military and political affairs together with Zhang Zhao, the chief of history. Naturally, no one else dared to disagree.
After the defeat, the soldiers became more and more powerful and satisfied, thinking that the world could be lucky in the palm. So, in the seventh year of Jian'an (202), he ordered Sun Quan to send his son to him as a hostage. Sun Quan was also a man and an Englishman. Of course, he didn't want to be so controlled by others, so he summoned a group of officials to discuss. There are different opinions among the subordinates. Zhang Zhao, Qin song and other important officials hesitated and could not make a decision.
Although Sun Quan didn't want to send the hostages, he was a bit uncertain because he didn't get strong support. So he took Zhou Yu alone to his mother to discuss the matter. Zhou Yu was firm and firmly opposed to sending hostages. He gave Sun Quan an analysis of his interests and said: "when Chu Jungang was granted the side of Jingshan mountain, the place was not enough. His descendants were both virtuous and able to expand the land, expand the territory, establish a foundation in Yingdu, and occupy the land of Jingyang until the South China Sea. The descendants passed on from generation to generation, lasting more than 900 years. Now, general, you are inheriting Yu Wei's old business from your father and brother. You are in charge of six counties. Your troops are full of grain and your soldiers are full of morale. Moreover, casting mountains for copper, boiling sea for salt, people's mind is stable and scholar's style is strong. It can be said that we are invincible. Why should we send the hostages to people? Once the hostages arrive at Cao Cao's hands, we have to respond to Cao Cao, and we are bound to be subject to Cao's family. At that time, the biggest benefit we could get was just one side of the marquee, ten servants, several cars and several horses. How could it be compared with our own achievements? For today's plan, it's better to wait for Cao Cao's trend and change without sending hostages. If Cao Cao can do justice and rectify the world, then it will not be too late for us to attach. If Cao Cao is arrogant and plans to make a mess, then playing with soldiers like playing with fire will burn himself. General, you just have to wait for heaven's orders. Why should you give quality to people? "
Zhou Yu said this to Sun Quan. Sun Quan's mother also thought that this should be done. She said to Sun Quan, "Gongjin's words are reasonable. He is only one month younger than your brother. I always treat him as a son. You should treat him as a brother." Sun Quan did not give Cao Cao hostages.
Zhou Yu is more and more trusted by Sun Quan, and he is more and more dedicated to his wisdom. He has worked hard for the rise of sun group. He is loyal. According to the biography of Jiang Biao, Cao Cao sent people to lobby Zhou Yu for his own use. The people he sent were Jiang Gan of Jiujiang. Jiang ganyi is very talented and is good at arguing. There is no one like him in Jianghuai. After being ordered this time, he went to see Zhou Yu in a cloth suit and a Ge scarf. Zhou Yu guessed his intention, came out to meet him, and immediately asked, "Ziyi is really diligent. He has traveled far in the Jianghu to be a lobbyist for Cao Cao." Jiang Gan was embarrassed when Zhou Yu opened his mouth and broke the mechanism. Reluctantly, he said, "you and I are from the state. This time, we just came to visit you and your troops. You say I'm a lobbyist, isn't it too much? "Zhou Yu said with a smile," although I'm not as good as Kui and Shikuang, and I can't be called a bosom friend, I'm good at hearing Shao and enjoying Shao, and I'm good at understanding elegant music. " The meaning of your words, your psychology, I am clear. So Jiang Gan was invited to enter the barracks, set up a banquet and entertain him. After drinking, he said to him, "I have secret affairs about military aircraft. First, you go to the guest house outside, and after that, I'll invite you." Three days later, Zhou Yu invited Jiang Gan to the camp. This time, I led him to visit the barracks, inspect the warehouses and the military assets, and then I still set up the Liquor Association. During the dinner, Zhou Yu showed Jiang Gan his attendants and clothes, and said to him, "when a husband deals with the world, he meets the master of his confidant, entrusts the loyalty of his loyal officials to the outside, makes flesh and blood relatives to the inside, follows his words and deeds, and shares weal and woe. Even if Su and Zhang Gengsheng and Li old man come back, they will still touch their backs and fold their words. How can they be moved by their young children? "Zhou Yu has already expressed his determination, and Jiang Gan has nothing to say, so he has to smile. Jiang Gan went back to see Cao Cao and said to him that Zhou Yu was elegant and interesting, and his words said that he could not move. People in the world admire Zhou Yu even more.
In the 11th year of Jian'an (206), Zhou Yu led Sun Yu and others to discuss Ma and Bao Ertun, cut off their leaders and captured more than 10000 people. Huang Zu, the governor of Jiangxia, sent Deng long and thousands of people to Chaisang. Zhou Yu led the army to attack him and capture Deng long.
After Cao Cao basically unified the north, he wanted to unify the whole country. The first strategic goal was Jingzhou. At that time, nakhara was living in Jingzhou. Sun Quan has long been interested in Jingzhou. In the spring of the 13th year of Jian'an (208), Sun Quan asked for Jiang Xia. Zhou Yu was the chief governor in the front and defeated Huang Zu, who was stationed there.
In September of the same year, Cao Cao, fearing Sun Quan would take the lead, waved his troops southward. When Liu died, Liu Cong fell without fighting. Liu Bei was alone, unable to compete with Cao Cao and led his people to flee to the south.
Cao Cao conquered Jingzhou successfully. He brought down Liu Cong's 80000 people and horses. He had hundreds of thousands of troops. His strength increased abruptly and his arrogance was very beneficial. He threatened to go down the river and sweep the east of the river. Before leaving, Cao Cao wrote to Sun Quan, in which he said: "I was ordered to March southward, and Liu Cong was arrested. Now I've trained 800000 troops, ready to hunt Jiangdong with you. "
In the face of this serious situation, the counsellors and soldiers of the eastern Wu were very frightened. Sun Quan called them together to discuss countermeasures. Most of them, led by Zhang Zhao, thought that they should "welcome Cao". They said: "Cao Gong is also a jackal and tiger. However, he named Han Xiang and threatened the emperor with the purpose of conquering the four sides and the imperial court. Today, he refuses, and things are even worse. If the general's general situation can refuse to operate, the Yangtze River will also. Now, I've got Jingzhou, and I'm dying. Liu Biao ruled the water army, the Mengchong fighting ship, with thousands of numbers, operating and floating along the river, with both infantry, both land and water. This is the risk of the Yangtze River, which has been shared with me. And it cannot be said that there are few forces. It's better to welcome the general plan than the general plan. Only a small number of human resources can resist Cao, but it is not enough to reverse the situation. Lu Su suggested Sun Quan recall Zhou Yu from other places.
As soon as Zhou Yu returned, he turned the tide. He pointed out to Sun Quan that "no way.". Although the name of the devil is called Hanxiang, in fact, it is also a thief of the Han Dynasty. The general, with his powerful military talents and the strength of his father and brother, separated himself from Jiangdong. He had thousands of miles to go. He had enough soldiers to use. He was a hero. He should go all over the world to clean up the Han family. Kuang Cao is willing to die, but can you welcome him? Please raise it for the general: now the northern territory is safe, free from internal worries, able to fight for a long time, and able to (reproduced from the first model website http://www.diyifanwen.com, please keep this mark.) Can we beat our school by boat? Today, the northern land is not safe, and Canada and South Korea are still in Kansai, for the sake of future trouble. It's not a Chinese leader to compete with Wu and Yue. Now it's full of cold. The horse has no Ligusticum. Driving Chinese scholars to travel far and wide in the Jianghu, they are not familiar with the soil and water, and will suffer from diseases. These four are the dangers of using soldiers, but all of them are dangerous. It's better for the general to catch the drill today. Yu invited 30000 elite soldiers to live in Xiakou and protect them as generals "(records of the Three Kingdoms, Wu Shu, biography of Zhou Yu).
Hearing this, Sun Quan said to Zhou Yu, "the old thief who wanted to abolish the Han Dynasty has been on his own for a long time. Now the number of heroes has been destroyed, but the orphans still exist. There is no difference between the orphans and the old thieves. When you say that you should fight, it's even with the lonely platform. In this day, you teach the lonely