Guide: he claims to be born, which is naturally the so-called legitimate son. But in fact, through the textual research of scholars of the generation, the birth mother of Ming Chengzu is not empress ma. The birth mother problem of Chengzu is not only related to his life experience, but also profoundly affects his behavior in his whole life. Princess Ye Zai is the birth mother of Chengzu (Zhu Di), and evidence to deal with this speculation can be found in the official history.
Shen Xuanhua of the Ming Dynasty wrote in the fourteen rhymes of courting the Fengxian Hall of the southern capital: "the high queen is matched in the sky, and the king's God lives in the tent. All the imperial concubines are in the East, and one is in the West. The son of Cheng Zu was born again, and his concubines are not brave. " Therefore, including the famous historian Wu Han, Zhu Di's birth mother is believed to be Li's. The most common view is that Zhu Di's birth mother is actually a Gaoli, surnamed Li, who was granted the title of imperial concubine Gong. The argument is that "the right imperial concubine Gong produced Zuwen" in the annals of Taichang temple in Nanjing. There is little information about Gong Fei in the historical materials. It is said that she was born prematurely at the time of Zhu Di's birth. She thought that the child must not have been born, but died.
After Zhu Di won the throne and became emperor, he built a great gratitude temple in the then capital city, today's Nanjing. There is a main hall in the gate of the temple. The gate of the main hall is closed on weekdays, so people can't go in at will, so they don't know what is enshrined in it. For more than 200 years after Zhu Di became emperor, no one outside knew it. It was not until the Qing army entered the pass and the Ming Dynasty perished that its mysterious veil was uncovered. This hall was opened to have a look. It was originally dedicated to the memorial tablet of the surname Chen. Zhu Di built the great benefactor temple. He wanted to repay his mother's benefactor. Since Zhu Di knew that his mother was a benefactor, he also wanted to repay his benefactor. Why should he hide this?
In order to seize the throne, Zhu Di killed as many people as he could. He could even be rated as one of the most murderous emperors in Chinese history. At that time, he almost killed red eyes. He was absolutely the one who followed the rule of Chang and the one who rebelled against it died. But when he came to recognize his mother, he was hiding and trying to cover up. He was so weak that it was hard to understand. The reasons were as follows:
1. Keep the throne. It's not easy for Zhu Di to seize the throne with all his efforts. His practice is regarded as in people's mind. If he wants to keep the throne, he has to cover up the usurper's bad name and try his best to prove the legitimacy of his throne. Therefore, we have to play a real card. If the birth is not only a commoner but also a usurper of the throne, it's hard to say whether the emperor can go on. Let's speculate here. Whenever Zhu Di thinks that he can't admit his mother's identity and can't give her the honor and status she deserves, he must be very upset and guilty. But this matter can never be told to others, so we have to put mother's memorial tablet in the temple and ask her to forgive herself in my heart. People can't help themselves in the Jianghu. In order to secure the throne of the emperor, he can only bear to deal with it like this!
2. Fight for orthodoxy. Empress Ma is an authentic empress, so she was born, and her identity is orthodox. At the same time, she can find an excuse for Zhu Di's usurpation of power. At the beginning, Zhu Yuanzhang and empress Ma wanted to pass the throne to Zhu Di, only because someone had a bad idea, they passed it to the emperor TAISUN. On the other hand, Zhu Di said that he was born after the emperor Ma, which was more orthodox than Zhu Yunwen, the son of the crown princess.
3. Be afraid of public opinion and face. Zhu Di's birth mother is a Mongolian woman. In today's eyes, this is certainly a good thing, because ethnic minorities will have some preferential policies in their work, study and life. But at that time, it was not the case at all. Zhu Yuanzhang won the world from the Mongolian rulers. Although the remaining forces retreated to the north of the desert, they still continued to confront the Ming Dynasty, and the two sides were still fighting. If Zhu Di admits that he was born of the Han family, he will admit that he is a descendant of the Mongolian nationality. This is the main reason why Zhu Di cannot publicly recognize his Mongolian birth mother.
Although there are many historical reasons for Zhu Di's Secret recognition of his mother, in any case, it is mainly because in his eyes, the emperor's throne is more important than family affection. Zhu Di, who was imbued with the desire for power since childhood, could not get rid of the lure of the sugar coated shell of power. Zhu Di's biological mother, Chen Shi, did not even leave a tomb at last, and this history was finally brought into his tomb by Zhu Di. No one can know the truth at that time. This has become the historical doubt that later historians spend their time to research, and it is a little pity and sad.
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