献血的十个错误说法 献血前的注意事项-看世界

献血的十个错误说法 献血前的注意事项

无偿献血是指为拯救他人生命,志愿将自身的血液无私奉献给社会公益事业而不领取任何报酬,为鼓励这种公益行为,国家也制定了很多政策实惠回报给志愿者及其家人。然而社会上,对于“无偿献血”这种公益行为却争议不断,尤其是献血对个人身体的巨大危害,有可能影响生育能力、降低免疫力、造成贫血、感染疾病等言论此起彼伏。真相到底是什么?下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

无偿献血是指为拯救他人生命,志愿将自身的血液无私奉献给社会公益事业而不领取任何报酬,为鼓励这种公益行为,国家也制定了很多政策实惠回报给志愿者及其家人。然而社会上,对于“无偿献血”这种公益行为却争议不断,尤其是献血对个人身体的巨大危害,有可能影响生育能力、降低免疫力、造成贫血、感染疾病等言论此起彼伏。真相到底是什么?下面跟随360常识网了解一下吧!

Free blood donation refers to the voluntary donation of blood to social public welfare undertakings without any reward in order to save other people's lives. In order to encourage this kind of public welfare behavior, the state has also formulated many policies to reward volunteers and their families. However, in the society, the public welfare behavior of "free blood donation" is controversial, especially the great harm of blood donation to the individual's body, which may affect fertility, reduce immunity, cause anemia, infectious diseases and so on. What is the truth? Now follow 360 common sense net to understand!

1、抽血要空腹,献血也一样

1. Take blood on an empty stomach, as do blood donation

真相:不需要,空腹反而有危险

Truth: No, it's dangerous to be on an empty stomach

解释:献血与医院做的生化检验不同,不需要空腹。相反,若空腹献血人体血液的葡萄糖含量较低。很可能会造成头晕等低血糖不良反应。为了保证献血者在献血时处于良好的生理状态,同时避免因大量进补引起血浆脂肪含量过高的现象,献血者可以在献血前一天保持清淡饮食与充足的睡眠。

Explanation: blood donation is different from the biochemical test done in the hospital. There is no need for an empty stomach. On the contrary, if fasting blood donation human blood glucose content is low. It is likely to cause hypoglycemia such as dizziness. In order to ensure that blood donors are in a good physiological state during blood donation and avoid the phenomenon of excessive plasma fat content caused by large amount of supplement, blood donors can keep a light diet and adequate sleep the day before blood donation.

2、献血可能感染疾病

2. Blood donation may cause diseases

真相:“一人一针”很安全

Truth: "one shot per person" is safe

解释:有些人不愿献血的一个原因就是担心感染。其实,目前采血机构使用的采血针头、血袋和耗材都是经过国家质量检疫合格的,经过严格灭菌消毒、无菌的一次性合格产品。严格执行“一人一针”,采血之后就把针头毁掉,耗材集中做无害化处理。所以说在正规血站献血是安全的,绝对不会传染疾病的。

Explanation: one reason some people don't want to donate blood is because they are worried about infection. In fact, at present, the blood collection needles, blood bags and consumables used by the blood collection institutions are all disposable qualified products that have passed the national quality quarantine and passed strict sterilization and sterilization. Strictly implement the principle of "one person, one needle", destroy the needle after blood collection, and concentrate the consumables for harmless treatment. So it is safe to donate blood in a regular blood station, and it will never infect diseases.

3、献血会引起贫血

3. Blood donation may cause anemia

真相:人体自己会补充的

Truth: the human body will supplement itself

解释:人体血液具有再生功能。当献出少量血液后,经过机体的自我调节,缺少的血细胞很快就会得到补充,不会引起贫血。

Explanation: human blood has regeneration function. When a small amount of blood is donated, after the body's self-regulation, the lack of blood cells will soon be replenished, which will not cause anemia.

4、献血后补身体会引起肥胖

4. Blood donation can cause obesity

真相:除非你摄入过量

Truth: unless you overdose

解释:因为胖,除了某些病态和遗传因素外,可以说主要是由于对事物的吸收和消耗不平衡所造成的。人体内的血液循环所需的血液量是固定不变的,一个人一次献出少量的血液,在较短的时间内又更新补充上少量的血液,这样少量的一增一减与人体的胖瘦变化没有直接的因果关系,担心献血后会发胖的人们完全应当消除不必要的顾虑。

Explanation: apart from some morbid and genetic factors, obesity is mainly caused by the unbalanced absorption and consumption of things. The amount of blood needed for blood circulation in the human body is fixed. A person donates a small amount of blood at a time, and renews and supplements a small amount of blood in a short period of time. Such a small amount of increase and decrease has no direct causal relationship with the change of body weight. People who are worried that they will get fat after blood donation should completely eliminate unnecessary concerns.

5、献血可能影响生育

5. Blood donation may affect fertility

真相:献血和生殖系统关系不大

Truth: blood donation has little to do with the reproductive system

解释:其实,担心献血影响生育功能,这种想法没有任何依据。一个人的生育能力取决于人体生殖系统的发育是否正常,取决于受精卵生长发育的条件与否,而与是否献血没有直接关系。

Explanation: in fact, there is no basis for the idea that blood donation may affect fertility. A person's fertility depends on whether the development of the human reproductive system is normal or not, depends on whether the conditions for the growth and development of the fertilized egg, and has no direct relationship with whether or not to donate blood.

6、献血是“伤元气”

6. Blood donation is "damaging vitality"

真相:献血不会气血虚

Truth: blood donation will not lead to deficiency of Qi and blood

解释:血液具有自我更新的能力,每时每刻都在吐故纳新;而人体的调节机能迅速补充失去的血液,因此,献血后绝不会产生“气血虚”的情况。

Explanation: the blood has the ability of self-renewal, and it is spitting out the old and absorbing the new all the time. However, the regulating function of the human body rapidly replenishes the lost blood, so the blood donation will never produce the situation of "deficiency of Qi and blood".

7、献血会使人上瘾

7. Blood donation is addictive

真相:纯属瞎扯!

Truth: it's just bullshit!

解释:不少人误以为,献血10次、20次,甚至更多的人,是因为已经献血上瘾,一不献就难过。献血既不是吸烟,更不是吸毒,与上瘾物质“尼古丁”、“吗啡”根本不沾边,献血在生理上不会上瘾。献血后也不会使机体不正常速度再生血液,更不会因血液产生过多,迫使献血者不停献血。

Explanation: many people mistakenly think that donating blood 10 times, 20 times or even more is because they are addicted to blood donation and feel sad if they don't. Blood donation is neither smoking nor drug taking. It is not related to the addictive substances "nicotine" and "morphine". Blood donation is not addictive in physiology. After blood donation, it will not make the body regenerate blood at an abnormal speed, and will not produce too much blood, forcing blood donors to donate blood continuously.

8、献血会引起血压不稳定

8. Blood donation may cause blood pressure instability

真相:血压异常多是紧张所致

Truth: abnormal blood pressure is mostly caused by tension

解释:个别献血者献血后出现血压偏高或偏低现象,专家认为,精神紧张、兴奋都会引起,正常人献血不会影响血压。如果出现这种情况,只要注意休息,保持情绪稳定,血压很快就会恢复正常,决不会造成病理性的高血压或低血压。

Explanation: some blood donors have high or low blood pressure after blood donation. Experts believe that mental tension and excitement will cause it, and normal blood donation will not affect blood pressure. If this happens, as long as you pay attention to rest and keep your mood stable, your blood pressure will soon return to normal and will never cause pathological hypertension or hypotension.

9、人出血后免疫力下降,会失去很多白细胞

9. After bleeding, the immune system will decline and a lot of white blood cells will be lost

真相:1-2小时白细胞就补齐了

Truth: white blood cells will be replenished in 1-2 hours

解释:献血不会影响人体的免疫力。从生理角度讲,构成人体免疫力的主要物质是白细胞。

Explanation: blood donation does not affect human immunity. From the physiological point of view, the main substance of human immunity is white blood cells.

人体血液红细胞站了较大比例,白细胞只是其中一部分。以一个正常成年人为例,一次献血200-400ml,所捐献的白细胞仅仅是人体白细胞总数的1%-2%,失去的白细胞1-2小时就能从骨髓得到补充。

There is a large proportion of red blood cell stations in human body, and white blood cells are only a part of them. Take a normal adult as an example. When 200-400ml blood is donated at a time, the white blood cells donated are only 1% - 2% of the total number of human white blood cells. The lost white blood cells can be replenished from the bone marrow within 1-2 hours.

10、献血后要大补,才能减少损害

10. After blood donation, it is necessary to make up a lot to reduce the damage

真相:其实健康成人一般不缺营养

Truth: in fact, healthy adults do not lack nutrition

解释:就目前人们的水平,饮食结构和营养状况而言,健康成年人献血后完全不必进补各类营养品。

Explanation: in terms of current people's level, diet structure and nutritional status, healthy adults do not need to take all kinds of nutrition after blood donation.

献血前注意事项

Precautions before blood donation

1、献血法规定献血者年龄为18周岁至55周岁(既往无献血反应、符合健康检查要求的多次献血者主动要求再次献血的,年龄可延长至60周岁),男子体重≥50kg,女子体重≥45kg。献全血后间隔半年以上可再次献全血、间隔三个月以上可献成分血;献机采成分血15天后可再次献成分血,间隔28天后可献全血。

1. According to the blood donation law, the age of blood donors is 18 to 55 years old (the age can be extended to 60 years old if there is no previous blood donation reaction and multiple blood donors who meet the requirements of health examination actively ask for blood donation again), the weight of men is ≥ 50kg, and that of women is ≥ 45kg. After the whole blood donation, the whole blood can be offered again at an interval of more than half a year, and the component blood can be offered again at an interval of more than three months; the component blood can be offered again at an interval of 15 days, and the whole blood can be offered at an interval of 28 days.

2、有传染性疾病、重要器官有严重疾病、地方病等都不能献血,有感冒、有炎症、或女性例假前后三天等情况要暂缓献血。

2. If there are infectious diseases, important organs, serious diseases, local diseases, etc., blood donation cannot be carried out. If there are colds, inflammation, or three days before and after women's regular leave, blood donation shall be suspended.

3、献血前一周不要服药。

3. Do not take medicine one week before blood donation.

4、饮食清谈,食物应少脂肪,勿空腹献血。献血前一天和当天可按往常的习惯进餐,但以低脂肪为宜,不要吃像油条、牛奶、肉类、脂肪之类的油腻食品,太油腻会影响血液质量,暂不能献血。

4. The diet should be clear, the food should be less fat, do not donate blood on an empty stomach. The day before and on the day before blood donation, you can eat as usual, but it's better to eat low-fat food. Don't eat greasy food such as oil sticks, milk, meat and fat. Too greasy will affect the quality of blood, so you can't donate blood temporarily.

5、献血前一天和当天不饮酒,尤其是不饮烈性酒。

5. Do not drink alcohol the day before and on the day of blood donation, especially do not drink alcohol.

6、献血前一晚充足睡眠,不宜做剧烈运动。

6. Get enough sleep the night before blood donation, and do not do strenuous exercise.

7、必须带好本人真实的有效的证件(公民身份证、军人证、护照、驾驶证、回乡证),曾献过血的,尽量带上《无偿献血证》。

7. You must bring your true and valid certificates (citizen ID card, military ID card, passport, driver's license and home return card). If you have ever donated blood, you should bring your blood donation certificate as much as possible.

8、认真阅读献血知识,消除紧张心理。

8. Read the blood donation knowledge carefully to eliminate the tension.

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