Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty once stopped under a tree and said, "this is a beautiful tree." Yu Wenshi and his entourage immediately echoed and praised each other. Emperor Taizong said, "try to persuade me to be far from a sycophant. I don't understand who a sycophant is. I always doubt you, but I don't know.". Now it is. "
This story is quite famous. It is often quoted to prove that Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty was "a man of great virtue and far from a villain". However, ordinary people don't know that this story actually has the following. According to Liu Su's new words of the Tang Dynasty, the 21st sycophant, once Emperor Taizong's words were finished, Yu wenshihe hurriedly kowtowed and apologized. He said: those ministers always "face down and fight" in the court, and your Majesty's old man often bowed his head and said nothing. I have the honor to accompany you around. If I don't say something obedient, how much fun can you have even if you are the son of heaven? So "Taizong's anger is the solution."
From this story, we may come to the conclusion that a person, even if he has the inner moral pursuit and the tolerance to be admonished, cannot get rid of the weakness of human nature based on selfish desire, which in turn will make his moral pursuit become duplicity. In this way, we will find that those once infatuated moral stories in history often have meaningful "below", and it is these "below" that often exposes the suspicious aspects of those moral stories.
According to the records in the second volume of Zhenguan politicians, in the fourth year of Zhenguan, Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty ordered the Qianyang palace of Luoyang palace to be built for hunting. In the matter, Zhang xuansu wrote an admonition, saying that "only when we govern the world, we should be generous and thrifty, modest and prudent, and we can be forever." and his majesty "after the withering and maiming, we should pay hundreds of millions of contributions to those who have suffered from the damage, and attack all the kings. In this way, we are afraid that Yang emperor is far away." Although Emperor Taizong was very unhappy, he did not attack. Instead, he ordered that "all services should be stopped immediately.". He also used the title to say that "the only one is better than one person".
However, it is recorded in volume 193 that the year after that, just after the completion of the repair of 90% of the palace, Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty once again proposed to repair Luoyang palace. This time, Dai Zhou, the Minister of the Ministry of the people, stood up and said, "if you leave chaos, the people are poor, and the money is empty, if you build it, the public and private labor costs are too much to be worthy of!" Taizong still humbled and remonstrated, not only praising Dai Zhou for his "loyalty to the country, without saying anything", but also upgrading him to an official position. However, after a period of time, Emperor Taizong could not help but order Dou Xuan to repair Luoyang palace.
According to the biography of Yao Silian in the new Tang Dynasty, at the beginning of the sixth year of Zhenguan, after Jiucheng palace was repaired, Emperor Taizong was eager to travel. Yao Silian, the author of the book, admonished that "leaving the palace is a matter of Qin emperor and Han Dynasty, not of Yao, Shun and Yu Tang." Emperor Taizong explained: "I taste bitterness and Qi, and heat is a feast. Is it a tourist?" he gave Yao Silian 50 pieces of silk. In addition, according to the record in the new words of the Tang Dynasty - the third extreme remonstrance, Ma Zhou, the supervisor of the imperial history, also said in Shangshu, "the emperor still has a hot spot, while his majesty pursues a cool place, a warm and clear way, and his officials are uneasy." Taizong also praised them. However, in March, when the spring was warm and the flowers were blooming, Emperor Taizong went to Jiucheng palace in Baoji, where he recuperated until October and autumn.
There are a lot of scattered records in historical books about such things as remonstrating and acting on their own. This makes the Emperor Taizong, who has been praised as "the emperor of Ming Dynasty" for thousands of years, more or less exposed his, tangled and even hypocritical side. Perhaps, to some extent, the Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, who was modest in receiving remonstrance, was just a "moral illusion" created by the Confucians and the Emperor himself, which was half self deception and half deception.
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