颜真卿是唐代著名书法家，和赵孟頫、柳公权、欧阳询并称为“楷书四大家”。其实颜真卿不仅是书法家，还是著名的政治家、军事家。唐玄宗天宝年间，、史思明发动，颜真卿曾统帅20万大军，横扫燕赵之地。颜真卿曾任升州(今)刺史。在其任上，颜真卿上书，在全国设放生池81处，现在 乌龙潭公园便是现存的一处。1982年，乌龙潭内的颜鲁公祠(颜真卿受封鲁郡公)列入南京市文物保护 。
Yan Zhenqing is a famous calligrapher in Tang Dynasty. He is also known as "four masters of regular script" together with Zhao Mengfu, Liu Gongquan and Ouyang Xun. In fact, Yan Zhenqing is not only a calligrapher, but also a famous politician and strategist. In the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty, Shi Siming launched the campaign. Yan Zhenqing once commanded 200000 troops and swept the land of Yanzhao. Yan Zhenqing was appointed governor of the state (now Nanjing). In his term of office, Yan Zhenqing wrote that there are 81 release pools in the country, and now Nanjing Wulongtan park is the existing one. In 1982, the ancestral hall of Yan Lu in Wulongtan (Yan Zhenqing was granted the title of Lu Jungong) was listed as a cultural relic protection unit in Nanjing.
Recently, the reporter came to Guangzhou road and walked into Wulongtan park. He saw a traditional Chinese building with green bricks and black tiles, which was hidden in a green tree. On the top of Fang Fangzheng's doorframe is a stone tablet with four big green characters of Yan Lu Temple written by Tu Zongying, the governor of Jiangning in the Qing Dynasty. In the corner of the east side of the gate stands the stone tablet of Nanjing cultural relics protection unit.
There are 12 ancestral halls in total. In the middle of the main hall, there is a picture of Yan Zhenqing painted by Wang Hongxi, a contemporary Chinese painter. On the picture, there are four gilded characters written by Zhao Puchu, a famous Chinese calligrapher. They are powerful. The couplets on both sides of the portrait were written by Mr. Shen Peng, who was once the chairman of the national Calligrapher Association. The contents are: "the calligraphy shows the spirit of two rooms with three pieces of calligraphy, which is famous for its bamboo and silk, and a Qing official for thousands of years".
Yan Zhenqing once commanded 200000 troops
According to the biography of Yan Zhenqing in the old book of the Tang Dynasty, Yan Zhenqing, a Jinshi in the 22nd year of the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty (A.D. 734), has been appointed as the Royal historian four times. In the eighth year of Tianbao (A.D. 750), Yan Zhenqing was transferred out of the capital to be the chief of Pingyuan county (now Dongling County of the mountain) after offending the officials. Who would have thought that this mobilization has achieved Yan Zhenqing's eternal achievements. Pingyuan county is under the jurisdiction of Anlu mountain, a powerful official. When Yan Zhenqing came to office, he saw that Anlu mountain was rebellious, so he privately renovated the city and hoarded food. On November 9, 2014 (December 16, 755 BC), Anlu mountain rebelled. Except for Pingyuan County, all the other cities in Hebei were lost. When Emperor Xuanzong heard about the rebellion of Anlu mountain, he sighed and said, "there are no loyal officials in the twenty-four counties of Hebei Province!" later, he heard that Yan Zhenqing stood by himself and sighed and said, "I don't know the shape of Yan Zhenqing and what he did!"
Only 33 days later, the rebels of an and Shi conquered Luoyang, the eastern capital, and stationed troops in Tongguan, intending to attack Chang'an directly. Yan Zhenqing took the opportunity to persuade the 117 counties of Hebei Province to submit to the court. Yan Zhenqing was pushed to be the leader of the Allied forces, commanding 200000 troops and sweeping the land of yanzhao, so that the rebels could not rush to Tongguan. The next year, Li Heng, the son of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty, became emperor suzong. Yan Zhenqing was appointed as an emissary of Hebei to pacify the rebellion. In the second year of Zhide (757 A.D.), Yan Zhenqing met Li Heng in Fengxiang, and was granted the post of minister of the Ministry of constitution (i.e. the Ministry of punishment), and later promoted to the rank of Imperial officer.
Setting up a releasing pool under the leadership of the governor of Shengzhou
In the second year of Qianyuan era (759 A.D.), Yan Zhenqing was transferred to the post of governor of Western Zhejiang Province and promoted to governor of the state. At this time, although the rebellion of an Shi has not been recovered, the two capitals of Chang'an and Luoyang have also been recovered. For this reason, Yan Zhenqing wrote to Emperor suzong of Tang Dynasty and asked to set up a release pool to show his wisdom, wisdom, martial arts and love. He said in the preface to the inscription of the world's free living pool: "it started from the road of Yangzhou, and ended at the Taiping Bridge of Jiangning, Qinhuai and Qinhuai in Shengzhou. Linjiang with Guo, up and down five li, each set free pool, where 81. " Now, more than 1200 years later, there are only 81 release pools in Nanjing, which can be verified.
In the fourth year of Jianzhong (783 A.D.), Li xilie, the governor of Huaixi, rebelled. Emperor Dezong of Tang Dynasty sent Yan Zhenqing, a 74 year old prince at that time, as his emissary, to Huaixi to persuade Li xilie to surrender.
As soon as Yan Zhenqing arrived in Huaixi, he was imprisoned by Li xilie. Li xilie tried to persuade Yan Zhenqing to surrender, but failed. In the first year of emperor Dezong's reign (785 A.D.), Li xiqian, the younger brother of Li xilie, was executed by the court. Li xilie was very angry and hanged Yan Zhenqing under the cypress of Longxing Temple. He was 76 years old. In the second year, the rebellion was brought to an end, and Yan Zhenqing's coffin was escorted back to Beijing and buried in Yan's ancestral Tomb of ten thousand years in Beijing. Dezong Zhaowen said: "the quality of the utensils is talent, the loyalty is outstanding, going in and out of the four dynasties, and being faithful." For this reason, the dynasty was abolished for eight days.
Twenty years later, Li Chun ascended the throne and gradually recovered from the damage caused by successive wars, which was known as "Yuanhe Zhongxing". In order to commemorate Yan Zhenqing's success in pacifying the rebellion and setting up a releasing pool, Nanjing people built a releasing nunnery in Wulongtan. After song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, Fangsheng temple has been repaired in all previous dynasties. In the third year of the Qing Dynasty (1853 A.D.), Taiping army captured Nanjing, and the laissez faire in Wulongtan was destroyed in the war. In the sixth year of tongzhi (1867 A.D.), Tu Zongying, a student, was promoted to Jiangning Prefecture magistrate. At this time, Nanjing has just experienced a catastrophe, which can be described as a waste waiting for prosperity. In order to show his benevolence and intolerant of killing, Tu Zongying built a ancestral hall on the former site of the laissez faire and inscribed a plaque to commemorate Yan Zhenqing. Since Yan Zhenqing was once named Duke of Lu, the ancestral hall was also named Prince of Yan Lu, and it has been preserved up to now. In 1982, Yanlu temple was listed as a cultural relics protection unit in Nanjing.
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