Nowadays, we advocate to improve the style of writing. We can't help thinking of Ru Taisu, the minister who was held responsible by Ting Zhang in the early Ming Dynasty.


Since the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, the official style of writing has been absorbed in modifying words and sentences and showing off knowledge. A simple thing can be said clearly in hundreds of words. It has to be said from the beginning, so that people can't understand it for a long time. It's a painful and irritating thing for people who are eager to work efficiently. He decided to carry out a major reorganization.


In the early morning of the ninth year of Hongwu's reign (1376), the palace was ablaze with lights, and there were thumps and cries of pain coming from the Dancong outside the palace. This is the order of emperor Taizu of Ming Dynasty to punish a court official in the staff. The name of the person who was beaten was Ru Taisu, who served as a servant of the Ministry of punishment. At that time, there were floods, earthquakes and other natural disasters all over the country. Taizu thought it was God's warning to him, so he issued an imperial edict to let his subjects write to comment on the advantages and disadvantages of the imperial policy and point out the emperor's fault. Ru Taisu has always been upright, and this morning he presented the memorial respectfully. When Emperor Taizu saw that the memorial was thick, he was a little unhappy. He asked people to read it to him. After reading it for a long time, he didn't get to the point. It was just some long empty talk.


When he read that "talented people have survived in recent years, and now they are all pedantic Confucian scholars or vulgar officials", Taizu couldn't help but call Ru Taisu to the temple and ask, "you are the servant of the Ministry of punishment, more than 200 officials of the Ministry of punishment. Which are the corrupt scholars and which are the vulgar officials?" Ru Taisu murmured for a while, and then said, "I'm the official." But generally speaking, in fact, officials and officials of the Ministry of punishment do not all know each other. " In a rage, Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty snapped, "since you don't even know people, how do you know that they are all corrupt and vulgar officials?" he ordered his staff to beat Ru Taisu, which made him flesh and blood.


That night, the night was already very deep. Zhu Yuanzhang was lying on the Royal couch and couldn't sleep. Remembering the scene in the early Dynasty, he asked the eunuch to take the Sutra of rutaisu and look carefully under the light. The memorial is indeed too long, as long as 17000 words. He read it patiently until about 16500 words later, and then came to the main point. He wrote five things in all. He thought for a long time and thought that at least four of these five things could be adopted and implemented. The last 500 words can explain these things.


The next day, Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty asked people to take down four things that could be adopted in Ru Taisu's memorials, and wrote a preface to add in front of it and send it to the Minister of culture and military affairs. He also asked Zhongshu province to use this example to set a format for writing a book, limit the number of memorials, and require that they be concise and comprehensive, otherwise they will be punished. Since then, when ministers write memorials, they only talk about things, and dare not pile up rhetoric.


There is a reason why emperor Taizu opposed the lengthy Memorial. He once said to the prince, "since I became king, I have dealt with everything myself. I never slacked off. I get up at dawn every day, go to the court to do business, and have a rest at night. You saw it with your own eyes. You can do as I do to keep the river and the mountain. " Therefore, Zhu Yuanzhang worked very hard on weekdays. When he was eating, he suddenly thought of something. He quickly put down his chopsticks and wrote down what he had to do on the paper. He was afraid that the paper would be lost, so he asked people to sew it on his clothes with needles and threads. Sometimes I think about a lot of things. The paper is all over my body, just like hanging a lot of quails. In the early morning of the next day, he uncoiled the pieces of paper one by one and dealt with them one by one until he thought it was done. It is said that he has to watch and listen to more than 200 memorials and deal with about 400 things every day. Therefore, he always asked for the memorial to be brief and concise. No wonder he was so angry when he saw rutaisu's Wanyan book.


Later, Zhu Yuanzhang ordered the court officials to study and formulate the "reducing the complexity of documents", which requires less and more precise documents, and easy to understand language; he also drafted and promulgated the "reducing the complexity of the imperial system" in person. These laws and regulations play an important role in deepening the rectification of the style of writing, overcoming the disadvantages of traditional writing, cracking down on the doctrine of writing and improving the efficiency of handling affairs.


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