吴三桂简介 历史上吴三桂与陈圆圆的情爱史-看世界

吴三桂简介 历史上吴三桂与陈圆圆的情爱史

  崇祯末年,李自成的农民起义军威震朝廷,崇祯帝日夜不安。外戚嘉定伯周奎(一说为田国丈)欲给帝寻求绝色美女,以舒解皇帝的忧虑之心,遂遗田妃的父亲田畹下江南觅艳。田畹寻得苏州名姬陈圆圆后,被其姿色醉迷,遂私下占为己有,不久李自成的队伍逼近京师,崇祯帝急召吴三桂镇山海关。田畹对农民起义军整日忧心惶惶,便设盛筵为吴三桂饯行,圆圆率歌队进厅堂表演。吴三桂见苏州名姬陈圆圆后,神驰心荡,高兴得搂着圆圆陪酒。酒过三巡警报突起,田畹恐惶地上前对吴曰:“寇至,将若何?”吴三桂说:“能以圆圆见赠,吾首先保护君家无恙。”未等田畹回答,吴三桂即带圆圆拜辞。

  导读:与的爱情故事,明末清初的诗人吴梅村写了句传诵千古的诗歌:恸哭六军俱缟素,冲冠一怒为红颜,美丽无罪,可陈圆圆的美丽好像有罪了,几百年来,就有不少人将灭亡的原因推在她身上,视她为“红颜祸水”。吴三桂是何等人,从他一生的经历中,我们可以明确地知道:他是名野心家,是位“识时务的”的“俊杰”。陈圆圆本为姑苏,因其美丽而被当时的吴三桂收为宠姬;明亡以后,又因其美丽,成为、刘宗敏占有的对像,最后更因其美丽,加速了明朝的灭亡——吴三桂因她而引清兵入关,之后他就以“大汉奸”的罪名钉在历史的耻辱柱中。

Introduction: in the love story of Yu, Wu Meicun, a poet in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, wrote a poem to recite for thousands of years: mourning for the six armed forces, and being angry for the crown, she is beautiful and innocent, but Chen Yuanyuan's beauty seems to be guilty. For hundreds of years, many people have pushed the cause of her death on her, and regarded her as "the disaster of the beauty". Wu Sangui is he et al. From his life experience, we can clearly know that he is a careerist and a "Junjie" who knows current affairs. Chen Yuanyuan, who was originally Gusu, was accepted as a favorite by Wu Sangui at that time because of his beauty. After the Ming Dynasty's death, he became the antithesis possessed by Liu Zongmin, and finally accelerated the death of the Ming Dynasty because of his beauty. Wu Sangui led the Qing soldiers into the customs because of her, and then he was nailed in the historical stigma column with the accusation of "traitor".

  崇祯末年,李自成的农民起义军威震朝廷,崇祯帝日夜不安。外戚嘉定伯周奎(一说为田国丈)欲给帝寻求绝色,以舒解的忧虑之心,遂遗田妃的父亲田畹下江南觅艳。田畹寻得苏州名姬陈圆圆后,被其姿色醉迷,遂私下占为己有,不久李自成的队伍逼近京师,崇祯帝急召吴三桂镇山海关。田畹对农民起义军整日忧心惶惶,便设盛筵为吴三桂饯行,圆圆率歌队进厅堂表演。吴三桂见苏州名姬陈圆圆后,神驰心荡,高兴得搂着圆圆陪酒。酒过三巡警报突起,田畹恐惶地上前对吴曰:“寇至,将若何?”吴三桂说:“能以圆圆见赠,吾首先保护君家无恙。”未等田畹回答,吴三桂即带圆圆拜辞。

In the last year of Chongzhen, Li Zicheng's peasant uprising army awed the court, and Emperor Chongzhen was restless day and night. Jiading Bo Zhoukui (first called Tian Guozhang) wanted to find the best for the emperor, so he left Tianfu's father Tianfan to go down to the south of the Yangtze River to look for Yan. After Tian Wan found Chen Yuanyuan, a famous Suzhou lady, and was fascinated by her beauty, he took possession of her in private. Soon Li Zicheng's team approached the capital, and Emperor Chongzhen summoned Wu Sangui to Shanhaiguan. Tian Xuan was worried about the peasant uprising army all day long, so he set up a feast for Wu Sangui's farewell, and Yuanyuan led a song team to perform in the hall. When Wu Sangui saw Chen Yuanyuan, Suzhou's famous lady, he was so happy that he hugged Yuanyuan to drink with him. After three rounds of wine, the alarm rose, and Tian ran up to Wu in fear and said, "what will happen to Kou Zhi?" Wu Sangui said, "if you can see a round gift, I will protect your family first." Before Tian can answer, Wu Sangui says goodbye with a circle.

  吴三桂在其督理御营的父亲劝说下,将苏州名姬陈圆圆留在京城府中,以防同行招惹是非让皇帝知道。李自成打进北京后,吴三桂的父亲投降了起义军,陈圆圆被李之部下所掠。当吴三桂答应投降李自成时,闻圆圆已被李之部将所占,冲冠大怒,高叫“大丈夫不能自保其室何生为?”遂投降了清军与农民军开战。这就是吴梅村在《圆圆曲》中所曰:“恸哭六军俱缟素,冲冠一怒为红颜”,李自成战败后,将吴三桂之父及家中38口全部杀死,然后弃京出走。吴三桂抱着杀父夺妻之仇,昼夜追杀农民军到山西。此时吴的部将在京城搜寻到苏州名姬陈圆圆,飞骑传送,自引吴三桂带着陈圆圆由秦入蜀,然后独占云南。

Under the advice of his father, the governor of the imperial camp, Wu Sangui left Chen Yuanyuan, Suzhou's famous concubine, in the capital's mansion to prevent his companions from provoking the emperor. After Li Zicheng invaded Beijing, Wu Sangui's father surrendered to the insurgents, and Chen Yuanyuan was plundered by Li's men. When Wu Sangui promised to surrender to Li Zicheng, he heard that Yuanyuan had been occupied by the Ministry of Li. He was furious and shouted, "why can't a big husband protect his own room?" So he surrendered to the Qing army and the peasant army. This is what Wu Meicun said in the Yuanqu: "mourn for the six armies, all of them are plain, and become a beauty when they are angry with each other." after Li Zicheng's defeat, he killed Wu Sangui's father and 38 members of his family, and then left Beijing. Wu Sangui, holding the Revenge of killing his father and wife, chased and killed the peasant army to Shanxi day and night. At this time, Wu's Ministry will search for Chen Yuanyuan, Suzhou's famous lady, in the capital, and fly to transmit it. Wu Sangui leads Chen Yuanyuan from Qin to Shu, and then monopolizes Yunnan.

  中,吴氏进爵云南王,欲将圆圆立为正妃,圆圆托故辞退,吴三桂别娶。不想所娶正妃悍妒,对吴的爱姬多加陷害冤杀,圆圆遂独居别院。圆圆失宠后对吴渐渐离心,吴曾阴谋杀她,圆圆得悉后,遂乞削发为尼,从此在五华山华国寺长斋绣佛,后来吴三桂在云南宣布独立,帝出兵云南,1681年冬昆明城破,吴三桂死后,陈圆圆亦自沉于寺外莲花池,死后葬于池侧。直至清末,寺中还藏有陈圆圆小影二帧,池畔留有石刻诗。

In the middle of the reign, the Wu family became the king of Yunnan, and wanted to make Yuanyuan the imperial concubine. Yuanyuan dismissed him on the pretext of reason. Wu Sangui did not marry him. Don't want to marry the imperial concubine fierce jealousy, to Wu's love Ji more frame up injustice kill, Yuanyuan then alone in other courtyard. After Yuanyuan fell out of favor, he gradually turned away from Wu. Wu once conspired to kill her. When Yuanyuan learned about it, he begged for a haircut and became a nun. From then on, he embroidered Buddha in the Changzhai Temple of Huaguo temple in Wuhua mountain. Later, Wu Sangui declared his independence in Yunnan. The emperor sent troops to Yunnan. In the winter of 1681, Kunming city was broken. After Wu Sangui's death, Chen Yuanyuan also sank in the lotus pond outside the temple and was buried at the side of the pond. Until the end of the Qing Dynasty, there were two frames of Chen Yuanyuan's shadow in the temple, and there were stone poems by the pool.

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