导读：（999—1062），汉族，宋庐州合肥（今属）人，字希仁。天圣朝进士。累迁监察御史，建议练兵选将、充实边备。奉使契丹还，历任三司户部判官，京东、陕西、 路转运使。入朝担任三司户部副使，请求朝廷准许解盐通商买卖。改知谏院，多次论劾权幸大臣。授龙图阁直学士、 都转运使，移知瀛、扬诸州，再召入朝，历权知开封府、权御史中丞、三司使等职。嘉裕六年（1061），任枢密副使。后卒于位，谥号“孝肃”。包拯做官以断狱英明刚直而著称于世。知庐州时，执法不避亲党。
Guide: (999-1062), Han nationality, born in Hefei (now Anhui Province), Luzhou, Song Dynasty, with the word Xiren. He is a scholar in heaven. We suggest that we should train our troops and select generals to enrich our reserve. Fengshi Qidan also served as the judge of the three departments and the transfer envoy of Jingdong, Shaanxi and Hebei roads. He served as the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of accounts of the third division and asked the court for permission to dissolve salt trading. He changed his knowledge to remonstrate the court, and repeatedly talked about impeachment. He was granted the direct Bachelor of LongTuge and the transfer envoy of Hebei Province. He moved to Yingzhou and yangzhuzhou, and then he was called to the court. He was appointed to Kaifeng Prefecture, Zhongcheng, and Sansi envoys. In 1061, Jiayu was appointed Deputy envoy of Shumi. Later, he died on the throne with the posthumous title of "Xiaosu". Bao Zheng is famous for his wise and upright prison breaking. When knowing Luzhou, law enforcement does not avoid the pro party.
According to the inscription unearthed in the tomb of Bao Gong in 1973, Bao Zheng had three wives: Zhang's, Dong's and concubine's (concubine refers to the maid or concubine).
Bao Zheng came from an official family in Luyang. At the age of 28, he was admitted to the Imperial College. According to the system, the Jinshi can be an official in the examination, but Bao Zheng is a filial son. He abides by the sage's teaching that "parents are not far away". He didn't officially leave the mountain until he was thirty-six and became a small official like Zhixian. In Zhixian Ren, he broke a strange case and became famous. At the age of 38, he was promoted to Zhizhou. He was clean and honest. He was valued by his superiors and praised by the world. After that, he began his political career as an important official of the court.
Bao Zheng is the 35th grandson of Shen Baoxu, a loyal minister of the state of Chu. Grandfather Bao Shitong is a common people, reading and farming. Fu Lingyi was a scholar in the eighth year of Taiping's rejuvenation. He went to serve as a servant in the Ministry of punishment. He served in the cabinet together with Wen Yi, Wen Yanbo's father, and became a friend of the world. Therefore, Bao Zheng and Wen Yanbo "made great friends with each other when they were scholars in fangye", and later became parents. Later, the father returned to his place of origin and gave the eunuch a gift. Mother Xuan, to Mrs. Feng Xiangjun.
Bao Zheng's three brothers, Bao Ying, the elder brother, and Bao Ying, the second brother, all died earlier. He was the only successor. His family is rich, so he was educated and edified in traditional knowledge.
Bao Zheng's parents are farmers. They live by farming and have high expectations for their children. They hope that they can stand out. Bao Zheng began to read at the age of five and finished reading four books and five classics at the age of thirteen. When he was busy farming, he helped his parents to do farm work in the fields. When he was busy farming, he lived in an ancient temple in the south of the city and studied hard. He was most interested in the Confucian thought of governing the country and the deeds of the officials and officials of the Qing Dynasty. He was always in his hands, forgetting to eat and sleep, and never tired. He studied hard for ten years. When he was twenty-eight years old, he was already a scholar full of economy and poetry.
In 1027, Bao Zheng was twenty-eight years old and was admitted to the Imperial College. The court appointed him as "Dali assessor", roughly equivalent to the current court jurors, with a very low rank. Then, he was appointed the county magistrate of Jianchang (now Yongxiu in Jiangxi). Because his parents were too old to go to Jiangxi with him, Bao Zheng had to give up his official position and stay at home to serve his parents.
Later, the imperial court appointed him to work as an official in Hezhou (now Hexian County, Anhui Province) near his hometown, in charge of the management of taxes, money and grain. This time, Bao Zheng went to his post, but because he couldn't trust his parents who stayed at home, he went back home after only a few months.
Determined to be a clean official
After his parents died one after another, Bao Zheng left the countryside and went to the capital to wait for a new official post. He lived in a small inn. At night, he kept the light and studied hard. He wrote the only five rules in his life: "the heart is the root of the cure, and the straight way is the body and the plan.". Xiugan eventually becomes a building, and refined steel does not make hooks. Cang Chong likes mice and birds, but the grass makes foxes and rabbits sad. There is a legacy in the historical records, and those who do not bring shame to others. "The general idea is that we should be aboveboard, just like the beautiful wood should be the pillar of the house, the refined steel should never be the iron, and I should be an honest official worthy of the teaching of historical books.
In the third year of Jingyou (1036), Bao Zheng was appointed governor of Anhui Province. There, he fairly broke many cases and won a good reputation as an honest official
The fifth year of Tiansheng (1027): Dali commented on the matter, knowing that Jianchang County (not to go), Jianhe state tax (not to go).
Jiayou six years (1061): to the matter, the Ministry of rites doctor (after the Ministry of rites minister), the third secretary, the Privy deputy.
Jiayou seven years (1062): Ministry of rites minister book (may death gift).
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